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Aliases for PRKAA2 Gene

Aliases for PRKAA2 Gene

  • Protein Kinase AMP-Activated Catalytic Subunit Alpha 2 2 3
  • Protein Kinase, AMP-Activated, Alpha 2 Catalytic Subunit 2 3 5
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Kinase 3 4
  • Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase Kinase 3 4
  • AMPK Subunit Alpha-2 3 4
  • ACACA Kinase 3 4
  • HMGCR Kinase 3 4
  • EC 2.7.11.1 4 63
  • AMPK2 3 4
  • AMPK 3 4
  • 5-AMP-Activated Protein Kinase, Catalytic Alpha-2 Chain 3
  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Alpha-2 Subunit Variant 2 3
  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Alpha-2 Subunit Variant 3 3
  • AMPK-Alpha-2 Chain 3
  • AMPK Alpha 2 3
  • EC 2.7.11.27 4
  • EC 2.7.11.31 4
  • EC 2.7.11 63
  • AMPKa2 3
  • PRKAA 3

External Ids for PRKAA2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for PRKAA2 Gene

  • PRKAA

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PRKAA2 Gene

  • GC01P057027
  • GC01P056025
  • GC01P056468
  • GC01P056480
  • GC01P056823
  • GC01P055223

Summaries for PRKAA2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PRKAA2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a catalytic subunit of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). AMPK is a heterotrimer consisting of an alpha catalytic subunit, and non-catalytic beta and gamma subunits. AMPK is an important energy-sensing enzyme that monitors cellular energy status. In response to cellular metabolic stresses, AMPK is activated, and thus phosphorylates and inactivates acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and beta-hydroxy beta-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR), key enzymes involved in regulating de novo biosynthesis of fatty acid and cholesterol. Studies of the mouse counterpart suggest that this catalytic subunit may control whole-body insulin sensitivity and is necessary for maintaining myocardial energy homeostasis during ischemia. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PRKAA2 Gene

PRKAA2 (Protein Kinase AMP-Activated Catalytic Subunit Alpha 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PRKAA2 include wolff-parkinson-white syndrome and aromatase deficiency. Among its related pathways are Adipocytokine signaling pathway and AMPK signaling pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein tyrosine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is LOC102724428.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRKAA2 Gene

  • Catalytic subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), an energy sensor protein kinase that plays a key role in regulating cellular energy metabolism. In response to reduction of intracellular ATP levels, AMPK activates energy-producing pathways and inhibits energy-consuming processes: inhibits protein, carbohydrate and lipid biosynthesis, as well as cell growth and proliferation. AMPK acts via direct phosphorylation of metabolic enzymes, and by longer-term effects via phosphorylation of transcription regulators. Also acts as a regulator of cellular polarity by remodeling the actin cytoskeleton; probably by indirectly activating myosin. Regulates lipid synthesis by phosphorylating and inactivating lipid metabolic enzymes such as ACACA, ACACB, GYS1, HMGCR and LIPE; regulates fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis by phosphorylating acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACACA and ACACB) and hormone-sensitive lipase (LIPE) enzymes, respectively. Regulates insulin-signaling and glycolysis by phosphorylating IRS1, PFKFB2 and PFKFB3. Involved in insulin receptor/INSR internalization (PubMed:25687571). AMPK stimulates glucose uptake in muscle by increasing the translocation of the glucose transporter SLC2A4/GLUT4 to the plasma membrane, possibly by mediating phosphorylation of TBC1D4/AS160. Regulates transcription and chromatin structure by phosphorylating transcription regulators involved in energy metabolism such as CRTC2/TORC2, FOXO3, histone H2B, HDAC5, MEF2C, MLXIPL/ChREBP, EP300, HNF4A, p53/TP53, SREBF1, SREBF2 and PPARGC1A. Acts as a key regulator of glucose homeostasis in liver by phosphorylating CRTC2/TORC2, leading to CRTC2/TORC2 sequestration in the cytoplasm. In response to stress, phosphorylates Ser-36 of histone H2B (H2BS36ph), leading to promote transcription. Acts as a key regulator of cell growth and proliferation by phosphorylating TSC2, RPTOR and ATG1/ULK1: in response to nutrient limitation, negatively regulates the mTORC1 complex by phosphorylating RPTOR component of the mTORC1 complex and by phosphorylating and activating TSC2. In response to nutrient limitation, promotes autophagy by phosphorylating and activating ATG1/ULK1. AMPK also acts as a regulator of circadian rhythm by mediating phosphorylation of CRY1, leading to destabilize it. May regulate the Wnt signaling pathway by phosphorylating CTNNB1, leading to stabilize it. Also phosphorylates CFTR, EEF2K, KLC1, NOS3 and SLC12A1. Plays an important role in the differential regulation of pro-autophagy (composed of PIK3C3, BECN1, PIK3R4 and UVRAG or ATG14) and non-autophagy (composed of PIK3C3, BECN1 and PIK3R4) complexes, in response to glucose starvation. Can inhibit the non-autophagy complex by phosphorylating PIK3C3 and can activate the pro-autophagy complex by phosphorylating BECN1 (By similarity).

