Aliases for PVR Gene
External Ids for PVR Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PVR Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PVR Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a transmembrane glycoprotein belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily. The external domain mediates cell attachment to the extracellular matrix molecule vitronectin, while its intracellular domain interacts with the dynein light chain Tctex-1/DYNLT1. The gene is specific to the primate lineage, and serves as a cellular receptor for poliovirus in the first step of poliovirus replication. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PVR Gene
PVR (Poliovirus Receptor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PVR include poliomyelitis and paralytic poliomyelitis. Among its related pathways are Immune System and Adhesion. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor activity and virus receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is PVRL3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PVR Gene
Mediates NK cell adhesion and triggers NK cell effector functions. Binds two different NK cell receptors: CD96 and CD226. These interactions accumulates at the cell-cell contact site, leading to the formation of a mature immunological synapse between NK cell and target cell. This may trigger adhesion and secretion of lytic granules and IFN-gamma and activate cytoxicity of activated NK cells. May also promote NK cell-target cell modular exchange, and PVR transfer to the NK cell. This transfer is more important in some tumor cells expressing a lot of PVR, and may trigger fratricide NK cell activation, providing tumors with a mechanism of immunoevasion. Plays a role in mediating tumor cell invasion and migration.
(Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for poliovirus. May play a role in axonal transport of poliovirus, by targeting virion-PVR-containing endocytic vesicles to the microtubular network through interaction with DYNLT1. This interaction would drive the virus-containing vesicle to the axonal retrograde transport (PubMed:2538245). Acts as a receptor for pseudorabies virus (PubMed:9616127). Is prevented to reach cell surface upon infection by human cytomegalovirus /HHV-5, presumably to escape immune recognition of infected cell by NK cells (PubMed:15640804).