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Aliases for PYCR1 Gene

Aliases for PYCR1 Gene

  • Pyrroline-5-Carboxylate Reductase 1 2 3 5
  • P5C Reductase 1 3 4
  • EC 1.5.1.2 4 63
  • Proliferation-Inducing Protein 45 3
  • ARCL2B 3
  • ARCL3B 3
  • P5CR 1 4
  • PIG45 3
  • PP222 3
  • P5CR 3
  • PRO3 3
  • PYCR 3
  • P5C 3

External Ids for PYCR1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PYCR1 Gene

  • GC17P079270
  • GC17P9I0077
  • GC17M080426
  • GC17M080569
  • GC17M077463
  • GC17M077484
  • GC17M079890
  • GC17M075291

Summaries for PYCR1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PYCR1 Gene

  • This gene encodes an enzyme that catalyzes the NAD(P)H-dependent conversion of pyrroline-5-carboxylate to proline. This enzyme may also play a physiologic role in the generation of NADP(+) in some cell types. The protein forms a homopolymer and localizes to the mitochondrion. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

GeneCards Summary for PYCR1 Gene

PYCR1 (Pyrroline-5-Carboxylate Reductase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PYCR1 include Cutis Laxa, Autosomal Recessive, Type Iib and Cutis Laxa, Autosomal Recessive, Type Iiib. Among its related pathways are Amino acid synthesis and interconversion (transamination) and Urea cycle and metabolism of amino groups. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor. An important paralog of this gene is PYCR2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PYCR1 Gene

  • Housekeeping enzyme that catalyzes the last step in proline biosynthesis. Can utilize both NAD and NADP, but has higher affinity for NAD. Involved in the cellular response to oxidative stress.

Gene Wiki entry for PYCR1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PYCR1 Gene

Genomics for PYCR1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PYCR1 Gene


Genomic Location for PYCR1 Gene

Chromosome:
17
Start:
81,932,384 bp from pter
End:
81,942,412 bp from pter
Size:
10,029 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for PYCR1 Gene

Genes around PYCR1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PYCR1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PYCR1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PYCR1 Gene

Proteins for PYCR1 Gene

  • Protein details for PYCR1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P32322-P5CR1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 1, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    P32322
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NFM2
    • B4DMU0
    • Q6FHI4
    • Q96DI6
    • Q9HBQ4

    Protein attributes for PYCR1 Gene

    Size:
    319 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    33361 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodecamer; composed of 5 homodimers.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAG17242.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=214; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PYCR1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for PYCR1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for PYCR1 Gene

Proteomics data for PYCR1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PYCR1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for PYCR1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P32322

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

P5CR1_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PYCR1: view

No data available for Gene Families for PYCR1 Gene

Function for PYCR1 Gene

Molecular function for PYCR1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 1,proline metabolic pathway,cytoplasmic
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=0.151 mM for NAD(+) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16730026}; KM=3.06 mM for NADP(+) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16730026};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
L-proline + NAD(P)(+) = 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate + NAD(P)H.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Subject to competitive inhibition by the reaction product proline. Subject to competitive inhibition by stearoyl coenzyme A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Housekeeping enzyme that catalyzes the last step in proline biosynthesis. Can utilize both NAD and NADP, but has higher affinity for NAD. Involved in the cellular response to oxidative stress.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PYCR1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PYCR1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004735 pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase activity IDA 16730026
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PYCR1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PYCR1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for PYCR1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for PYCR1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PYCR1:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for PYCR1

CRISPR Products

miRNA for PYCR1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PYCR1

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PYCR1 Gene

Localization for PYCR1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PYCR1 Gene

Mitochondrion.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for PYCR1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PYCR1 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 3
chloroplast 2
extracellular 1
nucleus 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PYCR1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PYCR1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PYCR1: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P32322-P5CR1_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Amino-acid biosynthesis; L-proline biosynthesis; L-proline from L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde: step 1/1.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PYCR1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008652 cellular amino acid biosynthetic process TAS --
GO:0034599 cellular response to oxidative stress IMP 19648921
GO:0034641 cellular nitrogen compound metabolic process TAS --
GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process IEA --
GO:0055129 L-proline biosynthetic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PYCR1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PYCR1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PYCR1 Gene

