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Aliases for REG3A Gene

Aliases for REG3A Gene

  • Regenerating Family Member 3 Alpha 2 3 5
  • Regenerating Islet-Derived Protein III-Alpha 3 4
  • Hepatointestinal Pancreatic Protein 3 4
  • Regenerating Islet-Derived 3 Alpha 2 3
  • Pancreatitis-Associated Protein 1 3 4
  • Human Proislet Peptide 3 4
  • Reg III-Alpha 3 4
  • REG-3-Alpha 3 4
  • HIP/PAP 3 4
  • PAP1 3 4
  • PAP 3 4
  • HIP 3 4
  • Pancreatic Beta Cell Growth Factor 3
  • Hepatocarcinoma-Intestine-Pancreas 3
  • Proliferation-Inducing Protein 34 3
  • Proliferation-Inducing Protein 42 3
  • Pancreatitis-Associated Protein 2
  • PAP Homologous Protein 3
  • REG-III 3
  • INGAP 3
  • PAP-H 3
  • PBCGF 3
  • REG3 3

External Ids for REG3A Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for REG3A Gene

  • PAP

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for REG3A Gene

  • GC02M079296
  • GC02M079384
  • GC02M079119

Summaries for REG3A Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for REG3A Gene

  • This gene encodes a pancreatic secretory protein that may be involved in cell proliferation or differentiation. It has similarity to the C-type lectin superfamily. The enhanced expression of this gene is observed during pancreatic inflammation and liver carcinogenesis. The mature protein also functions as an antimicrobial protein with antibacterial activity. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode the same protein.[provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

GeneCards Summary for REG3A Gene

REG3A (Regenerating Family Member 3 Alpha) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with REG3A include pancreatitis and acute pancreatitis. GO annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding. An important paralog of this gene is REG3G.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for REG3A Gene

  • Bactericidal C-type lectin which acts exclusively against Gram-positive bacteria and mediates bacterial killing by binding to surface-exposed carbohydrate moieties of peptidoglycan. Regulates keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation after skin injury via activation of EXTL3-PI3K-AKT signaling pathway.

Gene Wiki entry for REG3A Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for REG3A Gene

Genomics for REG3A Gene

Regulatory Elements for REG3A Gene


Genomic Location for REG3A Gene

Chromosome:
2
Start:
79,157,003 bp from pter
End:
79,159,754 bp from pter
Size:
2,752 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for REG3A Gene

Genes around REG3A on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
REG3A Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for REG3A Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for REG3A Gene

Proteins for REG3A Gene

  • Protein details for REG3A Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q06141-REG3A_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Regenerating islet-derived protein 3-alpha
    Protein Accession:
    Q06141

    Protein attributes for REG3A Gene

    Size:
    175 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    19395 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with EXTL3.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for REG3A Gene

neXtProt entry for REG3A Gene

Proteomics data for REG3A Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for REG3A Gene

  • Proteolytic processing by trypsin removes an inhibitory N-terminal propeptide and is essential for peptidoglycan binding and antibacterial activity.

Other Protein References for REG3A Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for REG3A Gene

Domains & Families for REG3A Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q06141

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

REG3A_HUMAN :
  • The EPN motif is essential for recognition of the peptidoglycan carbohydrate backbone and for efficient bacterial killing with Glu-114 playing a key role in peptidoglycan binding and bactericidal activity.
Domain:
  • The EPN motif is essential for recognition of the peptidoglycan carbohydrate backbone and for efficient bacterial killing with Glu-114 playing a key role in peptidoglycan binding and bactericidal activity.
  • Contains 1 C-type lectin domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with REG3A: view

No data available for Gene Families for REG3A Gene

Function for REG3A Gene

Molecular function for REG3A Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Bactericidal C-type lectin which acts exclusively against Gram-positive bacteria and mediates bacterial killing by binding to surface-exposed carbohydrate moieties of peptidoglycan. Regulates keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation after skin injury via activation of EXTL3-PI3K-AKT signaling pathway.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Appears in pancreatic juice after induction of pancreatic inflammation.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with REG3A: view

Animal Models for REG3A Gene

MGI Knock Outs for REG3A:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for REG3A

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for REG3A Gene

Localization for REG3A Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for REG3A Gene

Secreted. Note=Found in the apical region of pancreatic acinar cells.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for REG3A Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for REG3A gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 1
plasma membrane 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for REG3A Gene

Pathways & Interactions for REG3A Gene

SuperPathways for REG3A Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for REG3A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006953 acute-phase response IEA --
GO:0007157 heterophilic cell-cell adhesion via plasma membrane cell adhesion molecules TAS 8997243
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development TAS 8997243
GO:0045617 negative regulation of keratinocyte differentiation ISS --
GO:0090303 positive regulation of wound healing ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with REG3A: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for REG3A Gene

