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Aliases for RNASEH2A Gene

Aliases for RNASEH2A Gene

  • Ribonuclease H2 Subunit A 2 3 5
  • Aicardi-Goutieres Syndrome 4 Protein 3 4
  • Ribonuclease H2, Large Subunit 2 3
  • Ribonuclease HI Large Subunit 3 4
  • Ribonuclease HI Subunit A 3 4
  • RNase HI Large Subunit 3 4
  • RNase H2 Subunit A 3 4
  • RNase H(35) 3 4
  • EC 3.1.26.4 4 61
  • RNASEHI 3 4
  • RNHIA 3 4
  • AGS4 3 4
  • Aicardi-Goutieres Syndrome 4 2
  • Ribonuclease H2, Subunit A 2
  • JUNB 3
  • RNHL 3

External Ids for RNASEH2A Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RNASEH2A Gene

  • GC19P013048
  • GC19P013140
  • GC19P012762
  • GC19P012778
  • GC19P012918
  • GC19P012489

Summaries for RNASEH2A Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RNASEH2A Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a component of the heterotrimeric type II ribonuclease H enzyme (RNAseH2). RNAseH2 is the major source of ribonuclease H activity in mammalian cells and endonucleolytically cleaves ribonucleotides. It is predicted to remove Okazaki fragment RNA primers during lagging strand DNA synthesis and to excise single ribonucleotides from DNA-DNA duplexes. Mutations in this gene cause Aicardi-Goutieres Syndrome (AGS), a an autosomal recessive neurological disorder characterized by progressive microcephaly and psychomotor retardation, intracranial calcifications, elevated levels of interferon-alpha and white blood cells in the cerebrospinal fluid.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2009]

GeneCards Summary for RNASEH2A Gene

RNASEH2A (Ribonuclease H2 Subunit A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RNASEH2A include Aicardi-Goutieres Syndrome 4 and Aicardi-Goutieres Syndrome 1, Dominant And Recessive. Among its related pathways are Telomere C-strand (Lagging Strand) Synthesis. GO annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and ribonuclease activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RNASEH2A Gene

  • Catalytic subunit of RNase HII, an endonuclease that specifically degrades the RNA of RNA:DNA hybrids. Participates in DNA replication, possibly by mediating the removal of lagging-strand Okazaki fragment RNA primers during DNA replication. Mediates the excision of single ribonucleotides from DNA:RNA duplexes.

Gene Wiki entry for RNASEH2A Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RNASEH2A Gene

Genomics for RNASEH2A Gene

Regulatory Elements for RNASEH2A Gene

Enhancers for RNASEH2A Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH19F013050 2.2 VISTA FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 9.8 +254.2 254224 12.1 MLX ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 NFYC SSRP1 LYL1 NACC1 TRMT1 MAST1 MIR24-2 RNASEH2A STX10 CALR GCDH ENSG00000267610
GH19F013011 1.5 FANTOM5 ENCODE 9.8 +218.1 218141 17.2 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT MLX SIN3A ARID4B FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF791 ZNF136 TRMT1 ZNF442 MRI1 ZNF844 MTCO1P27 NFIX ENSG00000267735 MIR181C
GH19F012757 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 12 -44.2 -44194 1.3 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF48 ZNF2 GLIS2 ZNF143 ZNF207 ZNF263 NFYC MAN2B1 JUNB HOOK2 ASNA1 C19orf43 TNPO2 MAST1 RNASEH2A RTBDN WDR83OS
GH19F012781 1.7 FANTOM5 ENCODE 7.2 -12.8 -12757 16.0 CREB3L1 MLX ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 ZNF136 CCDC130 ZNF564 ZNF442 ZNF844 ZNF44 WDR83OS ZNF799 TRMT1 ZNF625
GH19F012765 1 ENCODE 12.2 -35.9 -35928 1.0 MLX ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF48 ZNF2 ZNF121 SLC30A9 ZNF143 DEK PRDX2 RNASEH2A MAST1 DNASE2 GC19M012762 GC19M012773 BEST2
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around RNASEH2A on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for RNASEH2A Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000343681 -254 1601 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 SLC30A9

Genomic Location for RNASEH2A Gene

Chromosome:
19
Start:
12,802,054 bp from pter
End:
12,813,648 bp from pter
Size:
11,595 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for RNASEH2A Gene

Genes around RNASEH2A on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
RNASEH2A Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for RNASEH2A Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RNASEH2A Gene