(5) Drugs for PYCR1 Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
L-Proline Approved Nutra Target 0
hydroxyproline Approved, Experimental Pharma 0
NADH Nutra Target 0
NAD Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 0

(6) Additional Compounds for PYCR1 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
nadph
  • 2'-(Dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-b-D-ribofuranosylnicotinamide
  • 2'-(Dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-delta-ribofuranosylnicotinamide
  • Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate) 2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) P'-5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-3-pyridinecarboxamide
  • Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate) 2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) P'-5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-delta-ribofuranosyl-3-pyridinecarboxamide
  • b-NADPH
53-57-6
1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid
  • (S)-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate
  • 1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylate
  • 1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid
  • 3,4-Dihydro-2h-pyrrole-2-carboxylate
  • 3,4-Dihydro-2h-pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid
2906-39-0
Hydrogen Ion
  • Hydrogen cation
  • Hydron
  • Proton
NADP
  • Adenine-nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate
  • b-NADP
  • b-Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
  • b-TPN
  • beta-NADP
53-59-8
Pyrroline hydroxycarboxylic acid
  • 3-Hydroxy-L-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate
  • L-1-Pyrroline 3-hydroxy-5-carboxylate
  • L-1-Pyrroline-3-hydroxy-5-carboxylate
  • L-Delta1-pyrroline 3-hydroxy-5-carboxylate
  • Pyrroline-hydroxy-carboxylate
22573-88-2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PYCR1: view

Transcripts for PYCR1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PYCR1 Gene

Pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PYCR1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b · 9c ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11a · 11b · 11c · 11d ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b · 14c · 14d ^ 15 ^
SP1:
SP2:
SP3:
SP4: - - -
SP5: - - - -
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10: - - -
SP11: -
SP12: - -
SP13:
SP14: - - - - -
SP15: - - -
SP16: - - -
SP17:
SP18:
SP19:
SP20:
SP21:
SP22: - - - - -
SP23: - - -
SP24:
SP25:
SP26:

ExUns: 16a · 16b ^ 17a · 17b ^ 18a · 18b · 18c ^ 19 ^ 20a · 20b ^ 21a · 21b · 21c · 21d · 21e · 21f ^ 22a · 22b · 22c ^ 23 ^ 24 ^ 25a · 25b
SP1: - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - -
SP4:
SP5: - - - - - -
SP6:
SP7: - - - - - -
SP8: - - - - -
SP9: - - - -
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13: - - - - - - -
SP14:
SP15:
SP16:
SP17:
SP18: - - -
SP19: - -
SP20: -
SP21:
SP22:
SP23:
SP24: - -
SP25:
SP26:

Relevant External Links for PYCR1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PYCR1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PYCR1

Expression for PYCR1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PYCR1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PYCR1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pancreas (x6.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PYCR1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin (23.8), Liver (15.2), Salivary gland (12.8), and Bone (7.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for PYCR1 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PYCR1 Gene Hs.163451

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PYCR1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Protein tissue co-expression partners for PYCR1 Gene

Orthologs for PYCR1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for PYCR1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PYCR1 35
  • 89.73 (n)
  • 93.4 (a)
PYCR1 36
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PYCR1 35
  • 87.98 (n)
  • 90.28 (a)
PYCR1 36
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pycr1 35
  • 86.3 (n)
  • 91.59 (a)
Pycr1 16
Pycr1 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PYCR1 35
  • 99.5 (n)
  • 99.7 (a)
PYCR1 36
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pycr1 35
  • 86.6 (n)
  • 92.48 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PYCR1 36
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 70 (a)
OneToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 36
  • 83 (a)
OneToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 83 (a)
OneToMany
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.1952 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii zgc73112 35
pycr1a 36
  • 80 (a)
ManyToMany
pycr1b 36
  • 70 (a)
ManyToMany
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.1655 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG5840 37
  • 45 (a)
P5cr 37
  • 39 (a)
P5cr 35
  • 52.18 (n)
  • 42.31 (a)
CG5840 36
  • 43 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP002308 35
  • 50.57 (n)
  • 43.02 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea M153.1 37
  • 50 (a)
M153.1 36
  • 47 (a)
OneToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PRO3 36
  • 30 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.9500 36
  • 52 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for PYCR1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PYCR1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PYCR1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PYCR1 (if available)

