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Aliases for SIM1 Gene

Aliases for SIM1 Gene

  • Single-Minded Family BHLH Transcription Factor 1 2 3 5
  • Class E Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Protein 14 3 4
  • BHLHe14 3 4
  • Single-Minded (Drosophila) Homolog 1 2
  • Single-Minded Homolog 1 (Drosophila) 2
  • Single-Minded Homolog 1 3

External Ids for SIM1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SIM1 Gene

  • GC06M100704
  • GC06M100853
  • GC06M100882
  • GC06M100943
  • GC06M098275
  • GC06M100834

Summaries for SIM1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SIM1 Gene

  • SIM1 and SIM2 genes are Drosophila single-minded (sim) gene homologs. SIM1 transcript was detected only in fetal kidney out of various adult and fetal tissues tested. Since the sim gene plays an important role in Drosophila development and has peak levels of expression during the period of neurogenesis,it was proposed that the human SIM gene is a candidate for involvement in certain dysmorphic features (particularly the facial and skull characteristics), abnormalities of brain development, and/or mental retardation of Down syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for SIM1 Gene

SIM1 (Single-Minded Family BHLH Transcription Factor 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SIM1 include Obesity Due To Sim1 Deficiency and Prader-Willi-Like Syndrome Due To Point Mutation. GO annotations related to this gene include transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding and signal transducer activity. An important paralog of this gene is SIM2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SIM1 Gene

  • Transcriptional factor that may have pleiotropic effects during embryogenesis and in the adult.

Gene Wiki entry for SIM1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SIM1 Gene

Genomics for SIM1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SIM1 Gene

Enhancers for SIM1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH06F100493 0.2 ENCODE 11.2 -28.5 -28511 0.2 GATA3 JUN MNT CUX1 FOS FOSL2 RAD21 SIM1 LOC102724406 RPS3P5 GC06P100503
GH06F100453 1.5 VISTA FANTOM5 ENCODE 2.2 +8.4 8421 6.4 CTCF RING1 PKNOX1 SUZ12 BMI1 RAD21 ZNF7 ZNF316 EZH2 ZNF202 ASCC3 LOC102724406 RPS3P5 SIM1 GC06P100411
GH06F100460 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 0.8 +1.5 1543 5.5 PKNOX1 BMI1 FEZF1 ZNF2 RAD21 ZNF121 GLIS2 ZNF366 SCRT2 FOS ASCC3 LOC102724406 RPS3P5 SIM1 GC06P100411
GH06F100479 0.5 ENCODE 0.4 -14.7 -14731 0.1 CTCF ZNF654 ESRRA TRIM22 REST THRB ZNF2 RAD21 ZNF524 SMC3 SIM1 GC06P100503
GH06F100420 1 ENCODE 0.2 +44.0 44020 0.2 GC06P100411 SIM1
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around SIM1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for SIM1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001222963 -271 801 PKNOX1 ZNF2 ZNF121 FOS EGR2 SP3 REST ZEB2 TSHZ1 ZNF524

Genomic Location for SIM1 Gene

Chromosome:
6
Start:
100,385,009 bp from pter
End:
100,464,929 bp from pter
Size:
79,921 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for SIM1 Gene

Genes around SIM1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SIM1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SIM1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SIM1 Gene

Proteins for SIM1 Gene

  • Protein details for SIM1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P81133-SIM1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Single-minded homolog 1
    Protein Accession:
    P81133
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5TDP7

    Protein attributes for SIM1 Gene

    Size:
    766 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    85515 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Efficient DNA binding requires dimerization with another bHLH protein. Heterodimer of SIM1 and ARNT.

neXtProt entry for SIM1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for SIM1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for SIM1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SIM1 Gene

Domains & Families for SIM1 Gene

Gene Families for SIM1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SIM1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P81133

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

SIM1_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 bHLH (basic helix-loop-helix) domain.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 bHLH (basic helix-loop-helix) domain.
  • Contains 1 PAC (PAS-associated C-terminal) domain.
  • Contains 2 PAS (PER-ARNT-SIM) domains.
  • Contains 1 Single-minded C-terminal domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SIM1: view

