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Aliases for PYGM Gene

Aliases for PYGM Gene

  • Glycogen Phosphorylase, Muscle Associated 2 3 5
  • Myophosphorylase 2 3 4
  • Glycogen Phosphorylase, Muscle Form 2 3
  • EC 2.4.1.1 4 61
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type V 2
  • Phosphorylase, Glycogen; Muscle 2
  • Phosphorylase, Glycogen, Muscle 3
  • McArdle Syndrome 2

External Ids for PYGM Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PYGM Gene

  • GC11M067029
  • GC11M066195
  • GC11M064289
  • GC11M064272
  • GC11M064513
  • GC11M060840

Summaries for PYGM Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PYGM Gene

  • This gene encodes a muscle enzyme involved in glycogenolysis. Highly similar enzymes encoded by different genes are found in liver and brain. Mutations in this gene are associated with McArdle disease (myophosphorylase deficiency), a glycogen storage disease of muscle. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

GeneCards Summary for PYGM Gene

PYGM (Glycogen Phosphorylase, Muscle Associated) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PYGM include Mcardle Disease and Glycogen Storage Disease. Among its related pathways are Glucose metabolism and Glycogen Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include nucleotide binding and phosphorylase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PYGB.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PYGM Gene

  • Phosphorylase is an important allosteric enzyme in carbohydrate metabolism. Enzymes from different sources differ in their regulatory mechanisms and in their natural substrates. However, all known phosphorylases share catalytic and structural properties.

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PYGM Gene

Genomics for PYGM Gene

Regulatory Elements for PYGM Gene

Enhancers for PYGM Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH11G064717 0.8 dbSUPER 11.8 +42.8 42807 1.7 CTCF ESRRA DDX20 ZNF175 BACH1 MAX PYGO2 ZIC2 ZFHX2 DIDO1 NRXN2 RASGRP2 PYGM ENSG00000237410
GH11G064553 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 5.4 +205.8 205817 3.2 ARID4B ZNF48 ZNF143 DEK ZNF263 SP5 REST TBX21 KAT8 ZNF579 PYGM MEN1 NRXN2 MAJIN SLC22A11 GC11P064541
GH11G065402 1.5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 5.1 -643.3 -643317 2.3 ATF1 PKNOX1 ARNT SIN3A TCF12 ZNF766 ZNF592 CREB3 MBD2 SMARCA4 NEAT1 EIF1AD ZFPL1 PCNX3 POLA2 KAT5 ATG2A LOC105369352 MRPL49 SSSCA1
GH11G064697 0.6 dbSUPER 11.5 +63.2 63154 1.1 RFX1 BHLHE40 CEBPB CEBPG REST PRDM10 PRDM1 NRXN2 RASGRP2 PYGM ENSG00000237410 SLC22A12 MIR1237 ENSG00000269038
GH11G064884 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 1.2 -125.1 -125086 1.7 HDGF FOXA2 MLX ARNT ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF2 ZNF766 ZNF143 FOS ATG2A EHD1 SF1 CDC42BPG TIGD3 RASGRP2 MAP4K2 PYGM RPS16P6
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around PYGM on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for PYGM Gene

Chromosome:
11
Start:
64,746,389 bp from pter
End:
64,760,715 bp from pter
Size:
14,327 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for PYGM Gene

Genes around PYGM on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PYGM Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PYGM Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PYGM Gene

Proteins for PYGM Gene

  • Protein details for PYGM Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P11217-PYGM_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Glycogen phosphorylase, muscle form
    Protein Accession:
    P11217
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A0AVK1
    • A6NDY6

    Protein attributes for PYGM Gene

    Size:
    842 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    97092 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=pyridoxal 5-phosphate; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:597326;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer. Dimers associate into a tetramer to form the enzymatically active phosphorylase A.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PYGM Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for PYGM Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for PYGM Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for PYGM Gene

