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PVALB Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 59
GCID: GC22M037196

Parvalbumin

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(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
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This gene clusters with an RNA gene
Subcategory (RNA class): lncRNA

Quality score for the ORGUL clustered with this gene is 3

Aliases
parvalbumin1 2
D22S7492
Parvalbumin Alpha2

External Ids:    HGNC: 97041   Entrez Gene: 58162   Ensembl: ENSG000001003627   OMIM: 1688905   UniProtKB: P204723   
ORGUL members:         

Export aliases for PVALB gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC22M033811 GC22M035439 GC22M035521 GC22M020159


(According to Entrez Gene, GeneCards, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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Entrez Gene summary for PVALB Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is a high affinity calcium ion-binding protein that is structurally and
functionally similar to calmodulin and troponin C. The encoded protein is thought to be involved in muscle
relaxation. (provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008)

GeneCards Summary for PVALB Gene:
PVALB (parvalbumin) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with PVALB include breast fibrosarcoma, and subcortical band heterotopia. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is OCM2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PRVA_HUMAN, P20472
Function: In muscle, parvalbumin is thought to be involved in relaxation after contraction. It binds two calcium
ions




(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 75), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
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RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000022.11  NT_011520.13  NT_187631.1  NC_018933.2  
Regulatory elements:
   Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the PVALB gene promoter:
         Pax-5   AML1a   Lmo2   XBP-1   IRF-1   AP-4   Nkx2-5   E47   MZF-1   Cart-1   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidPVALB promoter sequence
   Search Chromatin IP Primers for PVALB

Epigenetics:
DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human, mouse, rat PVALB


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 22q13.1   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  22q12.3   HGNC cytogenetic band: 22q13.1

PVALB Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
PVALB gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 22         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC22M037196:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
37,196,728 bp from pter      End:
37,215,523 bp from pter
Size:
18,796 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to 1UniProtKB, HORDE, 2neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PRVA_HUMAN, P20472 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Parvalbumin alpha  
Size: 110 amino acids; 12059 Da
Mass spectrometry: Mass=11927; Mass_error=0.76; Method=Electrospray; Range=2-110; Source=PubMed:10036163;
2 PDB 3D structures from and Proteopedia for PVALB:
1RJV (3D)        1RK9 (3D)    
Secondary accessions: B2R4H7 P78378 Q4VB78 Q5R3Q9

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for PVALB: NX_P20472

Explore proteomics data for PVALB at MOPED

Post-translational modifications: 

  • Modification sites at neXtProt
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

  • See PVALB Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED, PaxDB, and MaxQB

    REFSEQ proteins: NP_002845.1  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000400247   ENSP00000216200   ENSP00000384735   ENSP00000386089   ENSP00000406977  

    PVALB Human Recombinant Protein Products:

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    LSBio Antibodies in human, mouse, rat for PVALB

    PVALB Assay Products:

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    Cloud-Clone Corp. ELISAs for PVALB
    Cloud-Clone Corp. CLIAs for PVALB


    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
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    HGNC Gene Families:
    EFHAND: EF-hand domain containing

    4 InterPro protein domains:
     IPR011992 EF-hand-dom_pair
     IPR002048 EF_hand_dom
     IPR008080 Parvalbumin
     IPR018247 EF_Hand_1_Ca_BS

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry P20472

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: P20472

    1 Blocks protein domain: IPB008080 Parvalbumin signature

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PRVA_HUMAN, P20472
    Similarity: Belongs to the parvalbumin family
    Similarity: Contains 2 EF-hand domains


    PVALB for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    transcription factor targeting from QIAGEN and/or HOMER, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, and Vector BioLabs, Cell Lines from GenScript, ESI BIO, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: PRVA_HUMAN, P20472
    Function: In muscle, parvalbumin is thought to be involved in relaxation after contraction. It binds two calcium
    ions

         Genatlas biochemistry entry for PVALB:
    parvalbumin,high affinity calcium binding protein,in muscle fibers IIB and GABAergic cells

         Gene Ontology (GO): 3 molecular function terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005509calcium ion binding IEA--
    GO:0042803protein homodimerization activity IEA--
    GO:0046982protein heterodimerization activity IEA--
         
    PVALB for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Phenotypes:
         3 GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for PVALB:
     Increased G1 DNA content  Increased cell number in G2M,   Increased gamma-H2AX phosphory 

         6 MGI mutant phenotypes (inferred from 10 alleles(MGI details for Pvalb):
     behavior/neurological  cellular  muscle  nervous system  no phenotypic analysis 
     normal 

    PVALB for phenotypes           About GeneDecksing

    Animal Models:
         MGI mouse knock-out Pvalbtm1Swal for PVALB

       inGenious Targeting Laboratory: Let us create your new Knockout/Knockin mouse model for PVALB
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory: Contact us about creating complex and humanized mouse models for PVALB

       genOway customized KO model: permanent, tissue-specific or time-controlled inactivation for PVALB
       genOway customized Knockin model: humanization, point mutation, expression monitoring, etc. for PVALB

    miRNA
    Products:
        
    miRTarBase miRNAs that target PVALB:
    hsa-mir-26b-5p (MIRT028750)

    Block miRNA regulation of human, mouse, rat PVALB using miScript Target Protectors
    5 qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate PVALB:
    hsa-miR-525-5p hsa-miR-4310 hsa-miR-766 hsa-miR-520a-5p hsa-miR-338-3p
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidPVALB 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
        
    OriGene RNAi products in human, mouse, rat for PVALB
    Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human, mouse, rat PVALB

    Gene Editing
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    Sino Biological Human cDNA Clone for PVALB
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    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for PVALB


    (According to UniProtKB, COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization database, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS: 

    CompartmentConfidence
    cytoskeleton3
    nucleus3
    cytosol2
    endoplasmic reticulum2
    extracellular1
    mitochondrion1
    plasma membrane1

    Gene Ontology (GO): 4 cellular component terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005634nucleus IEA--
    GO:0005737cytoplasm IEA--
    GO:0030424axon IEA--
    GO:0043234protein complex IEA--

    PVALB for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    (SuperPaths according to PathCards, Pathways according to R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to QIAGEN, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene).
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        Custom Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Arrays for PVALB
    Interactions:

        GeneGlobe Interaction Network for PVALB

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 14)

    Selected Interacting proteins for PVALB (ENSP000002162004) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D (see all 14)
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    PI4KBENSP000002716574STRING: ENSP00000271657
    PFKMENSP000003528424STRING: ENSP00000352842
    PPP3CAENSP000003783234STRING: ENSP00000378323
    TPM1ENSP000002679964STRING: ENSP00000267996
    MYL12AENSP000002176524STRING: ENSP00000217652
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 biological process term:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0051480cytosolic calcium ion homeostasis IEA--

    PVALB for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, ApexBio, HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB)
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    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
       Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences
      Browse compounds at ApexBio 

    Browse Tocris compounds for PVALB (PRVA)

    1 HMDB Compound for PVALB    About this table
    CompoundSynonyms CAS #PubMed Ids
    CalciumCa (see all 2)7440-70-2--

    1 DrugBank Compound for PVALB    About this table
    CompoundSynonyms CAS #TypeActionsPubMed Ids
    Formic AcidAminic acid (see all 5)64-18-6target--10592235

    Selected Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for PVALB gene (see all 45)    About this table
    Compound   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    lant-6 72.6 4 8252409 (3), 9290931 (1)
    gaba 70.9 71 10501476 (3), 7953747 (3), 17375209 (3), 8252409 (2) (see all 39)
    calcium 65.6 205 8801253 (4), 1512554 (4), 10036163 (4), 7641793 (3) (see all 99)
    glutamate 60.9 40 8979811 (2), 8813295 (1), 14708030 (1), 17439984 (1) (see all 33)
    choline 56.7 21 10392842 (2), 9469576 (1), 10495446 (1), 15922606 (1) (see all 20)
    allergens 52.7 23 20232779 (3), 15147451 (2), 10637712 (1), 17272958 (1) (see all 19)
    nmda 40.7 10 16452684 (3), 8801253 (1), 9520096 (1), 20148871 (1) (see all 6)
    kainate 37.4 4 8752591 (2), 11074157 (1)
    tyrosine 26.9 20 20383714 (2), 10495446 (1), 10967083 (1), 14708030 (1) (see all 19)
    cyanine 25.3 2 10408601 (1), 14754864 (1)



    PVALB for compounds           About GeneDecksing



    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN )
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    REFSEQ mRNAs for PVALB gene: 
    NM_002854.2  

    Unigene Cluster for PVALB:

    Parvalbumin
    Hs.295449  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: AA203126
    6 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000417718(uc010gwz.3) ENST00000216200(uc003apx.3) ENST00000406910
    ENST00000404171 ENST00000467935 ENST00000443735

    miRNA
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    Block miRNA regulation of human, mouse, rat PVALB using miScript Target Protectors
    5 qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate PVALB:
    hsa-miR-525-5p hsa-miR-4310 hsa-miR-766 hsa-miR-520a-5p hsa-miR-338-3p
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidPVALB 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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      QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat PVALB
      QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat PVALB

    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AK311832.1 BC069300.1 BC096112.3 BC096113.3 BC096114.1 BC096115.1 CR456552.1 X63070.1 

    3 DOTS entries:

    DT.116063  DT.92424907  DT.95086084 

    Selected AceView cDNA sequences (see all 98):

    X63070 AI003770 CR456552 AW139024 BP428769 AA010609 NM_002854 BX098124 
    BC069300 H47665 AI027079 BP431092 H92211 AI307387 BQ639294 AI767416 
    AI335012 H47585 AI861808 BQ638514 AA010608 AI022812 AI765610 H18303 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MaxQB, plus additional links to SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
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    PVALB expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: CTGGACAAGG
    PVALB Expression
    About this image


    PVALB expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
    Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database
     selected tissues (see all 5) fully expand
     
     Brain (Nervous System)    fully expand to see all 3 entries
             Midbrain tegmentum
     
     Adipose (Muscoskeletal System)
             Interscapular Brown Adipose Depot
     
     Neural Tube (Nervous System)
             Metencephalon
     
     Kidney (Urinary System)
     
     Skeletal Muscle (Muscoskeletal System)
    PVALB Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MaxQB3    About this image

    PVALB Protein Expression

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.295449
        Custom PCR Arrays for PVALB
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    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for PVALB

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
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    This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

    Orthologs for PVALB gene from Selected species (see all 11)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Pvalb1 , 5 parvalbumin1, 5 89.09(n)1
    87.27(a)1
      15 (36.93 cM)5
    192931  NM_013645.31  NP_038673.21 
     781911145 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves PVALB1 parvalbumin 74.55(n)
    79.09(a)
      396459  NM_001159315.1  NP_001152787.1 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia PVALB6
    parvalbumin
    79(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    5(22525081-22545720)
    tropical clawed frog
    (Xenopus tropicalis)
    Amphibia BX724784.12   -- 76.47(n)    BX724784.1 
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii Dr.141472 Danio rerio parvalbumin isoform 4b mRNA, complete cds 69.55(n)    AF467913.1 


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for PVALB (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for PVALB (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
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    Paralogs for PVALB gene
    OCM22  OCM2  
    10 SIMAP similar genes for PVALB using alignment to 4 protein entries:     PRVA_HUMAN (see all proteins):
    OCM2    OCM    CALN1    CALM1    CALM2    TNNC2
    CALM3    HZGJ    PPP3R1    PPP3R2

