Aliases for RAD21 Gene
External Ids for RAD21 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RAD21 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is highly similar to the gene product of Schizosaccharomyces pombe rad21, a gene involved in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks, as well as in chromatid cohesion during mitosis. This protein is a nuclear phospho-protein, which becomes hyperphosphorylated in cell cycle M phase. The highly regulated association of this protein with mitotic chromatin specifically at the centromere region suggests its role in sister chromatid cohesion in mitotic cells. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for RAD21 Gene
RAD21 (RAD21 Cohesin Complex Component) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RAD21 include Cornelia De Lange Syndrome 4 and Rad21-Related Cornelia De Lange Syndrome. Among its related pathways are DNA Damage and Cell Cycle, Mitotic. An important paralog of this gene is RAD21L1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RAD21 Gene
Cleavable component of the cohesin complex, involved in chromosome cohesion during cell cycle, in DNA repair, and in apoptosis. The cohesin complex is required for the cohesion of sister chromatids after DNA replication. The cohesin complex apparently forms a large proteinaceous ring within which sister chromatids can be trapped. At metaphase-anaphase transition, this protein is cleaved by separase/ESPL1 and dissociates from chromatin, allowing sister chromatids to segregate. The cohesin complex may also play a role in spindle pole assembly during mitosis. Also plays a role in apoptosis, via its cleavage by caspase-3/CASP3 or caspase-7/CASP7 during early steps of apoptosis: the C-terminal 64 kDa cleavage product may act as a nuclear signal to initiate cytoplasmic events involved in the apoptotic pathway.