Tocris Summary for PRKAA2 Gene

  • AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a heterodimeric protein serine/threonine kinase that is composed of alpha- (catalytic) and beta/gamma- (regulatory) subunits. AMPK acts as a sensor of the energy status of cells and ensures survival during times of cellular metabolic stress.

Gene Wiki entry for PRKAA2 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PRKAA2 Gene

Genomics for PRKAA2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PRKAA2 Gene

Enhancers for PRKAA2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around PRKAA2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for PRKAA2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around PRKAA2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for PRKAA2 Gene

Chromosome:
1
Start:
56,645,317 bp from pter
End:
56,715,335 bp from pter
Size:
70,019 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for PRKAA2 Gene

Genes around PRKAA2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PRKAA2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PRKAA2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PRKAA2 Gene

Proteins for PRKAA2 Gene

  • Protein details for PRKAA2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P54646-AAPK2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    5-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-2
    Protein Accession:
    P54646
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q9H1E8
    • Q9UD43

    Protein attributes for PRKAA2 Gene

    Size:
    552 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    62320 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Quaternary structure:
    • AMPK is a heterotrimer of an alpha catalytic subunit (PRKAA1 or PRKAA2), a beta (PRKAB1 or PRKAB2) and a gamma non-catalytic subunits (PRKAG1, PRKAG2 or PRKAG3). Interacts with FNIP1 and FNIP2. Associates with internalized insulin receptor/INSR complexes on Golgi/endosomal membranes; PRKAA2/AMPK2 together with ATIC and HACD3/PTPLAD1 is proposed to be part of a signaling network regulating INSR autophosphorylation and endocytosis (PubMed:25687571).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PRKAA2 Gene

neXtProt entry for PRKAA2 Gene

Proteomics data for PRKAA2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PRKAA2 Gene

  • Phosphorylated at Thr-172 by STK11/LKB1 in complex with STE20-related adapter-alpha (STRADA) pseudo kinase and CAB39. Also phosphorylated at Thr-172 by CAMKK2; triggered by a rise in intracellular calcium ions, without detectable changes in the AMP/ATP ratio. CAMKK1 can also phosphorylate Thr-172, but at much lower level. Dephosphorylated by protein phosphatase 2A and 2C (PP2A and PP2C). Phosphorylated by ULK1; leading to negatively regulate AMPK activity and suggesting the existence of a regulatory feedback loop between ULK1 and AMPK. Dephosphorylated by PPM1A and PPM1B at Thr-172 (mediated by STK11/LKB1).
  • Ubiquitinated.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PRKAA2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for PRKAA2 (AMPK alpha 2)
  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for PRKAA2 (AMPK alpha 2)
  • Cloud-Clone Corp. Antibodies for PRKAA2

Domains & Families for PRKAA2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PRKAA2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P54646

