Aliases for RXRA Gene
External Ids for RXRA Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RXRA Gene
Retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and retinoic acid receptors (RARs) are nuclear receptors that mediate the biological effects of retinoids by their involvement in retinoic acid-mediated gene activation. These receptors function as transcription factors by binding as homodimers or heterodimers to specific sequences in the promoters of target genes. The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the steroid and thyroid hormone receptor superfamily of transcriptional regulators. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]
GeneCards Summary for RXRA Gene
RXRA (Retinoid X Receptor Alpha) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RXRA include X-Linked Adrenal Hypoplasia Congenita. Among its related pathways are Development Ligand-independent activation of ESR1 and ESR2 and RNA Polymerase II Transcription Initiation And Promoter Clearance. GO annotations related to this gene include transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding and protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is RXRG.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RXRA Gene
Receptor for retinoic acid. Retinoic acid receptors bind as heterodimers to their target response elements in response to their ligands, all-trans or 9-cis retinoic acid, and regulate gene expression in various biological processes. The RAR/RXR heterodimers bind to the retinoic acid response elements (RARE) composed of tandem 5-AGGTCA-3 sites known as DR1-DR5. The high affinity ligand for RXRs is 9-cis retinoic acid. RXRA serves as a common heterodimeric partner for a number of nuclear receptors. The RXR/RAR heterodimers bind to the retinoic acid response elements (RARE) composed of tandem 5-AGGTCA-3 sites known as DR1-DR5. In the absence of ligand, the RXR-RAR heterodimers associate with a multiprotein complex containing transcription corepressors that induce histone acetylation, chromatin condensation and transcriptional suppression. On ligand binding, the corepressors dissociate from the receptors and associate with the coactivators leading to transcriptional activation. The RXRA/PPARA heterodimer is required for PPARA transcriptional activity on fatty acid oxidation genes such as ACOX1 and the P450 system genes.
Retinoid X receptors (RXR) are members of the NR2B nuclear receptor family and are common binding partners to many other nuclear receptors, including PPARs, liver X receptors (LXRs) and vitamin D receptors (VDRs). There are three RXR subtypes; alpha, beta and gamma.