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REG3A Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 54
GCID: GC02M079384

Regenerating Islet-Derived 3 Alpha

(Previous name: pancreatitis-associated protein)
(Previous symbol: PAP)
  See REG3A-related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
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Aliases
Regenerating Islet-Derived 3 Alpha1 2     INGAP2
PAP1 2 3 5     PAP-H2
Hepatointestinal Pancreatic Protein2 3     PBCGF2
Human Proislet Peptide2 3     REG-III2
Pancreatitis-Associated Protein 12 3     REG32
Reg III-Alpha2 3     hepatocarcinoma-intestine-pancreas2
Regenerating Islet-Derived Protein III-Alpha2 3     Pancreatic Beta Cell Growth Factor2
HIP2 3     PAP Homologous Protein2
HIP/PAP2 3     Proliferation-Inducing Protein 342
PAP12 3     Proliferation-Inducing Protein 422
REG-3-alpha2 3     Regenerating Islet-Derived Protein 3-Alpha2
Pancreatitis-Associated Protein1     

External Ids:    HGNC: 86011   Entrez Gene: 50682   Ensembl: ENSG000001720167   OMIM: 1678055   UniProtKB: Q061413   

Export aliases for REG3A gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC02M079296 GC02M079119


(According to Entrez Gene, GeneCards, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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Entrez Gene summary for REG3A Gene:
This gene encodes a pancreatic secretory protein that may be involved in cell proliferation or differentiation. It
has similarity to the C-type lectin superfamily. The enhanced expression of this gene is observed during
pancreatic inflammation and liver carcinogenesis. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants that
encode the same protein.(provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010)

GeneCards Summary for REG3A Gene:
REG3A (regenerating islet-derived 3 alpha) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with REG3A include pancreatitis, and cystic fibrosis. GO annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding. An important paralog of this gene is REG4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: REG3A_HUMAN, Q06141
Function: Bactericidal C-type lectin which acts exclusively against Gram-positive bacteria and mediates bacterial
killing by binding to surface-exposed carbohydrate moieties of peptidoglycan. Regulates keratinocyte
proliferation and differentiation after skin injury via activation of EXTL3-PI3K-AKT signaling pathway

Gene Wiki entry for REG3A Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 75), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
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RefSeq DNA sequence at NCBI GenBank:
NC_000002.11  NC_018913.2  NT_022184.16  
Regulatory elements:
   Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the REG3A gene promoter:
         FOXJ2 (long isoform)   STAT3   LCR-F1   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidREG3A promoter sequence
   Search Chromatin IP Primers for REG3A

Epigenetics:
DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human, mouse, rat REG3A


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 2p12   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  2p12   HGNC cytogenetic band: 2p12

REG3A Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
REG3A gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 2         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC02M079384:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
79,384,132 bp from pter      End:
79,386,880 bp from pter
Size:
2,749 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to 1UniProtKB, HORDE, 2neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., eBioscience, and/or antibodies-online,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, Cloud-Clone Corp., eBioscience, and/or antibodies-online, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Abcam, Cloud-Clone Corp, antibodies-online, and/or others.)
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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: REG3A_HUMAN, Q06141 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Regenerating islet-derived protein 3-alpha precursor  
Size: 175 amino acids; 19395 Da
Subunit: Interacts with EXTL3
3 PDB 3D structures from and Proteopedia for REG3A:
1UV0 (3D)        2GO0 (3D)        4MTH (3D)    

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for REG3A: NX_Q06141

Explore proteomics data for REG3A at MOPED

Post-translational modifications: 

  • Proteolytic processing by trypsin removes an inhibitory N-terminal propeptide and is essential for peptidoglycan
    binding and antibacterial activity1
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

  • See REG3A Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED, PaxDB, and MaxQB

    REFSEQ proteins (3 alternative transcripts): 
    NP_002571.1  NP_620354.1  NP_620355.1  

    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000386630   ENSP00000304311   ENSP00000377456  

    REG3A Human Recombinant Protein Products:

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    Sino Biological Recombinant Protein for REG3A
    Sino Biological Cell Lysate for REG3A
    ProSpec Recombinant Protein for REG3A
    Browse Proteins at Cloud-Clone Corp.

