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Aliases for SDHD Gene

Aliases for SDHD Gene

  • Succinate Dehydrogenase Complex Subunit D 2 3 4 5
  • Succinate-Ubiquinone Oxidoreductase Cytochrome B Small Subunit 3 4
  • Succinate-Ubiquinone Reductase Membrane Anchor Subunit 3 4
  • CII-4 3 4
  • CybS 3 4
  • QPs3 3 4
  • SDH4 3 4
  • Succinate Dehydrogenase [Ubiquinone] Cytochrome B Small Subunit, Mitochondrial 3
  • Succinate Dehydrogenase Complex, Subunit D, Integral Membrane Protein 2
  • Succinate Dehydrogenase Complex Subunit D Integral Membrane Protein 3
  • Small Subunit Of Cytochrome B 2
  • CBT1 3
  • CWS3 3
  • PGL1 3
  • PGL 3

External Ids for SDHD Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for SDHD Gene

  • PGL
  • PGL1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SDHD Gene

  • GC11P114310
  • GC11P113469
  • GC11P111991
  • GC11P111495
  • GC11P111462
  • GC11P107881

Summaries for SDHD Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SDHD Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of complex II of the respiratory chain, which is responsible for the oxidation of succinate. The encoded protein is one of two integral membrane proteins anchoring the complex to the matrix side of the mitochondrial inner membrane. Mutations in this gene are associated with the formation of tumors, including hereditary paraganglioma. Transmission of disease occurs almost exclusively through the paternal allele, suggesting that this locus may be maternally imprinted. There are pseudogenes for this gene on chromosomes 1, 2, 3, 7, and 18. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2013]

GeneCards Summary for SDHD Gene

SDHD (Succinate Dehydrogenase Complex Subunit D) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SDHD include Paragangliomas 1, With Or Without Deafness and Paraganglioma And Gastric Stromal Sarcoma. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins.. GO annotations related to this gene include heme binding and ubiquinone binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SDHD Gene

  • Membrane-anchoring subunit of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) that is involved in complex II of the mitochondrial electron transport chain and is responsible for transferring electrons from succinate to ubiquinone (coenzyme Q).

Gene Wiki entry for SDHD Gene

Additional gene information for SDHD Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SDHD Gene

Genomics for SDHD Gene

Regulatory Elements for SDHD Gene

Enhancers for SDHD Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH11H111934 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 16.3 -146.7 -146709 11.8 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766 PPP2R1B SDHD C11orf52 HSPB2-C11orf52 HSPB2 TIMM8B FDXACB1 C11orf1 ALG9 NKAPD1
GH11H112155 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 10.8 +74.8 74770 11.5 FOXA2 SIN3A FEZF1 BRCA1 YY1 ATF7 FOS ZHX2 REST MIER2 IL18 BCO2 TIMM8B SDHD C11orf88
GH11H112119 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 11.5 +34.1 34098 3.1 PKNOX1 JUN CEBPB JUNB EP300 JUND MAFF POLR2A EED FOS IL18 TIMM8B SDHD TEX12 BCO2 LOC101928847 ALG9
GH11H112225 1.3 ENCODE dbSUPER 10.8 +141.5 141463 5.3 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 FOS SP3 SP5 NFYC LOC283140 PLET1 SDHD TIMM8B BCO2 PTS RPS6P16
GH11H112016 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 10.6 -69.7 -69661 2 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ATF1 BATF RAD21 RARA FOS RUNX3 CREM IKZF2 PIH1D2 NKAPD1 TIMM8B SDHD FDXACB1 C11orf1 ALG9 ENSG00000255334 GC11M112018
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around SDHD on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for SDHD Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Locations for SDHD Gene

Genomic Locations for SDHD Gene
33,241 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for SDHD Gene

Genes around SDHD on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SDHD Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SDHD Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SDHD Gene

Proteins for SDHD Gene

  • Protein details for SDHD Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] cytochrome b small subunit, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6ND90
    • B3KQQ8
    • E9PIC0
    • E9PIG3
    • E9PQI9
    • Q53XW5
    • Q6IRW2

    Protein attributes for SDHD Gene

    159 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    17043 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of complex II composed of four subunits: the flavoprotein (FP) SDHA, iron-sulfur protein (IP) SDHB, and a cytochrome b560 composed of SDHC and SDHD.

    Alternative splice isoforms for SDHD Gene


neXtProt entry for SDHD Gene

Post-translational modifications for SDHD Gene

No Post-translational modifications

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SDHD Gene

Domains & Families for SDHD Gene

Gene Families for SDHD Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Disease related genes
  • FDA approved drug targets
  • Predicted membrane proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for SDHD Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SDHD Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the CybS family.
  • Belongs to the CybS family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SDHD: view

Function for SDHD Gene

Molecular function for SDHD Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
succinate dehydrogenase,cyb S subunit,liver,inner mitochondrial membrane,component 4 of complex II of mitochondrial respiratory chain (CII-4),oxidative phosphorylation,(OXPHOS),also catalyzing the seventh step of the citric acid cycle
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Membrane-anchoring subunit of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) that is involved in complex II of the mitochondrial electron transport chain and is responsible for transferring electrons from succinate to ubiquinone (coenzyme Q).

