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Aliases for SHROOM4 Gene

Aliases for SHROOM4 Gene

  • Shroom Family Member 4 2 3
  • Second Homolog Of Apical Protein 3 4
  • KIAA1202 4 6
  • SHAP 3 4
  • Protein Shroom4 3
  • SDSX 6

External Ids for SHROOM4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SHROOM4 Gene

  • GC0XM050351
  • GC0XM047778

Summaries for SHROOM4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SHROOM4 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the APX/Shroom family, which contain an N-terminal PDZ domain and a C-terminal ASD2 motif. The encoded protein may play a role in cytoskeletal architecture. Mutations in this gene have been linked to Stocco dos Santos X-linked mental retardation syndrome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

GeneCards Summary for SHROOM4 Gene

SHROOM4 (Shroom Family Member 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SHROOM4 include stocco dos santos x-linked mental retardation syndrome and x-linked intellectual disability, stocco dos santos type. GO annotations related to this gene include actin filament binding. An important paralog of this gene is SHROOM2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SHROOM4 Gene

  • Probable regulator of cytoskeletal architecture that plays an important role in development. May regulate cellular and cytoskeletal architecture by modulating the spatial distribution of myosin II (By similarity).

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SHROOM4 Gene

Genomics for SHROOM4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SHROOM4 Gene

Genomic Location for SHROOM4 Gene

50,591,642 bp from pter
50,814,302 bp from pter
222,661 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for SHROOM4 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for SHROOM4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SHROOM4 Gene

Proteins for SHROOM4 Gene

  • Protein details for SHROOM4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Shroom4
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A7E2X9
    • D6RFW0
    • Q96LA0

    Protein attributes for SHROOM4 Gene

    1493 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    164857 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts directly with F-actin.
    • Sequence=BAA86516.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAM13070.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for SHROOM4 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for SHROOM4 Gene


neXtProt entry for SHROOM4 Gene

Proteomics data for SHROOM4 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SHROOM4 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for SHROOM4 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SHROOM4 Gene

Domains for SHROOM4 Gene

Protein Domains for SHROOM4 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SHROOM4 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q9ULL8
  • Contains 1 ASD2 domain.
  • Contains 1 PDZ (DHR) domain.
  • Belongs to the shroom family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SHROOM4: view

No data available for Gene Families for SHROOM4 Gene

Function for SHROOM4 Gene

Molecular function for SHROOM4 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Probable regulator of cytoskeletal architecture that plays an important role in development. May regulate cellular and cytoskeletal architecture by modulating the spatial distribution of myosin II (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SHROOM4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding --
GO:0051015 actin filament binding ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SHROOM4: view

miRNA for SHROOM4 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target SHROOM4

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for SHROOM4 Gene

Localization for SHROOM4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SHROOM4 Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Note=Shows partial colocalization with the cytoplasmic pool of F-actin.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for SHROOM4 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SHROOM4 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
plasma membrane 5
nucleus 4
cytosol 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SHROOM4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001725 colocalizes_with stress fiber ISS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm ISS --
GO:0009898 cytoplasmic side of plasma membrane IDA 16249884
GO:0009925 basal plasma membrane ISS --
GO:0015629 colocalizes_with actin cytoskeleton ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SHROOM4: view

Pathways for SHROOM4 Gene

SuperPathways for SHROOM4 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for SHROOM4 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SHROOM4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000902 NOT cell morphogenesis IDA 16684770
GO:0007015 actin filament organization ISS --
GO:0007420 brain development IDA 16249884
GO:0030036 actin cytoskeleton organization NAS 16684770
GO:0050890 cognition IDA 16249884
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SHROOM4: view

No data available for Pathways by source for SHROOM4 Gene

Transcripts for SHROOM4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SHROOM4 Gene

Shroom family member 4:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SHROOM4 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for SHROOM4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SHROOM4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SHROOM4 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SHROOM4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Spinal cord (cervical c-1) (4.2) and Lung (4.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for SHROOM4 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SHROOM4 Gene Hs.420541