    PVALB for paralogs           About GeneDecksing



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), the Human Cytochrome P450 Allele Nomenclature Database, and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays, and Copy Number PCR Arrays from QIAGEN)
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    Selected SNPs for PVALB (see all 537)    About this table    
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 22 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs602498821,2
    C--20167620(+) ATCTT-/ATAGTAAA 1 -- int12Minor allele frequency- ATA:0.25NA 4
    rs1113663751,2
    C,F--37196293(+) TTTACC/ACATCT 1 -- ds50012Minor allele frequency- A:0.50NA 4
    rs48215281,2
    A--37196377(+) cccatC/Tcatcc 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs48215291,2
    C,F,H--37196448(+) TCAAAC/TCCCAA 1 -- ds500116Minor allele frequency- T:0.14NS EA NA WA CSA 794
    rs48215301,2
    C,F,H--37196459(+) CACTAA/GCAAAT 1 -- ds500112Minor allele frequency- G:0.44NS EA NA WA CSA 786
    rs57563491,2
    C,F,A,H--37196680(+) CCACCC/TCCTGC 1 -- ds500119Minor allele frequency- T:0.49NS EA NA WA 2342
    rs560104431,2
    --37196816(+) CAGGGA/GATGGG 1 -- ut310--------
    rs34841,2
    C,F,A,H--37196871(+) GTGGCA/GAGAGG 1 -- ut31 ese321Minor allele frequency- G:0.41MN NA PA EA WA EU 2249
    rs1818557701,2
    --37196879(+) AGGGGA/CCGAGA 1 -- ut310--------
    rs124839241,2
    C,H--37196905(+) AGAGAG/CGTGGA 1 -- ut314Minor allele frequency- C:0.00NS EA 420

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for PVALB (37196728 - 37215523 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 6 variations for PVALB:    About this table    
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    nsv3618CNV Insertion18451855
    nsv522590CNV Loss19592680
    nsv3617CNV Loss18451855
    dgv1403e1CNV Complex17122850
    dgv1404e1CNV Complex17122850
    dgv1405e1CNV Complex17122850

    Site Specific Mutation Identification with PCR Assays
    SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing PVALB
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for PVALB

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Novoseek, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
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    OMIM gene information: 168890    OMIM disorders: --

    Selected diseases for PVALB (see all 62):    
    About MalaCards
    breast fibrosarcoma    subcortical band heterotopia    gangliocytoma    scrapie
    oxyphilic adenoma    fetal alcohol syndrome    neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinoses    chromophobe renal cell carcinoma
    gitelman syndrome    renal oncocytoma    transient cerebral ischemia    progressive supranuclear palsy
    tuberous sclerosis complex    ganglioglioma    focal epilepsy    dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy
    diastolic heart failure    temporal lobe epilepsy    renal clear cell carcinoma    xeroderma pigmentosum, group a

    7 diseases from the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database for PVALB:
    Schizophrenia     Neurodegenerative disease     Brain disease     Hypersensitivity reaction type I disease
    Tetanus     Oxyphilic adenoma     Renal oncocytoma

    PVALB for disorders           About GeneDecksing


    Congresses - knowledge worth sharing:
    Alzheimer's & Parkinson's Diseases Congress (ADPD) 18 - 22 March 2015

    Selected Novoseek inferred disease relationships for PVALB gene (see all 57)    About this table

    Disease   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    oncocytoma 63.7 13 16927643 (6), 11337362 (1), 14695146 (1), 16166433 (1) (see all 7)
    epilepsy temporal lobe 54.9 3 1865007 (1), 9329455 (1), 16822257 (1)
    schizophrenia 48 18 11532725 (2), 12589379 (2), 15555777 (1), 11955958 (1) (see all 16)
    epilepsy 47 10 17535552 (1), 8064311 (1), 18562329 (1), 17267178 (1) (see all 7)
    fetal alcohol syndrome 39.9 2 19251116 (1)
    neurodegeneration 39.1 2 10448425 (1), 15043712 (1)
    allergy 38.2 7 15696099 (1), 19398906 (1), 12783765 (1), 11971005 (1) (see all 7)
    carcinoma renal cell 35.5 11 15286660 (4), 11504835 (3), 16927643 (1), 16512599 (1)
    gliosis 35.3 1 17485991 (1)
    neurofibrillary tangles 34.9 2 1717900 (2)

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): PVALB

    Export disorders for PVALB gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    TryGeneCards Plus