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for SDHD Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SDHD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000104 succinate dehydrogenase activity IDA 9533030
GO:0008177 contributes_to succinate dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) activity IBA --
GO:0009055 electron carrier activity TAS 9533030
GO:0020037 heme binding ISS,IBA --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SDHD: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SDHD: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for SDHD Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for SDHD Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SDHD:

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SDHD Gene

Localization for SDHD Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SDHD Gene

Mitochondrion inner membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SDHD gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
plasma membrane 1
extracellular 1
nucleus 1
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SDHD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion TAS,IEA 2302193
GO:0005740 mitochondrial envelope IEA,TAS 9533030
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS,IEA --
GO:0005749 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex II, succinate dehydrogenase complex (ubiquinone) ISS --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SDHD: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for SDHD Gene

Pathways & Interactions for SDHD Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SDHD: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot O14521-DHSD_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Carbohydrate metabolism; tricarboxylic acid cycle.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SDHD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006099 tricarboxylic acid cycle TAS,IEA --
GO:0006121 mitochondrial electron transport, succinate to ubiquinone IBA --
GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SDHD: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for SDHD Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SDHD Gene

(11) Drugs for SDHD Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Hexachlorophene Approved, Withdrawn Pharma Target, inhibitor 3
Succinic acid Approved Nutra Full agonist, Agonist, Target 0
FAD Approved Pharma 0
Ubiquinone-1 Experimental Pharma Target 0
2-Hexyloxy-6-Hydroxymethyl-Tetrahydro-Pyran-3,4,5-Triol Experimental Pharma Target 0

(8) Additional Compounds for SDHD Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Armco iron
  • Carbonyl iron
  • FE
  • Ferrovac e
  • Hematite
  • Coenzymes QH2
  • CoQH2
  • Reduced ubiquinone
  • Ubiquinol
  • Ubiquinone-1
  • Sulfanediide
  • Sulfide
  • Sulfur
  • Sulphide

(1) ApexBio Compounds for SDHD Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Methylmalonate 516-05-2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SDHD: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for SDHD Gene

Unigene Clusters for SDHD Gene

Succinate dehydrogenase complex, subunit D, integral membrane protein:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SDHD Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for SDHD Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SDHD Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for SDHD Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SDHD Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (10.4) and Liver (7.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for SDHD Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SDHD Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of SDHD Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SDHD Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for SDHD Gene

  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Liver(4.7)
  • Muscle(4.7)
  • Lung(4.5)
  • Bone marrow(4.3)
  • Kidney(3.7)
  • Adrenal gland(3.4)
  • Skin(3.4)
  • Thyroid gland(2.6)
  • Lymph node(2.4)
  • Blood(2.3)
  • Heart(2.2)
  • Stomach(2.2)
  • Intestine(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for SDHD Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • endocrine
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • chin
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • hypothalamus
  • jaw
  • larynx
  • lip
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • meninges
  • middle ear
  • mouth
  • neck
  • nose
  • outer ear
  • parathyroid
  • pituitary gland
  • salivary gland
  • skull
  • thyroid
  • tongue
  • tooth
  • vocal cord
  • breast
  • chest wall
  • clavicle
  • esophagus
  • heart
  • heart valve
  • lung
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • scapula
  • sternum
  • trachea
  • adrenal gland
  • appendix
  • duodenum
  • intestine
  • kidney
  • large intestine
  • small intestine
  • stomach
  • ovary
  • pelvis
  • penis
  • rectum
  • testicle
  • ureter
  • urethra
  • urinary bladder
  • uterus
  • ankle
  • arm
  • digit
  • elbow
  • femur
  • fibula
  • finger
  • foot
  • forearm
  • hand
  • hip
  • humerus
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • radius
  • shin
  • shoulder
  • thigh
  • tibia
  • toe
  • ulna
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • coagulation system
  • hair
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • red blood cell
  • skin
  • spinal column
  • spinal cord
  • sweat gland
  • vertebrae
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SDHD: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SDHD Gene

Orthologs for SDHD Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SDHD Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SDHD 33
  • 99.58 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SDHD 33
  • 88.26 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SDHD 33 34
  • 86.97 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Sdhd 33
  • 83.23 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Sdhd 33 16 34
  • 83.02 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 69 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SDHD 33 34
  • 63.75 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 34
  • 83 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia sdhd 33
  • 64.91 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii sdhdb 33 34
  • 60.82 (n)
sdhda 34
  • 53 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG10219 34
  • 27 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea sdhd-1 34
  • 32 (a)
Species where no ortholog for SDHD was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SDHD Gene

Gene Tree for SDHD (if available)
Gene Tree for SDHD (if available)

