Aliases for SHC1 Gene
External Ids for SHC1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for SHC1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SHC1 Gene
This gene encodes three main isoforms that differ in activities and subcellular location. While all three are adapter proteins in signal transduction pathways, the longest (p66Shc) may be involved in regulating life span and the effects of reactive oxygen species. The other two isoforms, p52Shc and p46Shc, link activated receptor tyrosine kinases to the Ras pathway by recruitment of the GRB2/SOS complex. p66Shc is not involved in Ras activation. Unlike the other two isoforms, p46Shc is targeted to the mitochondrial matrix. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]
GeneCards Summary for SHC1 Gene
SHC1 (SHC Adaptor Protein 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SHC1 include Thyroid Carcinoma, Familial Medullary and Insulin-Like Growth Factor I. Among its related pathways are G-protein signaling N-RAS regulation pathway and RET signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein tyrosine kinase activity and phospholipid binding. An important paralog of this gene is SHC3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SHC1 Gene
Signaling adapter that couples activated growth factor receptors to signaling pathways. Participates in a signaling cascade initiated by activated KIT and KITLG/SCF. Isoform p46Shc and isoform p52Shc, once phosphorylated, couple activated receptor tyrosine kinases to Ras via the recruitment of the GRB2/SOS complex and are implicated in the cytoplasmic propagation of mitogenic signals. Isoform p46Shc and isoform p52Shc may thus function as initiators of the Ras signaling cascade in various non-neuronal systems. Isoform p66Shc does not mediate Ras activation, but is involved in signal transduction pathways that regulate the cellular response to oxidative stress and life span. Isoform p66Shc acts as a downstream target of the tumor suppressor p53 and is indispensable for the ability of stress-activated p53 to induce elevation of intracellular oxidants, cytochrome c release and apoptosis. The expression of isoform p66Shc has been correlated with life span (By similarity). Participates in signaling downstream of the angiopoietin receptor TEK/TIE2, and plays a role in the regulation of endothelial cell migration and sprouting angiogenesis.