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Aliases for RAET1G Gene

Aliases for RAET1G Gene

  • Retinoic Acid Early Transcript 1G 2 3 5
  • Retinoic Acid Early Transcript 1G Protein 3 4
  • ULBP5 3 4
  • Retinoic Acid Early Transcript 1G Pseudogene 2
  • UL-16 Binding Protein 5 3

External Ids for RAET1G Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RAET1G Gene

  • GC06U900331
  • GC06M150323
  • GC06M150279
  • GC06M150238
  • GC06M147803

Summaries for RAET1G Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RAET1G Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I family of proteins. Although the encoded protein includes C-terminal transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains, proteolytic processing results in the removal of these domains and subsequent tethering to the plasma membrane by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor. The encoded protein is one of several related ligands of the natural killer group 2, member D (NKG2D) receptor, which functions as an activating receptor in innate and adaptive immunity. This gene is present in a gene cluster on chromosome 6. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2015]

GeneCards Summary for RAET1G Gene

RAET1G (Retinoic Acid Early Transcript 1G) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of proteins and Immune response Role of DAP12 receptors in NK cells. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include peptide antigen binding and natural killer cell lectin-like receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is ULBP2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RAET1G Gene

  • Isoform 1: Binds and activates the KLRK1/NKG2D receptor, mediating natural killer cell cytotoxicity.

  • Isoform 3: Down-regulates the expression of KLRK1 and stimulates natural killer cells to secrete IFNG.

  • Isoform 2: Stimulates natural killer cells to secrete IFNG.

Additional gene information for RAET1G Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RAET1G Gene

Genomics for RAET1G Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for RAET1G Gene

Promoters and enhancers for RAET1G Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH06I149922 Promoter/Enhancer 1.8 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 550.8 +0.2 151 0.8 SIN3A ZNF76 ZNF335 GLIS2 ZNF350 RCOR1 SP3 SP5 NFYC SP1 RAET1G RAET1E LATS1 RAET1F
GH06I150864 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 4.5 -943.3 -943309 4.1 HDGF CLOCK MLX ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 MTHFD1L AKAP12 ENSG00000216906 RAET1G ARL4AP5
GH06I150250 Enhancer 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 4 -331.3 -331256 8 ATF1 PKNOX1 ARNT FEZF1 ZNF2 TCF12 ZNF766 ZNF213 GATA2 KLF7 ENSG00000268592 NUP43 ENSG00000216906 PPIL4 ENSG00000231760 KATNA1 LRP11 LATS1 ENSG00000238594 PPP1R14C
GH06I149470 Enhancer 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 4.8 +450.1 450072 4.7 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 SMAD1 FEZF1 ZNF213 ZNF143 ATF7 KLF7 ZNF548 LATS1 PPIL4 NUP43 RPS18P9 KATNA1 ENSG00000233330 ENSG00000231760 GINM1 RAET1G ZC3H12D
GH06I150266 Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 2.6 -347.2 -347217 8.3 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARNT FEZF1 ZNF2 ZNF766 CBX5 ZNF416 FOS LOC105378054 LATS1 NUP43 PPIL4 ENSG00000231760 KATNA1 RNU4-7P ENSG00000238594 ENSG00000233330 PPP1R14C
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around RAET1G on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for RAET1G Gene

Genomic Locations for RAET1G Gene
6,275 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for RAET1G Gene

Genes around RAET1G on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
RAET1G Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for RAET1G Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RAET1G Gene

Proteins for RAET1G Gene

  • Protein details for RAET1G Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    UL-16 binding protein 5
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q6H3X2

    Protein attributes for RAET1G Gene

    334 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    37106 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with KLRK1/NKG2D.
    • (Microbial infection) In CMV-infected cells, interacts with the viral glycoprotein UL16; this interaction causes RAET1G retention in the endoplasmic reticulum and cis-Golgi and prevents binding to and activation of KLRK1/NKG2D, providing CMV with an immune evasion mechanism.
    • UL16-binding proteins (ULBPs) are unusual members of the extended MHC class I superfamily. They do not contain the alpha 3 domain and lack a transmembrane domain.

