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Aliases for PRC1 Gene

Aliases for PRC1 Gene

  • Protein Regulator Of Cytokinesis 1 2 3
  • Anaphase Spindle Elongation 1 Homolog (S. Cerevisiae) 2
  • Anaphase Spindle Elongation 1 Homolog 3
  • Protein Regulating Cytokinesis 1 3
  • ASE1 3

External Ids for PRC1 Gene

Summaries for PRC1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PRC1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein that is involved in cytokinesis. The protein is present at high levels during the S and G2/M phases of mitosis but its levels drop dramatically when the cell exits mitosis and enters the G1 phase. It is located in the nucleus during interphase, becomes associated with mitotic spindles in a highly dynamic manner during mitosis, and localizes to the cell mid-body during cytokinesis. This protein has been shown to be a substrate of several cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). It is necessary for polarizing parallel microtubules and concentrating the factors responsible for contractile ring assembly. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]

GeneCards Summary for PRC1 Gene

PRC1 (Protein Regulator Of Cytokinesis 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Cytoskeletal Signaling and Mitotic Roles of Polo Like Kinases. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and microtubule binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRC1 Gene

  • Key regulator of cytokinesis that cross-links antiparrallel microtubules at an average distance of 35 nM. Essential for controlling the spatiotemporal formation of the midzone and successful cytokinesis. Required for KIF14 localization to the central spindle and midbody. Required to recruit PLK1 to the spindle. Stimulates PLK1 phosphorylation of RACGAP1 to allow recruitment of ECT2 to the central spindle.

Gene Wiki entry for PRC1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PRC1 Gene

Genomics for PRC1 Gene

Genomic Location for PRC1 Gene

Start:
90,966,038 bp from pter
End:
90,995,629 bp from pter
Size:
29,592 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for PRC1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for PRC1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PRC1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PRC1 Gene

Proteins for PRC1 Gene

  • Protein details for PRC1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O43663-PRC1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Protein regulator of cytokinesis 1
    Protein Accession:
    O43663
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NC44
    • B4DLR1
    • H9KV59
    • Q9BSB6

    Protein attributes for PRC1 Gene

    Size:
    620 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    71607 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer. Interacts with the C-terminal Rho-GAP domain and the basic region of RACGAP1. The interaction with RACGAP1 inhibits its GAP activity towards CDC42 in vitro, which may be required for maintaining normal spindle morphology. Interacts separately via its N-terminal region with the C-terminus of CENPE, KIF4A and KIF23 during late mitosis. Interacts with KIF14 and KIF20A. Interacts with PLK1.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PRC1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for PRC1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for PRC1 Gene

Proteomics data for PRC1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PRC1 Gene

  • Phosphorylation by CDK1 in early mitosis holds PRC1 in an inactive monomeric state, during the metaphase to anaphase transition, PRC1 is dephosphorylated, promoting interaction with KIF4A, which then translocates PRC1 along mitotic spindles to the plus ends of antiparallel interdigitating microtubules. Dephosphorylation also promotes MT-bundling activity by allowing dimerization. Phosphorylation by CDK1 prevents PLK1-binding: upon degradation of CDK1 at anaphase and dephosphorylation, it is then phosphorylated by PLK1, leading to cytokinesis.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PRC1 Gene

Domains for PRC1 Gene

Protein Domains for PRC1 Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PRC1_HUMAN
Domain:
  • Microtubule binding occurs via a basic patch in the central spectrin-like domain and requires also the unstructured C-terminal domain:
    • O43663
Family:
  • Belongs to the MAP65/ASE1 family.:
    • O43663
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PRC1: view

No data available for Gene Families for PRC1 Gene

Function for PRC1 Gene

Molecular function for PRC1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Key regulator of cytokinesis that cross-links antiparrallel microtubules at an average distance of 35 nM. Essential for controlling the spatiotemporal formation of the midzone and successful cytokinesis. Required for KIF14 localization to the central spindle and midbody. Required to recruit PLK1 to the spindle. Stimulates PLK1 phosphorylation of RACGAP1 to allow recruitment of ECT2 to the central spindle.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PRC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 14744859
GO:0008017 microtubule binding IEA --
GO:0019894 kinesin binding IPI 16431929
GO:0019901 protein kinase binding IPI 17351640
GO:0042802 identical protein binding IPI 20691902
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRC1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PRC1: view

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for PRC1 Gene

Localization for PRC1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRC1 Gene

Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle pole. Note=Predominantly localized to the nucleus of interphase cells. During mitosis becomes associated with the mitotic spindle poles and localizes with the cell midbody during cytokinesis.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for PRC1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PRC1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
nucleus 5
plasma membrane 4
cytosol 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PRC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000922 spindle pole IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus TAS 9885575
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
GO:0005819 spindle IDA 17351640
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRC1: view

