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Aliases for RHAG Gene

Aliases for RHAG Gene

  • Rh-Associated Glycoprotein 2 3
  • Rhesus Blood Group-Associated Glycoprotein 2 3 4
  • RH50A 3 4 6
  • Erythrocyte Plasma Membrane 50 KDa Glycoprotein 3 4
  • Rhesus Blood Group Family Type A Glycoprotein 3 4
  • Rhesus Blood Group-Associated Ammonia Channel 3 4
  • Erythrocyte Membrane Glycoprotein Rh50 3 4
  • Rh Family Type A Glycoprotein 3 4
  • Rh Type A Glycoprotein 3 4
  • Rh50 3 4
  • Rhesus Associated Polypeptide, 50-KD 3
  • Ammonium Transporter Rh Type A 3
  • CD241 Antigen 4
  • SLC42A1 3
  • Rh50GP 3
  • CD241 3
  • RH2 3

External Ids for RHAG Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RHAG Gene

  • GC06M049574
  • GC06M049619
  • GC06M049302

Summaries for RHAG Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RHAG Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is erythrocyte-specific and is thought to be part of a membrane channel that transports ammonium and carbon dioxide across the blood cell membrane. The encoded protein appears to interact with Rh blood group antigens and Rh30 polypeptides. Defects in this gene are a cause of regulator type Rh-null hemolytic anemia (RHN), or Rh-deficiency syndrome.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

GeneCards Summary for RHAG Gene

RHAG (Rh-Associated Glycoprotein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RHAG include anemia, hemolytic, rh-null, regulator type and stomatocytosis i. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds. GO annotations related to this gene include ankyrin binding. An important paralog of this gene is RHCE.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RHAG Gene

  • Associated with rhesus blood group antigen expression. May be part of an oligomeric complex which is likely to have a transport or channel function in the erythrocyte membrane.

Gene Wiki entry for RHAG Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RHAG Gene

Genomics for RHAG Gene

Genomic Location for RHAG Gene

49,605,158 bp from pter
49,636,874 bp from pter
31,717 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for RHAG Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for RHAG Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RHAG Gene

Proteins for RHAG Gene

  • Protein details for RHAG Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Ammonium transporter Rh type A
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R8T8
    • O43514
    • O43515
    • Q7L8L3
    • Q9H454

    Protein attributes for RHAG Gene

    409 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    44198 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterotetramer

    Alternative splice isoforms for RHAG Gene


neXtProt entry for RHAG Gene

Proteomics data for RHAG Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for RHAG Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn37 and Asn355
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for RHAG Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for RHAG Gene

Domains for RHAG Gene

Gene Families for RHAG Gene


Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q02094
  • Belongs to the ammonium transporter (TC 2.A.49) family. Rh subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RHAG: view

Function for RHAG Gene

Molecular function for RHAG Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: glycoprotein RH50,component of the RH antigen multisubunit complex,required for transport and assembly of the Rh membrane complex to the red blood cell surface
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Associated with rhesus blood group antigen expression. May be part of an oligomeric complex which is likely to have a transport or channel function in the erythrocyte membrane.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RHAG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008519 ammonium transmembrane transporter activity IGI 11062476
GO:0030506 ankyrin binding IPI 12719424
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RHAG: view

Phenotypes for RHAG Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RHAG: view

Animal Models for RHAG Gene

MGI Knock Outs for RHAG:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for RHAG Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target RHAG

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for RHAG

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for RHAG Gene

Localization for RHAG Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RHAG Gene

Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for RHAG Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RHAG gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 4
cytoskeleton 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RHAG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane TAS 1417776
GO:0016020 membrane --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RHAG: view

Pathways for RHAG Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with RHAG: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RHAG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006873 cellular ion homeostasis IDA 15856280
GO:0015670 carbon dioxide transport IDA 16574458
GO:0015696 ammonium transport IGI 11062476
GO:0015701 bicarbonate transport TAS --
GO:0044281 small molecule metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RHAG: view

Compounds for RHAG Gene

(1) HMDB Compounds for RHAG Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • NH3

(1) IUPHAR Ligand for RHAG Gene

Ligand Type Action Affinity Pubmed IDs
[14C]methylamine None None

(8) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for RHAG Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
methylammonium 88.4 3
amtb 73.3 2
ammonium 70.5 18
nh4cl 46.3 1
methylamine 45.3 1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with RHAG: view

