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Aliases for PSMD12 Gene

Aliases for PSMD12 Gene

  • Proteasome (Prosome, Macropain) 26S Subunit, Non-ATPase, 12 2 3
  • 26S Proteasome Regulatory Subunit RPN5 3 4
  • 26S Proteasome Regulatory Subunit P55 3 4
  • 26S Proteasome Non-ATPase Regulatory Subunit 12 3
  • Rpn5 3
  • P55 3

External Ids for PSMD12 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PSMD12 Gene

  • GC17P062966
  • GC17P066117
  • GC17M065751
  • GC17M065885
  • GC17M065886
  • GC17M062764
  • GC17M065334
  • GC17M060723

Summaries for PSMD12 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PSMD12 Gene

  • The 26S proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex with a highly ordered structure composed of 2 complexes, a 20S core and a 19S regulator. The 20S core is composed of 4 rings of 28 non-identical subunits; 2 rings are composed of 7 alpha subunits and 2 rings are composed of 7 beta subunits. The 19S regulator is composed of a base, which contains 6 ATPase subunits and 2 non-ATPase subunits, and a lid, which contains up to 10 non-ATPase subunits. Proteasomes are distributed throughout eukaryotic cells at a high concentration and cleave peptides in an ATP/ubiquitin-dependent process in a non-lysosomal pathway. An essential function of a modified proteasome, the immunoproteasome, is the processing of class I MHC peptides. This gene encodes a non-ATPase subunit of the 19S regulator. A pseudogene has been identified on chromosome 3. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PSMD12 Gene

PSMD12 (Proteasome (Prosome, Macropain) 26S Subunit, Non-ATPase, 12) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Downstream Signaling Events Of B Cell Receptor (BCR).

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PSMD12 Gene

  • Acts as a regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome which is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins

Gene Wiki entry for PSMD12 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PSMD12 Gene

Genomics for PSMD12 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PSMD12 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for PSMD12 Gene

67,337,916 bp from pter
67,366,627 bp from pter
28,712 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PSMD12 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for PSMD12 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PSMD12 Gene

Proteins for PSMD12 Gene

  • Protein details for PSMD12 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    26S proteasome non-ATPase regulatory subunit 12
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NP15
    • Q53HA2
    • Q6P053

    Protein attributes for PSMD12 Gene

    456 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    52904 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the PA700 complex
    • Sequence=AAH65826.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for PSMD12 Gene


neXtProt entry for PSMD12 Gene

Proteomics data for PSMD12 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PSMD12 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys52, Lys92, Lys121, Lys212, Lys330, and Lys448
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for PSMD12 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PSMD12 Gene

Domains for PSMD12 Gene

Gene Families for PSMD12 Gene

  • PSM :Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunits

Protein Domains for PSMD12 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • O00232
  • Contains 1 PCI domain.
  • Belongs to the proteasome subunit p55 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PSMD12: view

Function for PSMD12 Gene

Molecular function for PSMD12 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Acts as a regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome which is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PSMD12 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PSMD12: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PSMD12: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for PSMD12 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PSMD12

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for PSMD12

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for PSMD12 Gene

Localization for PSMD12 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for PSMD12 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PSMD12 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
nucleus 4
peroxisome 2
cytoskeleton 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PSMD12 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000502 proteasome complex IDA 17323924
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005838 proteasome regulatory particle IEA --
GO:0016020 membrane IDA 19946888
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PSMD12: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PSMD12 Gene

Pathways for PSMD12 Gene

SuperPathways for PSMD12 Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6
2 Class I MHC mediated antigen processing and presentation
3 Cell Cycle, Mitotic
4 Mitotic Metaphase and Anaphase
5 Downstream Signaling Events Of B Cell Receptor (BCR)
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PSMD12: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PSMD12 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000082 G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle TAS --
GO:0000209 protein polyubiquitination TAS --
GO:0000278 mitotic cell cycle TAS --
GO:0002223 stimulatory C-type lectin receptor signaling pathway TAS --
GO:0002474 antigen processing and presentation of peptide antigen via MHC class I TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PSMD12: view

