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Aliases for PTPN4 Gene

Aliases for PTPN4 Gene

  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 4 2 3 5
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 4 (Megakaryocyte) 2 3
  • Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase MEG1 3 4
  • PTPase-MEG1 3 4
  • EC 3.1.3.48 4 61
  • MEG 3 4
  • Tyrosine-Protein Phosphatase Non-Receptor Type 4 3
  • Megakaryocyte Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase 3
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase MEG1 3
  • Megakaryocyte Phosphatase 3
  • PTPMEG1 3
  • PTPMEG 3

External Ids for PTPN4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PTPN4 Gene

  • GC02P117722
  • GC02P118437
  • GC02P120424
  • GC02P120612
  • GC02P120233
  • GC02P112841

Summaries for PTPN4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PTPN4 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This protein contains a C-terminal PTP domain and an N-terminal domain homologous to the band 4.1 superfamily of cytoskeletal-associated proteins. This PTP has been shown to interact with glutamate receptor delta 2 and epsilon subunits, and is thought to play a role in signalling downstream of the glutamate receptors through tyrosine dephosphorylation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PTPN4 Gene

PTPN4 (Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PTPN4 include Rett Syndrome. Among its related pathways are PAK Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include phosphatase activity and cytoskeletal protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is PTPN3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PTPN4 Gene

  • May act at junctions between the membrane and the cytoskeleton.

Gene Wiki entry for PTPN4 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PTPN4 Gene

Genomics for PTPN4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PTPN4 Gene

Enhancers for PTPN4 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association

Enhancers around PTPN4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for PTPN4 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for PTPN4 Gene

Chromosome:
2
Start:
119,759,631 bp from pter
End:
119,984,899 bp from pter
Size:
225,269 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for PTPN4 Gene

Genes around PTPN4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PTPN4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PTPN4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PTPN4 Gene

Proteins for PTPN4 Gene

  • Protein details for PTPN4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P29074-PTN4_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Tyrosine-protein phosphatase non-receptor type 4
    Protein Accession:
    P29074
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RBV8
    • Q9UDA7

    Protein attributes for PTPN4 Gene

    Size:
    926 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    105911 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PTPN4 Gene

neXtProt entry for PTPN4 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for PTPN4 Gene

Post-translational modifications for PTPN4 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PTPN4 Gene

Domains & Families for PTPN4 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PTPN4 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P29074

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PTN4_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 FERM domain.
  • Belongs to the protein-tyrosine phosphatase family. Non-receptor class subfamily.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 FERM domain.
  • Contains 1 PDZ (DHR) domain.
  • Contains 1 tyrosine-protein phosphatase domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the protein-tyrosine phosphatase family. Non-receptor class subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PTPN4: view

Function for PTPN4 Gene

Molecular function for PTPN4 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Protein tyrosine phosphate + H(2)O = protein tyrosine + phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May act at junctions between the membrane and the cytoskeleton.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PTPN4 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PTPN4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004726 non-membrane spanning protein tyrosine phosphatase activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IEA,IPI 16169070
GO:0008092 cytoskeletal protein binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PTPN4: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PTPN4: view

Animal Models for PTPN4 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PTPN4:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for PTPN4

CRISPR Products

miRNA for PTPN4 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PTPN4

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PTPN4

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PTPN4 Gene

Localization for PTPN4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PTPN4 Gene

Cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Cytoplasmic side. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for PTPN4 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PTPN4 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
cytoskeleton 4
cytosol 4
nucleus 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PTPN4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 10940933
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0009898 cytoplasmic side of plasma membrane IDA 10940933
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PTPN4: view

Pathways & Interactions for PTPN4 Gene

SuperPathways for PTPN4 Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 PAK Pathway
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PTPN4: view

Pathways by source for PTPN4 Gene

1 Qiagen pathway for PTPN4 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PTPN4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006470 protein dephosphorylation TAS 1648233
GO:0035335 peptidyl-tyrosine dephosphorylation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PTPN4: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PTPN4 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PTPN4 Gene

(4) Drugs for PTPN4 Gene - From: DrugBank, DGIdb, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Alendronate Approved Pharma Inhibition, Inhibitor, inhibitor, Target Bone resorption inhibitor, Osteoclast function modifiers (important in bone metastasis) 157
Phosphoric acid Approved Pharma 0
Water Approved Pharma 0

(1) Additional Compounds for PTPN4 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Phosphate
  • NFB Orthophosphate
  • O-Phosphoric acid
  • Ortho-phosphate
  • Orthophosphate (PO43-)
  • Orthophosphate(3-)
14265-44-2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PTPN4: view

