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Aliases for RPS28 Gene

Aliases for RPS28 Gene

  • Ribosomal Protein S28 2 3 5
  • 40S Ribosomal Protein S28 2 3
  • DBA15 3
  • S28 3

External Ids for RPS28 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RPS28 Gene

  • GC19M008155
  • GC19P008476
  • GC19P008281
  • GC19P008292
  • GC19P008386
  • GC19P008040

Summaries for RPS28 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RPS28 Gene

  • Ribosomes, the organelles that catalyze protein synthesis, consist of a small 40S subunit and a large 60S subunit. Together these subunits are composed of 4 RNA species and approximately 80 structurally distinct proteins. This gene encodes a ribosomal protein that is a component of the 40S subunit. The protein belongs to the S28E family of ribosomal proteins. It is located in the cytoplasm. As is typical for genes encoding ribosomal proteins, there are multiple processed pseudogenes of this gene dispersed through the genome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for RPS28 Gene

RPS28 (Ribosomal Protein S28) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RPS28 include Diamond Blackfan Anemia 15 With Mandibulofacial Dysostosis and Diamond-Blackfan Anemia. Among its related pathways are Activation of the mRNA upon binding of the cap-binding complex and eIFs, and subsequent binding to 43S and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding and structural constituent of ribosome.

Gene Wiki entry for RPS28 Gene

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RPS28 Gene

Genomics for RPS28 Gene

Regulatory Elements for RPS28 Gene

Enhancers for RPS28 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH19F008319 1.1 ENCODE 144.5 +0.3 298 3.6 PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766 ZNF207 RPS28 ZNF558 HNRNPM ZNF414 XAB2 CD320 ENSG00000267510 ZNF699 GC19P008321 NDUFA7
GH19F008323 0.9 ENCODE 140.4 +3.1 3119 0.7 ATF1 ZNF2 ZNF48 ZNF335 GLIS2 ZNF207 PAF1 SMARCA5 MIER1 YY2 RPS28 ZNF558 ENSG00000269300 ZNF699 ELAVL1 ZNF559 GC19P008321 PIR52170
GH19F008340 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 71.6 +21.0 20961 3.6 ATF1 PKNOX1 ZNF121 GLIS2 ZNF143 FOS CEBPZ SP3 SP5 NFYC RPS28 ELAVL1 HNRNPM ZNF558 ZNF699 CD320 KANK3 PIR52170
GH19F008306 1.2 ENCODE 33.2 -13.4 -13356 3.3 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ARNT MLX WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 RPS28 LINC01862 ENSG00000261866 LYPLA2P2 RPL21P129 OR7E16P OR7E19P OR7E25P ELOCP29 OR7E24
GH19F008314 0.7 ENCODE 47.9 -5.1 -5116 3.4 SMAD5 NFRKB MAX SP2 MAFG MBD2 ZNF316 ZNF274 POLR2A THRAP3 RPS28 CD320 HNRNPM ZNF699 XAB2 ZNF558
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around RPS28 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for RPS28 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000343009 342 2201 PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766 ZNF207

Genomic Location for RPS28 Gene

8,321,158 bp from pter
8,323,340 bp from pter
2,183 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for RPS28 Gene

Genes around RPS28 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
RPS28 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for RPS28 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RPS28 Gene

Proteins for RPS28 Gene

  • Protein details for RPS28 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    40S ribosomal protein S28
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • P25112

    Protein attributes for RPS28 Gene

    69 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    7841 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for RPS28 Gene

neXtProt entry for RPS28 Gene

Post-translational modifications for RPS28 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for RPS28 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for RPS28 Gene

Domains & Families for RPS28 Gene

Gene Families for RPS28 Gene

Protein Domains for RPS28 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for RPS28 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the ribosomal protein S28e family.
  • Belongs to the ribosomal protein S28e family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RPS28: view

Function for RPS28 Gene

Molecular function for RPS28 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
60S ribosomal protein S28

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RPS28 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003723 RNA binding IBA --
GO:0003735 structural constituent of ribosome IBA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0044822 poly(A) RNA binding IDA 22658674
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RPS28: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RPS28: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for RPS28 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for RPS28 Gene

Localization for RPS28 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RPS28 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 2
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RPS28 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005840 ribosome IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RPS28: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RPS28 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for RPS28 Gene

SuperPathways for RPS28 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Viral mRNA Translation
2 Activation of the mRNA upon binding of the cap-binding complex and eIFs, and subsequent binding to 43S
3 Influenza Viral RNA Transcription and Replication
4 rRNA processing in the nucleus and cytosol
5 HIV Life Cycle
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with RPS28: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RPS28 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000028 ribosomal small subunit assembly IBA --
GO:0000184 nuclear-transcribed mRNA catabolic process, nonsense-mediated decay TAS --
GO:0006364 rRNA processing TAS --
GO:0006412 translation IC 8706699
GO:0006413 translational initiation TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RPS28: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for RPS28 Gene

