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Aliases for SERPINA1 Gene

Aliases for SERPINA1 Gene

  • Serpin Family A Member 1 2 3
  • Serpin Peptidase Inhibitor, Clade A (Alpha-1 Antiproteinase, Antitrypsin), Member 1 2 3 5
  • Alpha-1 Protease Inhibitor 3 4
  • Alpha-1-Antiproteinase 3 4
  • Serpin A1 3 4
  • AAT 3 4
  • PI 3 4
  • Serine (Or Cysteine) Proteinase Inhibitor, Clade A (Alpha-1 Antiproteinase, Antitrypsin), Member 1 2
  • Serine (Or Cysteine) Proteinase Inhibitor, Clade A, Member 1 3
  • Protease Inhibitor 1 (Anti-Elastase), Alpha-1-Antitrypsin 3
  • Serpin Peptidase Inhibitor Clade A Member 1 3
  • Protease Inhibitor 1 (Anti-Elastase) 2
  • Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Null 3
  • Alpha-1-Antitrypsin 2
  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin 3
  • Alpha1AT 3
  • PRO2275 3
  • A1AT 3
  • A1A 3
  • PI1 3

External Ids for SERPINA1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for SERPINA1 Gene

  • PI

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SERPINA1 Gene

  • GC14M092351
  • GC14M088661
  • GC14M092834
  • GC14M093914
  • GC14M094843
  • GC14M075022

Summaries for SERPINA1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SERPINA1 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is secreted and is a serine protease inhibitor whose targets include elastase, plasmin, thrombin, trypsin, chymotrypsin, and plasminogen activator. Defects in this gene can cause emphysema or liver disease. Several transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for SERPINA1 Gene

SERPINA1 (Serpin Family A Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SERPINA1 include Emphysema Due To Aat Deficiency and Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Embryonic and Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Differentiation Pathways and Lineage-specific Markers and Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and protease binding. An important paralog of this gene is SERPINA11.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SERPINA1 Gene

  • Inhibitor of serine proteases. Its primary target is elastase, but it also has a moderate affinity for plasmin and thrombin. Irreversibly inhibits trypsin, chymotrypsin and plasminogen activator. The aberrant form inhibits insulin-induced NO synthesis in platelets, decreases coagulation time and has proteolytic activity against insulin and plasmin.

  • Short peptide from AAT: reversible chymotrypsin inhibitor. It also inhibits elastase, but not trypsin. Its major physiological function is the protection of the lower respiratory tract against proteolytic destruction by human leukocyte elastase (HLE).

Gene Wiki entry for SERPINA1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SERPINA1 Gene

Genomics for SERPINA1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SERPINA1 Gene

Enhancers for SERPINA1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around SERPINA1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for SERPINA1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around SERPINA1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the SERPINA1 gene promoter:

Genomic Location for SERPINA1 Gene

Chromosome:
14
Start:
94,376,747 bp from pter
End:
94,390,693 bp from pter
Size:
13,947 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for SERPINA1 Gene

Genes around SERPINA1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SERPINA1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SERPINA1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SERPINA1 Gene

Proteins for SERPINA1 Gene

  • Protein details for SERPINA1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P01009-A1AT_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Alpha-1-antitrypsin
    Protein Accession:
    P01009
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6PX14
    • B2RDQ8
    • Q0PVP5
    • Q13672
    • Q53XB8
    • Q5U0M1
    • Q7M4R2
    • Q86U18
    • Q86U19
    • Q96BF9
    • Q96ES1
    • Q9P1P0
    • Q9UCE6
    • Q9UCM3

    Protein attributes for SERPINA1 Gene

    Size:
    418 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    46737 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • The variants S and Z interact with CANX AND PDIA3.
    Miscellaneous:
    • The aberrant form is found in the plasma of chronic smokers, and persists after smoking is ceased. It can still be found ten years after smoking has ceased.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=CAD62334.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAD62585.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for SERPINA1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for SERPINA1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for SERPINA1 Gene

Proteomics data for SERPINA1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SERPINA1 Gene

  • N-glycosylated. Differential glycosylation produces a number of isoforms. N-linked glycan at Asn-107 is alternatively di-antennary, tri-antennary or tetra-antennary. The glycan at Asn-70 is di-antennary with trace amounts of tri-antennary. Glycan at Asn-271 is exclusively di-antennary. Structure of glycans at Asn-70 and Asn-271 is Hex5HexNAc4. The structure of the antennae is Neu5Ac(alpha1-6)Gal(beta1-4)GlcNAc attached to the core structure Man(alpha1-6)[Man(alpha1-3)]Man(beta1-4)GlcNAc(beta1-4)GlcNAc. Some antennae are fucosylated, which forms a Lewis-X determinant.
  • Proteolytic processing may yield the truncated form that ranges from Asp-30 to Lys-418.
  • Glycosylation at Asn 70, Asn 107, and Asn 271
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for SERPINA1 (Serpin A1c/alpha 1-Antitrypsin)
  • R&D Systems Antibodies for SERPINA1 (Serpin A1a)
  • R&D Systems Antibodies for SERPINA1 (Serpin A1/alpha 1-Antitrypsin)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SERPINA1 Gene

