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Aliases for RTKN Gene

Aliases for RTKN Gene

  • Rhotekin 2 3 5
  • RTKN1 4

External Ids for RTKN Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RTKN Gene

  • GC02M074790
  • GC02M074865
  • GC02M074610
  • GC02M074627
  • GC02M074564
  • GC02M074506
  • GC02M074653
  • GC02M074389
  • GC02M074660
  • GC02M074667

Summaries for RTKN Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RTKN Gene

  • This gene encodes a scaffold protein that interacts with GTP-bound Rho proteins. Binding of this protein inhibits the GTPase activity of Rho proteins. This protein may interfere with the conversion of active, GTP-bound Rho to the inactive GDP-bound form by RhoGAP. Rho proteins regulate many important cellular processes, including cytokinesis, transcription, smooth muscle contraction, cell growth and transformation. Dysregulation of the Rho signal transduction pathway has been implicated in many forms of cancer. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for RTKN Gene

RTKN (Rhotekin) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are RHO GTPases Activate Rhotekin and Rhophilins and Signaling by Rho GTPases. GO annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and GTP-Rho binding. An important paralog of this gene is RTKN2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RTKN Gene

  • Mediates Rho signaling to activate NF-kappa-B and may confer increased resistance to apoptosis to cells in gastric tumorigenesis. May play a novel role in the organization of septin structures.

Gene Wiki entry for RTKN Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RTKN Gene

Genomics for RTKN Gene

Regulatory Elements for RTKN Gene

Enhancers for RTKN Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around RTKN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for RTKN Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around RTKN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for RTKN Gene

74,425,836 bp from pter
74,442,422 bp from pter
16,587 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for RTKN Gene

Genes around RTKN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
RTKN Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for RTKN Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RTKN Gene

Proteins for RTKN Gene

  • Protein details for RTKN Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • H7BXD4
    • Q8WVN1
    • Q96PT6
    • Q9HB05

    Protein attributes for RTKN Gene

    563 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    62667 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts via its C-terminal region with the TAX1BP3 PDZ domain. This interaction facilitates Rho-mediated activation of the c-Fos serum response element (SRE). Interacts with SEPT9. Specifically binds to GTP-bound RHOA, RHOB and RHOC and inhibits their GTPase activity.
    • Sequence=AAL16767.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=15, 20; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for RTKN Gene


neXtProt entry for RTKN Gene

Proteomics data for RTKN Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for RTKN Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for RTKN Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for RTKN Gene

Domains & Families for RTKN Gene

Gene Families for RTKN Gene

Protein Domains for RTKN Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for RTKN Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 PH domain.
  • Contains 1 REM (Hr1) repeat.
  • Contains 1 PH domain.
  • Contains 1 REM (Hr1) repeat.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RTKN: view

Function for RTKN Gene

Molecular function for RTKN Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
rhotekin,61kDa,expressed in many tissues including brain,muscle,binding GTP bound form of Rho inhibiting its GTPase activity
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Mediates Rho signaling to activate NF-kappa-B and may confer increased resistance to apoptosis to cells in gastric tumorigenesis. May play a novel role in the organization of septin structures.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RTKN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005095 GTPase inhibitor activity IDA 10940294
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 10940294
GO:0005525 GTP binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RTKN: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RTKN: view

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for RTKN Gene

Localization for RTKN Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for RTKN Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RTKN gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 3
nucleus 3
cytoskeleton 2
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RTKN Gene

Pathways & Interactions for RTKN Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with RTKN: view

Pathways by source for RTKN Gene

1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for RTKN Gene
1 Qiagen pathway for RTKN Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for RTKN Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RTKN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006915 apoptotic process IEA --
GO:0007165 signal transduction IDA 10940294
GO:0007266 Rho protein signal transduction IDA 15480428
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RTKN: view

Drugs & Compounds for RTKN Gene

(2) Drugs for RTKN Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Guanosine triphosphate Experimental Pharma 0

(1) Additional Compounds for RTKN Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with RTKN: view