Drugs & Compounds for REG3A Gene

(3) Drugs for REG3A Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(4) Additional Compounds for REG3A Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with REG3A: view

Transcripts for REG3A Gene

Unigene Clusters for REG3A Gene

Regenerating islet-derived 3 alpha:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for REG3A Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6
SP1: - -
SP2: -
SP3: -

Relevant External Links for REG3A Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
REG3A
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
REG3A

Expression for REG3A Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for REG3A Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for REG3A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pancreas (x38.1) and Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (x14.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for REG3A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Islet of Langerhans (23.3), Pancreas (20.3), Pancreatic juice (15.5), and Cardia (7.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for REG3A Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for REG3A Gene Hs.567312

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for REG3A Gene

Q06141-REG3A_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in epidermal keratinocytes of psoriasis patients (at protein level). Constitutively expressed in intestine. Low expression is found in healthy pancreas. Overexpressed during the acute phase of pancreatitis and in some patients with chronic pancreatitis.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with REG3A: view

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for REG3A Gene

Orthologs for REG3A Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for REG3A Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Reg3b 35
  • 75.1 (n)
  • 69.54 (a)
Reg3b 16
Reg3a 36
  • 61 (a)
ManyToMany
Reg3b 36
  • 69 (a)
ManyToMany
Reg3g 36
  • 66 (a)
ManyToMany
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia REG3A 35
  • 99.05 (n)
  • 98.29 (a)
REG3A 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Reg3b 35
  • 72.99 (n)
  • 68.97 (a)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PTP 36
  • 70 (a)
ManyToMany
REG3G 36
  • 63 (a)
ManyToMany
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia REG3A 36
  • 74 (a)
ManyToMany
REG3A 36
  • 74 (a)
ManyToMany
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 41 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 43 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 41 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 41 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 45 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 45 (a)
ManyToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves REG4 36
  • 30 (a)
OneToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 30 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 23 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 29 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 33 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 35 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 28 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 29 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 30 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 32 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 29 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 27 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 29 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 30 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 21 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 32 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 25 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 30 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 28 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 27 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 25 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 30 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 31 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 28 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 35 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 29 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 30 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 29 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 30 (a)
ManyToMany
Species with no ortholog for REG3A:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for REG3A Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for REG3A (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for REG3A (if available)

Paralogs for REG3A Gene

Paralogs for REG3A Gene

(7) SIMAP similar genes for REG3A Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with REG3A: view

Variants for REG3A Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for REG3A Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1916179 -- 79,157,207(-) TCAGC(A/G)GCCTG utr-variant-3-prime
rs1916180 -- 79,157,175(-) TGGGC(A/T)TGAGA utr-variant-3-prime
rs7607786 -- 79,159,864(+) CATGG(A/T)CTCTT upstream-variant-2KB
rs2272108 -- 79,159,178(-) GTTAA(A/C)TTGCA intron-variant
rs2272109 -- 79,158,932(-) TACTA(C/T)GGCTA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for REG3A Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv522260 CNV Gain 19592680

Variation tolerance for REG3A Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 65.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.45; 9.80% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for REG3A Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
REG3A

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for REG3A Gene

Disorders for REG3A Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for REG3A Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
pancreatitis
acute pancreatitis
  • acute necrotizing pancreatitis
cystic fibrosis
  • pseudomonas aeruginosa chronic infection by, in cystic fibrosis
pancreas disease
  • pancreatic diseases
mesenteric lymphadenitis
  • mesenteric adenitis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search REG3A in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for REG3A

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
REG3A
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
REG3A
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
REG3A
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with REG3A: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for REG3A Gene

Publications for REG3A Gene

  1. Molecular cloning, genomic organization, and chromosomal localization of the human pancreatitis-associated protein (PAP) gene. (PMID: 8188210) Dusetti N.J. … Iovanna J.L. (Genomics 1994) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Pancreatitis-associated protein is related closely to neoplastic proliferative activity in patients with colorectal carcinoma. (PMID: 19051257) Cao G. … Li F. (Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2009) 3 23
  3. Pancreatitis-associated protein inhibits human pancreatic stellate cell MMP-1 and -2, TIMP-1 and -2 secretion and RECK expression. (PMID: 19077460) Li L. … Graf R. (Pancreatology 2009) 3 23
  4. Pancreatic islet immunoreactivity to the Reg protein INGAP. (PMID: 17998566) Taylor-Fishwick D.A. … Vinik A.I. (J. Histochem. Cytochem. 2008) 3 23
  5. Discovery of a human peptide sequence signaling islet neogenesis. (PMID: 19158046) Levetan C.S. … El-Hajj R.J. (Endocr Pract 2008) 3 23

Products for REG3A Gene

Sources for REG3A Gene

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