Proteins for RNASEH2A Gene

  • Protein details for RNASEH2A Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O75792-RNH2A_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Ribonuclease H2 subunit A
    Protein Accession:
    O75792
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RCY1
    • Q96F11

    Protein attributes for RNASEH2A Gene

    Size:
    299 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    33395 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Mn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29035; Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Quaternary structure:
    • The RNase H2 complex is a heterotrimer composed of the catalytic subunit RNASEH2A and the non-catalytic subunits RNASEH2B and RNASEH2C.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for RNASEH2A Gene

neXtProt entry for RNASEH2A Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for RNASEH2A Gene

O75792:
  • GVDEAGRG
  • DEAGRGPV
  • DLEALKVADSKTL

Post-translational modifications for RNASEH2A Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 26, Lys 64, Lys 165, Lys 167, Lys 192, Lys 198, Lys 215, Lys 221, and Lys 267
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for RNASEH2A Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Cloud-Clone Corp. Antibodies for RNASEH2A

Domains & Families for RNASEH2A Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for RNASEH2A Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O75792

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

RNH2A_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the RNase HII family. Eukaryotic subfamily.
Family:
  • Belongs to the RNase HII family. Eukaryotic subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RNASEH2A: view

No data available for Gene Families for RNASEH2A Gene

Function for RNASEH2A Gene

Molecular function for RNASEH2A Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Endonucleolytic cleavage to 5-phosphomonoester.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalytic subunit of RNase HII, an endonuclease that specifically degrades the RNA of RNA:DNA hybrids. Participates in DNA replication, possibly by mediating the removal of lagging-strand Okazaki fragment RNA primers during DNA replication. Mediates the excision of single ribonucleotides from DNA:RNA duplexes.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for RNASEH2A Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RNASEH2A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003723 RNA binding IEA --
GO:0004518 nuclease activity IEA --
GO:0004519 endonuclease activity IEA --
GO:0004523 RNA-DNA hybrid ribonuclease activity IEA,IDA 21177858
GO:0004540 ribonuclease activity TAS 9789007
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RNASEH2A: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RNASEH2A: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for RNASEH2A Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for RNASEH2A

miRNA for RNASEH2A Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target RNASEH2A

Transcription Factor Targets for RNASEH2A Gene

Selected GeneGlobe predicted Target genes for RNASEH2A

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Animal Models and HOMER Transcription for RNASEH2A Gene

Localization for RNASEH2A Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RNASEH2A Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RNASEH2A gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RNASEH2A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
GO:0032299 ribonuclease H2 complex IEA,IDA 21177858
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RNASEH2A: view

Pathways & Interactions for RNASEH2A Gene

SuperPathways for RNASEH2A Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Telomere C-strand (Lagging Strand) Synthesis
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with RNASEH2A: view

Pathways by source for RNASEH2A Gene

1 KEGG pathway for RNASEH2A Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RNASEH2A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006260 DNA replication TAS 21177858
GO:0006298 mismatch repair IEA,IDA 23603115
GO:0006401 RNA catabolic process IDA 21177858
GO:0016070 RNA metabolic process IEA --
GO:0043137 DNA replication, removal of RNA primer IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RNASEH2A: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for RNASEH2A Gene

Drugs & Compounds for RNASEH2A Gene

(2) Drugs for RNASEH2A Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Manganese Approved Nutra 34
Magnesium Nutra 0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with RNASEH2A: view

Transcripts for RNASEH2A Gene

Unigene Clusters for RNASEH2A Gene

Ribonuclease H2, subunit A:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RNASEH2A Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8
SP1: - -
SP2: - -
SP3: -
SP4: -
SP5:

Relevant External Links for RNASEH2A Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
RNASEH2A
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
RNASEH2A

Expression for RNASEH2A Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for RNASEH2A Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for RNASEH2A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (15.7), Lymph node (13.4), and Monocytes (6.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for RNASEH2A Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for RNASEH2A Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of RNASEH2A Gene:

RNASEH2A

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RNASEH2A Gene:

Hs.532851
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with RNASEH2A: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for RNASEH2A Gene