Function for SIM1 Gene

Molecular function for SIM1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
Drosophila master regulator of fruit fly midline neurogenesis,single-minded 1 homolog,mouse Sim1 ortholog,expressed in developing kidney and central nervous system and playing an essential role for formation of the supraoptic and paraventricular(PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus,PVN implicated in the regulation of body weight,disrupted by a translocation in a patient with profound obesity
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Transcriptional factor that may have pleiotropic effects during embryogenesis and in the adult.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SIM1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000981 RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding IBA --
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA,TAS --
GO:0003700 transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding TAS 8812055
GO:0046982 protein heterodimerization activity IEA --
GO:0046983 protein dimerization activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SIM1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SIM1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for SIM1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for SIM1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SIM1:

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SIM1 Gene

Localization for SIM1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SIM1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for SIM1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SIM1 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SIM1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SIM1: view

Pathways & Interactions for SIM1 Gene

SuperPathways for SIM1 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SIM1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001657 ureteric bud development IEA --
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IBA --
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SIM1: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for SIM1 Gene

Transcripts for SIM1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for SIM1 Gene

(4) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(2) Additional mRNA sequences :
(12) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(4) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for SIM1 Gene

Single-minded homolog 1 (Drosophila):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SIM1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for SIM1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
SIM1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
SIM1

Expression for SIM1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SIM1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SIM1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Kidney - Cortex (x12.7), Adipose - Subcutaneous (x8.3), Pancreas (x5.0), and Brain - Hypothalamus (x4.9).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SIM1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart (64.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for SIM1 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for SIM1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of SIM1 Gene:

SIM1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SIM1 Gene:

Hs.520293
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SIM1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SIM1 Gene

Orthologs for SIM1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SIM1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SIM1 34 35
  • 99.78 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SIM1 35
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SIM1 34 35
  • 93.39 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SIM1 34 35
  • 92.38 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SIM1 35
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Sim1 34 16 35
  • 88.28 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Sim1 34
  • 87.84 (n)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SIM1 34 35
  • 83.31 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SIM1 35
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia sim1 34
  • 76.03 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii sim1a 34 35
  • 70.41 (n)
sim1b 35
  • 69 (a)
OneToMany
sim1 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta sim 36 35
  • 67 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea hlh-34 35
  • 29 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 62 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for SIM1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SIM1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for SIM1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for SIM1 (if available)

Paralogs for SIM1 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for SIM1 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SIM1: view

Variants for SIM1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SIM1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs146866401 Likely benign 100,390,668(+) AAATG(C/T)GATCC downstream-variant-500B, reference, missense
rs74726213 Likely benign 100,390,543(+) CTTGT(C/G)AAAAT downstream-variant-500B, reference, missense
rs10223790 -- 100,444,374(+) TATAA(A/G)AAAAA intron-variant
rs10522700 -- 100,461,859(+) CTTTC(-/TT)TTTTT intron-variant
rs10872578 -- 100,385,903(+) AGCAC(C/T)ACACA utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SIM1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2732482 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2732483 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2732485 CNV deletion 23290073
nsv1028122 CNV gain 25217958
nsv515895 CNV loss 19592680

Variation tolerance for SIM1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 7.25% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 10.02; 90.04% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SIM1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SIM1
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
SIM1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SIM1 Gene

Disorders for SIM1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(7) MalaCards diseases for SIM1 Gene - From: OMIM, GeneTests, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search SIM1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for SIM1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
SIM1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
SIM1
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
SIM1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SIM1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for SIM1 Gene

Publications for SIM1 Gene

  1. Cloning of two human homologs of the Drosophila single-minded gene SIM1 on chromosome 6q and SIM2 on 21q within the Down syndrome chromosomal region. (PMID: 9199934) Chrast R. … Antonarakis S.E. (Genome Res. 1997) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Common variation in SIM1 is reproducibly associated with BMI in Pima Indians. (PMID: 19401419) Traurig M. … Baier L.J. (Diabetes 2009) 3 22 46 64
  3. Studies of the SIM1 gene in relation to human obesity and obesity-related traits. (PMID: 16924270) Hung C.C. … Farooqi I.S. (Int J Obes (Lond) 2007) 3 22 46 64
  4. A novel nuclear localization signal in the human single-minded proteins SIM1 and SIM2. (PMID: 14697214) Yamaki A. … Shimizu Y. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2004) 3 4 22 64
  5. A large-scale candidate gene association study of age at menarche and age at natural menopause. (PMID: 20734064) He C. … Hunter D.J. (Hum. Genet. 2010) 3 46 64

Products for SIM1 Gene

Sources for SIM1 Gene

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