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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

PRAF2 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 52
GCID: GC0XM048928

PRA1 Domain Family, Member 2

(Previous name: PRA1 domain family 2)
  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
PRA1 Domain Family, Member 21 2
PRA1 Domain Family 21
Jena-Muenchen 42
PRA1 Family Protein 22

External Ids:    HGNC: 289111   Entrez Gene: 112302   Ensembl: ENSG000002432797   OMIM: 3008405   UniProtKB: O608313   

Export aliases for PRAF2 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC0XM048685 GC0XM048815 GC0XM046585


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

GeneCards Summary for PRAF2 Gene: 
PRAF2 (PRA1 domain family, member 2) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with PRAF2 include malignant glioma, and neuroblastoma. An important paralog of this gene is ARL6IP5.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PRAF2_HUMAN, O60831
Function: May be involved in ER/Golgi transport and vesicular traffic. Plays a proapoptic role in
cerulenin-induced neuroblastoma apoptosis




(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000023.10  NC_018934.2  NT_079573.4  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the PRAF2 gene promoter:
         E2F-3a   E2F-4   E2F-5   E2F-2   Tal-1beta   E47   CREB   E2F-1   E2F   PPAR-gamma2   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidPRAF2 promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for PRAF2

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat PRAF2


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: Xp11.23   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  Xp11.23   HGNC cytogenetic band: Xp11.23

PRAF2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
PRAF2 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome X         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC0XM048928:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
48,928,813 bp from pter      End:
48,931,730 bp from pter
Size:
2,918 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PRAF2_HUMAN, O60831 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: PRA1 family protein 2  
Size: 178 amino acids; 19258 Da
Subunit: Interacts with CCR5 and GDE1
Subcellular location: Endosome membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein (Probable)
Secondary accessions: B2RD20

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for PRAF2: NX_O60831

Explore proteomics data for PRAF2 at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_O60831

  • PRAF2 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    PRAF2 Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins: NP_009144.1  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000365570   ENSP00000365566  

    Human Recombinant Protein Products for PRAF2: 
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    OriGene Protein Over-expression Lysate for PRAF2
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    Novus Biologicals PRAF2 Protein
    Novus Biologicals PRAF2 Lysate
    Browse Sino Biological Recombinant Proteins
    Browse Sino Biological Cell Lysates 
    Browse ProSpec Recombinant Proteins
    Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for PRAF2 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 2 cellular component terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0010008endosome membrane IEA--
    GO:0016021integral to membrane IEA--

    PRAF2 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    PRAF2 Antibody Products: 
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    Cloud-Clone Corp. ELISAs for PRAF2 
    Cloud-Clone Corp. CLIAs for PRAF2


    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    1 InterPro protein domain:
     IPR004895 Prenylated_rab_accept_PRA1

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry O60831

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: O60831

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PRAF2_HUMAN, O60831
    Similarity: Belongs to the PRA1 family


    PRAF2 for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: PRAF2_HUMAN, O60831
    Function: May be involved in ER/Golgi transport and vesicular traffic. Plays a proapoptic role in
    cerulenin-induced neuroblastoma apoptosis

    Phenotypes:
         2 GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for PRAF2:

     Decreased cilium length  Decreased cilium length after  

    Animal Models:
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated mouse model solutions for PRAF2 
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated inducible mouse model solutions for PRAF2

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    miRNA
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    miRTarBase miRNAs that target PRAF2:
    hsa-mir-155 (MIRT001516)

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    8 QIAGEN miScript miRNA Assays for microRNAs that regulate PRAF2:
    hsa-miR-1321 hsa-miR-182 hsa-miR-3199 hsa-miR-631 hsa-miR-330-5p hsa-miR-326 hsa-miR-3661 hsa-miR-744*
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidPRAF2 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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    In Situ Assay
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    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for PRAF2


    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section



    Interactions:

        Search SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Networks for PRAF2

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 8)

    5/10 Interacting proteins for PRAF2 (O608312, 3 ENSP000003655704) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D (see all 10)
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    ARL6IP5O759152, 3, ENSP000002732584MINT-58206 MINT-58200 MINT-58205 MINT-58202 I2D: score=3 STRING: ENSP00000273258
    CCR5P516812, 3, ENSP000002923034MINT-58198 MINT-58199 MINT-58207 I2D: score=2 STRING: ENSP00000292303
    PLIN3O606642, 3, ENSP000002219574MINT-58203 I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000221957
    CANXP278242, 3, ENSP000002474614MINT-58201 I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000247461
    RHOBP627453, ENSP000002722334I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000272233
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 2 biological process terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0015031protein transport IEA--
    GO:0015813L-glutamate transport ISS--

