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Aliases for SCP2 Gene

Aliases for SCP2 Gene

  • Sterol Carrier Protein 2 2 3 4 5
  • Propanoyl-CoA C-Acyltransferase 3 4
  • Sterol Carrier Protein X 3 4
  • EC 4 61
  • SCP-CHI 3 4
  • NSL-TP 3 4
  • SCP-2 3 4
  • SCP-X 3 4
  • SCPX 3 4
  • Non-Specific Lipid-Transfer Protein 3
  • NLTP 3

External Ids for SCP2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SCP2 Gene

  • GC01P052944
  • GC01P052282
  • GC01P052751
  • GC01P052762
  • GC01P053105
  • GC01P053165
  • GC01P053392
  • GC01P051508

Summaries for SCP2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SCP2 Gene

  • This gene encodes two proteins: sterol carrier protein X (SCPx) and sterol carrier protein 2 (SCP2), as a result of transcription initiation from 2 independently regulated promoters. The transcript initiated from the proximal promoter encodes the longer SCPx protein, and the transcript initiated from the distal promoter encodes the shorter SCP2 protein, with the 2 proteins sharing a common C-terminus. Evidence suggests that the SCPx protein is a peroxisome-associated thiolase that is involved in the oxidation of branched chain fatty acids, while the SCP2 protein is thought to be an intracellular lipid transfer protein. This gene is highly expressed in organs involved in lipid metabolism, and may play a role in Zellweger syndrome, in which cells are deficient in peroxisomes and have impaired bile acid synthesis. Alternative splicing of this gene produces multiple transcript variants, some encoding different isoforms.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

GeneCards Summary for SCP2 Gene

SCP2 (Sterol Carrier Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SCP2 include Leukoencephalopathy With Dystonia And Motor Neuropathy and Wheat Allergy. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Synthesis of bile acids and bile salts. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor binding and cholesterol binding. An important paralog of this gene is HSD17B4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SCP2 Gene

  • Mediates in vitro the transfer of all common phospholipids, cholesterol and gangliosides between membranes. May play a role in regulating steroidogenesis.

Gene Wiki entry for SCP2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SCP2 Gene

Genomics for SCP2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SCP2 Gene

Enhancers for SCP2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01F052903 0.3 FANTOM5 14.5 -23.6 -23565 0.4 ZNF664 ZNF121 ECHDC2 SCP2 LOC100652967 ZYG11B COA7 PIR50883 ENSG00000230953
GH01F052904 0.6 Ensembl ENCODE 12.3 -21.6 -21623 1.6 CTCF ZIC2 RAD21 YY1 ZNF324 ZFHX2 HNF4G SMC3 EGR2 TFE3 ECHDC2 SCP2 SLC1A7 PIR50883 ENSG00000230953
GH01F052906 0.4 ENCODE 12.3 -20.7 -20746 0.2 ZFHX2 ATF3 PBX2 ZNF24 NR2F2 EGR2 YY1 ECHDC2 SCP2 PIR50883 ENSG00000230953
GH01F052969 0.5 ENCODE 11.5 +43.2 43182 1.1 CTCF ZNF654 REST RAD21 ECHDC2 SCP2 LOC100652967 LOC100133211 ENSG00000237279
GH01F053060 0.2 ENCODE 6.6 +134.2 134158 1.1 SUZ12 BHLHE40 ZNF24 BCL6 MNT ZIC2 TEAD3 PRDM2 EZH2 SCP2 NDC1 PODN ENSG00000279054
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around SCP2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for SCP2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000536636 371 1601 TBP MLX ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF48 ZSCAN9 ZBTB40 RAD21 RARA YY1

Genomic Location for SCP2 Gene

52,927,229 bp from pter
53,051,703 bp from pter
124,475 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for SCP2 Gene

Genes around SCP2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SCP2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SCP2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SCP2 Gene

Proteins for SCP2 Gene

  • Protein details for SCP2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Non-specific lipid-transfer protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NM69
    • B4DGJ9
    • B4DHP6
    • C9JC79
    • D3DQ37
    • E1B6W5
    • F2Z3J1
    • Q15432
    • Q16622
    • Q5VVZ1
    • Q6NXF4
    • Q99430

    Protein attributes for SCP2 Gene

    547 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    58994 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with PEX5.
    • Sequence=AAA03558.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for SCP2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for SCP2 Gene

neXtProt entry for SCP2 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for SCP2 Gene


Post-translational modifications for SCP2 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 453
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Domains & Families for SCP2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SCP2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 SCP2 domain.
  • In the N-terminal section; belongs to the thiolase family.
  • Contains 1 SCP2 domain.
  • In the N-terminal section; belongs to the thiolase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SCP2: view