     
    Search eBioscience for Proteins for REG3A 

     
    antibodies-online proteins for REG3A (22 products) 

     
    antibodies-online peptides for REG3A

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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
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    4 InterPro protein domains:
     IPR016187 C-type_lectin_fold
     IPR018378 C-type_lectin_CS
     IPR016186 C-type_lectin-like
     IPR001304 C-type_lectin

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q06141

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q06141

    1 Blocks protein domain: IPB003990 Pancreatitis-associated protein signature

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: REG3A_HUMAN, Q06141
    Domain: The EPN motif is essential for recognition of the peptidoglycan carbohydrate backbone and for efficient
    bacterial killing with Glu-114 playing a key role in peptidoglycan binding and bactericidal activity
    Similarity: Contains 1 C-type lectin domain


    Find genes that share domains with REG3A           About GenesLikeMe


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, genOway,
    transcription factor targeting from QIAGEN and/or HOMER, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs and/or Addgene, Cell Lines from GenScript, ESI BIO, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Flow cytometry from eBioscience, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: REG3A_HUMAN, Q06141
    Function: Bactericidal C-type lectin which acts exclusively against Gram-positive bacteria and mediates bacterial
    killing by binding to surface-exposed carbohydrate moieties of peptidoglycan. Regulates keratinocyte
    proliferation and differentiation after skin injury via activation of EXTL3-PI3K-AKT signaling pathway
    Induction: Appears in pancreatic juice after induction of pancreatic inflammation

         Gene Ontology (GO): 1 molecular function term:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0030246carbohydrate binding IEA--
         
    Find genes that share ontologies with REG3A           About GenesLikeMe


    Phenotypes:
         1 MGI mutant phenotype (inferred from 1 allele(MGI details for Reg3b):
     homeostasis/metabolism 

    Find genes that share phenotypes with REG3A           About GenesLikeMe

    Animal Models:
         MGI mouse knock-out Reg3btm1Lex for REG3A

       genOway: Develop your customized and physiologically relevant rodent model for REG3A

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    (According to UniProtKB, COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization database, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    REG3A_HUMAN, Q06141: Secreted. Note=Found in the apical region of pancreatic acinar cells
    Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS: 

    CompartmentConfidence
    extracellular5
    nucleus1
    plasma membrane1

    Gene Ontology (GO): 2 cellular component terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005615extracellular space TAS8997243
    GO:0005737cytoplasm TAS8997243

    Find genes that share ontologies with REG3A           About GenesLikeMe


    (SuperPaths according to PathCards, Pathways according to R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to QIAGEN, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene).
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        Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Array including REG3A: 
              Inflammatory Response & Autoimmunity 384HT in human mouse rat

    Interactions:

        GeneGlobe Interaction Network for REG3A

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 19)

    Selected Interacting proteins for REG3A (Q061413 ENSP000003043114) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D (see all 19)
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    FN1P027513, ENSP000003468394I2D: score=2 STRING: ENSP00000346839
    ANXA3P124293, ENSP000002649084I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000264908
    REG1AP054513, ENSP000002337354I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000233735
    SDC2P347413, ENSP000003070464I2D: score=2 STRING: ENSP00000307046
    TRHDEQ9UKU63, ENSP000002611804I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000261180
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): Selected biological process terms (see all 7):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0006953acute-phase response IEA--
    GO:0007157heterophilic cell-cell adhesion TAS8997243
    GO:0007275multicellular organismal development TAS8997243
    GO:0008283cell proliferation TAS8997243
    GO:0010838positive regulation of keratinocyte proliferation ISS--

    Find genes that share ontologies with REG3A           About GenesLikeMe



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, ApexBio, HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB)
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    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
       Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences
      Browse compounds at ApexBio 

    Browse Tocris compounds for REG3A

    7 Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for REG3A gene    About this table
    Compound   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    trypsinogen 68.5 3 10325788 (1), 16182665 (1), 15850341 (1)
    probucol 41.4 1 14562608 (1)
    nicotinamide 39.1 1 17065390 (1)
    glucose 14 12 19723102 (1)
    streptozotocin 11.3 2 15133752 (1), 14562608 (1)
    prostacyclin 8.9 1 15979846 (1)
    thymidine 0 2 9151782 (1), 9849975 (1)



    Find genes that share compounds with REG3A           About GenesLikeMe



    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and/or Addgene, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, Flow cytometry from eBioscience )
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    REFSEQ mRNAs for REG3A gene (3 alternative transcripts): 
    NM_002580.2  NM_138937.2  NM_138938.2  

    Unigene Cluster for REG3A:

    Regenerating islet-derived 3 alpha
    Hs.567312  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: NM_138938
    5 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000409839(uc002soe.2 uc002sof.2) ENST00000305165 ENST00000490901
    ENST00000464746 ENST00000393878(uc002sod.2)
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    Primer
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    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AK291973.1 AY544128.1 AY544130.1 BC036776.1 D13510.1 M84337.1 S51768.1 X68641.1 