Orthologs for RNASEH2A Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for RNASEH2A Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RNASEH2A 34 35
  • 98.77 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia RNASEH2A 34 35
  • 86.8 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia RNASEH2A 34 35
  • 86.69 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rnaseh2a 34
  • 82.77 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rnaseh2a 34 16 35
  • 81.94 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia RNASEH2A 35
  • 66 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia RNASEH2A 35
  • 62 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia RNASEH2A 35
  • 64 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia rnaseh2a 34
  • 63.48 (n)
MGC76169 34
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.8314 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii rnaseh2a 34 35
  • 64.66 (n)
wufa92h07 34
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.2178 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG13690 36 34 35
  • 54.98 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP007741 34
  • 53.72 (n)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea rnh-2 36 34 35
  • 49.63 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AER363W 34
  • 53.91 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes RNH201 34 35 37
  • 51.45 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F04774g 34
  • 50 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT2G25100 34
  • 55.27 (n)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os11g0153900 34
  • 54.17 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU09608 34
  • 53.5 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 52 (a)
OneToOne
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes rnh201 34
  • 48.17 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.1877 34
Species where no ortholog for RNASEH2A was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for RNASEH2A Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for RNASEH2A (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for RNASEH2A (if available)

Paralogs for RNASEH2A Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for RNASEH2A Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with RNASEH2A: view

No data available for Paralogs for RNASEH2A Gene

Variants for RNASEH2A Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RNASEH2A Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs75037667 Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 4 (AGS4) [MIM:610333], Pathogenic 12,813,438(+) GGAAC(A/G)CGGCC reference, missense
rs75718910 Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 4 (AGS4) [MIM:610333], Pathogenic 12,813,149(+) TGTCC(A/G)GTTCA reference, missense
rs76436818 Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 4 (AGS4) [MIM:610333], Pathogenic 12,807,328(+) TTGGG(A/C/G/T)GGTGA reference, synonymous-codon, missense
rs76857106 Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 4 (AGS4) [MIM:610333], Pathogenic 12,806,782(+) AGGCG(A/G)GCAGG intron-variant, reference, missense
rs77103971 Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 4 (AGS4) [MIM:610333], Pathogenic 12,810,323(+) TGGCC(C/T)GGGAC reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RNASEH2A Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv138n111 CNV deletion 26073780
nsv1160586 CNV duplication 26073780
nsv513711 OTHER inversion 21212237
nsv513712 OTHER inversion 21212237
nsv953977 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for RNASEH2A Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 54.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.31; 53.35% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for RNASEH2A Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
RNASEH2A
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
RNASEH2A

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RNASEH2A Gene

Disorders for RNASEH2A Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for RNASEH2A Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
aicardi-goutieres syndrome 4
  • cree encephalitis
aicardi-goutieres syndrome 1, dominant and recessive
  • aicardi-goutieres syndrome
cerebral atrophy
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

RNH2A_HUMAN
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 4 (AGS4) [MIM:610333]: A form of Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome, a genetically heterogeneous disease characterized by cerebral atrophy, leukoencephalopathy, intracranial calcifications, chronic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lymphocytosis, increased CSF alpha-interferon, and negative serologic investigations for common prenatal infection. Clinical features as thrombocytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly and elevated hepatic transaminases along with intermittent fever may erroneously suggest an infective process. Severe neurological dysfunctions manifest in infancy as progressive microcephaly, spasticity, dystonic posturing and profound psychomotor retardation. Death often occurs in early childhood. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16845400, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17846997, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20131292}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for RNASEH2A

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
RNASEH2A
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
RNASEH2A
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with RNASEH2A: view

No data available for Genatlas for RNASEH2A Gene

Publications for RNASEH2A Gene

  1. Mutations in genes encoding ribonuclease H2 subunits cause Aicardi- Goutieres syndrome and mimic congenital viral brain infection. (PMID: 16845400) Crow Y.J. … Jackson A.P. (Nat. Genet. 2006) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Cloning of the cDNA encoding the large subunit of human RNase HI, a homologue of the prokaryotic RNase HII. (PMID: 9789007) Frank P. … Buesen W. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1998) 2 3 4 64
  3. The structural and biochemical characterization of human RNase H2 complex reveals the molecular basis for substrate recognition and Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome defects. (PMID: 21177858) Figiel M. … Nowotny M. (J. Biol. Chem. 2011) 3 4 64
  4. Expanding the phenotypic spectrum of lupus erythematosus in Aicardi-GoutiA"res syndrome. (PMID: 20131292) Ramantani G. … Lee-Kirsch M.A. (Arthritis Rheum. 2010) 4 22 64
  5. Contributions of the two accessory subunits, RNASEH2B and RNASEH2C, to the activity and properties of the human RNase H2 complex. (PMID: 19015152) Chon H. … Cerritelli S.M. (Nucleic Acids Res. 2009) 3 22 64

Products for RNASEH2A Gene

Sources for RNASEH2A Gene

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