Transcripts for RTKN Gene

Unigene Clusters for RTKN Gene

Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RTKN Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14 ^ 15a ·
SP1: - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - - - - -
SP4: - - - -
SP5: - -
SP6: - - -
SP8: - - - - -
SP10: - - - -

ExUns: 15b

Relevant External Links for RTKN Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for RTKN Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for RTKN Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for RTKN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x5.7) and Brain - Spinal cord (cervical c-1) (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for RTKN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Plasma (32.0), Pancreas (8.6), Islet of Langerhans (7.3), and Pancreatic juice (6.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for RTKN Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RTKN Gene Hs.192854

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for RTKN Gene

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in prostate, moderately in kidney, heart, brain, spleen, testis, placenta, small intestine, pancreas, skeletal muscle and peripheral blood leukocytes, and weakly in ovary, colon and thymus. Weakly expressed in all normal cell lines tested. Overexpressed in various cancer cell lines.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with RTKN: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for RTKN Gene

Orthologs for RTKN Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for RTKN Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia RTKN 35
  • 91 (n)
  • 90.59 (a)
  • 90 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia RTKN 35
  • 92.13 (n)
  • 92.72 (a)
  • 92 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rtkn 35
  • 87.21 (n)
  • 86.86 (a)
Rtkn 16
Rtkn 36
  • 86 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RTKN 35
  • 99.7 (n)
  • 99.47 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rtkn 35
  • 87.15 (n)
  • 88.17 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia RTKN 36
  • 70 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia RTKN 36
  • 57 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia rtkn 35
  • 63.17 (n)
  • 62.53 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii si:dkey-40c11.1 35
  • 62.06 (n)
  • 60.31 (a)
RTKN (1 of 2) 36
  • 49 (a)
rtkn2b 36
  • 51 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C07B5.4 36
  • 18 (a)
Species with no ortholog for RTKN:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for RTKN Gene

Gene Tree for RTKN (if available)
Gene Tree for RTKN (if available)

Paralogs for RTKN Gene

Paralogs for RTKN Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for RTKN Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with RTKN: view

Variants for RTKN Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RTKN Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs917240 -- 74,429,729(-) ATTGC(C/T)GCCAG intron-variant
rs1001123 -- 74,432,696(-) CATTT(A/C)CTTCT intron-variant
rs1003729 -- 74,432,262(-) ACTTA(C/G)AAAAG intron-variant
rs1003730 -- 74,431,328(-) CTGCA(A/G)TGGGG intron-variant
rs3216578 -- 74,431,070(-) AAAAA(-/A)AAAAT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RTKN Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv1199e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv458185 CNV Loss 19166990
nsv515851 CNV Loss 19592680
dgv4166n71 CNV Loss 21882294

Variation tolerance for RTKN Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 21.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.30; 41.07% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for RTKN Gene

Disorders for RTKN Gene

Relevant External Links for RTKN

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for RTKN Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for RTKN Gene

Publications for RTKN Gene

  1. The PDZ protein TIP-1 interacts with the Rho effector rhotekin and is involved in Rho signaling to the serum response element. (PMID: 10940294) Reynaud C. … Jalinot P. (J. Biol. Chem. 2000) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Interaction of a multi-domain adaptor protein, vinexin, with a Rho-effector, Rhotekin. (PMID: 19294487) Nagata K. … Asano T. (Med Mol Morphol 2009) 3 23
  3. Identification of a cell polarity-related protein, Lin-7B, as a binding partner for a Rho effector, Rhotekin, and their possible interaction in neurons. (PMID: 16979770) Sudo K. … Nagata K. (Neurosci. Res. 2006) 3 23
  4. Overexpression of rho effector rhotekin confers increased survival in gastric adenocarcinoma. (PMID: 15316142) Liu C.A. … Chen J.Y. (J. Biomed. Sci. 2004) 3 23
  5. Rho/Rhotekin-mediated NF-kappaB activation confers resistance to apoptosis. (PMID: 15480428) Liu C.-A. … Chen J.-Y. (Oncogene 2004) 3 23

Products for RTKN Gene

Sources for RTKN Gene