Aliases for SIRT6 Gene
External Ids for SIRT6 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the sirtuin family of proteins, homologs to the yeast Sir2 protein. Members of the sirtuin family are characterized by a sirtuin core domain and grouped into four classes. The functions of human sirtuins have not yet been determined; however, yeast sirtuin proteins are known to regulate epigenetic gene silencing and suppress recombination of rDNA. Studies suggest that the human sirtuins may function as intracellular regulatory proteins with mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase activity. The protein encoded by this gene is included in class IV of the sirtuin family. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]
GeneCards Summary for SIRT6 Gene
SIRT6 (Sirtuin 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism and Chromatin Regulation / Acetylation. GO annotations related to this gene include NAD+ ADP-ribosyltransferase activity and NAD+ binding. An important paralog of this gene is SIRT7.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SIRT6 Gene
NAD-dependent protein deacetylase. Has deacetylase activity towards histone H3K9Ac and H3K56Ac. Modulates acetylation of histone H3 in telomeric chromatin during the S-phase of the cell cycle. Deacetylates histone H3K9Ac at NF-kappa-B target promoters and may down-regulate the expression of a subset of NF-kappa-B target genes. Acts as a corepressor of the transcription factor HIF1A to control the expression of multiple glycolytic genes to regulate glucose homeostasis. Required for genomic stability. Regulates the production of TNF protein. Has a role in the regulation of life span (By similarity). Deacetylation of nucleosomes interferes with RELA binding to target DNA. May be required for the association of WRN with telomeres during S-phase and for normal telomere maintenance. Required for genomic stability. Required for normal IGF1 serum levels and normal glucose homeostasis. Modulates cellular senescence and apoptosis. On DNA damage, promotes DNA end resection via deacetylation of RBBP8. Has very weak deacetylase activity and can bind NAD(+) in the absence of acetylated substrate.
Silent information regulator (Sir2)-like family deacetylases (also known as sirtuins) are a group of enzymes closely related to histone deacetylases. These enzymes can be found in the cytoplasm, mitochondria or nucleus and are ubiquitously expressed. Sir2-like family deacetylases catalyze the removal of acetyl groups from lysine residues in histones and non-histone proteins, which is coupled to NAD+ hydrolysis. In general, sirtuins do not act autonomously but as components of large multiprotein complexes, such as pRb-E2F and mSin3A, that mediate important transcription regulatory pathways. Sirtuins have a role in regulation of transcription and apoptosis leading to substantial interest in inhibitors of these enzymes as possible antineoplastic agents. In addition, Sir2-like family deacteylases are involved in the normal ageing process through their role in resistance to cellular stress.