    PubMed articles for PVALB gene, integrated from 10 sources (see all 516) (see top 10):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with PVALB)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22. (PubMed id 10591208)1, 2, 3 Dunham I.... Wright H. (Nature 1999)
    2. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry: analysis of the Ca2+- binding properties of human recombinant alpha-parvalbumin and nine mutant proteins. (PubMed id 10036163)1, 2, 9 Troxler H.... Heizmann C.W. (Anal. Biochem. 1999)
    3. Human alpha and beta parvalbumins. Structure and tissue-specific expression. (PubMed id 8354278)1, 2, 9 Foehr U.G.... Heizmann C.W. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1993)
    4. The genes for the highly homologous Ca(2+)-binding proteins oncomodulin and parvalbumin are not linked in the human genome. (PubMed id 1559707)1, 3, 9 Ritzler J.M....Berchtold M.W. (Genomics 1992)
    5. A genome-wide association study of female sexual dysfunction. (PubMed id 22509378)1, 4 Burri A....Spector T.D. (PLoS ONE 2012)
    6. A genome annotation-driven approach to cloning the human ORFeome. (PubMed id 15461802)1, 2 Collins J.E.... Dunham I. (Genome Biol. 2004)
    7. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)1, 2 Gerhard D.S.... Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004)
    8. Parvalbumin genes from human and rat are identical in intron/exon organization and contain highly homologous regulatory elements and coding sequences. (PubMed id 2614829)1, 2 Berchtold M.W. (J. Mol. Biol. 1989)
    9. Evaluating PVALB as a candidate gene for SLC12A3-negative cases of Gitelman's syndrome. (PubMed id 18469313)1, 9 Riveira-Munoz E....Dahan K. (Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 2008)
    10. Distribution of parvalbumin and calretinin immunoreactive interneurons in motor cortex from multiple sclerosis post-mortem tissue. (PubMed id 18297277)1, 9 Clements R.J....Freeman E.J. (Exp Brain Res 2008)
    11. Calbindin and parvalbumin immunoreactivity in the developing and adult human retina. (PubMed id 8804689)1, 9 Nag T.C. and Wadhwa S. (Brain Res. Dev. Brain Res. 1996)
    12. Quantitative analysis of parvalbumin-immunoreactive cells in the human epileptic hippocampus. (PubMed id 17850980)1, 9 Andrioli A....DeFelipe J. (Neuroscience 2007)
    13. Strongly reduced number of parvalbumin-immunoreactive projection neurons in the mammillary bodies in schizophrenia: further evidence for limbic neuropathology. (PubMed id 17405923)1, 9 Bernstein H.G....Bogerts B. (Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 2007)
    14. The expression of PARP, NF-kappa B and parvalbumin is increased in Parkinson disease. (PubMed id 15257133)1, 9 SoA^s J....MajtAcnyi K. (Neuroreport 2004)
    15. Gene expression deficits in a subclass of GABA neurons in the prefrontal cortex of subjects with schizophrenia. (PubMed id 12867516)1, 9 Hashimoto T....Lewis D.A. (J. Neurosci. 2003)
    16. Contrast dependence and differential contributions from somatostatin- and parvalbumin-expressing neurons to spatial integration in mouse V1. (PubMed id 23825418)1 Nienborg H....Callaway E.M. (J. Neurosci. 2013)
    17. Genome-wide association studies of pit-and-fissure- and smooth-surface caries in permanent dentition. (PubMed id 23470693)1 Zeng Z....Marazita M.L. (J. Dent. Res. 2013)
    18. Loss of calretinin- and parvalbumin-immunoreactive axons in anterolateral columns beyond the corticospinal tracts of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis spinal cords. (PubMed id 23764361)1 Hayashi S....Okamoto K. (J. Neurol. Sci. 2013)
    19. Distribution and intrinsic membrane properties of basal forebrain GABAergic and parvalbumin neurons in the mouse. (PubMed id 23254904)1 McKenna J.T....Brown R.E. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2013)
    20. Distribution of GABAergic interneurons and dopaminergic cells in the functional territories of the human striatum. (PubMed id 22272358)1 BernA!cer J....GimAcnez-Amaya J.M. (PLoS ONE 2012)
    21. Novel genetic loci identified for the pathophysiology of childhood obesity in the Hispanic population. (PubMed id 23251661)1 Comuzzie A.G....Butte N.F. (PLoS ONE 2012)
    22. PVALB, a new HA1rthle adenoma diagnostic marker identified through gene expression. (PubMed id 20926528)1 Cerutti J.M....Riggins G.J. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2011)
    23. Parvalbumin: Targeting calcium handling in cardiac diastolic dysfunction. (PubMed id 20093724)1 Wang W....Metzger J.M. (Gen. Physiol. Biophys. 2009)
    24. A genome-wide short hairpin RNA screening of jurkat T-cells for human proteins contributing to productive HIV-1 replication. (PubMed id 19460752)1 Yeung M.L....Jeang K.T. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009)
    25. Pathways and genes differentially expressed in the motor cortex of patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. (PubMed id 17244347)1 Lederer C.W....Cavallaro S. (BMC Genomics 2007)
    26. Parvalbumin corrects slowed relaxation in adult cardiac myocytes expressing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy-linked alpha-tropomyosin mutations. (PubMed id 15059934)1 Coutu P....Metzger J.M. (Circ. Res. 2004)
    27. Paramagnetism-based refinement strategy for the solution structure of human alpha-parvalbumin. (PubMed id 15122922)2 Baig I....Quattrone A. (Biochemistry 2004)
    28. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PubMed id 14702039)2 Ota T.... Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004)
    29. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PubMed id 12477932)1 Strausberg R.L....Marra M.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2002)
    30. The Protein Data Bank. (PubMed id 10592235)7 Berman H.M....Bourne P.E. (Nucleic Acids Res. 2000)
    31. Distribution of calretinin, calbindin D28k, and parvalbumin in subcellular fractions of rat cerebellum: effects of calcium. (PubMed id 7790883)1 Winsky L. and KuA_nicki J. (J. Neurochem. 1995)
    32. An STS in the human parvalbumin gene (PVALB). (PubMed id 1561106)1 Ritzler J.M. and Berchtold M.W. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1992)
    33. IgE antibodies of fish allergic patients cross-react with frog parvalbumin. (PubMed id 15147451)9 Hilger C....Hentges F. (Allergy 2004)
    34. Expression levels of parvalbumins determine allergenicity of fish species. (PubMed id 19796207)9 Griesmeier U....Breiteneder H. (Allergy 2010)
    35. Purification, biochemical, and immunological characterisation of a major food allergen: different immunoglobulin E recognition of the apo- and calcium-bound forms of carp parvalbumin. (PubMed id 10764710)9 Bugajska-Schretter A....Spitzauer S. (Gut 2000)
    36. Parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons in the hippocampal formation of Alzheimer's diseased brain. (PubMed id 9284064)9 Brady D.R. and Mufson E.J. (Neuroscience 1997)
    37. Comparison of natural and recombinant forms of the major fish allergen parvalbumin from cod and carp. (PubMed id 18504705)9 Ma Y....Breiteneder H. (amp 2008)
    38. Distribution of parvalbumin-immunoreactive cells and fibers in the human amygdaloid complex. (PubMed id 8522643)9 Sorvari H....PitkAonen A. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1995)
    39. Competitive indirect ELISA for the determination of parvalbumins from various fish species in food grade fish gelatins and isinglass with PARV-19 anti-parvalbumin antibodies. (PubMed id 19951000)9 Weber P....Paschke A. (J. Agric. Food Chem. 2009)
    40. Ontogeny of two calcium-binding proteins (calbindin D-28K and parvalbumin) in the human inferior olivary complex and their distribution in the adults. (PubMed id 15183203)9 Nag T.C. and Wadhwa S. (J. Chem. Neuroanat. 2004)
    41. Purification, reactivity with IgE and cDNA cloning of parvalbumin as the major allergen of mackerels. (PubMed id 12842183)9 Hamada Y....Shiomi K. (Food Chem. Toxicol. 2003)
    42. The distribution of calbindin, calretinin and parvalbumin immunoreactivity in the human thalamus. (PubMed id 10989260)9 MA1nkle M.C....Faull R.L. (J. Chem. Neuroanat. 2000)
    43. Development of parvalbumin immunoreactivity in the chick Edinger Westphal nucleus. (PubMed id 8801253)9 Fujii J.T....Crossland W.J. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1995)
    44. Sensitive immunoassay for rat parvalbumin: tissue distribution and developmental changes. (PubMed id 1892868)9 Inaguma Y....Kato K. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1991)
    45. Diagnostic value of cytokeratin 7 and parvalbumin in differentiating chromophobe renal cell carcinoma from renal oncocytoma. (PubMed id 16927643)9 Adley B.P....Yang X.J. (Anal. Quant. Cytol. Histol. 2006)
    46. Densities of parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons in non-malformed hippocampal sclerosis-temporal neocortex and in cortical dysplasias. (PubMed id 16459206)9 Zamecnik J....Komarek V. (Brain Res. Bull. 2006)
    47. Anomalous inhibitory circuits in cortical tubers of human tuberous sclerosis complex associated with refractory epilepsy: aberrant expression of parvalbumin and calbindin-D28k in dysplastic cortex. (PubMed id 17156698)9 Valencia I....Katsetos C.D. (J. Child Neurol. 2006)
    48. Molecular dynamics study of Ca(2+) binding loop variants of silver hake parvalbumin with aspartic acid at the &quot;gateway&quot; position. (PubMed id 11922838)9 Fahie K....Nelson D.J. (amp 2002)
    49. Expression of calbindin-D28k and parvalbumin during development of rat's basolateral amygdaloid complex. (PubMed id 10884595)9 Berdel B. and MoryA9 J. (Int. J. Dev. Neurosci. 2000)
    50. Histological identification of premotor neurons for horizontal saccades in monkey and man by parvalbumin immunostaining. (PubMed id 7499534)9 Horn A.K....Henn V. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1995)
    51. Parvalbumin immunocytochemistry and calcium deposition in muscle fiber necrosis and subsequent regeneration following intramuscular injection of metoclopramide. (PubMed id 8159179)9 Olive M....Ferrer I. (amp 1994)
    52. An immunohistochemical study of parvalbumin containing interneurons in the gerbil hippocampus after cerebral ischemia. (PubMed id 7838065)9 Araki T....Itoyama Y. (Metab Brain Dis 1994)
    53. Distribution of parvalbumin-immunoreactive cells and fibers in the monkey temporal lobe: the hippocampal formation. (PubMed id 8320348)9 PitkAonen A. and Amaral D.G. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1993)
    54. Parvalbumin and calbindin D-28k immunoreactivity in transgenic mice with a G93A mutant SOD1 gene. (PubMed id 16546142)9 Sasaki S....Iwata M. (Brain Res. 2006)
    55. Comparison of allergenicity and allergens between fish white and dark muscles. (PubMed id 16436146)9 Kobayashi A....Shiomi K. (Allergy 2006)
    56. Mimotopes identify conformational epitopes on parvalbumin, the major fish allergen. (PubMed id 16150491)9 Untersmayr E....Jensen-Jarolim E. (Mol. Immunol. 2006)
    57. Gene transfer of parvalbumin improves diastolic dysfunction in senescent myocytes. (PubMed id 15173024)9 Huq F....Hajjar R.J. (Circulation 2004)
    58. Consequence of parvalbumin deficiency in the mdx mouse: histological, biochemical and mechanical phenotype of a new double mutant. (PubMed id 12798793)9 Raymackers J.M....Gillis J.M. (Neuromuscul. Disord. 2003)
    59. Illusive transience of parvalbumin expression during embryonic development of the primate spinal cord. (PubMed id 10221668)9 KnyihA!r-Csillik E....Csillik B. (Int. J. Dev. Neurosci. 1999)
    60. Parvalbumin, a horizontal cell-associated calcium-binding protein in retinoblastoma eyes. (PubMed id 9579485)9 KivelAo T. (amp 1998)
    61. Immunoreactive parvalbumin concentrations in parahippocampal gyrus decrease in patients with Alzheimer's disease. (PubMed id 1506869)9 Inaguma Y....Kato K. (J. Neurol. Sci. 1992)
    62. Ionic interactions with parvalbumins. Crystal structure determination of pike 4.10 parvalbumin in four different ionic environments. (PubMed id 1880797)9 Declercq J.P....Rambaud J. (J. Mol. Biol. 1991)
    63. Purification and characterization of the parvalbumin from monkey skeletal muscle. (PubMed id 2121412)9 Asaoka K. and Tanokura M. (Comp. Biochem. Physiol., B 1990)
    64. A recombinant hypoallergenic parvalbumin mutant for immunotherapy of IgE-mediated fish allergy. (PubMed id 17475857)9 Swoboda I....Spitzauer S. (J. Immunol. 2007)