Domains & Families for SERPINA1 Gene

Gene Families for SERPINA1 Gene

Protein Domains for SERPINA1 Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
ProtoNet:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P01009

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

A1AT_HUMAN :
  • The reactive center loop (RCL) extends out from the body of the protein and directs binding to the target protease. The protease cleaves the serpin at the reactive site within the RCL, establishing a covalent linkage between the carboxyl group of the serpin reactive site and the serine hydroxyl of the protease. The resulting inactive serpin-protease complex is highly stable.
  • Belongs to the serpin family.
Domain:
  • The reactive center loop (RCL) extends out from the body of the protein and directs binding to the target protease. The protease cleaves the serpin at the reactive site within the RCL, establishing a covalent linkage between the carboxyl group of the serpin reactive site and the serine hydroxyl of the protease. The resulting inactive serpin-protease complex is highly stable.
Family:
  • Belongs to the serpin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SERPINA1: view

Function for SERPINA1 Gene

Molecular function for SERPINA1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Inhibitor of serine proteases. Its primary target is elastase, but it also has a moderate affinity for plasmin and thrombin. Irreversibly inhibits trypsin, chymotrypsin and plasminogen activator. The aberrant form inhibits insulin-induced NO synthesis in platelets, decreases coagulation time and has proteolytic activity against insulin and plasmin.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Short peptide from AAT: reversible chymotrypsin inhibitor. It also inhibits elastase, but not trypsin. Its major physiological function is the protection of the lower respiratory tract against proteolytic destruction by human leukocyte elastase (HLE).
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SERPINA1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for SERPINA1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for SERPINA1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target SERPINA1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SERPINA1 Gene

Localization for SERPINA1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SERPINA1 Gene

Secreted. Endoplasmic reticulum. Note=The S and Z allele are not secreted effectively and accumulate intracellularly in the endoplasmic reticulum.
Short peptide from AAT: Secreted, extracellular space, extracellular matrix.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for SERPINA1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SERPINA1 gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
extracellular 5
golgi apparatus 5
cytoskeleton 2
cytosol 2
lysosome 2
nucleus 2
plasma membrane 2
vacuole 2
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SERPINA1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005578 proteinaceous extracellular matrix IEA --
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IDA 20477988
GO:0005788 endoplasmic reticulum lumen TAS --
GO:0031093 platelet alpha granule lumen TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SERPINA1: view

Pathways & Interactions for SERPINA1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SERPINA1: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for SERPINA1 Gene

Activates:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SERPINA1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006953 acute-phase response IEA --
GO:0007596 blood coagulation IEA,TAS --
GO:0010951 negative regulation of endopeptidase activity NAS 12878203
GO:0018279 protein N-linked glycosylation via asparagine TAS --
GO:0043687 post-translational protein modification TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SERPINA1: view

Drugs & Compounds for SERPINA1 Gene

(26) Drugs for SERPINA1 Gene - From: DrugBank, ClinicalTrials, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
2-[3,4-Dihydroxy-2-Hydroxymethyl-5-(2-Hydroxy-Nonyl)-Tetrahydro-Furan-2-Yloxy]-6-Hydroxymethyl-Tetra Hydro-Pyran-3,4,5-Triol Experimental Pharma Target 0
Beta-Mercaptoethanol Experimental Pharma Target 0
Recombinant alpha 1-antitrypsin Investigational Pharma Target 0
serine Nutra 862

(23) Additional Compounds for SERPINA1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SERPINA1: view

Transcripts for SERPINA1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SERPINA1 Gene

Serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade A (alpha-1 antiproteinase, antitrypsin), member 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SERPINA1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e · 1f · 1g ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c · 6d · 6e · 6f ^ 7a · 7b · 7c ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a ·
SP1: -
SP2: - - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - -
SP4: - - - -
SP5: - - - -
SP6: - - - -
SP7: - - - - -
SP8: - - - -
SP9:
SP10: - - - - - -
SP11: - - - - - -
SP12: - - - - - - - -
SP13: - - - - -
SP14: -
SP15: -
SP16: - - - - - - -
SP17: - - - - - - -

ExUns: 9b ^ 10a · 10b · 10c ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:
SP14:
SP15:
SP16:
SP17:

Relevant External Links for SERPINA1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
SERPINA1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
SERPINA1

Expression for SERPINA1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SERPINA1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SERPINA1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x43.6) and Whole Blood (x5.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SERPINA1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Vitreous humor (7.1) and Plasma (6.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for SERPINA1 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SERPINA1 Gene Hs.525557

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SERPINA1 Gene

P01009-A1AT_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous. Expressed in leukocytes and plasma.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SERPINA1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SERPINA1 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