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

AAPK2_HUMAN :
  • The AIS (autoinhibitory sequence) region shows some sequence similarity with the ubiquitin-associated domains and represses kinase activity.
  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CAMK Ser/Thr protein kinase family. SNF1 subfamily.
Domain:
  • The AIS (autoinhibitory sequence) region shows some sequence similarity with the ubiquitin-associated domains and represses kinase activity.
  • Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CAMK Ser/Thr protein kinase family. SNF1 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PRKAA2: view

Function for PRKAA2 Gene

Molecular function for PRKAA2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
protein kinase,cAMP-activated,alpha 2 catalytic subunit,involved in fatty acid and cholesterol metabolism,expressed in skeletal muscle,complexing with beta 2 and gamma 1subunits
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] = ADP + [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] = ADP + [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Activated by phosphorylation on Thr-172. Binding of AMP to non-catalytic gamma subunit (PRKAG1, PRKAG2 or PRKAG3) results in allosteric activation, inducing phosphorylation on Thr-172. AMP-binding to gamma subunit also sustains activity by preventing dephosphorylation of Thr-172. ADP also stimulates Thr-172 phosphorylation, without stimulating already phosphorylated AMPK. ATP promotes dephosphorylation of Thr-172, rendering the enzyme inactive. Under physiological conditions AMPK mainly exists in its inactive form in complex with ATP, which is much more abundant than AMP. AMPK is activated by antihyperglycemic drug metformin, a drug prescribed to patients with type 2 diabetes: in vivo, metformin seems to mainly inhibit liver gluconeogenesis. However, metformin can be used to activate AMPK in muscle and other cells in culture or ex vivo (PubMed:11602624). Selectively inhibited by compound C (6-[4-(2-Piperidin-1-yl-ethoxy)-phenyl)]-3-pyridin-4-yl-pyyrazolo[1,5-a] pyrimidine. Activated by resveratrol, a natural polyphenol present in red wine, and S17834, a synthetic polyphenol. Salicylate/aspirin directly activates kinase activity, primarily by inhibiting Thr-172 dephosphorylation.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalytic subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), an energy sensor protein kinase that plays a key role in regulating cellular energy metabolism. In response to reduction of intracellular ATP levels, AMPK activates energy-producing pathways and inhibits energy-consuming processes: inhibits protein, carbohydrate and lipid biosynthesis, as well as cell growth and proliferation. AMPK acts via direct phosphorylation of metabolic enzymes, and by longer-term effects via phosphorylation of transcription regulators. Also acts as a regulator of cellular polarity by remodeling the actin cytoskeleton; probably by indirectly activating myosin. Regulates lipid synthesis by phosphorylating and inactivating lipid metabolic enzymes such as ACACA, ACACB, GYS1, HMGCR and LIPE; regulates fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis by phosphorylating acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACACA and ACACB) and hormone-sensitive lipase (LIPE) enzymes, respectively. Regulates insulin-signaling and glycolysis by phosphorylating IRS1, PFKFB2 and PFKFB3. Involved in insulin receptor/INSR internalization (PubMed:25687571). AMPK stimulates glucose uptake in muscle by increasing the translocation of the glucose transporter SLC2A4/GLUT4 to the plasma membrane, possibly by mediating phosphorylation of TBC1D4/AS160. Regulates transcription and chromatin structure by phosphorylating transcription regulators involved in energy metabolism such as CRTC2/TORC2, FOXO3, histone H2B, HDAC5, MEF2C, MLXIPL/ChREBP, EP300, HNF4A, p53/TP53, SREBF1, SREBF2 and PPARGC1A. Acts as a key regulator of glucose homeostasis in liver by phosphorylating CRTC2/TORC2, leading to CRTC2/TORC2 sequestration in the cytoplasm. In response to stress, phosphorylates Ser-36 of histone H2B (H2BS36ph), leading to promote transcription. Acts as a key regulator of cell growth and proliferation by phosphorylating TSC2, RPTOR and ATG1/ULK1: in response to nutrient limitation, negatively regulates the mTORC1 complex by phosphorylating RPTOR component of the mTORC1 complex and by phosphorylating and activating TSC2. In response to nutrient limitation, promotes autophagy by phosphorylating and activating ATG1/ULK1. AMPK also acts as a regulator of circadian rhythm by mediating phosphorylation of CRY1, leading to destabilize it. May regulate the Wnt signaling pathway by phosphorylating CTNNB1, leading to stabilize it. Also phosphorylates CFTR, EEF2K, KLC1, NOS3 and SLC12A1. Plays an important role in the differential regulation of pro-autophagy (composed of PIK3C3, BECN1, PIK3R4 and UVRAG or ATG14) and non-autophagy (composed of PIK3C3, BECN1 and PIK3R4) complexes, in response to glucose starvation. Can inhibit the non-autophagy complex by phosphorylating PIK3C3 and can activate the pro-autophagy complex by phosphorylating BECN1 (By similarity).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PRKAA2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PRKAA2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003682 chromatin binding ISS --
GO:0004674 protein serine/threonine kinase activity IEA,ISS --
GO:0004712 protein serine/threonine/tyrosine kinase activity IDA 22797923
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRKAA2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PRKAA2: view

