Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for PRG3 Gene

Aliases for PRG3 Gene

  • Proteoglycan 3 2 3 5
  • Eosinophil Major Basic Protein Homolog 3 4
  • Prepro-Major Basic Protein Homolog 3 4
  • Prepro-MBPH 3 4
  • MBPH 3 4
  • MBP2 3

External Ids for PRG3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PRG3 Gene

  • GC11M059538
  • GC11M058657
  • GC11M057395
  • GC11M056919
  • GC11M056900
  • GC00U921626
  • GC11M057144
  • GC11M053493

Summaries for PRG3 Gene

GeneCards Summary for PRG3 Gene

PRG3 (Proteoglycan 3) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding. An important paralog of this gene is PRG2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRG3 Gene

  • Possesses similar cytotoxic and cytostimulatory activities to PRG2/MBP. In vitro, stimulates neutrophil superoxide production and IL8 release, and histamine and leukotriene C4 release from basophils.

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PRG3 Gene

Genomics for PRG3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PRG3 Gene

Enhancers for PRG3 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around PRG3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PRG3 gene promoter:

Genomic Location for PRG3 Gene

57,376,769 bp from pter
57,381,150 bp from pter
4,382 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PRG3 Gene

Genes around PRG3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PRG3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PRG3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PRG3 Gene

Proteins for PRG3 Gene

  • Protein details for PRG3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Proteoglycan 3
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for PRG3 Gene

    225 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    25406 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for PRG3 Gene

Proteomics data for PRG3 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PRG3 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PRG3 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PRG3 Gene

Domains & Families for PRG3 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PRG3 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 C-type lectin domain.
  • Contains 1 C-type lectin domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PRG3: view

No data available for Gene Families for PRG3 Gene

Function for PRG3 Gene

Molecular function for PRG3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Possesses similar cytotoxic and cytostimulatory activities to PRG2/MBP. In vitro, stimulates neutrophil superoxide production and IL8 release, and histamine and leukotriene C4 release from basophils.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PRG3: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for PRG3

miRNA for PRG3 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PRG3

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PRG3 Gene

Localization for PRG3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRG3 Gene

Cytoplasmic granule. Note=Localized to the eosinophil secondary granule.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for PRG3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PRG3 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PRG3 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PRG3 Gene

SuperPathways for PRG3 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for PRG3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PRG3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001694 histamine biosynthetic process IDA 10318872
GO:0006955 immune response IEA --
GO:0042554 superoxide anion generation IDA 10318872
GO:0045416 positive regulation of interleukin-8 biosynthetic process IDA 10318872
GO:0045575 basophil activation IDA 10318872
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRG3: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for PRG3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PRG3 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for PRG3 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PRG3 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(5) Additional mRNA sequences :
(8) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for PRG3 Gene

Proteoglycan 3:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PRG3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PRG3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PRG3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PRG3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PRG3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x50.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PRG3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Neutrophil (33.3), Rectum (8.7), and Esophagus (7.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for PRG3 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PRG3 Gene Hs.251386

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PRG3 Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed in bone marrow. Not detected in placenta.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PRG3: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for PRG3 Gene

Orthologs for PRG3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for PRG3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PRG3 35
  • 76.06 (n)
  • 62.91 (a)
PRG3 36
  • 62 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Prg3 35
  • 73.97 (n)
  • 62.86 (a)
Prg3 16
Prg3 36
  • 62 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PRG3 35
  • 99.26 (n)
  • 98.22 (a)
PRG3 36
  • 98 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Prg3 35
  • 74.96 (n)
  • 60.56 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 58 (a)
PRG3 36
  • 59 (a)
PRG3 36
  • 58 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 45 (a)
-- 36
  • 49 (a)
-- 36
  • 50 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 32 (a)
-- 36
  • 42 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 36
  • 33 (a)
Species with no ortholog for PRG3:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for PRG3 Gene

Gene Tree for PRG3 (if available)
Gene Tree for PRG3 (if available)

Paralogs for PRG3 Gene

Paralogs for PRG3 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for PRG3 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins: Pseudogenes for PRG3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PRG3: view

Variants for PRG3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PRG3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs669661 - 57,380,702(-) TGCAA(C/T)GCCTC reference, missense
rs540687 - 57,379,543(+) GGCAG(A/C/G/T)TCTTG reference, missense
rs521889 -- 57,382,627(-) GTTGG(G/T)TGGAG upstream-variant-2KB
rs544079 -- 57,379,880(+) GCAAC(C/G)TCGCT intron-variant
rs567118 -- 57,380,120(+) CAGTT(G/T)GCCGG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PRG3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv29013 CNV Gain 19812545
esv2585995 CNV Insertion 19546169

Variation tolerance for PRG3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 86.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.60; 56.37% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for PRG3 Gene

Disorders for PRG3 Gene

Relevant External Links for PRG3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for PRG3 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PRG3 Gene

Publications for PRG3 Gene

  1. Comparative structure, proximal promoter elements, and chromosome location of the human eosinophil major basic protein genes. (PMID: 11170744) Plager D.A. … Gleich G.J. (Genomics 2001) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. A novel and highly divergent homolog of human eosinophil granule major basic protein. (PMID: 10318872) Plager D.A. … Gleich G.J. (J. Biol. Chem. 1999) 2 3
  3. A genome-wide scan of Ashkenazi Jewish Crohn's disease suggests novel susceptibility loci. (PMID: 22412388) Kenny E.E. … Peter I. (PLoS Genet. 2012) 3
  4. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and tumor protein 73 (TP73) interact with Epstein-Barr virus in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: results from the European case-control study EpiLymph. (PMID: 21048031) Casabonne D. … de Sanjose S. (Haematologica 2011) 3
  5. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose J.E. … Uhl G.R. (Mol. Med. 2010) 3

Products for PRG3 Gene

Sources for PRG3 Gene