    65. Ionotropic glutamate receptor GluR1 in the visual cortex of hamster: distribution and co-localization with calcium-binding proteins and GABA. (PubMed id 17375209)9 Ye E.A....Jeon C.J. (Acta Histochem Cytochem 2006)
    66. Ca2+ oscillations induced by testosterone enhance neurite outgrowth. (PubMed id 16449326)9 Estrada M....Ehrlich B.E. (J. Cell. Sci. 2006)
    67. Solution structure of human beta-parvalbumin and structural comparison with its paralog alpha-parvalbumin and with their rat orthologs. (PubMed id 15610002)9 Babini E.... Quattrone A. (Biochemistry 2004)
    68. Beta defensin-1, parvalbumin, and vimentin: a panel of diagnostic immunohistochemical markers for renal tumors derived from gene expression profiling studies using cDNA microarrays. (PubMed id 12548166)9 Young A.N....Amin M.B. (Am. J. Surg. Pathol. 2003)
    69. Severe IgE-mediated anaphylaxis following consumption of fried frog legs: definition of alpha-parvalbumin as the allergen in cause. (PubMed id 12359003)9 Hilger C....Hentges F. (Allergy 2002)
    70. Ischemia-induced degeneration of CA1 pyramidal cells decreases seizure severity in a subgroup of epileptic gerbils and affects parvalbumin immunoreactivity of CA1 interneurons. (PubMed id 11259124)9 Winkler D.T....Nitsch C. (Exp. Neurol. 2001)
    71. Localization of calcium-binding proteins and GABA transporter (GAT-1) messenger RNA in the human subthalamic nucleus. (PubMed id 10197772)9 Augood S.J....Emson P.C. (Neuroscience 1999)
    72. Ca2+/Mg2+ exchange in parvalbumin and other EF-hand proteins. A theoretical study. (PubMed id 9878449)9 Allouche D....Sanejouand Y.H. (J. Mol. Biol. 1999)
    73. Learning-related fos-like immunoreactivity in the chick brain: time-course and co-localization with GABA and parvalbumin. (PubMed id 10501476)9 Ambalavanar R....Horn G. (Neuroscience 1999)
    74. Parvalbumin, a cross-reactive fish allergen, contains IgE-binding epitopes sensitive to periodate treatment and Ca2+ depletion. (PubMed id 9449503)9 Bugajska-Schretter A....Spitzauer S. (J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 1998)
    75. Calcium-binding proteins and GABA reveal spatial segregation of cell types within the developing lateral superior olivary nucleus of the ferret. (PubMed id 9605341)9 Henkel C.K. and Brunso-Bechtold J.K. (Microsc. Res. Tech. 1998)
    76. Differential expression of calretinin, calbindin D28K and parvalbumin in the developing human cerebellum. (PubMed id 9370058)9 Yew D.T....Chan W.Y. (Brain Res. Dev. Brain Res. 1997)
    77. Parvalbumin and calbindin D-28 k immunoreactivity in dorsal root ganglia in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. (PubMed id 8875463)9 Nagano I....Bradley W.G. (Neuropathol. Appl. Neurobiol. 1996)
    78. Assignment of 13C resonances and analysis of relaxation properties and internal dynamics of pike parvalbumin by 13C-NMR at natural abundance. (PubMed id 8647099)9 Alattia T....CavAc A. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1996)
    79. Alpha-parvalbumin reduces depolarization-induced elevations of cytosolic free calcium in human neuroblastoma cells. (PubMed id 8842520)9 Dreessen J....KnAPpfel T. (Cell Calcium 1996)
    80. Calcium-binding proteins in primate basal ganglia. (PubMed id 8866512)9 Parent A....Cicchetti F. (Neurosci. Res. 1996)
    81. Changes in GABA and parvalbumin immunoreactivities in the cerebral cortex of lizards after narine occlusion. (PubMed id 7953747)9 Blasco-IbA!A+ez J.M....LA^pez-GarcA-a C. (Brain Res. 1994)
    82. The role of calcium-binding proteins in selective motoneuron vulnerability in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. (PubMed id 7998770)9 Alexianu M.E....Appel S.H. (Ann. Neurol. 1994)
    83. Localisation of parvalbumin-immunoreactive structures in primate caudate-putamen. (PubMed id 7822489)9 Bennett B.D. and Bolam J.P. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1994)
    84. Chronic intrastriatal quinolinic acid produces reversible changes in perikaryal calbindin and parvalbumin immunoreactivity. (PubMed id 7523988)9 Bazzett T.J....Albin R.L. (Neuroscience 1994)
    85. Calcium-binding proteins in the chick Edinger Westphal nucleus. (PubMed id 8481769)9 Fujii J.T. and Lucaj Z. (Brain Res. 1993)
    86. Compartmentalization of parvalbumin immunoreactivity in the human striatum. (PubMed id 8319092)9 Waldvogel H.J. and Faull R.L. (Brain Res. 1993)
    87. Parvalbumin-immunoreactive structures of the adult human entorhinal and transentorhinal region. (PubMed id 8269037)9 Schmidt S....Braak H. (Hippocampus 1993)
    88. Co-occurrence of gamma-aminobutyric acid, parvalbumin and the neurotensin-related neuropeptide LANT6 in pallidal, nigral and striatal neurons in pigeons and monkeys. (PubMed id 8252409)9 Reiner A. and Anderson K.D. (Brain Res. 1993)
    89. Calbindin and parvalbumin cells in monkey VPL thalamic nucleus: distribution, laminar cortical projections, and relations to spinothalamic terminations. (PubMed id 1328563)9 Rausell E....Jones E.G. (J. Neurosci. 1992)
    90. Parvalbumin and calbindin D-28K in the human entorhinal cortex. An immunohistochemical study. (PubMed id 1422819)9 TuA+A^n T....Soriano E. (Brain Res. 1992)
    91. Effects of low myoplasmic Mg2+ on calcium binding by parvalbumin and calcium uptake by the sarcoplasmic reticulum in frog skeletal muscle. (PubMed id 1512554)9 Jacquemond V. and Schneider M.F. (J. Gen. Physiol. 1992)
    92. Interaction of cupric ion with parvalbumin. (PubMed id 1567990)9 Permyakov E.A....Berliner L.J. (Biophys. Chem. 1992)
    93. Monosensitivity to pangasius and tilapia caused by allergens other than parvalbumin. (PubMed id 20232779)9 Ebo D.G....Stevens W.J. (amp 2010)
    94. Modeling the fluorescence of protein-embedded tryptophans with ab initio multiconfigurational quantum chemistry: the limiting cases of parvalbumin and monellin. (PubMed id 19835364)9 Pistolesi S....Olivucci M. (J Phys Chem B 2009)
    95. Modulation of perineuronal nets and parvalbumin with developmental song learning. (PubMed id 19828802)9 Balmer T.S....Nick T.A. (J. Neurosci. 2009)
    96. Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors in macaque V1 are most frequently expressed by parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons. (PubMed id 18265004)9 Disney A.A. and Aoki C. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2008)
    97. Subfield and layer-specific depletion in calbindin-D28K, calretinin and parvalbumin immunoreactivity in the dentate gyrus of amyloid precursor protein/presenilin 1 transgenic mice. (PubMed id 18583063)9 PopoviA8 M....Van Groen T. (Neuroscience 2008)
    98. Parvalbumin--the major tropical fish allergen. (PubMed id 18221468)9 Lim D.L....Lee B.W. (Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2008)
    99. Morphologic and neurochemical abnormalities in the auditory brainstem of the genetically epilepsy-prone hamster (GPG/Vall). (PubMed id 16026555)9 Fuentes-SantamarA-a V....LA^pez D.E. (Epilepsia 2005)
    100. The major allergen (parvalbumin) of codfish is encoded by at least two isotypic genes: cDNA cloning, expression and antibody binding of the recombinant allergens. (PubMed id 12431393)9 Van Do T....Elsayed S. (Mol. Immunol. 2003)
    101. Postnatal development of calcium-binding proteins immunoreactivity (parvalbumin, calbindin, calretinin) in the human entorhinal cortex. (PubMed id 14729133)9 Grateron L....Insausti R. (J. Chem. Neuroanat. 2003)
    102. Distribution of calcium-binding proteins in the cerebellum. (PubMed id 14964684)9 Bastianelli E. (Cerebellum 2003)
    103. Interspecific differences in the expression of the AMPA-type glutamate receptors and parvalbumin in the nucleus of Edinger-Westphal of chicks and pigeons. (PubMed id 12144860)9 Toledo C.A....Reiner A. (Brain Res. 2002)
    104. Changes of calretinin, calbindin D28K and parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons in the superficial layers of the hamster superior colliculus following monocular enucleation. (PubMed id 12213644)9 Kang Y.S....Jeon C.J. (Neurosci. Lett. 2002)
    105. In vivo acceleration of heart relaxation performance by parvalbumin gene delivery. (PubMed id 11160135)9 Szatkowski M.L....Metzger J.M. (J. Clin. Invest. 2001)
    106. Lamina-specific deficits in parvalbumin-immunoreactive varicosities in the prefrontal cortex of subjects with schizophrenia: evidence for fewer projections from the thalamus. (PubMed id 11532725)9 Lewis D.A....Pierri J.N. (Am J Psychiatry 2001)
    107. Parvalbumin is constantly expressed in chromophobe renal carcinoma. (PubMed id 11504835)9 Martignoni G....Bonetti F. (Mod. Pathol. 2001)
    108. Parvalbumin in cortical epithelial cells of the pigeon thymus. (PubMed id 10853953)9 Atoji Y....Suzuki Y. (J. Anat. 2000)
    109. Subfield- and layer-specific changes in parvalbumin, calretinin and calbindin-D28K immunoreactivity in the entorhinal cortex in Alzheimer's disease. (PubMed id 10408601)9 Mikkonen M....Miettinen R. (Neuroscience 1999)
    110. Expression and analysis of recombinant salmon parvalbumin, the major allergen in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). (PubMed id 10607310)9 Van Do T....Elsayed S. (Scand. J. Immunol. 1999)
    111. Developmental expression of calcium-binding protein-containing neurons in neocortical transplants. (PubMed id 9588594)9 Rosenstein J.M....Krum J.M. (Cell Transplant 1998)
    112. Premotor neurons for vertical eye movements in the rostral mesencephalon of monkey and human: histologic identification by parvalbumin immunostaining. (PubMed id 9514507)9 Horn A.K. and BA1ttner-Ennever J.A. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1998)
    113. Colocalization of parvalbumin and calbindin D-28k in neurons including chandelier cells of the human temporal neocortex. (PubMed id 9141648)9 del RA-o M.R. and DeFelipe J. (J. Chem. Neuroanat. 1997)
    114. Differential age-dependent effects of retinal deafferentation upon calbindin- and parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons in the superficial layers of the rat's superior colliculus. (PubMed id 8973816)9 Lane R.D....Rhoades R.W. (Brain Res. 1996)
    115. Cloning of two distinct cDNAs encoding parvalbumin, the major allergen of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). (PubMed id 8845026)9 LindstrA...Elsayed S. (Scand. J. Immunol. 1996)
    116. Immunoblot analysis of sarcoplasmic calcium binding proteins in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. (PubMed id 7707095)9 NiebrA^j-Dobosz I. and Lukasiuk M. (J. Neurol. 1995)
    117. Changes in shape and motility of cells transfected with parvalbumin cDNA. (PubMed id 7641793)9 Andressen C....Celio M.R. (Exp. Cell Res. 1995)
    118. Transient co-localization of calretinin, parvalbumin, and calbindin-D28K in developing visual cortex of monkey. (PubMed id 8576712)9 Yan Y.H....Hendrickson A.E. (J. Neurocytol. 1995)
    119. Parvalbumin-like immunoreactivity in nerve fibres within human molar tooth pulps. (PubMed id 7980117)9 Ichikawa H....Matsumura T. (Arch. Oral Biol. 1994)
    120. Local circuit neurons immunoreactive for calretinin, calbindin D-28k or parvalbumin in monkey prefrontal cortex: distribution and morphology. (PubMed id 8006226)9 CondAc F....Lewis D.A. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1994)
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    227. Cytosolic proteomic alterations in the nucleus accumbens of cocaine overdose victims. (PubMed id 17075605)9 Tannu N....Hemby S.E. (Mol. Psychiatry 2007)
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    254. Prenatal acoustic stimulation influences neuronal size and the expression of calcium-binding proteins (calbindin D-28K and parvalbumin) in chick hippocampus. (PubMed id 16962286)9 Chaudhury S....Wadhwa S. (J. Chem. Neuroanat. 2006)
    255. New striatal dopamine neurons in MPTP-treated macaques result from a phenotypic shift and not neurogenesis. (PubMed id 16481374)9 TandAc D....FranAsois C. (Brain 2006)
    256. Genomics of renal cell cancer-- does it provide breakthrough? (PubMed id 16554910)9 Kopper L. and TA-mA!r J. (Pathol. Oncol. Res. 2006)
    257. Labeled lines in the retinotectal system: markers for retinorecipient sublaminae and the retinal ganglion cell subsets that innervate them. (PubMed id 16978878)9 Yamagata M....Sanes J.R. (Mol. Cell. Neurosci. 2006)
    258. Treatment with phytoestrogen alpha-zearalanol might protect neurons of hippocampus in ovariectomized rats. (PubMed id 17526935)9 Dong Y.L....Zuo P.P. (Endocrine 2006)
    259. Messenger RNA expression ratios among four genes predict subtypes of renal cell carcinoma and distinguish oncocytoma from carcinoma. (PubMed id 16166433)9 Chen Y.T....Mazumdar M. (Clin. Cancer Res. 2005)
