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Aliases for SKIL Gene

Aliases for SKIL Gene

  • SKI Like Proto-Oncogene 2 3 5
  • SKI-Like Oncogene 2 3
  • Sno 3 4
  • Ski-Related Oncogene SnoN 3
  • Ski-Related Oncogene 4
  • Ski-Related Protein 4
  • Ski-Like Protein 3
  • SnoA 3
  • SnoI 3
  • SnoN 3

External Ids for SKIL Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SKIL Gene

  • GC03P167219
  • GC03P171126
  • GC03P171479
  • GC03P171398
  • GC03P171396
  • GC03P171558
  • GC03P170075
  • GC03P167445

Summaries for SKIL Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SKIL Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a component of the SMAD pathway, which regulates cell growth and differentiation through transforming growth factor-beta (TGFB). In the absence of ligand, the encoded protein binds to the promoter region of TGFB-responsive genes and recruits a nuclear repressor complex. TGFB signaling causes SMAD3 to enter the nucleus and degrade this protein, allowing these genes to be activated. Four transcript variants encoding three different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

GeneCards Summary for SKIL Gene

SKIL (SKI Like Proto-Oncogene) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SKIL include Shoulder Impingement Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Transcriptional activity of SMAD2/SMAD3-SMAD4 heterotrimer and SMAD Signaling Network. GO annotations related to this gene include chromatin binding and protein domain specific binding. An important paralog of this gene is SKI.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SKIL Gene

  • May have regulatory role in cell division or differentiation in response to extracellular signals.

Gene Wiki entry for SKIL Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SKIL Gene

Genomics for SKIL Gene

Regulatory Elements for SKIL Gene

Enhancers for SKIL Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH03G170352 2.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 15.5 0.0 -17 9.7 CREB3L1 MLX DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 SP3 TBX21 GLIS1 RCOR2 NBN SKIL SEC62-AS1 ENSG00000239628 GPR160 ENSG00000242578
GH03G169952 1.2 FANTOM5 Ensembl dbSUPER 21.1 -405.2 -405195 0.6 ZNF157 HLF ATF2 EZH2 SKIL ENSG00000270096 LRRC31 SAMD7 LRRC34 LRRIQ4 SEC62 ENSG00000244193
GH03G170329 1.5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 13 -26.9 -26883 2.2 FOXA2 ATF1 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF48 ZBTB7B YY1 SLC30A9 GATA2 SKIL ENSG00000239628 GC03P170298
GH03G170319 1.5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.3 -36.8 -36795 2.2 ATF1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF48 GLIS2 ZNF766 ELK1 GATA2 SKIL ENSG00000239628 GC03P170298
GH03G170309 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 13.1 -47.3 -47332 1.1 FOXA2 GTF3C2 GATA2 CBX5 ZNF143 DEK CAVIN1 REST PPARG ZNF592 SEC62-AS1 SKIL ENSG00000242578 GPR160 GC03P170298 ENSG00000239628
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around SKIL on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for SKIL Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000161602 222 3801 HDGF FOXA2 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZBTB7B YY1 ZNF766 ZNF207

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the SKIL gene promoter:

Genomic Location for SKIL Gene

170,357,678 bp from pter
170,396,849 bp from pter
39,172 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for SKIL Gene

Genes around SKIL on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SKIL Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SKIL Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SKIL Gene

Proteins for SKIL Gene

  • Protein details for SKIL Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Ski-like protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NGT1
    • B4DT50
    • O00464
    • P12756
    • Q07501

    Protein attributes for SKIL Gene

    684 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    76976 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with CPNE4 (via VWFA domain) (By similarity). Interacts with SMAD2, SMAD3 and RNF111 (PubMed:17591695). Isoform 1 interacts with WWP1 (PubMed:15221015).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for SKIL Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for SKIL Gene


neXtProt entry for SKIL Gene

Post-translational modifications for SKIL Gene

  • Ubiquitinated by RNF111 and RNF165, promoting proteasomal degradation, leading to enhance the BMP-Smad signaling.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys249 and isoforms=5, 3423
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for SKIL (SKIL)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SKIL Gene

Domains & Families for SKIL Gene

Gene Families for SKIL Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SKIL Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the SKI family.
  • Belongs to the SKI family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SKIL: view

Function for SKIL Gene

Molecular function for SKIL Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May have regulatory role in cell division or differentiation in response to extracellular signals.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SKIL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000978 RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific DNA binding IDA 10531062
GO:0001078 transcriptional repressor activity, RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific binding IDA 10531062
GO:0003682 chromatin binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 10049357
GO:0046332 SMAD binding IEA,IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SKIL: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SKIL: view

