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Aliases for RDH11 Gene

Aliases for RDH11 Gene

  • Retinol Dehydrogenase 11 (All-Trans/9-Cis/11-Cis) 2 3
  • Androgen-Regulated Short-Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase 1 2 3 4
  • RALR1 3 4 6
  • PSDR1 3 4 6
  • Short Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase Family 7C Member 1 3 4
  • Prostate Short-Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase 1 3 4
  • HCV Core-Binding Protein HCBP12 3 4
  • Retinal Reductase 1 3 4
  • ARSDR1 3 4
  • SDR7C1 3 4
  • Short Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase Family 7C, Member 1 3
  • Retinol Dehydrogenase 11 (All-Trans And 9-Cis) 2
  • Prostate Short-Chain Dehydrogenase Reductase 1 3
  • Short Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase Family 7C 2
  • Retinol Dehydrogenase 11 3
  • EC 4
  • Member 1 2
  • HCBP12 3
  • RDJCSS 3
  • CGI82 3
  • SCALD 3
  • MDT1 3

External Ids for RDH11 Gene

Summaries for RDH11 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RDH11 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is an NADPH-dependent retinal reductase and a short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase. The encoded protein has no steroid dehydrogenase activity. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

GeneCards Summary for RDH11 Gene

RDH11 (Retinol Dehydrogenase 11 (All-Trans/9-Cis/11-Cis)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RDH11 include retinal dystrophy, juvenile cataracts, and short stature syndrome and epiglottitis. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Disease. GO annotations related to this gene include retinol dehydrogenase activity and NADP-retinol dehydrogenase activity. An important paralog of this gene is DHRS12.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RDH11 Gene

  • Exhibits an oxidoreductive catalytic activity towards retinoids. Most efficient as an NADPH-dependent retinal reductase. Displays high activity towards 9-cis and all-trans-retinol. Also involved in the metabolism of short-chain aldehydes. No steroid dehydrogenase activity detected

Gene Wiki entry for RDH11 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RDH11 Gene

Genomics for RDH11 Gene

Genomic Location for RDH11 Gene

67,676,800 bp from pter
67,695,814 bp from pter
19,015 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for RDH11 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for RDH11 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RDH11 Gene

Regulatory Elements for RDH11 Gene

Proteins for RDH11 Gene

  • Protein details for RDH11 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Retinol dehydrogenase 11
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NDK3
    • A8K062
    • B2RB26
    • B4DDW0
    • Q0QD40
    • Q6IAH5
    • Q9NRW0
    • Q9Y391

    Protein attributes for RDH11 Gene

    318 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    35386 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for RDH11 Gene


neXtProt entry for RDH11 Gene

Proteomics data for RDH11 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for RDH11 Gene

Other Protein References for RDH11 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for RDH11 Gene

Domains for RDH11 Gene

Gene Families for RDH11 Gene

  • SDRC2 :Short chain dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily / Classical SDR fold cluster 2


  • Belongs to the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDR) family.:
    • Q8TC12
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RDH11: view

Function for RDH11 Gene

Molecular function for RDH11 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties: Kinetic parameters: KM=0.23 uM for NADPH {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12036956}; KM=0.8 uM for NADP {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12036956}; KM=0.5 uM for all-trans-retinal {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12036956}; KM=0.62 uM for 13-cis-retinal {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12036956}; KM=0.19 uM for 9-cis-retinal {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12036956}; KM=1.3 uM for all-trans-retinol {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12036956}; Vmax=18 nmol/min/mg enzyme with all-trans-retinal as substrate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12036956}; Vmax=7 nmol/min/mg enzyme with 13-cis-retinal as substrate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12036956}; Vmax=1.6 nmol/min/mg enzyme with 9-cis-retinal as substrate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12036956}; Vmax=0.95 nmol/min/mg enzyme with all-trans-retinol as substrate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12036956}; Note=Vmax is measured per mg microsomal protein.;
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: All-trans-retinol + NADP(+) = all-trans-retinal + NADPH.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Exhibits an oxidoreductive catalytic activity towards retinoids. Most efficient as an NADPH-dependent retinal reductase. Displays high activity towards 9-cis and all-trans-retinol. Also involved in the metabolism of short-chain aldehydes. No steroid dehydrogenase activity detected
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction: By androgens in prostate cancer cells

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for RDH11 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RDH11 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003824 catalytic activity --
GO:0004745 retinol dehydrogenase activity ISS --
GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity --
GO:0050662 coenzyme binding --
GO:0052650 NADP-retinol dehydrogenase activity IDA 12807874
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RDH11: view

Phenotypes for RDH11 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RDH11: view

Animal Models for RDH11 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for RDH11:

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for RDH11 Gene

Localization for RDH11 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RDH11 Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for RDH11 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RDH11 gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
extracellular 2
cytosol 1
golgi apparatus 1
lysosome 1
mitochondrion 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RDH11 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001917 photoreceptor inner segment IEA --
GO:0005622 intracellular ISS --
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane TAS --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RDH11: view

Pathways for RDH11 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with RDH11: view

Pathways by source for RDH11 Gene

1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters Life Sciences Research) pathway for RDH11 Gene
1 Qiagen pathway for RDH11 Gene
2 BioSystems pathways for RDH11 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RDH11 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001523 retinoid metabolic process TAS --
GO:0007603 phototransduction, visible light TAS --
GO:0008152 metabolic process --
GO:0016062 adaptation of rhodopsin mediated signaling IEA --
GO:0042572 retinol metabolic process ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RDH11: view

Compounds for RDH11 Gene

(1) HMDB Compounds for RDH11 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • 2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-b-D-ribofuranosylnicotinamide