    PRAF2 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section
    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for PRAF2

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about PRAF2

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for PRAF2 gene: 
    NM_007213.2  

    Unigene Cluster for PRAF2:

    PRA1 domain family, member 2
    Hs.29595  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: BF982837
    3 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000376390(uc004dmi.3) ENST00000491199 ENST00000376386
    miRNA
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    QIAGEN Custom miScript Target Protector blocks miRNA-binding site of human, mouse, rat PRAF2
    8 QIAGEN miScript miRNA Assays for microRNAs that regulate PRAF2:
    hsa-miR-1321 hsa-miR-182 hsa-miR-3199 hsa-miR-631 hsa-miR-330-5p hsa-miR-326 hsa-miR-3661 hsa-miR-744*
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidPRAF2 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
         
    Browse for Gene Knock-down Tools from EMD Millipore
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    Vector BioLabs ready-to-use adenovirus/AAV for human, mouse, rat PRAF2
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    Primer
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      QIAGEN QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat PRAF2
      QIAGEN QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat PRAF2

    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AJ005896.1 AK023433.1 AK310550.1 AK315374.1 BC021213.2 CR457023.1 

    6 DOTS entries:

    DT.87016785  DT.100796043  DT.95126895  DT.40249386  DT.121290065  DT.40110915 

    24/247 AceView cDNA sequences (see all 247):

    AI360781 BU727938 BQ961376 BQ070006 CR607931 BQ674893 BM684565 BQ054846 
    AI741751 BU194666 BM552522 AI366690 CR597667 AI760476 CB155577 CB133307 
    BE302873 BF437713 BE300549 BM544778 BM801598 BM669757 CB136816 BQ056366 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    PRAF2 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: CCCCTGTGTG
    PRAF2 Expression
    About this image


    See PRAF2 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    Genevestigator expression for PRAF2

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.29595

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PRAF2_HUMAN, O60831
    Tissue specificity: Strong expression in the brain, small intestine, lung, spleen, and pancreas as well as in
    tumor tissues of the breast, colon, lung and ovary, with a weaker expression in normal tissues of the same
    patient. High expression in neuroblastic tumors. Strongly expressed in Purkinje cells and more moderately in
    cells of the molecular and the granular layers in the cerebellum. Detected in neuronal cells, but not in
    non-neuronal cells in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and lateral ventricles

        SABiosciences Custom PCR Arrays for PRAF2
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    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for PRAF2

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

    Orthologs for PRAF2 gene from 5/9 species (see all 9)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Praf21 , 5 PRA1 domain family 21, 5 86.7(n)1
    91.01(a)1
      X (3.48 cM)5
    546371  NM_138602.41  NP_613068.11 
     77284395 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia --
    Uncharacterized protein
    66(a)
    1 → many
    GL343326.1(808765-819129)
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii praf21 PRA1 domain family, member 2 58.8(n)
    58.43(a)
      550393  NM_001017698.1  NP_001017698.1 
    fruit fly
    (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Insecta Jwa6
    Jwa ortholog
    28(a)
    1 → many
    2L(18704570-18705699)
    worm
    (Caenorhabditis elegans)
    Secernentea praf-36
    Protein PRAF-3, isoform a
    28(a)
    1 → many
    IV(8379990-8381916)


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for PRAF2 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for PRAF2 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
    Paralogs for PRAF2 gene
    ARL6IP52  
    2 SIMAP similar genes for PRAF2 using alignment to 2 protein entries:     PRAF2_HUMAN (see all proteins):
    WDR45    ARL6IP5