Paralogs for SDHD Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SDHD: view

No data available for Paralogs for SDHD Gene

Variants for SDHD Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SDHD Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs104894302 Pathogenic, Paragangliomas 1 (PGL1) [MIM:168000] 112,089,002(+) TCTTC(A/G/T)TGGTC intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs104894304 Pathogenic, Paragangliomas 1 (PGL1) [MIM:168000] 112,094,831(+) TGACT(A/G)TGTTC nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense, utr-variant-3-prime
rs202198133 Pathogenic, Mitochondrial complex II deficiency (MT-C2D) [MIM:252011] 112,088,902(+) CTAGC(A/G)AGAGG intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs786205436 Pathogenic, Mitochondrial complex II deficiency (MT-C2D) [MIM:252011] 112,088,972(+) GATGG(A/G)CTATT intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs80338844 Pathogenic, Paragangliomas 1 (PGL1) [MIM:168000], Pheochromocytoma (PCC) [MIM:171300] 112,088,939(+) GCTTC(C/T)GGCTG intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SDHD Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv975979 CNV duplication 23825009
esv2745077 CNV deletion 23290073

Variation tolerance for SDHD Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 64.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.65; 31.55% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SDHD Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SDHD Gene

Disorders for SDHD Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(39) MalaCards diseases for SDHD Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search SDHD in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Cowden syndrome 3 (CWS3) [MIM:615106]: A form of Cowden syndrome, a hamartomatous polyposis syndrome with age-related penetrance. Cowden syndrome is characterized by hamartomatous lesions affecting derivatives of ectodermal, mesodermal and endodermal layers, macrocephaly, facial trichilemmomas (benign tumors of the hair follicle infundibulum), acral keratoses, papillomatous papules, and elevated risk for development of several types of malignancy, particularly breast carcinoma in women and thyroid carcinoma in both men and women. Colon cancer and renal cell carcinoma have also been reported. Hamartomas can be found in virtually every organ, but most commonly in the skin, gastrointestinal tract, breast and thyroid. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18678321}. Note=The disease may be caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Intestinal carcinoid tumor (ICT) [MIM:114900]: A yellow, well-differentiated, circumscribed tumor that arises from enterochromaffin cells in the small intestine or, less frequently, in other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12007193}. Note=Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Mitochondrial complex II deficiency (MT-C2D) [MIM:252011]: A disorder of the mitochondrial respiratory chain with heterogeneous clinical manifestations. Clinical features include psychomotor regression in infants, poor growth with lack of speech development, severe spastic quadriplegia, dystonia, progressive leukoencephalopathy, muscle weakness, exercise intolerance, cardiomyopathy. Some patients manifest Leigh syndrome or Kearns-Sayre syndrome. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24367056, ECO:0000269 PubMed:26008905}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Paraganglioma and gastric stromal sarcoma (PGGSS) [MIM:606864]: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors may be sporadic or inherited in an autosomal dominant manner, alone or as a component of a syndrome associated with other tumors, such as in the context of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Patients have both gastrointestinal stromal tumors and paragangliomas. Susceptibility to the tumors was inherited in an apparently autosomal dominant manner, with incomplete penetrance. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17804857}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Paragangliomas 1 (PGL1) [MIM:168000]: A neural crest tumor usually derived from the chromoreceptor tissue of a paraganglion. PGL1 is a rare autosomal dominant disorder which is characterized by the development of mostly benign, highly vascular, slowly growing tumors in the head and neck. In the head and neck region, the carotid body is the largest of all paraganglia and is also the most common site of the tumors. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10657297, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11343322, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11391796, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11391798, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15328326}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Pheochromocytoma (PCC) [MIM:171300]: A catecholamine-producing tumor of chromaffin tissue of the adrenal medulla or sympathetic paraganglia. The cardinal symptom, reflecting the increased secretion of epinephrine and norepinephrine, is hypertension, which may be persistent or intermittent. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11156372, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12000816, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15328326}. Note=Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for SDHD

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SDHD: view

No data available for Genatlas for SDHD Gene

Publications for SDHD Gene

  1. Distinct clinical features of paraganglioma syndromes associated with SDHB and SDHD gene mutations. (PMID: 15328326) Neumann HP … European-American Paraganglioma Study Group (JAMA 2004) 3 4 22 45 60
  2. Germ-line mutations in nonsyndromic pheochromocytoma. (PMID: 12000816) Neumann HP … Freiburg-Warsaw-Columbus Pheochromocytoma Study Group (The New England journal of medicine 2002) 3 4 22 45 60
  3. Tumor risks and genotype-phenotype-proteotype analysis in 358 patients with germline mutations in SDHB and SDHD. (PMID: 19802898) Ricketts CJ … Maher ER (Human mutation 2010) 3 22 45 60
  4. Isocitrate dehydrogenase mutations are rare in pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas. (PMID: 19915015) Gaal J … Dinjens WN (The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism 2010) 3 22 45 60
  5. Germinal mutations of RET, SDHB, SDHD, and VHL genes in patients with apparently sporadic pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas. (PMID: 20205103) Krawczyk A … Jarzab B (Endokrynologia Polska 2010) 3 22 45 60

Products for SDHD Gene

Sources for SDHD Gene

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