    260. Fish and shellfish allergy. (PubMed id 15659268)9 Wild L.G. and Lehrer S.B. (Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2005)
    261. Determinants of postsynaptic Ca2+ signaling in Purkinje neurons. (PubMed id 15820394)9 Hartmann J. and Konnerth A. (Cell Calcium 2005)
    262. Identification of allergens in Indian fishes: hilsa and pomfret exemplified by ELISA and immunoblotting. (PubMed id 16359130)9 Das A....Chatterjee B.P. (Indian J. Exp. Biol. 2005)
    263. Zinc-enriched amygdalo- and hippocampo-cortical connections to the inferotemporal cortices in macaque monkey. (PubMed id 16023236)9 Ichinohe N. and Rockland K.S. (Neurosci. Res. 2005)
    264. Susceptibility of striatal neurons to excitotoxic injury correlates with basal levels of Bcl-2 and the induction of P53 and c-Myc immunoreactivity. (PubMed id 15922606)9 Liang Z.Q....Qin Z.H. (Neurobiol. Dis. 2005)
    265. Allergy to fish parvalbumins: studies on the cross-reactivity of allergens from 9 commonly consumed fish. (PubMed id 16337465)9 Van Do T....Endresen C. (J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 2005)
    266. Chronic haloperidol or clozapine treatment does not alter parvalbumin immunoreactivity in the rat frontal cortex or hippocampus. (PubMed id 15555777)9 Cahir M....Reynolds G.P. (Neurosci. Lett. 2005)
    267. Don't get too excited: mechanisms of glutamate-mediated Purkinje cell death. (PubMed id 15661204)9 Slemmer J.E....Weber J.T. (Prog. Brain Res. 2005)
    268. An immunohistochemical approach to the differential diagnosis of renal tumors. (PubMed id 16512599)9 Skinnider B.F. and Amin M.B. (Semin Diagn Pathol 2005)
    269. Distribution of calcium binding proteins in visual and auditory cortices of hamsters. (PubMed id 15672239)9 Desgent S....Ptito M. (Exp Brain Res 2005)
    270. Mapping auditory core, lateral belt, and parabelt cortices in the human superior temporal gyrus. (PubMed id 16134138)9 Sweet R.A....Lewis D.A. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2005)
    271. Energetics, mechanics and molecular engineering of calcium cycling in skeletal muscle. (PubMed id 16106975)9 Rall J.A. (Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 2005)
    272. Antioxidant-like protein 1 is altered in non-pyramidal cells and expressed in astrocytes in the gerbil hippocampal CA1 region after transient forebrain ischemia. (PubMed id 16256080)9 Hwang I.K....Kim D.H. (Brain Res. 2005)
    273. Neurochemical characterization of the cerebellar-recipient motor thalamic territory in the macaque monkey. (PubMed id 15869482)9 Calzavara R....Luppino G. (Eur. J. Neurosci. 2005)
    274. The effects of gastric digestion on codfish allergenicity. (PubMed id 15696099)9 Untersmayr E....Jensen-Jarolim E. (J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 2005)
    275. Detection of fish antigens aerosolized during fish processing using newly developed immunoassays. (PubMed id 16088209)9 Lopata A.L....Lehrer S.B. (Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol. 2005)
    276. Neurochemical markers for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depression in postmortem brains. (PubMed id 15691526)9 Torrey E.F....Knable M.B. (Biol. Psychiatry 2005)
    277. Effects of GABAergic transmissions on the immunoreactivities of calcium binding proteins in the gerbil hippocampus. (PubMed id 15776449)9 Kwak S.E....Kang T.C. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2005)
    278. GABAergic interneurons in human subthalamic nucleus. (PubMed id 15645534)9 LAcvesque J.C. and Parent A. (Mov. Disord. 2005)
    279. Cerebellopontine calcification: a new entity of idiopathic intracranial calcification? (PubMed id 15959794)9 Saito Y....Kimura S. (Acta Neuropathol. 2005)
    280. Neurochemical characterization of dopaminergic neurons in human striatum. (PubMed id 15970454)9 Cossette M....Parent A. (amp 2005)
    281. TRPM6 forms the Mg2+ influx channel involved in intestinal and renal Mg2+ absorption. (PubMed id 14576148)9 Voets T....Hoenderop J.G. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004)
    282. Chemoarchitectonic heterogeneities in the primate zona incerta: clinical and functional implications. (PubMed id 15520528)9 Mitrofanis J....Benabid A.L. (J. Neurocytol. 2004)
    283. Chemical anatomy of the human paraventricular thalamic nucleus. (PubMed id 14666515)9 Uroz V....GimAcnez-Amaya J.M. (Synapse 2004)
    284. Brainstem motor nuclei respond differentially to degenerative disease in the mutant mouse wobbler. (PubMed id 15043712)9 Clowry G.J. and McHanwell S. (Neuropathol. Appl. Neurobiol. 2004)
    285. Gamma-aminobutyric acidergic interneuron vulnerability to aging in canine prefrontal cortex. (PubMed id 15334609)9 Pugliese M....Mahy N. (J. Neurosci. Res. 2004)
    286. Estrogen receptor alpha containing neurons in the monkey forebrain: lack of association with calcium binding proteins and choline acetyltransferase. (PubMed id 15306238)9 Perez S....Mufson E.J. (Brain Res. 2004)
    287. Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma: a comparative study of histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features using high throughput tissue microarray. (PubMed id 15569050)9 Abrahams N.A....Tickoo S.K. (Histopathology 2004)
    288. Evidence of newly generated neurons in the human olfactory bulb. (PubMed id 15246702)9 BAcdard A. and Parent A. (Brain Res. Dev. Brain Res. 2004)
    289. CD10 is expressed in a subset of chromophobe renal cell carcinomas. (PubMed id 15286660)9 Martignoni G....Bonetti F. (Mod. Pathol. 2004)
    290. Recurrent excitation of granule cells with basal dendrites and low interneuron density and inhibitory postsynaptic current frequency in the dentate gyrus of macaque monkeys. (PubMed id 15269966)9 Austin J.E. and Buckmaster P.S. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2004)
    291. Molecular abnormalities of the hippocampus in severe psychiatric illness: postmortem findings from the Stanley Neuropathology Consortium. (PubMed id 14708030)9 Knable M.B....Torrey E.F. (Mol. Psychiatry 2004)
    292. Expression of axonin-1 in developing amacrine cells in the chick retina. (PubMed id 14689482)9 Drenhaus U....Rager G. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2004)
    293. Neurons expressing calcium-binding proteins in the prefrontal cortex in schizophrenia. (PubMed id 14751422)9 Tooney P.A. and Chahl L.A. (amp 2004)
    294. Development of the human motor-related thalamic nuclei during the first half of gestation, with special emphasis on GABAergic circuits. (PubMed id 15269970)9 Kultas-Ilinsky K....Verney C. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2004)
    295. AII amacrine cells in the mammalian retina show disabled-1 immunoreactivity. (PubMed id 14961563)9 Lee E.J....Chun M.H. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2004)
    296. Spatiotemporal patterning of IP3-mediated Ca2+ signals in Xenopus oocytes by Ca2+-binding proteins. (PubMed id 14755000)9 Dargan S.L....Parker I. (J. Physiol. (Lond.) 2004)
    297. Characterization of gabaergic neurons within the human medial mamillary nucleus. (PubMed id 15262327)9 Dixon G....Harper C.G. (Neuroscience 2004)
    298. Human neural stem cell transplantation reduces spontaneous recurrent seizures following pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus in adult rats. (PubMed id 15374747)9 Chu K....Roh J.K. (Brain Res. 2004)
    299. The parahippocampal gyrus in the baboon: anatomical, cytoarchitectonic and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies. (PubMed id 14754864)9 Blaizot X....Insausti R. (Cereb. Cortex 2004)
    300. Vesicular glutamate transporters in the spinal cord, with special reference to sensory primary afferent synapses. (PubMed id 15065123)9 Alvarez F.J....Schneider S.P. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2004)
    301. Monocular enucleation induces nuclear localization of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV in cortical interneurons of adult monkey area V1. (PubMed id 14724256)9 Lalonde J....Chaudhuri A. (J. Neurosci. 2004)
    302. Repeated application of ketamine to rats induces changes in the hippocampal expression of parvalbumin, neuronal nitric oxide synthase and cFOS similar to those found in human schizophrenia. (PubMed id 15183509)9 Keilhoff G....Bernstein H.G. (Neuroscience 2004)
    303. Brainstem and basal ganglia lesions in xeroderma pigmentosum group A. (PubMed id 15535132)9 Hayashi M....Tamagawa K. (J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 2004)
    304. Induction of metabolic hypofunction and neurochemical deficits after chronic intermittent exposure to phencyclidine: differential modulation by antipsychotic drugs. (PubMed id 12589379)9 Cochran S.M....Morris B.J. (Neuropsychopharmacology 2003)
    305. Distribution of antinociceptive adenosine A1 receptors in the spinal cord dorsal horn, and relationship to primary afferents and neuronal subpopulations. (PubMed id 14580941)9 Schulte G....Molander C. (Neuroscience 2003)
    306. Cortical interneuron fate determination: diverse sources for distinct subtypes? (PubMed id 12764043)9 Xu Q....Anderson S.A. (Cereb. Cortex 2003)
    307. Adverse effects of maternal ethanol consumption on development of dorsal hippocampus in rat offspring. (PubMed id 12471458)9 Sakata-Haga H....Fukui Y. (Acta Neuropathol. 2003)
    308. Age-related changes in calbindin-D28k, calretinin, and parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons in the human cerebral cortex. (PubMed id 12821392)9 Bu J....Geula C. (Exp. Neurol. 2003)
    309. Antacid medication inhibits digestion of dietary proteins and causes food allergy: a fish allergy model in BALB/c mice. (PubMed id 13679824)9 Untersmayr E....Jensen-Jarolim E. (J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 2003)
    310. Morphological development and neurochemical differentiation of cerebellar inhibitory interneurons in microexplant cultures. (PubMed id 12617938)9 Koscheck T....Schilling K. (Neuroscience 2003)
    311. Distribution of and organisation of dorsal horn neuronal cell bodies that possess the muscarinic m2 acetylcholine receptor. (PubMed id 12763074)9 Stewart W. and Maxwell D.J. (Neuroscience 2003)
    312. Rapid and sensitive detection of messenger RNA expression for molecular differential diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma. (PubMed id 14695146)9 Li G....Tostain J. (Clin. Cancer Res. 2003)
    313. The human precentral sulcus: chemoarchitecture of a region corresponding to the frontal eye fields. (PubMed id 12711074)9 Rosano C....Lewis D.A. (Brain Res. 2003)
    314. Scavenger receptors facilitate protein transport in the trophotaenial placenta of the goodeid fish, Ameca splendens (Teleostei: Atheriniformes). (PubMed id 12975808)9 Schindler J.F. (J. Exp. Zoolog. Part A Comp. Exp. Biol. 2003)
    315. [Cross reactivity between fish and shellfish]. (PubMed id 12783765)9 Torres Borrego J....Tejero GarcA-a J. (Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2003)
    316. Reduced inhibition of dentate granule cells in a model of temporal lobe epilepsy. (PubMed id 12657704)9 Kobayashi M. and Buckmaster P.S. (J. Neurosci. 2003)
    317. Targeting diastolic dysfunction by genetic engineering of calcium handling proteins. (PubMed id 12586441)9 Coutu P....Metzger J.M. (Trends Cardiovasc. Med. 2003)
    318. Europium luminescence of EF-hand helix-turn-helix chimeras: impact of pH and DNA-binding on europium coordination. (PubMed id 14632531)9 Jain S....Franklin S.J. (Inorg Chem 2003)
    319. Patterns of calcium-binding proteins in human inferior colliculus: identification of subdivisions and evidence for putative parallel systems. (PubMed id 12617952)9 Tardif E....Clarke S. (Neuroscience 2003)
    320. Cajal-Retzius cells, inhibitory interneuronal populations and neuropeptide Y expression in focal cortical dysplasia and microdysgenesis. (PubMed id 12734663)9 Thom M....Sisodiya S.M. (Acta Neuropathol. 2003)
    321. Hypothalamus of the human fetus. (PubMed id 14729128)9 Koutcherov Y....Paxinos G. (J. Chem. Neuroanat. 2003)
    322. Heightened seizure severity in somatostatin knockout mice. (PubMed id 11823109)9 Buckmaster P.S....Low M.J. (Epilepsy Res. 2002)
    323. Role of Cajal-Retzius and subplate neurons in cerebral cortical development. (PubMed id 12523554)9 Sarnat H.B. and Flores-Sarnat L. (Semin Pediatr Neurol 2002)