Pathways for PRC1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PRC1: view

Pathways by source for PRC1 Gene

1 Qiagen pathway for PRC1 Gene
1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for PRC1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PRC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000022 mitotic spindle elongation TAS 9885575
GO:0000226 microtubule cytoskeleton organization --
GO:0000910 cytokinesis IDA 17351640
GO:0007264 small GTPase mediated signal transduction TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRC1: view

Transcripts for PRC1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PRC1 Gene

Protein regulator of cytokinesis 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PRC1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e · 1f · 1g ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c · 4d ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b · 7c ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b · 9c · 9d · 9e ^ 10 ^
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - -
SP3:
SP4:
SP5: - -
SP6:
SP7:
SP8: - - - -
SP9: - - - - - - - - -
SP10:
SP11: - -
SP12: - - - -
SP13: - -
SP14:
SP15: - - -
SP16:
SP17: - - - - -
SP18:
SP19: - - - - - - -

ExUns: 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13a · 13b · 13c · 13d ^ 14a · 14b · 14c ^ 15 ^ 16a · 16b ^ 17a · 17b · 17c ^ 18 ^ 19a · 19b · 19c ^ 20a · 20b · 20c
SP1:
SP2: - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - -
SP5:
SP6: - -
SP7: -
SP8:
SP9:
SP10: -
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:
SP14:
SP15:
SP16:
SP17:
SP18: - - - - -
SP19:

Relevant External Links for PRC1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PRC1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PRC1

Expression for PRC1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PRC1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PRC1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (4.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for PRC1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PRC1 Gene Hs.366401

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with PRC1: view

Orthologs for PRC1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PRC1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PRC1 36
  • 99.68 (n)
  • 99.68 (a)
PRC1 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PRC1 36
  • 90.47 (n)
  • 91.24 (a)
PRC1 37
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PRC1 36
  • 90.22 (n)
  • 93.23 (a)
PRC1 37
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Prc1 36
  • 85.31 (n)
  • 83.66 (a)
Prc1 16
Prc1 37
  • 83 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 37
  • 58 (a)
OneToMany
-- 37
  • 78 (a)
OneToMany
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Prc1 36
  • 84.87 (n)
  • 83.17 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PRC1 36
  • 64.49 (n)
  • 63.08 (a)
PRC1 37
  • 63 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 37
  • 42 (a)
OneToMany
-- 37
  • 35 (a)
OneToMany
-- 37
  • 48 (a)
OneToMany
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia prc1 36
  • 64.73 (n)
  • 64.89 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii -- 36
PRC1 (1 of 3) 37
  • 41 (a)
OneToMany
prc1a 37
  • 51 (a)
OneToMany
prc1b 36
  • 63.61 (n)
  • 61.17 (a)
prc1b 37
  • 60 (a)
OneToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta feo 37
  • 21 (a)
OneToMany
sofe 37
  • 20 (a)
OneToMany
CG1655 38
  • 26 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.8500 37
  • 40 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for PRC1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for PRC1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PRC1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PRC1 (if available)

Paralogs for PRC1 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for PRC1 Gene

Variants for PRC1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PRC1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 15 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs2218342 -- 90,995,537(-) GGTAC(A/T)TTTCC upstream-variant-2KB
rs2386584 -- 90,996,342(+) CATAC(G/T)TGTTC upstream-variant-2KB
rs3784777 -- 90,994,494(-) CGGTG(C/T)TTGCG utr-variant-5-prime
rs4569245 -- 90,992,312(+) tctgt(A/G)agggc intron-variant
rs6496745 -- 90,989,400(+) gccat(C/T)gtgct intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PRC1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv515661 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv833090 CNV Loss 17160897
esv1007089 CNV Insertion 20482838
esv1247904 CNV Deletion 17803354
esv1307442 CNV Insertion 17803354

Relevant External Links for PRC1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
PRC1

Disorders for PRC1 Gene

Relevant External Links for PRC1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
PRC1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
PRC1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PRC1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRC1 Gene

Publications for PRC1 Gene

  1. PRC1: a human mitotic spindle-associated CDK substrate protein required for cytokinesis. (PMID: 9885575) Jiang W. … Fukunaga R. (Mol. Cell 1998) 2 3 4 23
  2. Human mitotic spindle-associated protein PRC1 inhibits MgcRacGAP activity toward Cdc42 during the metaphase. (PMID: 14744859) Ban R. … Tanaka H. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 3 4 23
  3. Cell cycle-dependent translocation of PRC1 on the spindle by Kif4 is essential for midzone formation and cytokinesis. (PMID: 15625105) Zhu C. … Jiang W. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2005) 3 4 23
  4. KIF14 and citron kinase act together to promote efficient cytokinesis. (PMID: 16431929) Gruneberg U. … Barr F.A. (J. Cell Biol. 2006) 3 4 23
  5. Spatiotemporal control of spindle midzone formation by PRC1 in human cells. (PMID: 16603632) Zhu C. … Jiang W. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2006) 3 23

Products for PRC1 Gene

Sources for PRC1 Gene

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