No data available for Gene Families for SCP2 Gene

Function for SCP2 Gene

Molecular function for SCP2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
sterol carrier protein X (58kDa) peroxisomal thiolase cleaving 2-methyl branched chains and sterol carrier protein 2 (15.3kDa),an alternative transcript within the C terminal part of SCPX,potentially involved in intracellular lipid transport
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha-trihydroxy-5-beta-cholanoyl-CoA + propanoyl-CoA = CoA + 3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha-trihydroxy-24-oxo-5-beta-cholestanoyl-CoA.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Mediates in vitro the transfer of all common phospholipids, cholesterol and gangliosides between membranes. May play a role in regulating steroidogenesis.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Up-regulated by 4-hydroxy-tamoxifen.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for SCP2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SCP2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000062 fatty-acyl-CoA binding IDA 18465878
GO:0003824 catalytic activity IEA --
GO:0005102 receptor binding IPI 20178365
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15182174
GO:0008289 lipid binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SCP2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SCP2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for SCP2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for SCP2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SCP2:

Animal Model Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SCP2 Gene

Localization for SCP2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SCP2 Gene

Cytoplasm. Mitochondrion. Note=Cytoplasmic in the liver and also associated with mitochondria especially in steroidogenic tissues.
Isoform SCPx: Peroxisome. Note=Interaction with PEX5 is essential for peroxisomal import.
Isoform SCP2: Mitochondrion.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for SCP2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SCP2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
peroxisome 5
mitochondrion 4
cytosol 3
endoplasmic reticulum 2
plasma membrane 2
lysosome 1
vacuole 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SCP2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IDA --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005777 peroxisome IEA,IDA 1347505
GO:0005782 peroxisomal matrix TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SCP2: view

Pathways & Interactions for SCP2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SCP2: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SCP2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006699 bile acid biosynthetic process TAS --
GO:0006810 transport IEA --
GO:0006869 lipid transport IEA --
GO:0007031 peroxisome organization IEA --
GO:0008152 metabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SCP2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for SCP2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SCP2 Gene

(10) Drugs for SCP2 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Propionyl-CoA Experimental Pharma 0
Coenzyme A Nutra 0

(22) Additional Compounds for SCP2 Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • (-)-7-dehydrocholesterol
  • (3b)-Cholesta-5,7-dien-3-ol
  • (3beta)-Cholesta-5,7-dien-3-ol
  • 10,13-Dimethyl-17-(6-methylheptan-2-yl)-2,3,4,9,11,12,14,15,16,17-decahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-ol
  • 17-(1,5-Dimethylhexyl)-10,13-dimethyl-2,3,4,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-dodecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-ol
  • (24R,25R)-3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha,24-tetrahydroxy-5-beta-cholestan-26-oyl-CoA
  • (24R,25R)-3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha,24-tetrahydroxy-5-beta-cholestan-26-oyl-Coenzyme A
  • 24-Oxo-25(R)-trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA
  • 24-Oxo-25(R)-trihydroxycoprostanoyl-Coenzyme A
  • 25(R)-24-Oxo-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA
  • 3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-24-oxocholestanoyl-CoA
  • 3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-24-oxocholestanoyl-Coenzyme A
  • 3alpha,7alpha-Dihydroxy-5beta-24-oxocholestanoyl-CoA
  • 3alpha,7alpha-Dihydroxy-5beta-24-oxocholestanoyl-Coenzyme A
  • 5'-{3-[(3R)-4-{[3-({2-[(3alpha,7alpha-dihydroxy-5beta-cholan-24-oyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}amino)-3-oxopropyl]amino}-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-4-oxobutyl] dihydrogen diphosphate}3'-phosphoadenosine
  • Chenodeoxycholoyl coenzyme a
  • 7-alpha-12-alpha-Dihydroxy-3-oxo-5-beta-cholyl-Coa
  • Choloyl-CoA
  • Choloyl-Coenzyme A
  • Cholyl-CoA
  • Cholyl-Coenzyme A
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SCP2: view

Transcripts for SCP2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SCP2 Gene

Sterol carrier protein 2:
Representative Sequences:

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SCP2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c · 4d · 4e ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d · 8e
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP4: - -
SP5: - - - -
SP6: -

Relevant External Links for SCP2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SCP2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for SCP2 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SCP2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x7.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SCP2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (10.4), Liver, secretome (10.0), and Milk (7.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for SCP2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SCP2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of SCP2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SCP2 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SCP2 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Liver, fibroblasts, and placenta.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SCP2: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for SCP2 Gene