    324. Are Ca2+-binding motifs involved in the immunoglobin E-binding of allergens? Olive pollen allergens as model of study. (PubMed id 12372128)9 Ledesma A....RodrA-guez R. (Clin. Exp. Allergy 2002)
    325. The cross-reactive calcium-binding pollen allergen, Phl p 7, reveals a novel dimer assembly. (PubMed id 12356717)9 Verdino P....Keller W. (EMBO J. 2002)
    326. A selective decrease in the relative density of parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons in the hippocampus in schizophrenia. (PubMed id 11955958)9 Zhang Z.J. and Reynolds G.P. (Schizophr. Res. 2002)
    327. A new look at calretinin-immunoreactive amacrine cell types in the monkey retina. (PubMed id 12373782)9 Kolb H....Cuenca N. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2002)
    328. CacyBP/SIP, a calcyclin and Siah-1-interacting protein, binds EF-hand proteins of the S100 family. (PubMed id 12042313)9 Filipek A.... Kuznicki J. (J. Biol. Chem. 2002)
    329. Organization of human hypothalamus in fetal development. (PubMed id 11954031)9 Koutcherov Y....Paxinos G. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2002)
    330. Effect of prenatal sound stimulation on medio-rostral neostriatum/hyperstriatum ventrale region of chick forebrain: a morphometric and immunohistochemical study. (PubMed id 12191729)9 Panicker H....Roy T.S. (J. Chem. Neuroanat. 2002)
    331. The decreases in calcium binding proteins and neurofilament immunoreactivities in the Purkinje cell of the seizure sensitive gerbils. (PubMed id 11738477)9 Kang T.C....Won M.H. (Neurochem. Int. 2002)
    332. PSA-NCAM immunoreactivity in chandelier cell axon terminals of the human temporal cortex. (PubMed id 12003861)9 Arellano J.I....MuA+oz A. (Cereb. Cortex 2002)
    333. Thalamic organization and function after Cajal. (PubMed id 12143393)9 Jones E.G. (Prog. Brain Res. 2002)
    334. A reliable primary human CNS culture protocol for morphological studies of dendritic and synaptic elements. (PubMed id 12204309)9 Hammond R.R....Wiley C.A. (J. Neurosci. Methods 2002)
    335. Chemoarchitecture of GABAergic neurons in the ferret superior colliculus. (PubMed id 12355417)9 Behan M....Meredith M.A. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2002)
    336. Molecular mechanisms of calcium and magnesium binding to parvalbumin. (PubMed id 11867433)9 Cates M.S....Phillips G.N. (Biophys. J. 2002)
    337. Non-granule PSA-NCAM immunoreactive neurons in the rat hippocampus. (PubMed id 11879789)9 Nacher J....McEwen B.S. (Brain Res. 2002)
    338. Cajal-Retzius and subplate neurons: their role in cortical development. (PubMed id 11995962)9 Sarnat H.B. and Flores-Sarnat L. (Eur. J. Paediatr. Neurol. 2002)
    339. Bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia due to filamin 1 gene mutation: widespread glomeruloid microvascular anomaly and dysplastic cytoarchitecture in the cerebral cortex. (PubMed id 12410386)9 Kakita A.... Takahashi H. (Acta Neuropathol. 2002)
    340. Recombinant carp parvalbumin, the major cross-reactive fish allergen: a tool for diagnosis and therapy of fish allergy. (PubMed id 11971005)9 Swoboda I....Spitzauer S. (J. Immunol. 2002)
    341. The density and spatial distribution of GABAergic neurons, labelled using calcium binding proteins, in the anterior cingulate cortex in major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia. (PubMed id 11904132)9 Cotter D....Everall I. (Biol. Psychiatry 2002)
    342. New aspects of calcium signaling in skeletal muscle cells: implications in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. (PubMed id 12445457)9 Gailly P. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2002)
    343. Neuronal calcium-binding proteins and schizophrenia. (PubMed id 12165373)9 Eyles D.W....Reynolds G.P. (Schizophr. Res. 2002)
    344. Comparison of simulated and measured calcium sparks in intact skeletal muscle fibers of the frog. (PubMed id 12198091)9 Baylor S.M....Chandler W.K. (J. Gen. Physiol. 2002)
    345. The p57Kip2 cyclin kinase inhibitor is expressed by a restricted set of amacrine cells in the rodent retina. (PubMed id 11135238)9 Dyer M.A. and Cepko C.L. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2001)
    346. Cognitive impairment in sporadic ALS: a pathologic continuum underlying a multisystem disorder. (PubMed id 11524474)9 Wilson C.M....Strong M.J. (Neurology 2001)
    347. Granule cells are the main source of excitatory input to a subpopulation of GABAergic hippocampal neurons as revealed by electron microscopic double staining for zinc histochemistry and parvalbumin immunocytochemistry. (PubMed id 11291726)9 Seress L....Gallyas F. (Exp Brain Res 2001)
    348. GABAergic neuronal subtypes in the human frontal cortex--development and deficits in schizophrenia. (PubMed id 11470557)9 Reynolds G.P. and Beasley C.L. (J. Chem. Neuroanat. 2001)
    349. Neuropathology of the limbic system and brainstem in West syndrome. (PubMed id 11701247)9 Hayashi M. (amp 2001)
    350. Differential expression of calcium-binding proteins in the red nucleus of the developing and adult human brain. (PubMed id 11218063)9 Ulfig N. and Chan W.Y. (Anat. Embryol. 2001)
    351. Cortical neurons expressing calcium binding proteins are spared in dementia with Lewy bodies. (PubMed id 11194939)9 GA^mez-Tortosa E....Hyman B.T. (Acta Neuropathol. 2001)
    352. Preservation of perisomatic inhibitory input of granule cells in the epileptic human dentate gyrus. (PubMed id 11738496)9 Wittner L....Freund T.F. (Neuroscience 2001)
    353. The human temporal cortex: characterization of neurons expressing nitric oxide synthase, neuropeptides and calcium-binding proteins, and their glutamate receptor subunit profiles. (PubMed id 11709488)9 GonzA!lez-Albo M.C....DeFelipe J. (Cereb. Cortex 2001)
    354. Expression profiling of renal epithelial neoplasms: a method for tumor classification and discovery of diagnostic molecular markers. (PubMed id 11337362)9 Young A.N....Neish A.S. (Am. J. Pathol. 2001)
    355. Comparison of calcium-binding proteins expressed in cultured hNT neurons and hNT neurons transplanted into the rat striatum. (PubMed id 11161613)9 Saporta S....Sanberg P.R. (Exp. Neurol. 2001)
    356. Differences in the regulation of neuropeptide Y, somatostatin and parvalbumin levels in hippocampal interneurons by neuronal activity and BDNF. (PubMed id 11105679)9 Marty S. (Prog. Brain Res. 2000)
    357. Morphological and neurochemical diversity of neuronal nitric oxide synthase-positive amacrine cells in the turtle retina. (PubMed id 11079711)9 Haverkamp S....Cuenca N. (Cell Tissue Res. 2000)
    358. GABAergic local circuit neurons and prefrontal cortical dysfunction in schizophrenia. (PubMed id 10719153)9 Lewis D.A. (Brain Res. Brain Res. Rev. 2000)
    359. Inhibitory circuits in human dysplastic tissue. (PubMed id 10999539)9 Spreafico R....Munari C. (Epilepsia 2000)
    360. Decrease in striatal enkephalin mRNA in mouse models of Huntington's disease. (PubMed id 10739639)9 Menalled L....Chesselet M.F. (Exp. Neurol. 2000)
    361. Evidence for the existence of non-GABAergic, cholinergic interneurons in the rodent hippocampus. (PubMed id 10683406)9 Frotscher M....Bender R. (Neuroscience 2000)
    362. Characterization of neuronal migration disorders in neocortical structures: loss or preservation of inhibitory interneurons? (PubMed id 10897147)9 Schwarz P....Luhmann H.J. (Epilepsia 2000)
    363. [Use of method of protein engineering in studying calcium-binding proteins]. (PubMed id 11155249)9 Permiakov S.E. and Permiakov E.A. (Biofizika 2000)
    364. A role for sodium and chloride in kainic acid-induced beading of inhibitory interneuron dendrites. (PubMed id 11074157)9 Al-Noori S. and Swann J.W. (Neuroscience 2000)
    365. An abnormal response of retinoblastoma cells (Y-79) to neurotrophins. (PubMed id 10845619)9 Wagner N....Grantyn R. (amp 2000)
    366. Expression of somatostatin subtype 1 receptor in the rabbit retina. (PubMed id 10967083)9 Cristiani R....Bagnoli P. (amp 2000)
    367. Immunohistochemical analysis of brainstem lesions in infantile spasms. (PubMed id 11211054)9 Hayashi M....Morimatsu Y. (Neuropathology 2000)
    368. Calcium ion in skeletal muscle: its crucial role for muscle function, plasticity, and disease. (PubMed id 10893434)9 Berchtold M.W....MA1ntener M. (Physiol. Rev. 2000)
    369. Parvocells: a novel interneuron type in the pacemaker nucleus of a weakly electric fish. (PubMed id 10870083)9 Smith G.T....Zakon H.H. (J. Comp. Neurol. 2000)
    370. Chemical anatomy of striatal interneurons in normal individuals and in patients with Huntington's disease. (PubMed id 11086188)9 Cicchetti F....Parent A. (Brain Res. Brain Res. Rev. 2000)
    371. Neurotransmitters, neuropeptides and calcium binding proteins in developing human cerebellum: a review. (PubMed id 11127973)9 Kwong W.H....Yew D.T. (Histochem. J. 2000)
    372. Altered expression of calcium- and apoptosis-regulating proteins in multiple system atrophy Purkinje cells. (PubMed id 10752575)9 WA1llner U....Klockgether T. (Mov. Disord. 2000)
    373. Early loss of interneurons and delayed subunit-specific changes in GABA(A)-receptor expression in a mouse model of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. (PubMed id 10902900)9 Bouilleret V....Fritschy J.M. (Hippocampus 2000)
    374. Afferents from the auditory thalamus synapse on inhibitory interneurons in the lateral nucleus of the amygdala. (PubMed id 11018786)9 Woodson W....Ledoux J.E. (Synapse 2000)
    375. Early destruction of the extracellular matrix around parvalbumin-immunoreactive interneurons in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. (PubMed id 10448054)9 Belichenko P.V....Celio M.R. (Neurobiol. Dis. 1999)
    376. Electrophysiological and morphological evidence for a GABAergic nigrostriatal pathway. (PubMed id 10341266)9 RodrA-guez M. and GonzA!lez-HernA!ndez T. (J. Neurosci. 1999)
    377. The internal globus pallidus is affected in progressive supranuclear palsy and Parkinson's disease. (PubMed id 10448425)9 Hardman C.D. and Halliday G.M. (Exp. Neurol. 1999)
    378. Neuron loss and axon reorganization in the dentate gyrus of cats infected with the feline immunodeficiency virus. (PubMed id 10421868)9 Mitchell T.W....Dudek F.E. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1999)
    379. Early development and composition of the human primordial plexiform layer: An immunohistochemical study. (PubMed id 10441754)9 Zecevic N....MarA-n-Padilla M. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1999)
    380. The IGF-I amino-terminal tripeptide glycine-proline-glutamate (GPE) is neuroprotective to striatum in the quinolinic acid lesion animal model of Huntington's disease. (PubMed id 10486177)9 Alexi T....Gluckman P.D. (Exp. Neurol. 1999)
    381. Seafood allergy: tropomyosins and beyond. (PubMed id 10637712)9 Leung P.S....Chu K.H. (J Microbiol Immunol Infect 1999)
    382. Persistence of Cajal-Retzius cells in the adult human cerebral cortex. An immunohistochemical study. (PubMed id 10212810)9 MartA-n R....de la Calle A. (Histol. Histopathol. 1999)
    383. Distribution and patterns of connectivity of interneurons containing calbindin, calretinin, and parvalbumin in visual areas of the occipital and temporal lobes of the macaque monkey. (PubMed id 10441237)9 Defelipe J....Elston G.N. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1999)
    384. Chemical heterogeneity of the striosomal compartment in the human striatum. (PubMed id 10495446)9 Prensa L....Parent A. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1999)
    385. Early appearance of acetylcholinergic, serotoninergic, and peptidergic neurons and fibers in the developing human central nervous system. (PubMed id 10402266)9 Yew D.T. and Chan W.Y. (Microsc. Res. Tech. 1999)
    386. Regional and cellular localisation of GABA(A) receptor subunits in the human basal ganglia: An autoradiographic and immunohistochemical study. (PubMed id 10553118)9 Waldvogel H.J....Faull R.L. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1999)
    387. Immunohistochemistry of neural markers for the study of the laminar architecture in celloidin sections from the human cerebral cortex. (PubMed id 10598866)9 Miguel-Hidalgo J.J. and Rajkowska G. (J. Neurosci. Methods 1999)
    388. Immunohistochemical evaluation of the marbled state in childhood hypoxic encephalopathy. (PubMed id 10483783)9 Araki S....Matsuyama H. (Acta Neuropathol. 1999)
    389. Immunocytochemical characterization of quisqualic acid- and N-methyl-D-aspartate-induced excitotoxicity in the retina of chicks. (PubMed id 9520096)9 Fischer A.J....Stell W.K. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1998)