Paralogs for PYCR1 Gene

Paralogs for PYCR1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PYCR1: view

Variants for PYCR1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PYCR1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_059068 Cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, 2B (ARCL2B)
rs121918377 Cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, 2B (ARCL2B) 81,935,110(-) CATCC(A/G)CTGCA reference, missense
VAR_059070 Cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, 2B (ARCL2B)
VAR_059071 -
rs121918375 Cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, 2B (ARCL2B) 81,934,670(-) GCCTC(A/G/T)GGGCC intron-variant, reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PYCR1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv909052 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv428351 CNV Gain 18775914
dgv3330n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv3332n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv470620 CNV Loss 18288195
dgv3333n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv909134 CNV Loss 21882294
esv21913 CNV Gain+Loss 19812545
nsv909128 CNV Gain+Loss 21882294
nsv833569 CNV Loss 17160897
dgv3337n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv3338n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv3339n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv909151 CNV Gain+Loss 21882294
dgv3340n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv3341n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv3342n71 CNV Loss 21882294
esv29964 CNV Loss 17803354
nsv909160 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv909161 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv833571 CNV Loss 17160897
esv32874 CNV Loss 17666407

Variation tolerance for PYCR1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 32% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.03; 21.19% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PYCR1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
PYCR1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PYCR1 Gene

Disorders for PYCR1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(10) MalaCards diseases for PYCR1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, type iib
  • cutis laxa, autosomal recessive type 2b
cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, type iiib
  • cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, 3b
pycr1-related de barsy syndrome
  • pycr1 deficiency
geroderma osteodysplastica
  • geroderma osteodysplasticum
pycr1-related cutis laxa
  • cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, type iib
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PYCR1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

P5CR1_HUMAN
  • Cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, 2B (ARCL2B) [MIM:612940]: A disorder characterized by an excessive congenital skin wrinkling, a large fontanelle with delayed closure, a typical facial appearance with downslanting palpebral fissures, a general connective tissue weakness, and varying degrees of growth and developmental delay and neurological abnormalities. Patients do not manifest metabolic abnormalities. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:19576563, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19648921}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, 3B (ARCL3B) [MIM:614438]: A disorder characterized by an aged appearance with distinctive facial features, sparse hair, ophthalmologic abnormalities, intrauterine growth retardation, and cutis laxa. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:19648921, ECO:0000269 PubMed:22052856}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for PYCR1

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
PYCR1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PYCR1: view

No data available for Genatlas for PYCR1 Gene

Publications for PYCR1 Gene

  1. Cloning human pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase cDNA by complementation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (PMID: 1730675) Dougherty K.M. … Valle D. (J. Biol. Chem. 1992) 2 3 4 67
  2. Purification, characterization, and crystallization of human pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase. (PMID: 16600630) Meng Z. … Rao Z. (Protein Expr. Purif. 2006) 23 25 26
  3. Mutation in pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 1 gene in families with cutis laxa type 2. (PMID: 19576563) Guernsey D.L. … Samuels M.E. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2009) 3 23
  4. Overexpression of proline oxidase induces proline-dependent and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. (PMID: 16874462) Hu C.A. … Phang J.M. (Mol. Cell. Biochem. 2007) 25 26
  5. Delta1-pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid formed by proline dehydrogenase from the Bacillus subtilis ssp. natto expressed in Escherichia coli as a precursor for 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline. (PMID: 17536821) Huang T.C. … Wu M.L. (J. Agric. Food Chem. 2007) 25 26

Products for PYCR1 Gene

Sources for PYCR1 Gene

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