Transcripts for PTPN4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PTPN4 Gene

Protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 4 (megakaryocyte):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PTPN4

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PTPN4 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16a · 16b ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21 ^ 22 ^
SP1: - - -
SP2:
SP3:

ExUns: 23 ^ 24 ^ 25 ^ 26 ^ 27 ^ 28
SP1:
SP2:
SP3:

Relevant External Links for PTPN4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PTPN4
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PTPN4

Expression for PTPN4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PTPN4 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PTPN4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cerebellum (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PTPN4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in NK cells (19.8), CD8 Tcells (14.3), Plasma (14.2), and Spinal cord (12.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for PTPN4 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PTPN4 Gene:

PTPN4

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PTPN4 Gene:

Hs.469809
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PTPN4: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein tissue co-expression partners and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PTPN4 Gene

Orthologs for PTPN4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PTPN4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PTPN4 34
  • 92.58 (n)
  • 96.65 (a)
PTPN4 35
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PTPN4 34
  • 95.39 (n)
  • 97.3 (a)
PTPN4 35
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ptpn4 34
  • 92.44 (n)
  • 94.71 (a)
Ptpn4 16
Ptpn4 35
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PTPN4 34
  • 99.68 (n)
  • 99.68 (a)
PTPN4 35
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ptpn4 34
  • 92.19 (n)
  • 95.57 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PTPN4 35
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 89 (a)
OneToMany
-- 35
  • 93 (a)
OneToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PTPN4 34
  • 85.31 (n)
  • 92.55 (a)
PTPN4 35
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PTPN4 35
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.14815 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ptpn4a 34
  • 72.89 (n)
  • 81.12 (a)
wufi40g11 34
ptpn4a 35
  • 80 (a)
OneToMany
ptpn4b 35
  • 72 (a)
OneToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG5022 36
  • 33 (a)
Ptpmeg 36
  • 47 (a)
Ptpmeg 34
  • 48.48 (n)
  • 45.89 (a)
Ptpmeg 35
  • 41 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP007130 34
  • 49.77 (n)
  • 47.95 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C02B10.6 36
  • 32 (a)
F25H5.7 36
  • 36 (a)
F36H12.10 36
  • 32 (a)
F55F8.7 36
  • 36 (a)
ptp-1 36
  • 58 (a)
ptp-1 34
  • 59.97 (n)
  • 58.13 (a)
ptp-1 35
  • 40 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.11441 34
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 47 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for PTPN4 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PTPN4 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PTPN4 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PTPN4 (if available)

Paralogs for PTPN4 Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for PTPN4 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PTPN4: view

Variants for PTPN4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PTPN4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs3189128 - 119,977,059(+) CATCA(A/T)CAAAT reference, missense
rs1046433 -- 119,980,249(+) TAGAG(A/C)TACTT utr-variant-3-prime
rs2166433 -- 119,983,507(+) TCTTT(C/T)AATGA utr-variant-3-prime
rs2166439 -- 119,960,068(-) ATACA(A/G)CATAT intron-variant
rs2170197 -- 119,823,492(+) cctcc(C/T)aaagt intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PTPN4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3592173 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1007653 CNV loss 25217958
nsv2893 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv471832 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv476638 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv834345 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for PTPN4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 21.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.33; 63.10% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PTPN4 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
PTPN4
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
PTPN4

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PTPN4 Gene

Disorders for PTPN4 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for PTPN4 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
rett syndrome
  • rett syndrome, preserved speech variant
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PTPN4 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for PTPN4

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
PTPN4
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PTPN4: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PTPN4 Gene

Publications for PTPN4 Gene

  1. Identification, cloning, and expression of a cytosolic megakaryocyte protein-tyrosine-phosphatase with sequence homology to cytoskeletal protein 4.1. (PMID: 1648233) Gu M. … Majerus P.W. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1991) 2 3 4 22 65
  2. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 65
  3. Molecular cloning and characterization of a protein tyrosine phosphatase enriched in testis, a putative murine homologue of human PTPMEG. (PMID: 11054567) Park K.W. … Baik J. (Gene 2000) 3 22 65
  4. Deletion of protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 4 (PTPN4) in twins with a Rett syndrome-like phenotype. (PMID: 25424712) Williamson S.L. … Christodoulou J. (Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 2015) 3 65
  5. The BioPlex Network: A Systematic Exploration of the Human Interactome. (PMID: 26186194) Huttlin E.L. … Gygi S.P. (Cell 2015) 3 65

Products for PTPN4 Gene

Sources for PTPN4 Gene

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