P11217:
  • TLVKDRNV
  • DTQVVLA
  • TLYNRIK
  • IPELMRI
  • LKDFNVG
  • KCQEKVS
  • YAREIWGVEP
  • EEADDWLR
  • GKELRLKQ
  • GNPWEKARPEF
  • IGDVVNHDP
  • VAIQLNDTHP
  • APNDFNL
  • RWIRTQQHYY
  • DPKRIYYLSLE
  • GYGIRYEFGIF
  • GRTLQNTMVNL
  • HDRFKVFADYE
  • HMAKMII
  • TNGITPRRW
  • KRINMAHLCI
  • PEALERW
  • HAVNGVA
  • VGDRLRVIFLENYRVSL
  • YDTPVPGY
  • DLSEQIS
  • VNTMRLWSAKAP
  • KQISVRG
  • EYKVHINPNSLFD
  • LGNGGLGRLA
  • YIQAVLDRNLAENI
  • GYNAQEYYDRIPELR
  • NISRVLYP
  • FKDFYELEP
  • LDSMATL
  • NKTNGIT
  • RTVMIGGKA
  • FSSDRTI
  • EASGTGNMK
  • RDYYFALA
  • DVDRLRRMS
  • KRIHEYKRQL
  • WLRYGNPWEKARPE
  • NGALTIGT
  • FGCRDPVRT
  • LPRHLQII
  • ELRLKQEYF
  • FIFGMRVEDV
  • IFLENYRVSLAEKVIPA

Post-translational modifications for PYGM Gene

  • Phosphorylation of Ser-15 converts phosphorylase B (unphosphorylated) to phosphorylase A.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PYGM Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

Domains & Families for PYGM Gene

Gene Families for PYGM Gene

Protein Domains for PYGM Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PYGM Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P11217

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PYGM_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the glycogen phosphorylase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the glycogen phosphorylase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PYGM: view

Function for PYGM Gene

Molecular function for PYGM Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
phosphorylase,glycogen catabolism,muscle
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
((1->4)-alpha-D-glucosyl)(n) + phosphate = ((1->4)-alpha-D-glucosyl)(n-1) + alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Activity of phosphorylase is controlled both by allosteric means (through the noncovalent binding of metabolites) and by covalent modification. Thus AMP allosterically activates, whereas ATP, ADP, and glucose-6-phosphate allosterically inhibit, phosphorylase B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Phosphorylase is an important allosteric enzyme in carbohydrate metabolism. Enzymes from different sources differ in their regulatory mechanisms and in their natural substrates. However, all known phosphorylases share catalytic and structural properties.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PYGM Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PYGM Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000166 nucleotide binding IEA --
GO:0003824 catalytic activity IEA --
GO:0004645 phosphorylase activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0008184 glycogen phosphorylase activity IBA,TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PYGM: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PYGM: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for PYGM Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for PYGM Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PYGM

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for PYGM

No data available for Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PYGM Gene

Localization for PYGM Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PYGM gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PYGM Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IBA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23533145
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PYGM: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PYGM Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PYGM Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PYGM: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PYGM Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process IEA --
GO:0005977 glycogen metabolic process TAS 9633816
GO:0005980 glycogen catabolic process TAS --
GO:0008152 metabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PYGM: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PYGM Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PYGM Gene

(63) Drugs for PYGM Gene - From: DrugBank, DGIdb, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Phosphoric acid Approved Pharma 0
Adenosine monophosphate Approved Nutra 0
Glucose 1-phosphate Experimental Pharma Target 0
Inosinic acid Experimental Pharma Target 0
({[(3E)-2'-OXO-2',7'-DIHYDRO-2,3'-BIINDOL-3(7H)-YLIDENE]AMINO}OXY)ACETIC ACID Experimental Pharma Target 0

(7) Additional Compounds for PYGM Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
amylose
  • (1,4-alpha-D-Glucosyl)N
  • (1,4-alpha-D-Glucosyl)N+1
  • (1,4-alpha-D-Glucosyl)N-1
  • (1,4-alpha-delta-Glucosyl)N
  • (1,4-alpha-delta-Glucosyl)N+1
9005-82-7
Phosphate
  • NFB Orthophosphate
  • O-Phosphoric acid
  • Ortho-phosphate
  • Orthophosphate (PO43-)
  • Orthophosphate(3-)
14265-44-2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PYGM: view

Transcripts for PYGM Gene

Unigene Clusters for PYGM Gene

Phosphorylase, glycogen, muscle:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for PYGM

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PYGM Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PYGM Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PYGM
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PYGM

Expression for PYGM Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PYGM Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PYGM Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x44.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PYGM Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Blymphocyte (33.9), Tlymphocyte (18.4), and Neutrophil (10.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for PYGM Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PYGM Gene:

PYGM

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PYGM Gene:

Hs.154084

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PYGM Gene

  • Muscle(4.9)
  • Heart(4.2)
  • Liver(3.1)
  • Nervous system(3.1)
  • Thyroid gland(2.4)
  • Blood(2.3)
  • Eye(2.3)
  • Pancreas(2.1)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PYGM Gene

