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Aliases for RFC2 Gene

Aliases for RFC2 Gene

  • Replication Factor C (Activator 1) 2, 40kDa 2 3
  • Activator 1 Subunit 2 3 4
  • RF-C 40 KDa Subunit 3 4
  • A1 40 KDa Subunit 3 4
  • RFC40 3 4
  • Replication Factor C (Activator 1) 2 (40kD) 2
  • Replication Factor C 40 KDa Subunit 4
  • Replication Factor C Subunit 2 3
  • Activator 1 40 KDa Subunit 4
  • Activator 1 2

External Ids for RFC2 Gene

Summaries for RFC2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RFC2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the activator 1 small subunits family. The elongation of primed DNA templates by DNA polymerase delta and epsilon requires the action of the accessory proteins, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and replication factor C (RFC). Replication factor C, also called activator 1, is a protein complex consisting of five distinct subunits. This gene encodes the 40 kD subunit, which has been shown to be responsible for binding ATP and may help promote cell survival. Disruption of this gene is associated with Williams syndrome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. A pseudogene of this gene has been defined on chromosome 2. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

GeneCards Summary for RFC2 Gene

RFC2 (Replication Factor C (Activator 1) 2, 40kDa) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RFC2 include tsh producing pituitary tumor and williams-beuren syndrome. Among its related pathways are Cell Cycle, Mitotic and Cell Cycle, Mitotic. GO annotations related to this gene include nucleoside-triphosphatase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RFC2 Gene

  • The elongation of primed DNA templates by DNA polymerase delta and epsilon requires the action of the accessory proteins proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and activator 1. This subunit binds ATP (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for RFC2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RFC2 Gene

Genomics for RFC2 Gene

Genomic Location for RFC2 Gene

74,231,499 bp from pter
74,254,458 bp from pter
22,960 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for RFC2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for RFC2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RFC2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for RFC2 Gene

Proteins for RFC2 Gene

  • Protein details for RFC2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Replication factor C subunit 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B5BU07
    • D3DXG3
    • P32846
    • Q9BU93

    Protein attributes for RFC2 Gene

    354 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    39157 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterotetramer of subunits RFC2, RFC3, RFC4 and RFC5 that can form a complex either with RFC1 or with RAD17. The former interacts with PCNA in the presence of ATP, while the latter has ATPase activity but is not stimulated by PCNA. RFC2 also interacts with PRKAR1A; the complex may be involved in cell survival.

    Alternative splice isoforms for RFC2 Gene


neXtProt entry for RFC2 Gene

Proteomics data for RFC2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for RFC2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Ubiquitination at Lys82, Lys176, and Lys192

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for RFC2 Gene

Domains for RFC2 Gene

Gene Families for RFC2 Gene

  • AATP :ATPases / AAA-type


  • Belongs to the activator 1 small subunits family.:
    • P35250
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RFC2: view

Function for RFC2 Gene

Molecular function for RFC2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: replication factor C2,component of complex A-1,DNA polymerase accessory protein "clamp loader",ATP dependent,required to assemble PCNA and polymerase delta on the DNA template
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: The elongation of primed DNA templates by DNA polymerase delta and epsilon requires the action of the accessory proteins proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and activator 1. This subunit binds ATP (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RFC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding --
GO:0003689 contributes_to DNA clamp loader activity IBA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15655353
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0016851 magnesium chelatase activity --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RFC2: view

Phenotypes for RFC2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RFC2: view

miRNA for RFC2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target RFC2

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for RFC2 Gene

Localization for RFC2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RFC2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for RFC2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RFC2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 4
cytosol 3
extracellular 1
golgi apparatus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RFC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005663 DNA replication factor C complex IDA 9488738
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RFC2: view

Pathways for RFC2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with RFC2: view

Pathways by source for RFC2 Gene

1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters Life Sciences Research) pathway for RFC2 Gene
1 BioSystems pathway for RFC2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RFC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000278 mitotic cell cycle TAS --
GO:0000722 telomere maintenance via recombination TAS --
GO:0000723 telomere maintenance TAS --
GO:0006260 DNA replication TAS --
GO:0006261 DNA-dependent DNA replication IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RFC2: view

Compounds for RFC2 Gene

(1) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for RFC2 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
atp 30.2 2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with RFC2: view

Transcripts for RFC2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for RFC2 Gene

(6) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(4) Additional mRNA sequences :
(10) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(13) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for RFC2 Gene