    Alternative splice isoforms for RAET1G Gene


neXtProt entry for RAET1G Gene

Post-translational modifications for RAET1G Gene

  • The functional form is cleaved C-terminally of the GPI-anchor and yields a 28 kDa protein.
  • Glycosylation at Asn82

Other Protein References for RAET1G Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for RAET1G Gene

Domains & Families for RAET1G Gene

Gene Families for RAET1G Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted membrane proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for RAET1G Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the MHC class I family.
  • Belongs to the MHC class I family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RAET1G: view

Function for RAET1G Gene

Molecular function for RAET1G Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Isoform 1: Binds and activates the KLRK1/NKG2D receptor, mediating natural killer cell cytotoxicity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Isoform 3: Down-regulates the expression of KLRK1 and stimulates natural killer cells to secrete IFNG.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Isoform 2: Stimulates natural killer cells to secrete IFNG.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RAET1G Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15240696
GO:0046703 natural killer cell lectin-like receptor binding IPI 15240696
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RAET1G: view

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Phenotypes , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for RAET1G Gene

Localization for RAET1G Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RAET1G Gene

Isoform 1: Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor, GPI-anchor. Endoplasmic reticulum. Note=Mainly found intracellularly. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15240696, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19223974, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20304922}.
Isoform 2: Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RAET1G gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 4
endoplasmic reticulum 3
lysosome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RAET1G Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane NAS,TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RAET1G: view

Pathways & Interactions for RAET1G Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with RAET1G: view

Interacting Proteins for RAET1G Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 4 interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000356329 Q6H3X3-ULBP5_HUMAN for RAET1G Gene via STRING IID

Symbol External ID(s) Details

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RAET1G Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002729 positive regulation of natural killer cell cytokine production IDA 18544572
GO:0006501 C-terminal protein lipidation TAS --
GO:0016032 viral process IEA --
GO:0042267 natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity IDA 15240696
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RAET1G: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for RAET1G Gene

Drugs & Compounds for RAET1G Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for RAET1G Gene

mRNA/cDNA for RAET1G Gene

(3) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(4) Additional mRNA sequences :
(8) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for RAET1G Gene

Retinoic acid early transcript 1G:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RAET1G Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for RAET1G Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for RAET1G Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for RAET1G Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for RAET1G Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus - Mucosa (x10.9) and Adrenal Gland (x9.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for RAET1G Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Plasma (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for RAET1G Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for RAET1G Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of RAET1G Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RAET1G Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for RAET1G Gene:

Tissue specificity: Isoform 1 is highly expressed in colon and in a number of tumor cell lines and highly restricted in normal tissues. Both isoforms are frequently expressed in cell lines derived from epithelial cancers, and in primary breast cancers.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with RAET1G: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for RAET1G Gene

Orthologs for RAET1G Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for RAET1G Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RAET1G 33
  • 97.21 (n)
-- 34
  • 86 (a)
-- 34
  • 84 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia RAET1G 34
  • 33 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 33 (a)
Species where no ortholog for RAET1G was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • mouse (Mus musculus)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for RAET1G Gene

Gene Tree for RAET1G (if available)
Gene Tree for RAET1G (if available)

Paralogs for RAET1G Gene

Paralogs for RAET1G Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with RAET1G: view

Variants for RAET1G Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RAET1G Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000039719 -- 149,927,962(-) G/A upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000072376 -- 149,927,687(-) G/A upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000219338 -- 149,924,088(-) C/T 5_prime_UTR_variant, genic_upstream_transcript_variant, upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000277273 -- 149,924,353(-) T/G 5_prime_UTR_variant, genic_upstream_transcript_variant, upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000287400 -- 149,918,792(-) G/A intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RAET1G Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2732866 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3890963 CNV loss 25118596
nsv517022 CNV gain+loss 19592680
nsv970172 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for RAET1G Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 95.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.69; 32.18% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for RAET1G Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RAET1G Gene

Disorders for RAET1G Gene

Additional Disease Information for RAET1G

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

No disorders were found for RAET1G Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for RAET1G Gene

Publications for RAET1G Gene

  1. Two human ULBP/RAET1 molecules with transmembrane regions are ligands for NKG2D. (PMID: 15240696) Bacon L … Trowsdale J (Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 2004) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Single nucleotide polymorphism analysis of the NKG2D ligand cluster on the long arm of chromosome 6: Extensive polymorphisms and evidence of diversity between human populations. (PMID: 20219610) Antoun A … Briggs DC (Human immunology 2010) 3 22 44 58
  3. Post-translational modification of the NKG2D ligand RAET1G leads to cell surface expression of a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked isoform. (PMID: 20304922) Ohashi M … Trowsdale J (The Journal of biological chemistry 2010) 3 4 22 58
  4. Polymorphisms of NKG2D ligands: diverse RAET1/ULBP genes in northeastern Thais. (PMID: 19688209) Romphruk AV … Leelayuwat C (Immunogenetics 2009) 3 22 44 58
  5. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 44 58

Products for RAET1G Gene

Sources for RAET1G Gene

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