Germ Layers:
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • skeletal muscle
  • urinary
Organs:
Abdomen:
  • kidney
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PYGM: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PYGM Gene

Orthologs for PYGM Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for PYGM Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PYGM 34 35
  • 99.6 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PYGM 34 35
  • 91.96 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PYGM 34 35
  • 91.21 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pygm 34 16 35
  • 89.47 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pygm 34
  • 89.03 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PYGM 35
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PYGM 35
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PYGM 35
  • 83 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100491051 34
  • 74.73 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pygmb 35
  • 82 (a)
OneToMany
pygma 34 35
  • 76.11 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta GlyP 36 34 35
  • 71.79 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP007939 34
  • 69.28 (n)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea T22F3.3 34 35
  • 67.62 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes GPH1 35 37
  • 44 (a)
OneToMany
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons PHS2 34
  • 51.84 (n)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os01g0851700 34
  • 52.4 (n)
barley
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.4591 34
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 61 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for PYGM was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PYGM Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PYGM (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PYGM (if available)

Paralogs for PYGM Gene

Paralogs for PYGM Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for PYGM Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PYGM: view

Variants for PYGM Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PYGM Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs119103251 Pathogenic, Glycogen storage disease 5 (GSD5) [MIM:232600] 64,757,826(-) TCTAC(A/G)GCCAT reference, missense
rs119103252 Pathogenic, Glycogen storage disease 5 (GSD5) [MIM:232600] 64,752,064(-) AAACA(A/C)GTTGA reference, missense
rs119103253 Pathogenic, Glycogen storage disease 5 (GSD5) [MIM:232600] 64,751,331(-) TGGCC(A/G)AGAAA reference, missense
rs119103256 Pathogenic, Glycogen storage disease 5 (GSD5) [MIM:232600] 64,750,557(-) CTGAG(C/G)AGATC reference, missense
rs119103258 Pathogenic, Glycogen storage disease 5 (GSD5) [MIM:232600] 64,746,796(-) GAGAG(A/C/T)GGACG upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PYGM Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv153n27 CNV loss 19166990
dgv1965n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv1967n54 CNV loss 21841781
esv1261955 CNV insertion 17803354
esv3337325 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3362683 CNV duplication 20981092
nsv469962 CNV loss 18288195
nsv528506 CNV loss 19592680
nsv818842 CNV gain 17921354
nsv832189 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for PYGM Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 57.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.67; 72.92% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PYGM Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
PYGM
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
PYGM

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PYGM Gene

Disorders for PYGM Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(17) MalaCards diseases for PYGM Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
mcardle disease
  • glycogen storage disease v
glycogen storage disease
  • glycogenoses
glycogen storage disease vii
  • glycogen storage disease type vii
myoglobinuria recurrent
  • myoglobinuria, recurrent
myoglobinuria
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PYGM in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

PYGM_HUMAN
  • Glycogen storage disease 5 (GSD5) [MIM:232600]: A metabolic disorder resulting in myopathy characterized by exercise intolerance, cramps, muscle weakness and recurrent myoglobinuria. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10382911, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10382912, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10417800, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10590419, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10681080, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10714589, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10899452, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11706962, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12031624, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7603523, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8316268, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8535454, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9506549}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for PYGM

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
PYGM
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
PYGM
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
PYGM
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PYGM: view

No data available for Genatlas for PYGM Gene

Publications for PYGM Gene

  1. Genotype modulators of clinical severity in McArdle disease. (PMID: 17630210) Rubio J.C. … Lucia A. (Neurosci. Lett. 2007) 3 22 46 64
  2. Molecular heterogeneity of myophosphorylase deficiency (McArdle's disease): a genotype-phenotype correlation study. (PMID: 11706962) Martin M.A. … Arenas J. (Ann. Neurol. 2001) 3 4 22 64
  3. A missense mutation W797R in the myophosphorylase gene in a Spanish patient with McArdle's disease. (PMID: 10590419) Rubio J.C. … Arenas J. (Muscle Nerve 2000) 3 4 22 64
  4. Mutation analysis in myophosphorylase deficiency (McArdle's disease). (PMID: 9506549) Vorgerd M. … Kilimann M.W. (Ann. Neurol. 1998) 3 4 22 64
  5. The molecular genetic basis of myophosphorylase deficiency (McArdle's disease). (PMID: 7603523) Tsujino S. … DiMauro S. (Muscle Nerve 1995) 3 4 22 64

Products for PYGM Gene

Sources for PYGM Gene

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