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Aliases for RLF Gene

Aliases for RLF Gene

  • Rearranged L-Myc Fusion 2 3 5
  • Rearranged L-Myc Fusion Gene Protein 3 4
  • Rearranged L-Myc Fusion Sequence 2 3
  • Zn-15-Related Protein 3 4
  • Zinc Finger Protein Rlf 3
  • Zn-15 Related 3
  • ZNF292L 3
  • ZN-15L 3

External Ids for RLF Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RLF Gene

  • GC01P040661
  • GC01P039630
  • GC01P040090
  • GC01P040040
  • GC01P040296
  • GC01P040399
  • GC01P040627
  • GC01P038745

Summaries for RLF Gene

GeneCards Summary for RLF Gene

RLF (Rearranged L-Myc Fusion) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RLF include Left Ventricular Noncompaction. An important paralog of this gene is ZNF292.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RLF Gene

  • May be involved in transcriptional regulation.

Gene Wiki entry for RLF Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RLF Gene

Genomics for RLF Gene

Regulatory Elements for RLF Gene

Enhancers for RLF Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01G040379 2.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 23.1 +227.4 227398 19.3 CREB3L1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC TBX21 MEF2D SSRP1 SMAP2 RLF ENSG00000231296 ZMPSTE24 EXO5 LOC105378672 CAP1 MFSD2A PPT1 NFYC
GH01G040351 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 20.7 +191.0 190975 1.1 HDGF RBBP5 POLR2A PRPF4 KLF8 EZH2 SRF STAT1 NRF1 NR2F1 RLF EXO5 LOC101929516 TMCO2 ENSG00000231296 ZMPSTE24 PPIEL SMAP2 ENSG00000213172
GH01G040256 1.2 ENCODE 19.2 +96.3 96340 3.0 CREB3L1 ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF548 ZNF263 SP3 PPIEL EXO5 ENSG00000259943 RLF COL9A2 ZFP69 PABPC4 NFYC-AS1 PPT1 ENSG00000235358
GH01G039182 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10 -970.9 -970868 15.7 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT WRNIP1 SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766 CBX5 PPIEL MACF1 KIAA0754 ENSG00000226438 RNU6-608P OXCT2P1 RLF PABPC4 BMP8B ENSG00000270040
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around RLF on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for RLF Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000005177 631 2401 HDGF CREB3L1 ARNT WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 ZNF766 ZNF207

Genomic Location for RLF Gene

40,161,369 bp from pter
40,240,921 bp from pter
79,553 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for RLF Gene

Genes around RLF on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
RLF Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for RLF Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RLF Gene

Proteins for RLF Gene

  • Protein details for RLF Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Zinc finger protein Rlf
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q14CQ1
    • Q9NU60

    Protein attributes for RLF Gene

    1914 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    217953 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with RIT1 and RIT2.
    • In some small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cell lines, there is an intrachromosomal rearrangements at 1p32 fusing the first exon of the RLF gene with L-myc.

neXtProt entry for RLF Gene

Post-translational modifications for RLF Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for RLF Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for RLF Gene

Domains & Families for RLF Gene

Gene Families for RLF Gene

Protein Domains for RLF Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for RLF Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the krueppel C2H2-type zinc-finger protein family.
  • Belongs to the krueppel C2H2-type zinc-finger protein family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RLF: view

Function for RLF Gene

Molecular function for RLF Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
rearranged l-myc fusion gene,in small cell lung carcinoma
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May be involved in transcriptional regulation.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RLF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding NAS 8545128
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 10545207
GO:0008270 zinc ion binding TAS 8545128
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RLF: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RLF: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for RLF Gene

Localization for RLF Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RLF Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RLF gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RLF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA,IC 8545128
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RLF: view

Pathways & Interactions for RLF Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RLF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated NAS 8545128
GO:0015074 DNA integration IDA 1851085
GO:0044030 regulation of DNA methylation IEA --
GO:0045893 positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated ISS 8545128
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RLF: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for RLF Gene

Drugs & Compounds for RLF Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for RLF Gene

mRNA/cDNA for RLF Gene

Unigene Clusters for RLF Gene

Rearranged L-myc fusion:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RLF Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for RLF Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for RLF Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for RLF Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for RLF Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Breast (41.0), Platelet (12.7), and Gallbladder (8.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for RLF Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for RLF Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of RLF Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RLF Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for RLF Gene:

Tissue specificity: Widely expressed in fetal and adult tissues.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for RLF Gene

  • Nervous system(4.4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with RLF: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for RLF Gene

Orthologs for RLF Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for RLF Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RLF 34 35
  • 99.6 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia RLF 34 35
  • 94.16 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia RLF 34 35
  • 92.76 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rlf 34
  • 87.52 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rlf 34 16 35
  • 87.43 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia RLF 35
  • 75 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia RLF 35
  • 65 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves RLF 34 35
  • 69.52 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia RLF 35
  • 56 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia rlf 34
  • 59.36 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.30567 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii rlf 34 35
  • 51.9 (n)
Species where no ortholog for RLF was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for RLF Gene

Gene Tree for RLF (if available)
Gene Tree for RLF (if available)

Paralogs for RLF Gene

Paralogs for RLF Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for RLF Gene using alignment to 1 proteins: Pseudogenes for RLF Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with RLF: view

Variants for RLF Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RLF Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000006821 -- 40,167,195(+) ATAGG(A/G)CAATA intron-variant
rs1000101124 -- 40,178,953(+) CCTCA(C/G)CTTCC intron-variant
rs1000104688 -- 40,232,615(+) GTGCT(A/G)GAAGC intron-variant
rs1000163052 -- 40,200,955(+) TTAGT(A/G)TAAAC intron-variant
rs1000167709 -- 40,203,622(+) AAATT(C/T)GGAGT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RLF Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2673542 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2747352 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2758933 CNV loss 17122850
nsv1119679 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv521874 CNV loss 19592680
nsv829660 CNV gain+loss 17160897
nsv947427 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv950676 CNV duplication 24416366

Variation tolerance for RLF Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 22.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 6.19; 75.98% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for RLF Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RLF Gene

Disorders for RLF Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for RLF Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
left ventricular noncompaction
  • left ventricular hypertrabeculation
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search RLF in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for RLF

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with RLF: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for RLF Gene

Publications for RLF Gene

  1. The rearranged L-myc fusion gene (RLF) encodes a Zn-15 related zinc finger protein. (PMID: 8545128) Makela T.P. … Alitalo K. (Oncogene 1995) 3 4 22 64
  2. Intrachromosomal rearrangements fusing L-myc and rlf in small-cell lung cancer. (PMID: 1649386) MAokelAo T.P. … Alitalo K. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 1991) 2 3 22 64
  3. The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. (PMID: 16710414) Gregory S.G. … Bentley D.R. (Nature 2006) 3 4 64
  4. Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks. (PMID: 17081983) Olsen J.V. … Mann M. (Cell 2006) 3 4 64
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64

Products for RLF Gene

Sources for RLF Gene

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