    390. Interconversion of the ligand arrays in the CD and EF sites of oncomodulin. Influence on Ca2+-binding affinity. (PubMed id 9636056)9 Henzl M.T....Likos J.J. (Biochemistry 1998)
    391. Calcium-binding allergens: from plants to man. (PubMed id 9935306)9 Valenta R....Kraft D. (Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol. 1998)
    392. Purification of a 41 kDa cod-allergenic protein. (PubMed id 9544808)9 Galland A.V....Fleurence J. (J. Chromatogr. B Biomed. Sci. Appl. 1998)
    393. Developmental changes in human cerebellum: expression of intracellular calcium receptors, calcium-binding proteins, and phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated neurofilament protein. (PubMed id 9651004)9 Milosevic A. and Zecevic N. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1998)
    394. Interleukin-6 is not expressed in activated microglia and in reactive astrocytes in response to lesion of rat basal forebrain cholinergic system as demonstrated by combined in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. (PubMed id 9469576)9 Lemke R....Schliebs R. (J. Neurosci. Res. 1998)
    395. Schizophrenia and anteroventral thalamic nucleus: selective decrease of parvalbumin-immunoreactive thalamocortical projection neurons. (PubMed id 9645546)9 Danos P....Bogerts B. (Psychiatry Res 1998)
    396. Double magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. (PubMed id 9751284)9 Salerno A. and Georgesco M. (Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1998)
    397. Quantitative distribution of parvalbumin, calretinin, and calbindin D-28k immunoreactive neurons in the visual cortex of normal and Alzheimer cases. (PubMed id 9710527)9 Leuba G....Saini K. (Exp. Neurol. 1998)
    398. Model of sarcomeric Ca2+ movements, including ATP Ca2+ binding and diffusion, during activation of frog skeletal muscle. (PubMed id 9725890)9 Baylor S.M. and Hollingworth S. (J. Gen. Physiol. 1998)
    399. Chandelier cell axons are immunoreactive for GAT-1 in the human neocortex. (PubMed id 9512391)9 DeFelipe J. and GonzA!lez-Albo M.C. (Neuroreport 1998)
    400. Comparison of mesencephalic free-floating tissue culture grafts and cell suspension grafts in the 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rat. (PubMed id 9551835)9 Meyer M....Spenger C. (Exp Brain Res 1998)
    401. Dopamine innervation of a subclass of local circuit neurons in monkey prefrontal cortex: ultrastructural analysis of tyrosine hydroxylase and parvalbumin immunoreactive structures. (PubMed id 9823482)9 Sesack S.R....Lewis D.A. (Cereb. Cortex 1998)
    402. Binding of Ca2+ and Zn2+ to human nuclear S100A2 and mutant proteins. (PubMed id 9668057)9 Franz C....Heizmann C.W. (J. Biol. Chem. 1998)
    403. Isolation of parvalbumin isotypes by preparative HPLC techniques. (PubMed id 9516642)9 Ross C....Mari F. (amp 1998)
    404. Major glutamatergic projection from subplate into visual cortex during development. (PubMed id 9703030)9 Finney E.M....Shatz C.J. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1998)
    405. The midbrain dopaminergic cell groups in the baboon Papio ursinus. (PubMed id 10078618)9 McRitchie D.A....Halliday G.M. (Brain Res. Bull. 1998)
    406. Localization of mGluR1a-like immunoreactivity and mGluR5-like immunoreactivity in identified populations of striatal neurons. (PubMed id 9507137)9 Tallaksen-Greene S.J....Albin R.L. (Brain Res. 1998)
    407. Chemical phenotype of calretinin interneurons in the human striatum. (PubMed id 9776132)9 Cicchetti F....Parent A. (Synapse 1998)
    408. Fluorescence detection of calcium-binding proteins with quinoline Ca-indicator quin2. (PubMed id 9398354)9 Tatsumi R....Hattori A. (Anal. Biochem. 1997)
    409. Neurochemical architecture of the human striatum. (PubMed id 9214537)9 Holt D.J....Saper C.B. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1997)
    410. Disproportionate loss of CA4 parvalbumin-immunoreactive interneurons in patients with Ammon's horn sclerosis. (PubMed id 9291940)9 Zhu Z.Q....Grossman R.G. (J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 1997)
    411. Distribution of parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons in brain correlates with hippocampal and temporal cortical pathology in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. (PubMed id 9329455)9 Guentchev M....Budka H. (J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 1997)
    412. Distribution of parvalbumin-, calretinin-, and calbindin-D28k-immunoreactive neurons and fibers in the human entorhinal cortex. (PubMed id 9364239)9 Mikkonen M....PitkAonen A. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1997)
    413. Loss of inhibitory synapses on the soma and axon initial segment of pyramidal cells in human epileptic peritumoural neocortex: implications for epilepsy. (PubMed id 9288831)9 Marco P....DeFelipe J. (Brain Res. Bull. 1997)
    414. Neurofilament and calcium-binding proteins in the human cingulate cortex. (PubMed id 9259492)9 Nimchinsky E.A....Hof P.R. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1997)
    415. BDNF and TrkB co-localize in CA1 neurons resistant to transient forebrain ischemia in the adult gerbil. (PubMed id 9210875)9 Ferrer I....Blasi J. (J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 1997)
    416. Ca(2+)-induced conformational shift of the COOH-domain of eel skeletal muscle troponin C in the presence of physiological concentrations of Mg2+. (PubMed id 9172074)9 FranAsois J.M....Gerday C. (J. Muscle Res. Cell. Motil. 1997)
    417. Chronic focal neocortical epileptogenesis: does disinhibition play a role? (PubMed id 9250384)9 Prince D.A....Parada I. (Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 1997)
    418. Molecular and physiological diversity of cortical nonpyramidal cells. (PubMed id 9133407)9 Cauli B....Rossier J. (J. Neurosci. 1997)
    419. The cellular basis for the relative resistance of parvalbumin and calretinin immunoreactive neocortical neurons to the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. (PubMed id 9184132)9 Sampson V.L....Vickers J.C. (Exp. Neurol. 1997)
    420. The subthalamic nucleus in Parkinson's disease and progressive supranuclear palsy. (PubMed id 9034366)9 Hardman C.D....Morris J.G. (J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 1997)
    421. Huntingtin immunoreactivity in the rat neostriatum: differential accumulation in projection and interneurons. (PubMed id 9168825)9 Kosinski C.M....Standaert D.G. (Exp. Neurol. 1997)
    422. GABAergic neuroaxonal dystrophy and other cytopathological alterations in feline Niemann-Pick disease type C. (PubMed id 9255392)9 March P.A....Walkley S.U. (Acta Neuropathol. 1997)
    423. Progressive supranuclear palsy affects both the substantia nigra pars compacta and reticulata. (PubMed id 9126169)9 Hardman C.D....Morris J.G. (Exp. Neurol. 1997)
    424. Colocalization of parvalbumin, calretinin and calbindin D-28k in human cortical and subcortical visual structures. (PubMed id 9271194)9 Leuba G. and Saini K. (J. Chem. Neuroanat. 1997)
    425. Calcium-binding proteins in the substantia nigra and ventral tegmental area during development: correlation with dopaminergic compartmentalization. (PubMed id 9370056)9 Alfahel-Kakunda A. and Silverman W.F. (Brain Res. Dev. Brain Res. 1997)
    426. Pigeon basal ganglia: insights into the neuroanatomy underlying telencephalic sensorimotor processes in birds. (PubMed id 9290931)9 Veenman C.L. (Eur J Morphol 1997)
    427. Effect of seizures on hippocampal peptidergic neurons. (PubMed id 9292868)9 Mitchell J....Hervey V. (Neuropathol. Appl. Neurobiol. 1997)
    428. An optimal antigen retrieval method suitable for different antibodies on human brain tissue stored for several years in formaldehyde fixative. (PubMed id 9133585)9 Evers P. and Uylings H.B. (J. Neurosci. Methods 1997)
    429. Differential co-localization of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits with calcium-binding proteins in retinal ganglion cells. (PubMed id 9452220)9 Araki C.M....Hamassaki-Britto D.E. (Brain Res. 1997)
    430. Antibody recognition of calcium-binding proteins depends on their calcium-binding status. (PubMed id 8592150)9 Winsky L. and KuA_nicki J. (J. Neurochem. 1996)
    431. Transfected parvalbumin alters calcium homeostasis in teratocarcinoma PCC7 cells. (PubMed id 8741218)9 MA1ller B.K....Kater S.B. (Eur. J. Cell Biol. 1996)
    432. Inhibitory neurons in the human epileptogenic temporal neocortex. An immunocytochemical study. (PubMed id 8813295)9 Marco P....DeFelipe J. (Brain 1996)
    433. Parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons make inhibitory synapses on pyramidal cells in the human amygdala: a light and electron microscopic study. (PubMed id 8916080)9 Sorvari H....PitkAonen A. (Neurosci. Lett. 1996)
    434. Cytoarchitectural distribution of calcium binding proteins in midbrain dopaminergic regions of rats and humans. (PubMed id 8789281)9 McRitchie D.A....Halliday G.M. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1996)
    435. Hyperexcitability in a model of cortical maldevelopment. (PubMed id 8670677)9 Jacobs K.M....Prince D.A. (Cereb. Cortex 1996)
    436. Expression of NMDAR2D glutamate receptor subunit mRNA in neurochemically identified interneurons in the rat neostriatum, neocortex and hippocampus. (PubMed id 8915584)9 Standaert D.G....Young A.B. (Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res. 1996)
    437. Pre- and postnatal expression of amino acid neurotransmitters, calcium binding proteins, and nitric oxide synthase in the developing superior colliculus. (PubMed id 8979811)9 Mize R.R....Scheiner C.A. (Prog. Brain Res. 1996)
    438. Parvalbumin relaxes frog skeletal muscle when sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase is inhibited. (PubMed id 8779902)9 Jiang Y....Rall J.A. (Am. J. Physiol. 1996)
    439. Calbindin-D28K cells in the hamster SCN express light-induced Fos. (PubMed id 8817537)9 Silver R....LeSauter J. (Neuroreport 1996)
    440. Membrane abnormalities and Ca homeostasis in muscles of the mdx mouse, an animal model of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy: a review. (PubMed id 8729700)9 Gillis J.M. (Acta Physiol. Scand. 1996)
    441. Immunohistochemistry of human cutaneous Meissner and pacinian corpuscles. (PubMed id 8807618)9 Vega J.A....Del Valle M.E. (Microsc. Res. Tech. 1996)
    442. Developmental changes revealed by immunohistochemical markers in human cerebral cortex. (PubMed id 8922336)9 Honig L.S....Shatz C.J. (Cereb. Cortex 1996)
    443. Expression of calbindin-D28K in motoneuron hybrid cells after retroviral infection with calbindin-D28K cDNA prevents amyotrophic lateral sclerosis IgG-mediated cytotoxicity. (PubMed id 8692898)9 Ho B.K....Appel S.H. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1996)
    444. Parvalbumin, calbindin, and calretinin mark distinct pathways during development of monkey dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus. (PubMed id 8885200)9 Yan Y.H....Hendrickson A. (J. Neurobiol. 1996)
    445. Regulation of calcium-binding protein immunoreactivity in GABA neurons of macaque primary visual cortex. (PubMed id 8670656)9 Carder R.K....Hendry S.H. (Cereb. Cortex 1996)
    446. The calcium binding protein calretinin is a selective marker for malignant pleural mesotheliomas of the epithelial type. (PubMed id 8692714)9 Gotzos V....Celio M.R. (Pathol. Res. Pract. 1996)
    447. Substantia nigra pars reticulata neurons in Parkinson's disease. (PubMed id 8731382)9 Hardman C.D....Morris J.G. (Neurodegeneration 1996)
    448. Cellular expression of ionotropic glutamate receptor subunits on specific striatal neuron types and its implication for striatal vulnerability in glutamate receptor-mediated excitotoxicity. (PubMed id 8809793)9 Chen Q....Reiner A. (Neuroscience 1996)
    449. Identification of an S100A1/S100B target protein: phosphoglucomutase. (PubMed id 8894274)9 Landar A....Zimmer D.B. (Cell Calcium 1996)
    450. Differential abundance of glutamate transporter subtypes in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)-vulnerable versus ALS-resistant brain stem motor cell groups. (PubMed id 8934560)9 Medina L....Reiner A. (Exp. Neurol. 1996)
    451. Decreased parvalbumin immunoreactivity in surviving Purkinje cells of patients with spinocerebellar ataxia-1. (PubMed id 8710087)9 Vig P.J....Subramony S.H. (Neurology 1996)