Orthologs for SERPINA1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SERPINA1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SERPINA1 35
  • 78.23 (n)
  • 69.16 (a)
SERPINA1 36
  • 69 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SERPINA1 35
  • 80.08 (n)
  • 74.94 (a)
SERPINA1 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Serpina1c 35
  • 74.03 (n)
  • 65.53 (a)
Serpina1e 16
Gm46 36
  • 31 (a)
OneToMany
Serpina1a 36
  • 65 (a)
OneToMany
Serpina1b 36
  • 65 (a)
OneToMany
Serpina1c 36
  • 65 (a)
OneToMany
Serpina1d 36
  • 64 (a)
OneToMany
Serpina1e 36
  • 63 (a)
OneToMany
Serpina1f 36
  • 35 (a)
OneToMany
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SERPINA1 35
  • 99.28 (n)
  • 99.28 (a)
SERPINA1 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Serpina1 35
  • 75.51 (n)
  • 70.32 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SERPINA1 36
  • 51 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SERPINA1 36
  • 46 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SERPINA5 35
  • 56.57 (n)
  • 46.8 (a)
SERPINA4 36
  • 43 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SERPINA1 36
  • 45 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia serpina1 35
  • 58.12 (n)
  • 52.82 (a)
Str.4915 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia LOC397792 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii serpina1l 35
  • 53.75 (n)
  • 42.25 (a)
CR559930.2 36
  • 33 (a)
ManyToMany
serpina1 36
  • 37 (a)
ManyToMany
serpina1l 36
  • 36 (a)
ManyToMany
serpina7 36
  • 35 (a)
ManyToMany
si:ch211-186e20.2 36
  • 34 (a)
ManyToMany
si:ch211-186e20.7 36
  • 34 (a)
ManyToMany
zgc:174259 36
  • 35 (a)
ManyToMany
zgc:174260 36
  • 36 (a)
ManyToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea srp-1 37
  • 28 (a)
Species with no ortholog for SERPINA1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SERPINA1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for SERPINA1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for SERPINA1 (if available)

Paralogs for SERPINA1 Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for SERPINA1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SERPINA1: view

Variants for SERPINA1 Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SERPINA1 Gene

A1AT_HUMAN-P01009
The sequence shown is that of the M1V allele which is the most common form of PI (44 to 49%). Other frequent alleles are: M1A 20 to 23%; M2 10 to 11%; M3 14 to 19%.

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SERPINA1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 14 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_006978 -
VAR_006979 -
VAR_006980 -
rs28931570 - 94,383,051(-) TATAC(C/T)GCCAG reference, missense
rs28931569 - 94,383,044(-) CCAGC(C/T)GGCAC reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SERPINA1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv470662 CNV Gain 18288195
nsv832863 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv509545 CNV Insertion 20534489
nsv1406 CNV Insertion 18451855
nsv832864 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv512370 CNV Loss 21212237
nsv513750 CNV Insertion 21212237

Variation tolerance for SERPINA1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 89% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.50; 55.36% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SERPINA1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SERPINA1

Disorders for SERPINA1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(85) MalaCards diseases for SERPINA1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
emphysema due to aat deficiency
  • emphysema-cirrhosis, due to aat deficiency
alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency
  • aat deficiency
hemorrhagic disease due to alpha-1-antitrypsin pittsburgh mutation
pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive
  • copd, rate of decline of lung function in
pulmonary emphysema
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

A1AT_HUMAN
  • Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (A1ATD) [MIM:613490]: A disorder whose most common manifestation is emphysema, which becomes evident by the third to fourth decade. A less common manifestation of the deficiency is liver disease, which occurs in children and adults, and may result in cirrhosis and liver failure. Environmental factors, particularly cigarette smoking, greatly increase the risk of emphysema at an earlier age. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:1905728, ECO:0000269 PubMed:2227940, ECO:0000269 PubMed:2390072}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for SERPINA1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
SERPINA1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
SERPINA1
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
SERPINA1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SERPINA1: view

No data available for Genatlas for SERPINA1 Gene

Publications for SERPINA1 Gene

  1. Molecular basis of alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency and emphysema associated with the alpha 1-antitrypsin M-Mineral springs allele. (PMID: 1967187) Curiel D.T. … Crystal R.G. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 1990) 3 4 48 67
  2. Update of the human and mouse SERPIN gene superfamily. (PMID: 24172014) Heit C. … Vasiliou V. (Hum. Genomics 2013) 2 3
  3. Polymorphisms in the SERPINA1 (Alpha-1-Antitrypsin) gene are associated with severe chronic rhinosinusitis unresponsive to medical therapy. (PMID: 20109307) Kilty S.J. … Desrosiers M.Y. (Am J Rhinol Allergy 2010) 3 23
  4. Prevalence of genetic polymorphisms in the promoter region of the alpha-1 antitrypsin (SERPINA1) gene in chronic liver disease: a case control study. (PMID: 20170533) Kok K.F. … Drenth J.P. (BMC Gastroenterol 2010) 3 23
  5. Evidence for unfolded protein response activation in monocytes from individuals with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. (PMID: 20228200) Carroll T.P. … McElvaney N.G. (J. Immunol. 2010) 3 23

Products for SERPINA1 Gene

Sources for SERPINA1 Gene

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