Replication factor C (activator 1) 2, 40kDa:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RFC2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a · 9b · 9c ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b · 12c
SP1: - - - -
SP2: -
SP4: - -
SP5: -
SP6: -

Relevant External Links for RFC2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for RFC2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for RFC2 Gene

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for RFC2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RFC2 Gene Hs.647062

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with RFC2: view

Orthologs for RFC2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for RFC2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RFC2 36
  • 99.25 (n)
  • 99.72 (a)
RFC2 37
  • 100 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia RFC2 36
  • 86.84 (n)
  • 94.03 (a)
RFC2 37
  • 93 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia RFC2 36
  • 87.78 (n)
  • 94.03 (a)
RFC2 37
  • 90 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rfc2 36
  • 84.43 (n)
  • 92.55 (a)
Rfc2 16
Rfc2 37
  • 93 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia RFC2 37
  • 74 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia RFC2 37
  • 94 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rfc2 36
  • 84.43 (n)
  • 92.84 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 37
  • 86 (a)
RFC2 36
  • 77.29 (n)
  • 89.86 (a)
RFC2 37
  • 86 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia RFC2 37
  • 93 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.3920 36
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia rfc2 36
  • 76.65 (n)
  • 88.92 (a)
Str.11896 36
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.4413 36
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii rfc2 36
  • 75.07 (n)
  • 85.63 (a)
rfc2 37
  • 76 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP007477 36
  • 64.81 (n)
  • 71.6 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta RfC4 36
  • 68.71 (n)
  • 75.81 (a)
RfC4 37
  • 72 (a)
RfC40 38
  • 76 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea rfc-2 36
  • 60.06 (n)
  • 62.26 (a)
rfc-2 37
  • 59 (a)
rfc-2 38
  • 61 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ADR111W 36
  • 62.09 (n)
  • 64.54 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes RFC4 36
  • 59.07 (n)
  • 62.21 (a)
RFC4 37
  • 59 (a)
RFC4 39
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0C03718g 36
  • 60.66 (n)
  • 64.95 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons RFC2 36
  • 63.46 (n)
  • 67.08 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.13010 36
Os04g0569000 36
  • 63.66 (n)
  • 66.36 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU10467 36
  • 61.28 (n)
  • 63.17 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes rfc4 36
  • 60.8 (n)
  • 65.72 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 37
  • 74 (a)
Species with no ortholog for RFC2:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for RFC2 Gene

Gene Tree for RFC2 (if available)
Gene Tree for RFC2 (if available)

Paralogs for RFC2 Gene Pseudogenes for RFC2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with RFC2: view

No data available for Paralogs for RFC2 Gene

Variants for RFC2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RFC2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs178975 -- 74,234,204(-) tgagt(C/T)tggct intron-variant
rs178976 -- 74,240,610(-) CCATG(C/T)GGGCA intron-variant
rs178977 -- 74,244,711(-) ggatt(A/G)caggc intron-variant
rs178978 -- 74,244,717(-) gtgct(A/G)ggatt intron-variant
rs178979 -- 74,244,723(-) cccaa(A/T)gtgct intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RFC2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv464563 CNV Gain 19166990
nsv831030 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv819656 CNV Loss 19587683

Relevant External Links for RFC2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

Disorders for RFC2 Gene


  • Note=RFC2 is located in the Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) critical region. WBS results from a hemizygous deletion of several genes on chromosome 7q11.23, thought to arise as a consequence of unequal crossing over between highly homologous low-copy repeat sequences flanking the deleted region.

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for RFC2 Gene

(1) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for RFC2 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
williams syndrome 77.7 1

Relevant External Links for RFC2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with RFC2: view

Publications for RFC2 Gene

  1. Sequence and expression in Escherichia coli of the 40-kDa subunit of activator 1 (replication factor C) of HeLa cells. (PMID: 1313560) Chen M. … Hurwitz J. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1992) 2 3 4
  2. Comparative genomic sequence analysis of the Williams syndrome region (LIMK1-RFC2) of human chromosome 7q11.23. (PMID: 11003705) Martindale D.W. … Koop B.F. (Mamm. Genome 2000) 3 4 23
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4
  4. Genetic polymorphisms in 85 DNA repair genes and bladder cancer risk. (PMID: 19237606) Michiels S. … Benhamou S. (Carcinogenesis 2009) 3 49
  5. Association between genetic variants in the base excision repair pathway and outcomes after hematopoietic cell transplantations. (PMID: 20226869) Thyagarajan B. … Arora M. (Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant. 2010) 3 49

Products for RFC2 Gene

Sources for RFC2 Gene

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