Transcripts for PSMD12 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PSMD12 Gene

Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 12:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for PSMD12

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PSMD12 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b ^ 15 ^ 16
SP1: -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: - -

Relevant External Links for PSMD12 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PSMD12 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PSMD12 Gene

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for PSMD12 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PSMD12 Gene Hs.592689

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with PSMD12: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PSMD12 Gene

Orthologs for PSMD12 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for PSMD12 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PSMD12 35
  • 99.85 (n)
  • 100 (a)
PSMD12 36
  • 100 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PSMD12 35
  • 93.57 (n)
  • 99.34 (a)
PSMD12 36
  • 99 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PSMD12 35
  • 93.57 (n)
  • 99.34 (a)
PSMD12 36
  • 99 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Psmd12 35
  • 88.16 (n)
  • 97.59 (a)
Psmd12 16
Psmd12 36
  • 98 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PSMD12 36
  • 97 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PSMD12 36
  • 97 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Psmd12 35
  • 88.38 (n)
  • 98.03 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LOC100859465 35
  • 82.31 (n)
  • 93.86 (a)
PSMD12 36
  • 94 (a)
PSMD12 36
  • 94 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PSMD12 36
  • 93 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.6202 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.7238 35
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.9016 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.20347 35
psmd12 35
  • 74.34 (n)
  • 86.84 (a)
psmd12 36
  • 87 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP005535 35
  • 55.71 (n)
  • 57.08 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Rpn5 35
  • 54.95 (n)
  • 53.42 (a)
Rpn5 36
  • 47 (a)
Rpn5 37
  • 47 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea rpn-5 35
  • 52.5 (n)
  • 47.65 (a)
rpn-5 36
  • 43 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ADR073W 35
  • 51.35 (n)
  • 44.11 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes RPN5 35
  • 50.8 (n)
  • 42.07 (a)
RPN5 36
  • 42 (a)
RPN5 38
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0C16313g 35
  • 51.58 (n)
  • 43.19 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons RPN5B 35
  • 52.37 (n)
  • 47.95 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os03g0851300 35
  • 51.92 (n)
  • 46.68 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU02650 35
  • 53.92 (n)
  • 48.85 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes rpn501 35
  • 52.59 (n)
  • 45.24 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.8739 35
Species with no ortholog for PSMD12:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PSMD12 Gene

Gene Tree for PSMD12 (if available)
Gene Tree for PSMD12 (if available)

Paralogs for PSMD12 Gene Pseudogenes for PSMD12 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PSMD12: view

No data available for Paralogs for PSMD12 Gene

Variants for PSMD12 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PSMD12 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1137863 -- 67,358,485(-) gctca(A/G)gccag intron-variant
rs1137864 -- 67,358,465(-) TCAGC(C/T)TCCAG intron-variant
rs1137865 -- 67,358,446(-) ggact(A/G)cgggt intron-variant
rs1137866 -- 67,358,444(-) actac(A/G)ggtat intron-variant
rs1137868 -- 67,358,381(-) catgt(A/G)gccca intron-variant

Relevant External Links for PSMD12 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PSMD12 Gene

Disorders for PSMD12 Gene

No disorders were found for PSMD12 Gene.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PSMD12 Gene

Publications for PSMD12 Gene

  1. cDNA cloning and functional analysis of p44.5 and p55, two regulatory subunits of the 26S proteasome. (PMID: 9426256) Saito A. … Tanaka K. (Gene 1997) 2 3 4
  2. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4
  3. Exploring proteomes and analyzing protein processing by mass spectrometric identification of sorted N-terminal peptides. (PMID: 12665801) Gevaert K. … Vandekerckhove J. (Nat. Biotechnol. 2003) 3 4
  4. Mass spectrometric characterization of the affinity-purified human 26S proteasome complex. (PMID: 17323924) Wang X. … Huang L. (Biochemistry 2007) 3 4
  5. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4

Products for PSMD12 Gene

Sources for PSMD12 Gene

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