Animal Models for PRKAA2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PRKAA2:

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PRKAA2 Gene

Localization for PRKAA2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRKAA2 Gene

Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=In response to stress, recruited by p53/TP53 to specific promoters.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for PRKAA2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PRKAA2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
nucleus 5
extracellular 1
mitochondrion 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PRKAA2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PRKAA2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PRKAA2: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for PRKAA2 Gene

Activates:
Inactivates:
Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:
Other effect:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PRKAA2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006112 energy reserve metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006367 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter TAS --
GO:0006468 protein phosphorylation IEA,TAS 7959015
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRKAA2: view

Drugs & Compounds for PRKAA2 Gene

(38) Drugs for PRKAA2 Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, DGIdb, HMDB, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Metformin Approved Pharma activator, inhibitor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator 1668
Aspirin Approved Pharma Channel blocker, Target, activator 1059
Adenosine triphosphate Approved Nutra 0
AICAR Experimental Pharma AMPK activator 0
A-769662 Pharma AMPK activator,potent and reversible, Potent AMPK activator 0

(28) Additional Compounds for PRKAA2 Gene - From: Novoseek, HMDB, and Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
ADP
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist 58-64-0
Metformin hydrochloride
1115-70-4
PT 1
331002-70-1

(5) Tocris Compounds for PRKAA2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
A 769662 Potent AMPK activator 844499-71-4
AICAR AMPK activator 2627-69-2
Cryptotanshinone STAT3 inhibitor. Also displays multiple other activities 35825-57-1
Metformin hydrochloride Activator of LKB1/AMPK; antidiabetic agent 1115-70-4
PT 1 AMPK activator 331002-70-1

(5) ApexBio Compounds for PRKAA2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
A-769662 AMPK activator,potent and reversible 844499-71-4
AICAR AMPK activator 2627-69-2
Dorsomorphin 2HCl AMPK inhibitor 1219168-18-9
Metformin HCl Anti-diabetic drug 1115-70-4
Phenformin HCl 834-28-6
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PRKAA2: view

Transcripts for PRKAA2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PRKAA2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PRKAA2 Gene

Protein kinase, AMP-activated, alpha 2 catalytic subunit:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PRKAA2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PRKAA2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PRKAA2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PRKAA2

Expression for PRKAA2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PRKAA2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PRKAA2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x9.9), Heart - Left Ventricle (x7.9), and Heart - Atrial Appendage (x4.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PRKAA2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lung (45.8) and Heart (6.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for PRKAA2 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PRKAA2 Gene Hs.437039

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PRKAA2: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PRKAA2 Gene

