Aliases for SETMAR Gene
External Ids for SETMAR Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SETMAR Gene
This gene encodes a fusion protein that contains an N-terminal histone-lysine N-methyltransferase domain and a C-terminal mariner transposase domain. The encoded protein binds DNA and functions in DNA repair activities including non-homologous end joining and double strand break repair. The SET domain portion of this protein specifically methylates histone H3 lysines 4 and 36. This gene exists as a fusion gene only in anthropoid primates, other organisms lack mariner transposase domain. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2013]
GeneCards Summary for SETMAR Gene
SETMAR (SET Domain And Mariner Transposase Fusion Gene) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Lysine degradation. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and histone-lysine N-methyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is EHMT1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SETMAR Gene
Protein derived from the fusion of a methylase with the transposase of an Hsmar1 transposon that plays a role in DNA double-strand break repair, stalled replication fork restart and DNA integration. DNA-binding protein, it is indirectly recruited to sites of DNA damage through protein-protein interactions. Has also kept a sequence-specific DNA-binding activity recognizing the 19-mer core of the 5-terminal inverted repeats (TIRs) of the Hsmar1 element and displays a DNA nicking and end joining activity (PubMed:16332963, PubMed:16672366, PubMed:17877369, PubMed:17403897, PubMed:18263876, PubMed:22231448, PubMed:24573677, PubMed:20521842). In parallel, has a histone methyltransferase activity and methylates Lys-4 and Lys-36 of histone H3. Specifically mediates dimethylation of H3 Lys-36 at sites of DNA double-strand break and may recruit proteins required for efficient DSB repair through non-homologous end-joining (PubMed:16332963, PubMed:21187428, PubMed:22231448). Also regulates replication fork processing, promoting replication fork restart and regulating DNA decatenation through stimulation of the topoisomerase activity of TOP2A (PubMed:18790802, PubMed:20457750).