(1) Drugbank Compounds for RDH11 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
Vitamin A
  • [11,12-3H]-Retinol
68-26-8 target

(2) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for RDH11 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
vitamin a 71.4 3
nadph 52.3 2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with RDH11: view

Transcripts for RDH11 Gene

Unigene Clusters for RDH11 Gene

Retinol dehydrogenase 11 (all-trans/9-cis/11-cis):
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RDH11 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e · 1f · 1g ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3a · 3b · 3c · 3d ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d · 7e · 7f ^ 8 ^ 9a ·
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - -
SP5: - - - -
SP6: - - - - - -
SP7: - - - - -
SP8: - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP9: - - - - - - -
SP10: - -
SP12: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP13: -

ExUns: 9b · 9c · 9d · 9e · 9f · 9g

Relevant External Links for RDH11 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for RDH11 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for RDH11 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for RDH11 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RDH11 Gene Hs.719925

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for RDH11 Gene

Tissue specificity: Predominantly expressed in the epithelial cells of prostate, in both basal and luminal secretory cell populations. Expressed at low levels in spleen, thymus, testis, ovary, small intestine, colon, peripherical blood leukocytes, kidney, adrenal gland and fetal liver. Not detected in prostatic fibromuscular stromal cells, endothelial cells, or infiltrating lymphocytes
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with RDH11: view

Orthologs for RDH11 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for RDH11 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RDH11 36
  • 99.54 (n)
  • 100 (a)
RDH11 37
  • 100 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia RDH11 36
  • 87.15 (n)
  • 89.7 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia RDH11 36
  • 89.15 (n)
  • 91.03 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rdh11 36
  • 83.06 (n)
  • 86.38 (a)
Rdh11 16
Rdh11 37
  • 85 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 37
  • 77 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 37
  • 67 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rdh11 36
  • 83.28 (n)
  • 84.05 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 37
  • 63 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 37
  • 65 (a)
-- 37
  • 66 (a)
-- 37
  • 64 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii rdh12 37
  • 63 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG2064 37
  • 46 (a)
CG2065 36
  • 56.36 (n)
  • 55.64 (a)
CG2065 37
  • 51 (a)
CG2070 37
  • 48 (a)
CG30491 37
  • 44 (a)
CG30495 37
  • 44 (a)
CG3842 37
  • 39 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea dhs-22 36
  • 44.6 (n)
  • 38.38 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT5G02540 36
  • 52.29 (n)
  • 43.49 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os01g0151700 36
  • 50.6 (n)
  • 46.07 (a)
Species with no ortholog for RDH11:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for RDH11 Gene

Gene Tree for RDH11 (if available)
Gene Tree for RDH11 (if available)

Paralogs for RDH11 Gene

Paralogs for RDH11 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for RDH11 Gene using alignment to 7 proteins: Pseudogenes for RDH11 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with RDH11: view

Variants for RDH11 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RDH11 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 14 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs7410 -- 67,677,706(+) GATTA(C/T)TGTGG utr-variant-3-prime
rs7765 -- 67,677,612(-) TACCC(A/G)CCAAG utr-variant-3-prime
rs1018450 -- 67,678,773(+) TACAG(A/G)GCCTT intron-variant
rs1059226 -- 67,677,547(-) AATGC(A/C)CAAAA utr-variant-3-prime
rs1059238 -- 67,677,474(-) AAAGA(C/T)ATTAA utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RDH11 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv902068 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv521832 CNV Loss 19592680

Relevant External Links for RDH11 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

Disorders for RDH11 Gene


  • Retinal dystrophy, juvenile cataracts, and short stature syndrome (RDJCSS) [MIM:616108]: A disorder characterized by retinal dystrophy resulting in progressive decrease in visual acuity and difficulties with night vision in the first decade of life, development of juvenile cataracts, facial dysmorphism, psychomotor developmental delays, learning disabilities and short stature. Ophthalmological findings include salt-and-pepper retinopathy, attenuation of the arterioles, generalized rod-cone dysfunction, mottled macula at an early age, and peripapillary sparing of the retinal pigment epithelium. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24916380}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for RDH11 Gene

(1) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for RDH11 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
cancer 0 1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with RDH11: view

Publications for RDH11 Gene

  1. Prostate short-chain dehydrogenase reductase 1 (PSDR1): a new member of the short-chain steroid dehydrogenase/reductase family highly expressed in normal and neoplastic prostate epithelium. (PMID: 11245473) Lin B. … Nelson P.S. (Cancer Res. 2001) 3 4 23
  2. Evidence that the human gene for prostate short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (PSDR1) encodes a novel retinal reductase (RalR1). (PMID: 12036956) Kedishvili N.Y. … Nelson P.S. (J. Biol. Chem. 2002) 3 4 23
  3. Characterization of mouse short-chain aldehyde reductase (SCALD), an enzyme regulated by sterol regulatory element-binding proteins. (PMID: 12807874) Kasus-Jacobi A. … Brown M.S. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003) 3 23
  4. Properties of short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase RalR1: characterization of purified enzyme, its orientation in the microsomal membrane, and distribution in human tissues and cell lines. (PMID: 14674758) Belyaeva O.V. … Kedishvili N.Y. (Biochemistry 2003) 3 23
  5. Characterization of cell phenotype by a novel cDNA library subtraction system: expression of CD8 alpha in a mast cell-derived interleukin-4-dependent cell line. (PMID: 8018917) Hara T. … Miyajima A. (Blood 1994) 2 3

Products for RDH11 Gene

Sources for RDH11 Gene

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