Aliases for PSMC3 Gene
External Ids for PSMC3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PSMC3 Gene
The 26S proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex with a highly ordered structure composed of 2 complexes, a 20S core and a 19S regulator. The 20S core is composed of 4 rings of 28 non-identical subunits; 2 rings are composed of 7 alpha subunits and 2 rings are composed of 7 beta subunits. The 19S regulator is composed of a base, which contains 6 ATPase subunits and 2 non-ATPase subunits, and a lid, which contains up to 10 non-ATPase subunits. Proteasomes are distributed throughout eukaryotic cells at a high concentration and cleave peptides in an ATP/ubiquitin-dependent process in a non-lysosomal pathway. An essential function of a modified proteasome, the immunoproteasome, is the processing of class I MHC peptides. This gene encodes one of the ATPase subunits, a member of the triple-A family of ATPases that have chaperone-like activity. This subunit may compete with PSMC2 for binding to the HIV tat protein to regulate the interaction between the viral protein and the transcription complex. A pseudogene has been identified on chromosome 9. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PSMC3 Gene
PSMC3 (Proteasome 26S Subunit, ATPase 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PSMC3 include Hiv-1. Among its related pathways are Cell Cycle Checkpoints and Mitotic Metaphase and Anaphase. GO annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity and ATPase activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PSMC3 Gene
The 26S protease is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins. The regulatory (or ATPase) complex confers ATP dependency and substrate specificity to the 26S complex (By similarity). In case of HIV-1 infection, suppresses Tat-mediated transactivation.