    7 DOTS entries:

    DT.97855666  DT.95246610  DT.120944265  DT.100748110  DT.97855667  DT.95164560  DT.97822561 

    Selected AceView cDNA sequences (see all 168):

    BM830843 NM_002580 BM769699 BU074396 NM_138938 X68641 BQ083397 BM769893 
    BM768845 BU952393 BM768595 BU074682 BM769945 BM826749 BM769409 BM769049 
    BQ778218 BM769634 BQ082943 BM830699 BU951923 BM769224 BM770009 BU069036 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure

    3 Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for REG3A    About this scheme

    ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6
    SP1:              -           -                           
    SP2:                          -                           
    SP3:              -                                       


    ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for REG3A

    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MaxQB, plus additional links to SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
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    REG3A expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: GGAGAGAAAT
    REG3A Expression
    About this image


    REG3A expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
    Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database
     selected tissues (see all 4) fully expand
     
     Pancreas (Endocrine System)    fully expand to see all 2 entries
             Duct Cells Pancreatic Ducts
             Islets of Langerhans
     
     Epithelial Cells
             Duct Cells Pancreatic Ducts
     
     Testis (Reproductive System)
             Sertoli cells Seminiferous Tubules
     
     Neural Tube (Nervous System)
             Spinal Ventral Columns
    REG3A Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MaxQB3    About this image

    REG3A Protein Expression

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.567312

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: REG3A_HUMAN, Q06141
    Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in epidermal keratinocytes of psoriasis patients (at protein level).
    Constitutively expressed in intestine. Low expression is found in healthy pancreas. Overexpressed during the
    acute phase of pancreatitis and in some patients with chronic pancreatitis

        Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Array including REG3A: 
              Inflammatory Response & Autoimmunity 384HT in human mouse rat

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    In Situ
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    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
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    This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

    Orthologs for REG3A gene from Selected species (see all 8)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Reg3b1 , 5 regenerating islet-derived 3 beta1, 5 75.1(n)1
    69.54(a)1
      6 (34.76 cM)5
    184891  NM_011036.11  NP_035166.11 
     783708855 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves REG46
    Gallus gallus regenerating islet-derived family, m...
    30(a)
    1 → many
    8(4227243-4228652) ENSGALG00000002931
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia --
    --
    (see all 28)
    Uncharacterized protein
    (see all 28)
    35(a)
    35(a)
    (see all 28)
    many ↔ many
    many ↔ many
    (see all 28)
    GL343799.1(78043-87824)
    GL343220.1(1322473-1325653)


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for REG3A (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for REG3A (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
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    Paralogs for REG3A gene
    REG42  REG3G2  REG1B2  REG1A2  
    7 SIMAP similar genes for REG3A using alignment to 2 protein entries:     REG3A_HUMAN (see all proteins):
    PAP    REG3G    REG1A    REG1B    CSPG3 variant protein    NCAN
    REG4

    Find genes that share paralogs with REG3A           About GenesLikeMe



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), the Human Cytochrome P450 Allele Nomenclature Database, and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays, and Copy Number PCR Arrays from QIAGEN)
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    Selected SNPs for REG3A (see all 158)    About this table                                 

    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 2 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs559314471,2
    C,F--79248214(-) AAGAAA/GGGATG 3 -- ds50013Minor allele frequency- G:0.09WA NA EA 358
    rs1835515071,2
    --79248253(+) CACTCA/GCTTGG 3 -- ds50010--------
    rs778543111,2
    C,F--79248280(+) GAAGGT/CATTTC 3 -- ds50011Minor allele frequency- C:0.07EA 120
    rs1500436841,2
    --79248394(+) CTAAGC/GACCAT 3 -- ds50010--------
    rs1885962661,2
    --79248603(+) AGAAGA/CAAGAC 3 -- ds50010--------
    rs1928344311,2
    --79248620(+) AGTTTC/TCTCCA 3 -- ds50010--------
    rs1453995971,2
    --79248758(+) GACAGC/GGGGGA 3 -- ut310--------
    rs1857619731,2
    --79248816(+) TTAAGC/TGAATA 3 -- ut310--------
    rs1875410591,2
    --79248839(+) GTGAGC/TCCTCA 3 -- ut310--------
    rs1492229501,2
    C--79248870(+) TGAGTG/TGCACA 3 -- ut310--------

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for REG3A (79384132 - 79386880 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 1 variation for REG3A:    About this table    
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    nsv522260CNV Gain19592680

