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Aliases for ROMO1 Gene

Aliases for ROMO1 Gene

  • Reactive Oxygen Species Modulator 1 2 3
  • Mitochondrial Targeting GxxxG Motif Protein 3 4
  • Mitochondrial Targeting GXXXG Protein 2 3
  • Epididymis Tissue Protein Li 175 3 4
  • Protein MGR2 Homolog 3 4
  • ROS Modulator 1 3 4
  • Glyrichin 3 4
  • C20orf52 3 4
  • MTGM 3 4
  • Chromosome 20 Open Reading Frame 52 2
  • BA353C18.2 3
  • MTGMP 3
  • PCM19 3

External Ids for ROMO1 Gene

Previous Symbols for ROMO1 Gene

  • C20orf52

Summaries for ROMO1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ROMO1 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a mitochondrial membrane protein that is responsible for increasing the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells. The protein also has antimicrobial activity against a variety of bacteria by inducing bacterial membrane breakage. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

GeneCards Summary for ROMO1 Gene

ROMO1 (Reactive Oxygen Species Modulator 1) is a Protein Coding gene.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ROMO1 Gene

  • Induces production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which are necessary for cell proliferation. May play a role in inducing oxidative DNA damage and replicative senescence. May play a role in the coordination of mitochondrial morphology and cell proliferation

  • Has antibacterial activity against a variety of bacteria including S.aureus, P.aeruginosa and M.tuberculosis. Acts by inducing bacterial membrane breakage

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ROMO1 Gene

Genomics for ROMO1 Gene

Genomic Location for ROMO1 Gene

Start:
35,699,272 bp from pter
End:
35,700,984 bp from pter
Size:
1,713 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for ROMO1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for ROMO1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ROMO1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ROMO1 Gene

Proteins for ROMO1 Gene

  • Protein details for ROMO1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P60602-ROMO1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Reactive oxygen species modulator 1
    Protein Accession:
    P60602
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A7M872
    • E1P5R9
    • E9KL28
    • Q3MHD5
    • Q5QP16
    • Q9CQ98
    • Q9H1N2

    Protein attributes for ROMO1 Gene

    Size:
    79 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    8183 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    Miscellaneous:
    • Enforced expression in IMR-90 cells leads to increased levels of ROS and induces premature cell senescence and nuclear DNA damage

    Alternative splice isoforms for ROMO1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for ROMO1 Gene

Proteomics data for ROMO1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ROMO1 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for ROMO1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ROMO1 Gene

Domains for ROMO1 Gene

Protein Domains for ROMO1 Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ROMO1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P60602

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ROMO1_HUMAN
Family:
  • Belongs to the MGR2 family.:
    • P60602
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ROMO1: view

No data available for Gene Families for ROMO1 Gene

Function for ROMO1 Gene

Molecular function for ROMO1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Induces production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which are necessary for cell proliferation. May play a role in inducing oxidative DNA damage and replicative senescence. May play a role in the coordination of mitochondrial morphology and cell proliferation
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Has antibacterial activity against a variety of bacteria including S.aureus, P.aeruginosa and M.tuberculosis. Acts by inducing bacterial membrane breakage
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction: By the anticancer drug fluorouracil (5FU).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ROMO1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003674 molecular_function ND --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ROMO1: view

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for ROMO1 Gene

Localization for ROMO1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ROMO1 Gene

Mitochondrion inner membrane; Single-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for ROMO1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ROMO1 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
extracellular 3
nucleus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ROMO1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA 16842742
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ROMO1: view

Pathways for ROMO1 Gene

SuperPathways for ROMO1 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for ROMO1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ROMO1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001302 replicative cell aging IMP 18836179
GO:0008284 positive regulation of cell proliferation IDA 18313394
GO:0034614 cellular response to reactive oxygen species IMP 18836179
GO:0042742 defense response to bacterium IEA --
GO:2000379 positive regulation of reactive oxygen species metabolic process IDA 16842742
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ROMO1: view

No data available for Pathways by source for ROMO1 Gene

Transcripts for ROMO1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ROMO1 Gene

Reactive oxygen species modulator 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ROMO1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b · 3c
SP1: -
SP2: -
SP3:

Relevant External Links for ROMO1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ROMO1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
ROMO1

Expression for ROMO1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ROMO1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ROMO1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ROMO1 Gene Hs.472564

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ROMO1 Gene

P60602-ROMO1_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Up-regulated in a number of cancer cell lines when compared to a normal lung fibroblast cell line. Highly expressed in brain tumors.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with ROMO1: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for ROMO1 Gene

Orthologs for ROMO1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for ROMO1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ROMO1 35
  • 99.16 (n)
  • 100 (a)
ROMO1 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ROMO1 35
  • 95.78 (n)
  • 100 (a)
ROMO1 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ROMO1 35
  • 94.09 (n)
  • 100 (a)
ROMO1 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Romo1 35
  • 93.25 (n)
  • 100 (a)
Romo1 16
Romo1 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ROMO1 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Romo1 35
  • 92.41 (n)
  • 100 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ROMO1 35
  • 83.54 (n)
  • 96.2 (a)
ROMO1 36
  • 96 (a)
OneToMany
ROMO1 36
  • 96 (a)
OneToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ROMO1 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia romo1 35
  • 80.59 (n)
  • 94.94 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.9814 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ROMO1 36
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
zgc73345 35
zgc:73345 35
  • 79.75 (n)
  • 91.14 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP012145 35
  • 72.07 (n)
  • 71.62 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG6878 35
  • 65.4 (n)
  • 62.03 (a)
CG6878 36
  • 62 (a)
OneToOne
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea rmo-1 36
  • 49 (a)
OneToMany
Y94A7B.11 36
  • 32 (a)
OneToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes MGR2 38
MGR2 38
Species with no ortholog for ROMO1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ROMO1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ROMO1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ROMO1 (if available)

Paralogs for ROMO1 Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for ROMO1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ROMO1: view

No data available for Paralogs for ROMO1 Gene

Variants for ROMO1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ROMO1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 20 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs182844021 -- 35,701,386(+) CCTGT(A/G)TTCAA downstream-variant-500B
rs533151302 -- 35,701,425(+) AGCTG(C/T)GATAA downstream-variant-500B
rs544208783 -- 35,701,379(+) TCTGC(C/T)TCCTG downstream-variant-500B
VAR_014127 -

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ROMO1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv526188 CNV Gain 19592680

Relevant External Links for ROMO1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
ROMO1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ROMO1 Gene

Disorders for ROMO1 Gene

Relevant External Links for ROMO1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
ROMO1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
ROMO1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ROMO1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ROMO1 Gene

Publications for ROMO1 Gene

  1. A novel protein, Romo1, induces ROS production in the mitochondria. (PMID: 16842742) Chung Y.M. … Yoo Y.D. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2006) 2 3 4
  2. Drug resistance to 5-FU linked to reactive oxygen species modulator 1. (PMID: 17537404) Hwang I.T. … Yoo Y.D. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2007) 2 3 4
  3. A critical role for Romo1-derived ROS in cell proliferation. (PMID: 18313394) Na A.R. … Yoo Y.D. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2008) 2 3 4
  4. Replicative senescence induced by Romo1-derived reactive oxygen species. (PMID: 18836179) Chung Y.M. … Yoo Y.D. (J. Biol. Chem. 2008) 3 4
  5. The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20. (PMID: 11780052) Deloukas P. … Rogers J. (Nature 2001) 3 4

Products for ROMO1 Gene

Sources for ROMO1 Gene

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