    452. Calretinin-immunoreactive cells and fibers in the human amygdaloid complex. (PubMed id 8726994)9 Sorvari H....PitkAonen A. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1996)
    453. Are the interlaminar zones of the ferret dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus actually part of the perigeniculate nucleus? (PubMed id 8815875)9 Sanchez-Vives M.V....McCormick D.A. (J. Neurosci. 1996)
    454. Local circuit neurons in the medial prefrontal cortex (areas 24a,b,c, 25 and 32) in the monkey: II. Quantitative areal and laminar distributions. (PubMed id 8821450)9 Gabbott P.L. and Bacon S.J. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1996)
    455. Interaction of polyamines with the Ca(2+)-binding protein parvalbumin. (PubMed id 7607221)9 Sudhakar K....Vanderkooi J.M. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1995)
    456. Neuronal injury following electrically induced status epilepticus with and without adenosine receptor antagonism. (PubMed id 7649219)9 Young D. and Dragunow M. (Exp. Neurol. 1995)
    457. Identification of neuronal calcium sensor (NCS-1) possibly involved in the regulation of receptor phosphorylation. (PubMed id 8903951)9 Nef S....Nef P. (J. Recept. Signal Transduct. Res. 1995)
    458. Neurochemical profile of glioneuronal lesions from patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsies. (PubMed id 7666058)9 Wolf H.K....Wiestler O.D. (J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 1995)
    459. [Study of conformation transitions in proteins by tryptophan fluorescence and phosphorescence at low temperatures]. (PubMed id 7783738)9 Permiakov E.A. and DeA-kus G.I.u. (Mol. Biol. (Mosk.) 1995)
    460. Parvalbumin is a marker of ALS-resistant motor neurons. (PubMed id 7766841)9 Elliott J.L. and Snider W.D. (Neuroreport 1995)
    461. Increased intracellular calcium triggered by immune mechanisms in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. (PubMed id 9021258)9 Appel S.H....Stefani E. (Clin. Neurosci. 1995-1996)
    462. Preferential neuronal loss in layer III of the medial entorhinal cortex in rat models of temporal lobe epilepsy. (PubMed id 7472396)9 Du F....Schwarcz R. (J. Neurosci. 1995)
    463. Engineering magnesium selectivity in the helix-loop-helix calcium-binding motif. (PubMed id 7487056)9 Reid R.E. and Procyshyn R.M. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 1995)
    464. Cortical Lewy body-containing neurons are pyramidal cells: laser confocal imaging of double-immunolabeled sections with anti-ubiquitin and SMI32. (PubMed id 7618438)9 Wakabayashi K....Masliah E. (Acta Neuropathol. 1995)
    465. Interconversion of the CD and EF sites in oncomodulin. Influence on the Eu3+ 7F0--&gt;5D0 excitation spectrum. (PubMed id 7827057)9 Kauffman J.F....Henzl M.T. (Biochemistry 1995)
    466. Localization of AMPA-selective excitatory amino acid receptor subunits in identified populations of striatal neurons. (PubMed id 7969927)9 Tallaksen-Greene S.J. and Albin R.L. (Neuroscience 1994)
    467. Immunohistochemical localization of calcium-binding proteins in the human cutaneous sensory corpuscles. (PubMed id 8028786)9 Del Valle M.E....Vega J.A. (Neurosci. Lett. 1994)
    468. Immunochemical analysis of some proteins in cerebrospinal fluid and serum of patients with ischemic strokes. (PubMed id 7982025)9 NiebrA^j-Dobosz I....Mossakowski M.J. (Folia Neuropathol 1994)
    469. Parvalbumin and calbindin-D28k immunocytochemistry in human neocortical epileptic foci. (PubMed id 8064311)9 Ferrer I....Rivera R. (J. Neurol. Sci. 1994)
    470. Red-edge excitation fluorescence spectroscopy of proteins in reversed micelles. (PubMed id 7527218)9 Guz A. and Wasylewski Z. (J. Protein Chem. 1994)
    471. Biochemical attempt to characterize thirteen cichlid species by their muscular parvalbumins. (PubMed id 7519461)9 Focant B....Vandewalle P. (Arch Int Physiol Biochim Biophys 1994)
    472. Delayed damage of striatal interneurons after cerebral ischemia in the gerbil. (PubMed id 7970228)9 Araki T....Kato K. (Neurosci. Lett. 1994)
    473. Poor correlation between delayed neuronal death induced by transient forebrain ischemia, and immunoreactivity for parvalbumin and calbindin D-28k in developing gerbil hippocampus. (PubMed id 7941974)9 Tortosa A. and Ferrer I. (Acta Neuropathol. 1994)
    474. Architectonic subdivision of the orbital and medial prefrontal cortex in the macaque monkey. (PubMed id 7527805)9 Carmichael S.T. and Price J.L. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1994)
    475. Changes in crossbridge and non-crossbridge energetics during moderate fatigue of frog muscle fibres. (PubMed id 8254523)9 Barclay C.J....Woledge R.C. (J. Physiol. (Lond.) 1993)
    476. Differential incorporation of processes derived from different classes of neurons into senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease. (PubMed id 8256587)9 Adams L.A. and Munoz D.G. (Acta Neuropathol. 1993)
    477. Patterns of neuronal degeneration in the motor cortex of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients. (PubMed id 8396837)9 Nihei K....Kowall N.W. (Acta Neuropathol. 1993)
    478. Local circuit neurons of developing and mature macaque prefrontal cortex: Golgi and immunocytochemical characteristics. (PubMed id 7678612)9 Lund J.S. and Lewis D.A. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1993)
    479. Involvement of NPY-immunoreactive neurons in the cerebral cortex of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients. (PubMed id 8264981)9 Nihei K. and Kowall N.W. (Neurosci. Lett. 1993)
    480. Neurochemical development of the hippocampal region in the fetal rhesus monkey. I. Early appearance of peptides, calcium-binding proteins, DARPP-32, and monoamine innervation in the entorhinal cortex during the first half of gestation (E47 to E90). (PubMed id 8353610)9 Berger B....Goldman-Rakic P.S. (Hippocampus 1993)
    481. Chromogranin A, a soluble synaptic vesicle protein, is found in cortical neurons other than previously defined peptidergic neurons in the human neocortex. (PubMed id 8448675)9 Adams L.A....Munoz D.G. (Brain Res. 1993)
    482. Distribution, morphological features, and synaptic connections of parvalbumin- and calbindin D28k-immunoreactive neurons in the human hippocampal formation. (PubMed id 8276998)9 Seress L....Freund T.F. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1993)
    483. Calcium signaling in the brain. (PubMed id 8317243)9 Heizmann C.W. (Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars) 1993)
    484. Immunohistochemical patterns of selective cellular vulnerability in human cerebral ischemia. (PubMed id 8277338)9 Leifer D. and Kowall N.W. (J. Neurol. Sci. 1993)
    485. Symmetrical rearrangement of the cation-binding sites of parvalbumin upon Ca2+/Mg2+ exchange. A study by 1H 2D NMR. (PubMed id 8095405)9 Blancuzzi Y....CavAc A. (Biochemistry 1993)
    486. Calretinin immunoreactivity in the monkey hippocampal formation--I. Light and electron microscopic characteristics and co-localization with other calcium-binding proteins. (PubMed id 8413936)9 Seress L....Leranth C. (Neuroscience 1993)
    487. The Leydig cell of the human testis--a new member of the diffuse neuroendocrine system. (PubMed id 8472301)9 Davidoff M.S....Holstein A.F. (Cell Tissue Res. 1993)
    488. Structural fluctuations in proteins revealed by time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. (PubMed id 16121443)9 Ferreira S.T. (Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 1993)
    489. Association of efferent neurons to the compartmental architecture of the superior colliculus. (PubMed id 1438296)9 Illing R.B. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1992)
    490. Relative sparing of GABAergic interneurons in the striatum of gerbils with ischemia-induced lesions. (PubMed id 1542438)9 Gonzales C....Chesselet M.F. (Neurosci. Lett. 1992)
    491. Calcium-binding proteins in the nervous system. (PubMed id 1384200)9 Baimbridge K.G....Rogers J.H. (Trends Neurosci. 1992)
    492. Postnatal development of parvalbumin immunoreactivity in axon terminals of basket and chandelier neurons in monkey neocortex. (PubMed id 1589590)9 Akil M. and Lewis D.A. (amp 1992)
    493. Abnormal local-circuit neurons in epilepsia partialis continua associated with focal cortical dysplasia. (PubMed id 1636380)9 Ferrer I....AlcA!ntara S. (Acta Neuropathol. 1992)
    494. Chronic deafferentation in monkeys differentially affects nociceptive and nonnociceptive pathways distinguished by specific calcium-binding proteins and down-regulates gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptors at thalamic levels. (PubMed id 1313562)9 Rausell E....Jones E.G. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1992)
    495. The intracisternal A particle derived solo LTR promoter of the rat oncomodulin gene is not present in the mouse gene. (PubMed id 1468649)9 Banville D....Boie Y. (Genetica 1992)
    496. Organization and plasticity of GABA neurons and receptors in monkey visual cortex. (PubMed id 1321463)9 Hendry S. and Carder R.K. (Prog. Brain Res. 1992)
    497. Calcium-binding proteins: an overview. (PubMed id 1864864)9 Weinman S. (J Biol Buccale 1991)
    498. Parvalbumin- and calbindin D28k-immunoreactive neurons in the hippocampal formation of the macaque monkey. (PubMed id 1761752)9 Seress L....Freund T.F. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1991)
    499. Calcium-binding protein (calbindin-D28K) and parvalbumin immunocytochemistry in the normal and epileptic human hippocampus. (PubMed id 1865007)9 Sloviter R.S....Laxer K.D. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1991)
    500. Parvalbumin- and calbindin-containing neurons in the monkey medial geniculate complex: differential distribution and cortical layer specific projections. (PubMed id 2039948)9 Hashikawa T....Jones E.G. (Brain Res. 1991)
    501. Morphological taxonomy of the neurons of the primate striatum. (PubMed id 1722488)9 Yelnik J....TandAc D. (J. Comp. Neurol. 1991)
    502. Decline of myoplasmic Ca2+, recovery of calcium release and sarcoplasmic Ca2+ pump properties in frog skeletal muscle. (PubMed id 1667802)9 Klein M.G....Schneider M.F. (J. Physiol. (Lond.) 1991)
    503. Binding shift assay of parvalbumin, calmodulin and carbonic anhydrase by high-performance capillary electrophoresis. (PubMed id 1908870)9 Kajiwara H....Oono K. (J. Biochem. Biophys. Methods 1991)
    504. Parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons in the neocortex are resistant to degeneration in Alzheimer's disease. (PubMed id 2061713)9 Hof P.R....Morrison J.H. (J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 1991)
    505. Sensitive enzyme immunoassay for human 28 kDa calbindin-D. (PubMed id 1756591)9 Zhu Y.Y....Kato K. ( international journal of clinical chemistry 1991)
    506. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic studies of Ca(2+)-binding proteins. (PubMed id 1911755)9 Jackson M....Chapman D. (Biochemistry 1991)
    507. Parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons in the human central nervous system are decreased in Alzheimer's disease. (PubMed id 2028743)9 Satoh J....Tateishi J. (Acta Neuropathol. 1991)
    508. N-terminal sequence analysis of N alpha-acetylated proteins after unblocking with N-acylaminoacyl-peptide hydrolase. (PubMed id 1807161)9 Krishna R.G....Wold F. (Anal. Biochem. 1991)
    509. Calcium- and magnesium-binding properties of oncomodulin. Direct binding studies and microcalorimetry. (PubMed id 2108959)9 Cox J.A....MacManus J.P. (J. Biol. Chem. 1990)
    510. Comparison of metal ion-induced conformational changes in parvalbumin and oncomodulin as probed by the intrinsic fluorescence of tryptophan 102. (PubMed id 2365679)9 Hutnik C.M....Szabo A.G. (J. Biol. Chem. 1990)

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     Custom PCR Arrays for PVALB Search Chromatin IP Primers for PVALB
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     Search for Antibodies & Assays

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     Search www.enzolifesciences.com for proteins, assays, substrates, inhibitors & antibodies

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     Vector BioLabs ready-to-use adenovirus/AAV for human, mouse, rat PVALB
     inGenious Targeting Laboratory: Let us create your new Knockout/Knockin mouse model for PVALB
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    GeneCards Homepage - Last full update: 7 May 2014 - Incrementals: 9 May 2014 , 2 Jun 2014 , 26 Jun 2014 , 30 Jun 2014

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