    Site Specific Mutation Identification with PCR Assays
    SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing REG3A
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for REG3A

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Novoseek, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
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    OMIM gene information: 167805    OMIM disorders: --

    4 diseases for REG3A:    
    About MalaCards
    pancreatitis    cystic fibrosis    pancreatic cancer    hepatocellular carcinoma

    1 disease from the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database for REG3A:
    Pancreatitis

    Find genes that share disorders with REG3A           About GenesLikeMe

    Selected Novoseek inferred disease relationships for REG3A gene (see all 20)    About this table

    Disease   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    acute pancreatitis 71.9 43 9026481 (9), 9382059 (5), 8119544 (3), 1469087 (3) (see all 12)
    pancreatitis 67.4 37 9026481 (3), 11396234 (3), 10325788 (2), 7890213 (2) (see all 15)
    pancreatic diseases 51.8 4 12120267 (3), 12757156 (1), 17497124 (1)
    chronic pancreatitis 50.1 5 12757156 (2), 10389686 (1), 19077460 (1), 1469087 (1)
    cystadenoma mucinous 46.8 1 12757156 (1)
    hepatocellular carcinoma 43 10 1325291 (2), 17192462 (1), 9520086 (1), 19051257 (1) (see all 7)
    pancreatic cancer 31.4 11 11396234 (4), 12757156 (3), 10389686 (2), 9520086 (1)
    colorectal carcinoma 30.4 19 19051257 (8)
    colorectal tumors 29.4 1 12455032 (1)
    inflammatory bowel diseases 27.9 3 15870231 (2)

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): REG3A
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: REG3A (2 documents)

    Export disorders for REG3A gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
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    PubMed articles for REG3A gene, integrated from 10 sources (see all 122):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with REG3A)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Molecular cloning, genomic organization, and chromosomal localization of the human pancreatitis-associated protein (PAP) gene. (PubMed id 8188210)1, 2, 3, 9 Dusetti N.J....Iovanna J.L. (Genomics 1994)
    2. A novel gene (HIP) activated in human primary liver cancer. (PubMed id 1325291)1, 2, 9 Lasserre C.... Brechot C. (Cancer Res. 1992)
    3. Structural organization and chromosomal localization of a human gene (HIP/PAP) encoding a C-type lectin overexpressed in primary liver cancer. (PubMed id 8076648)1, 2, 9 Lasserre C.... Brechot C. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1994)
    4. Human pancreatitis-associated protein. Messenger RNA cloning and expression in pancreatic diseases. (PubMed id 1469087)1, 2, 9 Orelle B.... Iovanna J.-L. (J. Clin. Invest. 1992)
    5. Cloning and tissue-specific expression of cDNAs for the human and mouse homologues of rat pancreatitis-associated protein (PAP). (PubMed id 7679928)1, 2, 9 Itoh T. and Teraoka H. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1993)
    6. The antimicrobial protein REG3A regulates keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation after skin injury. (PubMed id 22727489)1, 2 Lai Y.... Gallo R.L. (Immunity 2012)
    7. Human variation in alcohol response is influenced by variation in neuronal signaling genes. (PubMed id 20201926)1, 4 Joslyn G....White R.L. (Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res. 2010)
    8. Molecular basis for peptidoglycan recognition by a bactericidal lectin. (PubMed id 20382864)1, 2 Lehotzky R.E.... Hooper L.V. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2010)
    9. Genome-wide association and meta-analysis of bipolar disorder in individuals of European ancestry. (PubMed id 19416921)1, 4 Scott L.J....Boehnke M. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2009)
    10. Proteolytic activation of human pancreatitis-associated protein is required for peptidoglycan binding and bacterial aggregation. (PubMed id 19254208)1, 2 Medveczky P.... Sahin-Toth M. (Biochem. J. 2009)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
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     ANDOR
    Aliases
    Disorders
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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
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    Entrez Gene: 5068 HGNC: 8601 AceView: PAP Ensembl:ENSG00000172016 euGenes: HUgn5068
    ECgene: REG3A H-InvDB: REG3A

    (According to HUGE)
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      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL, and/or others, e.g. Wikipedia and GeneReviews, via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
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    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for REG3A Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways
    ATLAS Chromosomes in Cancer entry for REG3A Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
    Functional Glycomics Gateway - Glycan Bindinghttp://www.functionalglycomics.org/glycomics/GBPServlet?&operationType=view&cbpId=cbp_hum_Ctlect_256

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
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    Patent Information for REG3A gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving REG3A

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



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