Orthologs for SCP2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for SCP2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SCP2 34 35
  • 99.7 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SCP2 34 35
  • 90.42 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SCP2 34 35
  • 90.02 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Scp2 34 16 35
  • 86.05 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Scp2 34
  • 84.46 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SCP2 35
  • 83 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SCP2 35
  • 70 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SCP2 34 35
  • 74.78 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SCP2 35
  • 79 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia scp2 34
  • 72.19 (n)
Str.17130 34
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.24309 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii scp2a 34 35
  • 70.22 (n)
zgc77634 34
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.4325 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG17597 36 35
  • 63 (a)
ScpX 36 34 35
  • 58.48 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP007921 34
  • 56.65 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea daf-22 34 35
  • 59.8 (n)
Y57A10C.6 36
  • 58 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes FOX2 35
  • 9 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 61 (a)
CSA.3842 35
  • 60 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU03372 34
  • 56.15 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.2009 34
Species where no ortholog for SCP2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SCP2 Gene

Gene Tree for SCP2 (if available)
Gene Tree for SCP2 (if available)

Paralogs for SCP2 Gene

Paralogs for SCP2 Gene Pseudogenes for SCP2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SCP2: view

Variants for SCP2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SCP2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_035706 A breast cancer sample
rs10399937 -- 53,017,759(+) ATGCC(C/T)ATAAA intron-variant
rs10437065 -- 53,027,724(+) ggtct(C/T)gaact intron-variant
rs10437066 -- 53,029,458(+) AGACC(A/G)TATAA intron-variant
rs10493170 -- 52,994,419(+) ATTTG(C/T)TTGAT intron-variant, downstream-variant-500B, utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SCP2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv36n67 CNV loss 20364138
esv2669916 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2758935 CNV loss 17122850
esv2764252 CNV loss 21179565
esv3561937 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3586059 CNV loss 21293372
esv3586060 CNV loss 21293372
esv3586061 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1001535 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1010121 CNV gain 25217958
nsv10150 CNV gain 18304495
nsv1160847 CNV deletion 26073780
nsv1160854 OTHER complex 26073780
nsv441693 CNV loss 18776908
nsv478841 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv514927 CNV gain 21397061
nsv522862 CNV loss 19592680
nsv945951 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv945952 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv945953 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for SCP2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 13.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.54; 11.63% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SCP2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SCP2 Gene

Disorders for SCP2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(18) MalaCards diseases for SCP2 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
leukoencephalopathy with dystonia and motor neuropathy
  • leukoencephalopathy - dystonia - motor neuropathy
wheat allergy
  • allergy to wheat
peach allergy
  • prunus persica fruit allergy
fruit allergy
  • allergy to fruit
tomato allergy
  • solanum lycopersicum fruit allergy
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search SCP2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Leukoencephalopathy, with dystonia and motor neuropathy (LDMN) [MIM:613724]: A syndrome characterized by leukoencephalopathy, dystonic head tremor, spasmodic torticollis and reduced tendon reflexes in lower extremities. Additional features include hyposmia, pathologic saccadic eye movements, a slight hypoacusis, accumulation of branched-chain pristanic acid in plasma, and the presence of abnormal bile alcohol glucuronides in urine. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16685654}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for SCP2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SCP2: view

No data available for Genatlas for SCP2 Gene

Publications for SCP2 Gene

  1. Cloning and expression of a cDNA encoding human sterol carrier protein 2. (PMID: 1703300) Yamamoto R. … Strauss J.F. III (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1991) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. cDNAs encoding members of a family of proteins related to human sterol carrier protein 2 and assignment of the gene to human chromosome 1 p21-pter. (PMID: 1718316) He Z. … Strauss J.F. III (DNA Cell Biol. 1991) 2 3 4 22 64
  3. The structure of the human sterol carrier protein X/sterol carrier protein 2 gene (SCP2). (PMID: 7698762) Ohba T. … Strauss J.F. III (Genomics 1994) 3 4 22 64
  4. Structure-activity studies of human sterol carrier protein 2. (PMID: 8300590) Seedorf U. … Assmann G. (J. Biol. Chem. 1994) 3 4 22 64
  5. NMR determination of the secondary structure and the three- dimensional polypeptide backbone fold of the human sterol carrier protein 2. (PMID: 8243660) Szyperski T. … Wuethrich K. (FEBS Lett. 1993) 3 4 22 64

Products for SCP2 Gene

Sources for SCP2 Gene

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