Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for RHBDL1 Gene

Aliases for RHBDL1 Gene

  • Rhomboid Like 1 2 3 5
  • Rhomboid-Like Protein 1 3 4
  • EC 4 61
  • RHBDL 3 4
  • RRP 3 4
  • Rhomboid, Veinlet-Like 1 (Drosophila) 2
  • Rhomboid (Veinlet, Drosophila)-Like 2
  • Rhomboid, Drosophila, Homolog Of 3
  • Rhomboid-Related Protein 1 3
  • Rhomboid, Veinlet-Like 1 3

External Ids for RHBDL1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for RHBDL1 Gene


Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RHBDL1 Gene

  • GC16P000665
  • GC16P000666
  • GC16P000725
  • GC16P000650
  • GC16P000690
  • GC16P000837
  • GC16P000865
  • GC16P000888

Summaries for RHBDL1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RHBDL1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein similar to Rhomboid in Drosophila which is involved in signalling in the Spitz/epidermal growth factor receptor/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. The Rhomboid family of proteins consists of intramembrane serine proteases containing several transmembrane domains. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

GeneCards Summary for RHBDL1 Gene

RHBDL1 (Rhomboid Like 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RHBDL1 include Optic Atrophy Plus Syndrome and Leber Optic Atrophy. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and serine-type endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is RHBDL3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RHBDL1 Gene

  • May be involved in regulated intramembrane proteolysis and the subsequent release of functional polypeptides from their membrane anchors.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RHBDL1 Gene

Genomics for RHBDL1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for RHBDL1 Gene

Enhancers for RHBDL1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH16F000640 0.5 ENCODE 18.2 -30.1 -30111 10.1 MLX CREB3L1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC ZFP41 IFT140 ENSG00000262528 LOC105371038 ENSG00000268836 WFIKKN1 JMJD8 ENSG00000269482 WASH4P RHBDL1 TMEM204
GH16F000659 0.6 ENCODE 18.1 -14.9 -14908 2.3 HDGF SIN3A ZNF2 GLIS2 ZNF143 FOS ZNF263 SP3 YY2 REST METTL26 WFIKKN1 RHBDL1 ENSG00000262528 JMJD8 TMEM204 MPG TPSG1 ENSG00000260954 RHOT2
GH16F000666 0.2 ENCODE 17.4 -7.4 -7390 3.0 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 ZNF207 ZNF143 METTL26 JMJD8 WFIKKN1 RHBDL1 ENSG00000262528 TMEM204 MPG LOC105371038 TPSG1 ENSG00000260954
GH16F000628 0.4 ENCODE 7.7 -45.6 -45574 3.0 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF207 KLF13 ZNF263 SP3 WFIKKN1 RAB40C ENSG00000226890 HBZP1 PRSS29P IFT140 LOC105371038 RHBDL1 METTL26
GH16F000678 0.6 ENCODE 6.1 +4.7 4744 3.7 HDGF PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143 KLF13 ZNF263 WFIKKN1 ENSG00000226890 JMJD8 HBZP1 PRSS29P ENSG00000260646 LOC105371038 ENSG00000228779 LOC105371184 RHBDL1
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around RHBDL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for RHBDL1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001798862 134 401 HDAC1 ATF1 SIN3A ZNF48 ZEB1 GLIS2 ZFHX2 POLR2A HES1 EGR2

Genomic Location for RHBDL1 Gene

675,666 bp from pter
678,271 bp from pter
2,606 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for RHBDL1 Gene

Genes around RHBDL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
RHBDL1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for RHBDL1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RHBDL1 Gene

Proteins for RHBDL1 Gene

  • Protein details for RHBDL1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Rhomboid-related protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A2IDC0
    • A2IDC1
    • Q0VAX4
    • Q9NQ85

    Protein attributes for RHBDL1 Gene

    438 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    48314 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for RHBDL1 Gene


neXtProt entry for RHBDL1 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for RHBDL1 Gene


Post-translational modifications for RHBDL1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for RHBDL1 Gene

Domains & Families for RHBDL1 Gene

Gene Families for RHBDL1 Gene

Protein Domains for RHBDL1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for RHBDL1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the peptidase S54 family.
  • Belongs to the peptidase S54 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RHBDL1: view

Function for RHBDL1 Gene

Molecular function for RHBDL1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Cleaves type-1 transmembrane domains using a catalytic dyad composed of serine and histidine that are contributed by different transmembrane domains.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May be involved in regulated intramembrane proteolysis and the subsequent release of functional polypeptides from their membrane anchors.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for RHBDL1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RHBDL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004252 serine-type endopeptidase activity IBA --
GO:0008233 peptidase activity IEA --
GO:0008236 serine-type peptidase activity IEA --
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RHBDL1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RHBDL1: view

Animal Models for RHBDL1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for RHBDL1:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for RHBDL1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target RHBDL1

