Aliases for SCD5 Gene
External Ids for SCD5 Gene
Previous Symbols for SCD5 Gene
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD; EC 22.214.171.124) is an integral membrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum that catalyzes the formation of monounsaturated fatty acids from saturated fatty acids. SCD may be a key regulator of energy metabolism with a role in obesity and dislipidemia. Four SCD isoforms, Scd1 through Scd4, have been identified in mouse. In contrast, only 2 SCD isoforms, SCD1 (MIM 604031) and SCD5, have been identified in human. SCD1 shares about 85% amino acid identity with all 4 mouse SCD isoforms, as well as with rat Scd1 and Scd2. In contrast, SCD5 shares limited homology with the rodent SCDs and appears to be unique to primates (Wang et al., 2005 [PubMed 15907797]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]
GeneCards Summary for SCD5 Gene
SCD5 (Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SCD5 include obesity and spondylocostal dysostosis. Among its related pathways are PPAR signaling pathway and Fatty acid metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include iron ion binding and stearoyl-CoA 9-desaturase activity. An important paralog of this gene is SCD.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SCD5 Gene
Fatty acid delta-9-desaturase that introduces a double bond in fatty acyl-coenzyme A at the delta-9 position.