Transcripts for RPS28 Gene

Unigene Clusters for RPS28 Gene

Ribosomal protein S28:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RPS28 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for RPS28 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for RPS28 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for RPS28 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for RPS28 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone marrow stromal cell (8.2) and Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (6.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for RPS28 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for RPS28 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of RPS28 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RPS28 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with RPS28: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for RPS28 Gene

Orthologs for RPS28 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for RPS28 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RPS28 34 35
  • 99.52 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia RPS28 35
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia RPS28 34 35
  • 93.24 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia RPS28 34
  • 93.24 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rps28 34 16 35
  • 87.92 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rps28 34
  • 85.99 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves RPS28 34 35
  • 86.47 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia rps28p9 34
  • 76.81 (n)
Str.17156 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii rps28 34 35
  • 77.29 (n)
Dr.24923 34
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.827 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta RpS28a 35
  • 77 (a)
RpS28b 34 35
  • 71.43 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP003412 34
  • 73.45 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea rps-28 34 35
  • 72.68 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes RPS28B 35
  • 73 (a)
RPS28A 34 35
  • 63.98 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AGR261W 34
  • 66.67 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F20383g 34
  • 63.68 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons RPS28 34
  • 68.33 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os10g0411700 34
  • 69.23 (n)
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.2070 34
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.16049 34
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU05599 34
  • 69.12 (n)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes rps2802 34
  • 64.71 (n)
Species where no ortholog for RPS28 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for RPS28 Gene

Gene Tree for RPS28 (if available)
Gene Tree for RPS28 (if available)

Paralogs for RPS28 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for RPS28 Gene

Variants for RPS28 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RPS28 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs786203997 Pathogenic 8,321,531(-) GTCCA(C/T)GATGG upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs1057232 -- 8,322,323(+) TCACA(A/G)TCTGC downstream-variant-500B, upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime
rs111822940 -- 8,320,642(+) CCTGA(C/T)TGCCA intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs111941900 -- 8,322,677(+) CAGAG(G/T)GAGCC downstream-variant-500B, upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime
rs113469419 -- 8,320,107(+) CCTCA(C/G)CCTCC intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Variation tolerance for RPS28 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 59.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.02; 0.43% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for RPS28 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RPS28 Gene

Disorders for RPS28 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for RPS28 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, Orphanet, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
diamond blackfan anemia 15 with mandibulofacial dysostosis
  • diamond-blackfan anemia 15, with mandibulofacial dysostosis
diamond-blackfan anemia
  • blackfan - diamond syndrome
pierre robin syndrome
  • pierre robin sequence
macrocytic anemia
  • anemia macrocytic
acne inversa, familial, 1
  • hidradenitis suppurativa
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search RPS28 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 15, with mandibulofacial dysostosis (DBA15) [MIM:606164]: A form of Diamond-Blackfan anemia, a congenital non-regenerative hypoplastic anemia that usually presents early in infancy. Diamond-Blackfan anemia is characterized by a moderate to severe macrocytic anemia, erythroblastopenia, and an increased risk of malignancy. 30 to 40% of Diamond-Blackfan anemia patients present with short stature and congenital anomalies, the most frequent being craniofacial (Pierre-Robin syndrome and cleft palate), thumb and urogenital anomalies. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24942156}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for RPS28

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with RPS28: view

No data available for Genatlas for RPS28 Gene

Publications for RPS28 Gene

  1. A map of 75 human ribosomal protein genes. (PMID: 9582194) Kenmochi N. … Page D.C. (Genome Res. 1998) 2 3 4 64
  2. Diamond-Blackfan anemia with mandibulofacial dystostosis is heterogeneous, including the novel DBA genes TSR2 and RPS28. (PMID: 24942156) Gripp K.W. … Sol-Church K. (Am. J. Med. Genet. A 2014) 3 4 64
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64
  4. The human ribosomal protein genes: sequencing and comparative analysis of 73 genes. (PMID: 11875025) Yoshihama M. … Kenmochi N. (Genome Res. 2002) 3 4 64
  5. Characterization of the human small-ribosomal-subunit proteins by N- terminal and internal sequencing, and mass spectrometry. (PMID: 8706699) Vladimirov S.N. … Otto A. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1996) 3 4 64

Products for RPS28 Gene

Sources for RPS28 Gene

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