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Aliases for RTL1 Gene

Aliases for RTL1 Gene

  • Retrotransposon-Like 1 2 3
  • PEG11 3 4 6
  • Mammalian Retrotransposon Derived Protein 1 3 4
  • Retrotransposon-Derived Protein PEG11 3 4
  • Paternally Expressed Gene 11 Protein 3 4
  • MART1 3 4
  • Mar1 3 4
  • Retrotransposon-Like Protein 1 3

External Ids for RTL1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RTL1 Gene

  • GC14M100417
  • GC14M101347
  • GC14M081528

Summaries for RTL1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RTL1 Gene

  • This gene is a retrotransposon-derived, paternally expressed imprinted gene that is highly expressed at the late fetal stage in both the fetus and placenta. It has an overlapping maternally expressed antisense transcript, which contains several microRNAs targeting the transcripts of this gene through an RNA interference (RNAi) mechanism. This gene is essential for maintenance of the fetal capillaries. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2009]

GeneCards Summary for RTL1 Gene

RTL1 (Retrotransposon-Like 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RTL1 include temple syndrome and uniparental disomy, paternal, chromosome 14.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RTL1 Gene

  • Plays an essential role in capillaries endothelial cells for the maintenance of feto-maternal interface and for development of the placenta.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RTL1 Gene

Genomics for RTL1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for RTL1 Gene

Genomic Location for RTL1 Gene

Start:
100,880,655 bp from pter
End:
100,884,847 bp from pter
Size:
4,193 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for RTL1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for RTL1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RTL1 Gene

Proteins for RTL1 Gene

  • Protein details for RTL1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    A6NKG5-RTL1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Retrotransposon-like protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    A6NKG5
    Secondary Accessions:
    • E9PKS8

    Protein attributes for RTL1 Gene

    Size:
    1358 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    155048 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    Miscellaneous:
    • RTL1 is an imprinted gene located in a cluster of imprinted genes on chromosome 14. It is expressed from the paternal chromosome and has an antisense transcript with full complementarity to RTL1, RTL1as, expressed from the maternal chromosome, which acts as a repressor for RTL1. Excessive RTL1 expression and decreased RTL1 expression are relevant to upd(14)pat-like and upd(14)mat-like phenotypes, respectively. Paternal and maternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 14 (upd(14)pat and upd(14)mat) cause distinct phenotypes; Upd(14)pat results in a unique phenotype characterized by facial abnormality, a small, bell-shaped thorax and abdominal wall defects, and upd(14)mat leads to pre- and postnatal growth failure and early onset of puberty
    • Rtl1 is one of at least 11 genes called Mar or Mart related to long terminal repeat retrotransposons. They do not correspond to functional retrotransposons, but rather to neofunctionalized retrotransposons genes

neXtProt entry for RTL1 Gene

Proteomics data for RTL1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for RTL1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for RTL1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for RTL1 Gene

Domains for RTL1 Gene

Protein Domains for RTL1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for RTL1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RTL1: view

No data available for Gene Families and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RTL1 Gene

Function for RTL1 Gene

Molecular function for RTL1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Plays an essential role in capillaries endothelial cells for the maintenance of feto-maternal interface and for development of the placenta.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RTL1: view

Animal Models for RTL1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for RTL1:

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for RTL1 Gene

Localization for RTL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RTL1 Gene

Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RTL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RTL1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS for RTL1 Gene

Pathways for RTL1 Gene

SuperPathways for RTL1 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for RTL1 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 16)
http://string-db.org/version_10/api/image/networkList?limit=0&targetmode=proteins&caller_identity=gene_cards&network_flavor=evidence&identifiers=9606.ENSP00000435342%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000365637%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000226319%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000218343%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000378451%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000449428%0d%0a
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000435342 A6NKG5-RTL1_HUMAN for RTL1 Gene via STRING I2D

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RTL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007275 multicellular organismal development IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RTL1: view

No data available for Pathways by source for RTL1 Gene

Transcripts for RTL1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for RTL1 Gene

(1) Additional mRNA sequences :
(2) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for RTL1 Gene

Retrotransposon-like 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RTL1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for RTL1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
RTL1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
RTL1

Expression for RTL1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for RTL1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for RTL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Hypothalamus (22.6) and Ovary (4.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for RTL1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RTL1 Gene Hs.298602

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with RTL1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for RTL1 Gene

Orthologs for RTL1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for RTL1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RTL1 35
  • 99.44 (n)
  • 99.19 (a)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia bta-mir-433 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
RTL1 35
  • 79.52 (n)
  • 72.26 (a)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia cfa-mir-432 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
RTL1 35
  • 82.1 (n)
  • 76.06 (a)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rtl1 35
  • 74.35 (n)
  • 66.69 (a)
Rtl1 16
Rtl1 36
  • 52 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia RTL1 36
  • 19 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for RTL1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for RTL1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for RTL1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for RTL1 (if available)

Paralogs for RTL1 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for RTL1 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with RTL1: view

No data available for Paralogs for RTL1 Gene

Variants for RTL1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RTL1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 14 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1950624 -- 100,885,288(+) CACAT(C/T)TCAGC upstream-variant-2KB
rs1950625 -- 100,885,511(+) GGTGT(G/T)TACAG upstream-variant-2KB
rs5811014 -- 100,885,524(+) CTGGG(-/T)TTTTT upstream-variant-2KB
rs11400270 -- 100,886,215(+) CCGTA(-/A)AAAAA upstream-variant-2KB
rs56772737 -- 100,886,521(+) TTCCT(A/C)AAGGT upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RTL1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv902240 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv509549 CNV Insertion 20534489
nsv902241 CNV Loss 21882294

Relevant External Links for RTL1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
RTL1
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
RTL1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RTL1 Gene

Disorders for RTL1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database. (2) Diseases for RTL1 Gene including...

Search for RTL1 Gene in MalaCards »

Relevant External Links for RTL1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
RTL1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with RTL1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RTL1 Gene

Publications for RTL1 Gene

  1. The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 14. (PMID: 12508121) Heilig R. … Weissenbach J. (Nature 2003) 3 4
  2. Imprinted microRNA genes transcribed antisense to a reciprocally imprinted retrotransposon-like gene. (PMID: 12796779) Seitz H. … CavaillAc J. (Nat. Genet. 2003) 2 3
  3. RNAi-mediated allelic trans-interaction at the imprinted Rtl1/Peg11 locus. (PMID: 15854907) Davis E. … Charlier C. (Curr. Biol. 2005) 2 3
  4. A family of neofunctionalized Ty3/gypsy retrotransposon genes in mammalian genomes. (PMID: 16093683) Brandt J. … Volff J.-N. (Cytogenet. Genome Res. 2005) 3 4
  5. A small family of sushi-class retrotransposon-derived genes in mammals and their relation to genomic imprinting. (PMID: 16155747) Youngson N.A. … Ferguson-Smith A.C. (J. Mol. Evol. 2005) 2 3

Products for RTL1 Gene

Sources for RTL1 Gene

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