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for RHBDL1 Gene

Localization for RHBDL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RHBDL1 Gene

Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for RHBDL1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RHBDL1 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
mitochondrion 4
cytosol 2
nucleus 2
chloroplast 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RHBDL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane IBA --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane TAS 9662444
GO:0016020 membrane IEA,TAS 9662444
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RHBDL1: view

Pathways & Interactions for RHBDL1 Gene

SuperPathways for RHBDL1 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for RHBDL1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RHBDL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006508 proteolysis IEA --
GO:0007165 signal transduction TAS 9662444
GO:0016485 protein processing IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RHBDL1: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for RHBDL1 Gene

Transcripts for RHBDL1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for RHBDL1 Gene

Rhomboid, veinlet-like 1 (Drosophila):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RHBDL1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b
SP1: - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: -

Relevant External Links for RHBDL1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for RHBDL1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for RHBDL1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for RHBDL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cerebellum (x6.9), Brain - Cerebellar Hemisphere (x6.1), and Brain - Cortex (x4.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for RHBDL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Frontal cortex (38.5) and Retina (30.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for RHBDL1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for RHBDL1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of RHBDL1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RHBDL1 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for RHBDL1 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Detected in heart, brain, skeletal muscle and kidney.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with RHBDL1: view

Primer Products

Orthologs for RHBDL1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for RHBDL1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RHBDL1 34 35
  • 99.63 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia RHBDL1 35
  • 93 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia RHBDL1 34 35
  • 92.05 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia RHBDL1 34 35
  • 91.37 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rhbdl1 34 16 35
  • 90.35 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rhbdl1 34
  • 90.26 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia RHBDL1 35
  • 90 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves RHBDL1 34 35
  • 87.46 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia RHBDL1 35
  • 90 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii rhbdl1 34 35
  • 76.16 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta ru 35
  • 31 (a)
rho 35
  • 29 (a)
rho-4 35
  • 26 (a)
stet 35
  • 25 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 40 (a)
Species where no ortholog for RHBDL1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for RHBDL1 Gene

Gene Tree for RHBDL1 (if available)
Gene Tree for RHBDL1 (if available)

Paralogs for RHBDL1 Gene

Paralogs for RHBDL1 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for RHBDL1 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with RHBDL1: view

Variants for RHBDL1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RHBDL1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1045729 -- 673,838(+) AGGAG(A/C)TCCCA nc-transcript-variant, upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime
rs1045763 -- 674,084(+) GAGGA(C/T)CGGAG nc-transcript-variant, upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime
rs111852492 -- 676,907(+) CCCCC(C/T)GGCCG intron-variant
rs112509094 -- 678,517(+) CAGGC(A/G)TGAGT downstream-variant-500B, upstream-variant-2KB, splice-donor-variant
rs112983550 -- 677,971(+) GCCTA(C/G/T)GGCAC reference, synonymous-codon, missense, utr-variant-3-prime, stop-gained

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RHBDL1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv4825n54 CNV loss 21841781
esv2422427 CNV duplication 17116639
nsv1160325 CNV duplication 26073780
nsv1160326 CNV duplication 26073780
nsv457310 CNV loss 19166990
nsv471063 CNV loss 18288195
nsv471065 CNV gain 18288195
nsv516590 CNV loss 19592680
nsv526903 CNV loss 19592680
nsv571012 CNV loss 21841781
nsv571016 CNV loss 21841781
nsv827480 CNV gain 20364138
nsv827481 CNV gain 20364138
nsv9321 CNV gain+loss 18304495
nsv952898 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for RHBDL1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 19.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.00; 20.61% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for RHBDL1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RHBDL1 Gene

Disorders for RHBDL1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for RHBDL1 Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
optic atrophy plus syndrome
  • 3-methylglutaconic aciduria type 3
leber optic atrophy
  • leber congenital amaurosis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for RHBDL1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with RHBDL1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for RHBDL1 Gene

Publications for RHBDL1 Gene

  1. Characterization of a mammalian cDNA encoding a protein with high sequence similarity to the Drosophila regulatory protein Rhomboid. (PMID: 9662444) Pascall J.C. … Brown K.D. (FEBS Lett. 1998) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64
  3. Sequence, structure and pathology of the fully annotated terminal 2 Mb of the short arm of human chromosome 16. (PMID: 11157797) Daniels R.J. … Higgs D.R. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2001) 3 4 64
  4. The BioPlex Network: A Systematic Exploration of the Human Interactome. (PMID: 26186194) Huttlin E.L. … Gygi S.P. (Cell 2015) 3 64
  5. Rhomboid proteins: a role in keratinocyte proliferation and cancer. (PMID: 23263464) Etheridge S.L. … Blaydon D.C. (Cell Tissue Res. 2013) 3 64

Products for RHBDL1 Gene

Sources for RHBDL1 Gene

Loading form....