Animal Models for SKIL Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SKIL:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for SKIL Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target SKIL

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for SKIL

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SKIL Gene

Localization for SKIL Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SKIL gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 3
extracellular 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SKIL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001669 acrosomal vesicle IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0043234 protein complex IDA 23610558
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SKIL: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SKIL Gene

Pathways & Interactions for SKIL Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SKIL: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for SKIL Gene

Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SKIL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter TAS --
GO:0001825 blastocyst formation IEA --
GO:0002260 lymphocyte homeostasis IEA --
GO:0007050 cell cycle arrest IEA --
GO:0007179 transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SKIL: view

Drugs & Compounds for SKIL Gene

(1) Drugs for SKIL Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(1) Additional Compounds for SKIL Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SKIL: view

Transcripts for SKIL Gene

Unigene Clusters for SKIL Gene

SKI-like oncogene:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for SKIL

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SKIL Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b
SP1: -
SP2: -
SP4: - -

Relevant External Links for SKIL Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SKIL Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for SKIL Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SKIL Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Cervix (68.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for SKIL Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SKIL Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of SKIL Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SKIL Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SKIL Gene:

Tissue specificity: Isoform SNON and isoform SNOA are widely expressed. Highest expression is found in skeletal muscle, followed by placenta and lung. Lowest expression in heart, brain and pancreas. Isoform SNOI expression is restricted to skeletal muscle.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for SKIL Gene

  • Kidney(4.5)
  • Heart(4.3)
  • Muscle(2.2)
  • Lung(2)
  • Nervous system(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SKIL: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for SKIL Gene

Orthologs for SKIL Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SKIL Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SKIL 34 35
  • 99.51 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SKIL 34 35
  • 91.26 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SKIL 34 35
  • 90.63 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Skil 34
  • 85.62 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Skil 34 16 35
  • 85.48 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SKIL 35
  • 73 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SKIL 35
  • 71 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SKIL 34 35
  • 75.16 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SKIL 35
  • 72 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia skil 34
  • 70.51 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100007653 34
  • 54.7 (n)
skila 35
  • 49 (a)
skilb 35
  • 44 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG7233 36
  • 46 (a)
Snoo 35
  • 16 (a)
Species where no ortholog for SKIL was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for SKIL Gene

Gene Tree for SKIL (if available)
Gene Tree for SKIL (if available)

Paralogs for SKIL Gene

Paralogs for SKIL Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for SKIL Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SKIL: view

Variants for SKIL Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SKIL Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs193920870 Uncertain significance 170,361,273(+) AAAAG(A/T)ACTTG nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs1000055950 -- 170,385,165(+) CCTCA(A/G)CCTTT intron-variant
rs1000072585 -- 170,378,979(+) TCAAG(A/T)GAGTC intron-variant
rs1000124364 -- 170,369,293(+) ATGGC(C/G)GTGTT intron-variant
rs1000148624 -- 170,357,013(+) AGGGG(G/T)AGGGT upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SKIL Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1073694 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1109562 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1136372 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv519286 CNV loss 19592680
nsv7356 OTHER inversion 18451855

Variation tolerance for SKIL Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 39.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.20; 39.78% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SKIL Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SKIL Gene

Disorders for SKIL Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for SKIL Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
shoulder impingement syndrome
  • impingement syndrome of shoulder region
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search SKIL in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for SKIL

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Tumor Gene Database (TGDB):
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SKIL: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for SKIL Gene

Publications for SKIL Gene

  1. Arkadia activates Smad3/Smad4-dependent transcription by triggering signal-induced SnoN degradation. (PMID: 17591695) Levy L. … Hill C.S. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 2007) 3 4 22 64
  2. Negative regulation of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling by WW domain-containing protein 1 (WWP1). (PMID: 15221015) Komuro A. … Miyazawa K. (Oncogene 2004) 3 4 22 64
  3. Proto-oncogene Sno expression, alternative isoforms and immediate early serum response. (PMID: 9207045) Pearson-White S.H. … Crittenden R. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1997) 3 4 22 64
  4. SnoI, a novel alternatively spliced isoform of the ski proto-oncogene homolog, sno. (PMID: 8233802) Pearson-White S. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1993) 3 4 22 64
  5. Isolation of human cDNA clones of ski and the ski-related gene, sno. (PMID: 2762147) Nomura N. … Ishizaki R. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1989) 2 3 4 64

Products for SKIL Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for SKIL

Sources for SKIL Gene

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