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SHROOM4 Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed in all fetal and adult tissues investigated. Expressed in adult heart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas. In brain regions detected in cerebellum, cerebral cortex, medulla, spinal cord, occipital pole, frontal lobe, temporal lobe and putamen. The expression is strongest in the medulla and weakest in the cerebral cortex.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with SHROOM4: view

Orthologs for SHROOM4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SHROOM4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SHROOM4 35
  • 99.13 (n)
  • 98.43 (a)
  • 98 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SHROOM4 35
  • 89.47 (n)
  • 86.29 (a)
  • 78 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SHROOM4 35
  • 88.33 (n)
  • 86.11 (a)
  • 86 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Shroom4 35
  • 82.65 (n)
  • 78.49 (a)
Shroom4 16
Shroom4 36
  • 79 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SHROOM4 36
  • 47 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SHROOM4 36
  • 54 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Shroom4 35
  • 83.04 (n)
  • 78.33 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LOC777072 35
  • 59.17 (n)
  • 53.35 (a)
  • 51 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SHROOM4 36
  • 43 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii shroom4 36
  • 25 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Shroom 36
  • 15 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 41 (a)
CSA.5284 36
  • 41 (a)
Species with no ortholog for SHROOM4:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for SHROOM4 Gene

Gene Tree for SHROOM4 (if available)
Gene Tree for SHROOM4 (if available)

Paralogs for SHROOM4 Gene

Paralogs for SHROOM4 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for SHROOM4 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SHROOM4: view

Variants for SHROOM4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SHROOM4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 0X pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs749193 -- 50,616,088(+) GTGCT(C/T)TCATA intron-variant
rs911089 -- 50,632,773(+) GAGGC(A/G)GCCAT intron-variant
rs955368 -- 50,779,539(-) AGAAA(A/G)TCCCA intron-variant
rs1055389 -- 50,593,536(-) TTTTT(G/T)GGGGG utr-variant-3-prime, intron-variant
rs1055390 -- 50,593,472(-) GTTGG(A/G)GGTCA utr-variant-3-prime, intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SHROOM4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv527767 CNV Gain 19592680
esv2740158 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2351992 CNV Deletion 18987734
esv1223545 CNV Deletion 17803354
esv2740159 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2740160 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv508772 CNV Insertion 20534489

Relevant External Links for SHROOM4 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SHROOM4 Gene

Disorders for SHROOM4 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for SHROOM4 Gene (300579)


  • Mental retardation, X-linked, syndromic, Stocco dos Santos type (SDSX) [MIM:300434]: A syndrome characterized by severe mental retardation with hyperactivity, aggressive behavior, delayed or no speech, and seizures. Additional features include congenital bilateral hip luxation, short stature, and kyphosis. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16249884}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Note=A chromosomal aberration involving SHROOM4 is a cause of X-linked mental retardation (XLMR). Translocation t(X;8)(p11.22;p23.3) with FBXO25.
  • Note=A chromosomal aberration involving SHROOM4 is a cause of X-linked mental retardation (XLMR). Translocation t(X;19).

Relevant External Links for SHROOM4

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SHROOM4: view

Publications for SHROOM4 Gene

  1. Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. XV. The complete sequences of 100 new cDNA clones from brain which code for large proteins in vitro. (PMID: 10574462) Nagase T. … Ohara O. (DNA Res. 1999) 2 3 4
  2. A new standard nomenclature for proteins related to Apx and Shroom. (PMID: 16615870) Hagens O. … Wallingford J.B. (BMC Cell Biol. 2006) 2 3 4
  3. Differential actin-dependent localization modulates the evolutionarily conserved activity of Shroom family proteins. (PMID: 16684770) Dietz M.L. … Hildebrand J.D. (J. Biol. Chem. 2006) 3 4
  4. Disruptions of the novel KIAA1202 gene are associated with X-linked mental retardation. (PMID: 16249884) Hagens O. … Hanauer A. (Hum. Genet. 2006) 3 4
  5. Toward a confocal subcellular atlas of the human proteome. (PMID: 18029348) Barbe L. … Andersson-Svahn H. (Mol. Cell Proteomics 2008) 3

Products for SHROOM4 Gene

Sources for SHROOM4 Gene

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