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PRKAA2 Gene

Orthologs for PRKAA2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for PRKAA2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PRKAA2 35
  • 95.05 (n)
  • 98.37 (a)
PRKAA2 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PRKAA2 35
  • 95.53 (n)
  • 98.66 (a)
PRKAA2 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Prkaa2 35
  • 90.34 (n)
  • 97.83 (a)
Prkaa2 16
Prkaa2 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PRKAA2 35
  • 99.58 (n)
  • 100 (a)
PRKAA2 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Prkaa2 35
  • 90.46 (n)
  • 98.19 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PRKAA2 36
  • 76 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PRKAA2 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PRKAA2 35
  • 79.64 (n)
  • 94.36 (a)
PRKAA2 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PRKAA2 36
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia prkaa2 35
  • 81.37 (n)
  • 93.83 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii prkaa2 35
  • 75.39 (n)
  • 89.82 (a)
prkaa2 36
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG3105 37
  • 30 (a)
SNF1A 35
  • 59.86 (n)
  • 69.07 (a)
SNF1A 36
  • 61 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP002686 35
  • 59.03 (n)
  • 67.99 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea DC2.7a 37
  • 32 (a)
T01C8.1a 37
  • 57 (a)
T01C8.1b 37
  • 57 (a)
Y38H8A.4 37
  • 35 (a)
aak-2 35
  • 58.33 (n)
  • 62.78 (a)
aak-1 36
  • 42 (a)
ManyToMany
aak-2 36
  • 53 (a)
ManyToMany
B0511.4 37
  • 36 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AEL230W 35
  • 53.95 (n)
  • 50.55 (a)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0A03806g 35
  • 56.81 (n)
  • 50.99 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes SNF1 35
  • 54.91 (n)
  • 51.56 (a)
SNF1 36
  • 38 (a)
OneToMany
SNF1 38
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os08g0484600 35
  • 56.87 (n)
  • 56.53 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU04566 35
  • 52.78 (n)
  • 50.24 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes ssp2 35
  • 53.05 (n)
  • 46.58 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 59 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for PRKAA2:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PRKAA2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PRKAA2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PRKAA2 (if available)

Paralogs for PRKAA2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PRKAA2: view

Variants for PRKAA2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PRKAA2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_035623 Breast cancer samples
VAR_035624 A breast cancer sample
VAR_040355 A gastric adenocarcinoma sample
rs706466 -- 56,715,194(-) GTAAC(C/T)ATGAA utr-variant-3-prime
rs706467 -- 56,715,565(-) AATAA(A/G)ATAAT downstream-variant-500B

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PRKAA2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv523032 CNV Gain 19592680
nsv520726 CNV Loss 19592680

Variation tolerance for PRKAA2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 19.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.47; 28.72% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PRKAA2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
PRKAA2
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
PRKAA2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRKAA2 Gene

Disorders for PRKAA2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(9) MalaCards diseases for PRKAA2 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
wolff-parkinson-white syndrome
  • anomalous a-v excitation
aromatase deficiency
  • congenital estrogen deficiency
peutz-jeghers syndrome
  • colonic hamartomatous polyp
phosphorylase kinase deficiency
  • glycogen storage disease type ix
hypopharynx cancer
  • hypopharyngeal cancer
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for PRKAA2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
PRKAA2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
PRKAA2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
PRKAA2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PRKAA2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PRKAA2 Gene

Publications for PRKAA2 Gene

  1. Characterization and chromosomal localization of the human homologue of a rat AMP-activated protein kinase-encoding gene: a major regulator of lipid metabolism in mammals. (PMID: 7959015) Aguan K. … Sarkar N.H. (Gene 1994) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Reduction of AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 increases endoplasmic reticulum stress and atherosclerosis in vivo. (PMID: 20124121) Dong Y. … Zou M.H. (Circulation 2010) 3 23
  3. AMP-activated protein kinase phosphorylates glutamine : fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase 1 at Ser243 to modulate its enzymatic activity. (PMID: 19170765) Eguchi S. … Yonezawa K. (Genes Cells 2009) 3 23
  4. Inhibition of de novo purine synthesis in human prostate cells results in ATP depletion, AMPK activation and induces senescence. (PMID: 19434633) Obajimi O. … Melera P.W. (Prostate 2009) 3 23
  5. Resistin induces insulin resistance by both AMPK-dependent and AMPK-independent mechanisms in HepG2 cells. (PMID: 19440859) Luo Z. … Cheng H. (Endocrine 2009) 3 23

Products for PRKAA2 Gene

Sources for PRKAA2 Gene

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