Transcripts for RHAG Gene

mRNA/cDNA for RHAG Gene

Unigene Clusters for RHAG Gene

Rh-associated glycoprotein:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for RHAG

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RHAG Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for RHAG Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for RHAG Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for RHAG Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for RHAG Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (22.0) and Heart - Atrial Appendage (4.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for RHAG Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RHAG Gene Hs.120950

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for RHAG Gene

Tissue specificity: Erythrocytes.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with RHAG: view

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for RHAG Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for RHAG Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RHAG 35
  • 99.27 (n)
  • 98.29 (a)
  • 98 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia RHAG 35
  • 80.28 (n)
  • 74.08 (a)
  • 71 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia RHAG 35
  • 82.23 (n)
  • 77.02 (a)
  • 72 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rhag 35
  • 80.28 (n)
  • 77.26 (a)
Rhag 16
Rhag 36
  • 72 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia RHAG 36
  • 72 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia RHAG 36
  • 62 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rhag 35
  • 79.63 (n)
  • 76.28 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves RHAG 35
  • 72.12 (n)
  • 68.03 (a)
  • 64 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia RHAG 36
  • 58 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Rh50 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100495681 35
  • 67.99 (n)
  • 68.98 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.3979 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii rhag 35
  • 66.67 (n)
  • 65.53 (a)
rhag 36
  • 61 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Rh50 36
  • 40 (a)
Rh50 37
  • 50 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea rhr-1 35
  • 53.06 (n)
  • 48.21 (a)
rhr-1 36
  • 40 (a)
rhr-2 36
  • 37 (a)
rhr-1 37
  • 44 (a)
rhr-2 37
  • 40 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 43 (a)
CSA.7075 36
  • 44 (a)
CSA.7848 36
  • 45 (a)
Species with no ortholog for RHAG:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for RHAG Gene

Gene Tree for RHAG (if available)
Gene Tree for RHAG (if available)

Paralogs for RHAG Gene

Paralogs for RHAG Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for RHAG Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with RHAG: view

Variants for RHAG Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RHAG Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs718233 -- 49,616,746(-) TGGGT(A/C)TGTCT intron-variant
rs899892 -- 49,606,194(-) AGAAT(A/T)TGAGT intron-variant
rs1009099 -- 49,608,295(+) AGAAC(A/T)TCTCC intron-variant
rs1058063 - 49,614,770(-) TTGTA(A/G)ACACG reference, missense
rs1058066 -- 49,605,589(-) TCAAT(A/G)ATTAA utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RHAG Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv885881 CNV Loss 21882294

Relevant External Links for RHAG Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)
Blood Group Antigen Gene Mutation Database (BGMUT)
Blood Group

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RHAG Gene

Disorders for RHAG Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for RHAG Gene (180297)


  • Regulator type Rh-null hemolytic anemia (RHN) [MIM:268150]: Form of chronic hemolytic anemia in which the red blood cells have a stomatocytosis and spherocytosis morphology, an increased osmotic fragility, an altered ion transport system, and abnormal membrane phospholipid organization. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10467273, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8563755, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9454778, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9716608}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for RHAG Gene

(1) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for RHAG Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
anemia hemolytic 68.7 2

Relevant External Links for RHAG

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with RHAG: view

Publications for RHAG Gene

  1. Isolation of cDNA clones for a 50 kDa glycoprotein of the human erythrocyte membrane associated with Rh (rhesus) blood-group antigen expression. (PMID: 1417776) Ridgwell K. … Tanner M.J.A. (Biochem. J. 1992) 3 4 23
  2. Candidate gene acting as a suppressor of the RH locus in most cases of Rh-deficiency. (PMID: 8563755) Cherif-Zahar B. … Cartron J.-P. (Nat. Genet. 1996) 3 4 23
  3. The human Rh50 glycoprotein gene. Structural organization and associated splicing defect resulting in Rh(null) disease. (PMID: 9442063) Huang C.-H. (J. Biol. Chem. 1998) 3 4 23
  4. A novel single missense mutation identified along the RH50 gene in a composite heterozygous Rhnull blood donor of the regulator type. (PMID: 9454778) Hyland C.A. … Cartron J.-P. (Blood 1998) 3 4 23
  5. Identification of 5' flanking sequence of RH50 gene and the core region for erythroid-specific expression. (PMID: 9473510) Iwamoto S. … Kajii E. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1998) 3 4 23

Products for RHAG Gene

Sources for RHAG Gene

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