    PRAF2 for paralogs           About GeneDecksing



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/43 SNPs in PRAF2 are shown (see all 43)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr X posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1130841171,2
    C,F--48928423(+) TGGCAC/TAATCA 1 -- ds50012Minor allele frequency- T:0.00WA CSA 3
    rs1846651491,2
    --48928532(+) TTTAAA/TTTTTT 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1887330951,2
    --48928707(+) AAGGGC/TCTCAG 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1815152541,2
    --48928917(+) TTGTCC/GATGGT 1 -- ut310--------
    rs18029571,2
    C,F--48929167(-) CCTGGG/AGCAAG 1 -- ut312Minor allele frequency- A:0.00WA CSA 3
    rs1449726071,2
    C--48929302(+) GTCCTA/GGGTTC 1 -- ut310--------
    rs413097311,2
    C--48929392(+) AGGGCA/GGTCAC 1 -- ut310--------
    rs1859042341,2
    --48929562(+) GTGCCA/TCTAGT 2 E V mis10--------
    rs1491812311,2
    C,F--48929614(+) CTTGTT/GCTCAA 2 /N /H mis11Minor allele frequency- G:0.00NA 4544
    rs1433451641,2
    C--48929620(+) CTCAAT/GCTTGT 2 /I /L mis11Minor allele frequency- G:0.00NA 4546

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for PRAF2 (48928813 - 48931730 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 2 variations for PRAF2:    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    nsv528292CNV Gain19592680
    esv32909CNV Gain+Loss17666407

    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
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    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section
    OMIM gene information: 300840    OMIM disorders: --

    4 diseases for PRAF2:    About MalaCards
    malignant glioma    neuroblastoma    cerebritis    neuronitis


    PRAF2 for disorders           About GeneDecksing


    Export disorders for PRAF2 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for PRAF2 gene, integrated from 9 sources (see all 15):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with PRAF2)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Genomic organization, expression profile, and characterization of the new protein PRA1 domain family, member 2 (PRAF2). (PubMed id 16481131)1, 2, 3, 9 Fo C.S.... Bachmann A.S. (2006)
    2. Expression profile of PRAF2 in the human brain and enrichment in synaptic vesicles. (PubMed id 18395978)1, 2, 9 Koomoa D.-L.... Bachmann A.S. (2008)
    3. Expression of prenylated Rab acceptor 1 domain family, member 2 (PRAF2) in neuroblastoma: correlation with clinical features, cellular localization, and cerulenin-mediated apoptosis regulation. (PubMed id 17975142)1, 2 Geerts D.... Bachmann A.S. (2007)
    4. JM4 is a four-transmembrane protein binding to the CCR5 receptor. (PubMed id 15757671)1, 2 Schweneker M.... Moelling K. (2005)
    5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)1, 2 Gerhard D.S....Malek J. (2004)
    6. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PubMed id 14702039)1, 2 Ota T.... Sugano S. (2004)
    7. PRAF2 stimulates cell proliferation and migration and predicts poor prognosis in neuroblastoma. (PubMed id 23440329)1 Yco L.P....Bachmann A.S. (2013)
    8. Initial characterization of the human central proteome. (PubMed id 21269460)2 Burkard T.R.... Colinge J. (2011)
    9. Mass spectrometric analysis of lysine ubiquitylation r eveals promiscuity at site level. (PubMed id 21139048)1 Danielsen J.M....Nielsen M.L. (2011)
    10. Subcellular distribution and expression of prenylated Rab acceptor 1 domain family, member 2 (PRAF2) in malignant glioma: Influence on cell survival and migration. (PubMed id 20412121)1 Borsics T....Bachmann A.S. (2010)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
    About This Section
     ANDOR
    Aliases
    Free Text  

      Query String
    PubMed
    OMIM
    NCBI Bookshelf
      (Note: In FireFox, select the above section and copy using Ctrl-C)

    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
    About This Section
    Entrez Gene: 11230 HGNC: 28911 AceView: PRAF2 Ensembl:ENSG00000243279 euGenes: HUgn11230
    ECgene: PRAF2 H-InvDB: PRAF2

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for PRAF2 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways
    ATLAS Chromosomes in Cancer entry for PRAF2 Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
    About This Section
    Patent Information for PRAF2 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving PRAF2

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



    (Antibodies, recombinant proteins, and assays from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, QIAGEN, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, SABiosciences, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, Enzo Life Sciences, Abcam, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Gene Editing from DNA2.0 and Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, SwitchGear Genomics, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Cell lines from GenScript, and LifeMap BioReagents, PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Drugs and/or compounds from EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, and/or Enzo Life Sciences, In Situ Hybridization Assays from
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Animal models from inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway)
    About This Section

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    GeneCards Homepage - Last full update: 23 Oct 2013 - Incrementals: 4 Nov 2013 , 7 Nov 2013 , 23 Jan 2014

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