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Aliases for PPP1R1B Gene

Aliases for PPP1R1B Gene

  • Protein Phosphatase 1 Regulatory Inhibitor Subunit 1B 2 3 5
  • DARPP-32 3 4
  • DARPP32 3 4
  • Protein Phosphatase 1, Regulatory (Inhibitor) Subunit 1B 2
  • Dopamine And CAMP-Regulated Neuronal Phosphoprotein 32 3
  • Dopamine- And CAMP-Regulated Neuronal Phosphoprotein 4
  • Protein Phosphatase 1 Regulatory Subunit 1B 3
  • Dopamine And CAMP Regulated Phosphoprotein 2

External Ids for PPP1R1B Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PPP1R1B Gene

  • GC17P037283
  • GC17P039780
  • GC17P037693
  • GC17P038158
  • GC17P035036
  • GC17P037783
  • GC17P033576

Summaries for PPP1R1B Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PPP1R1B Gene

  • This gene encodes a bifunctional signal transduction molecule. Dopaminergic and glutamatergic receptor stimulation regulates its phosphorylation and function as a kinase or phosphatase inhibitor. As a target for dopamine, this gene may serve as a therapeutic target for neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

GeneCards Summary for PPP1R1B Gene

PPP1R1B (Protein Phosphatase 1 Regulatory Inhibitor Subunit 1B) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PPP1R1B include Schizophrenia and Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder. Among its related pathways are Activation of cAMP-Dependent PKA and Signaling by GPCR. GO annotations related to this gene include protein phosphatase inhibitor activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PPP1R1B Gene

  • Inhibitor of protein-phosphatase 1.

Gene Wiki entry for PPP1R1B Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PPP1R1B Gene

Genomics for PPP1R1B Gene

Regulatory Elements for PPP1R1B Gene

Enhancers for PPP1R1B Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH17F039626 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 11.9 +2.3 2324 4.5 PKNOX1 ZNF48 YY1 ZNF121 GLIS2 SCRT2 EGR2 CEBPB MIER3 KLF16 STARD3 PPP1R1B PGAP3 RAPGEFL1 PNMT
GH17F039635 1.1 ENCODE 11.4 +11.0 11013 3.2 PKNOX1 ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF143 ZNF207 FOS KLF13 SP3 IGFBP4 STARD3 LINC02079 RPL23 PPP1R1B ERBB2 PGAP3 RPL23AP75 ORMDL3 TCAP
GH17F038876 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 5.7 -744.1 -744060 11.1 PKNOX1 ZFP64 SIN3A ARID4B FEZF1 GLI4 ETS1 ZNF121 GLIS2 SP5 RPL23 RPS20P35 SNORA21 ENSG00000252699 C17orf98 CWC25 PSMB3 LASP1 PCGF2 PPP1R1B
GH17F040061 2 VISTA FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 1.5 +443.1 443088 14.8 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT MLX WRNIP1 ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF2 MED24 GSDMA MSL1 SNORD124 RAPGEFL1 PSMD3 TMEM99 MED1 TCAP ORMDL3
GH17F039621 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 0.8 -3.4 -3435 2.5 MLX ARID4B SIN3A ZNF48 ZNF2 ZNF121 SLC30A9 GLIS2 ZNF143 DEK STARD3 CDK12 ENSG00000266469 SNORA21 MSL1 RPL19 PGAP3 ENSG00000214546 PPP1R1B
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around PPP1R1B on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for PPP1R1B Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001806941 492 201 PKNOX1 ZNF48 ZIC2 FOXA1 ZFHX2 GLIS1 CTBP2 KDM1A ZNF652 EZH2
ENSR00001806942 1192 801 RNF2 CTBP2 ZNF48 EZH2

Genomic Location for PPP1R1B Gene

Chromosome:
17
Start:
39,626,208 bp from pter
End:
39,636,626 bp from pter
Size:
10,419 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for PPP1R1B Gene

Genes around PPP1R1B on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PPP1R1B Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PPP1R1B Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PPP1R1B Gene

Proteins for PPP1R1B Gene

  • Protein details for PPP1R1B Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9UD71-PPR1B_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 1B
    Protein Accession:
    Q9UD71
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q547V9
    • Q547W0
    • Q9H7G1

    Protein attributes for PPP1R1B Gene

    Size:
    204 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    22963 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for PPP1R1B Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for PPP1R1B Gene

Post-translational modifications for PPP1R1B Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PPP1R1B Gene

Domains & Families for PPP1R1B Gene

Gene Families for PPP1R1B Gene

Protein Domains for PPP1R1B Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9UD71

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PPR1B_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the protein phosphatase inhibitor 1 family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the protein phosphatase inhibitor 1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PPP1R1B: view

Function for PPP1R1B Gene

Molecular function for PPP1R1B Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Inhibitor of protein-phosphatase 1.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PPP1R1B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004860 protein kinase inhibitor activity TAS 10604473
GO:0004862 cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor activity TAS --
GO:0004864 protein phosphatase inhibitor activity TAS 10604473
GO:0004865 protein serine/threonine phosphatase inhibitor activity IBA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PPP1R1B: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PPP1R1B: view

Animal Models for PPP1R1B Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PPP1R1B:

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PPP1R1B Gene

Localization for PPP1R1B Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PPP1R1B Gene

Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PPP1R1B gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
nucleus 4
cytoskeleton 2
extracellular 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PPP1R1B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IBA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0043025 neuronal cell body IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PPP1R1B: view

Pathways & Interactions for PPP1R1B Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PPP1R1B: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PPP1R1B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001975 response to amphetamine IEA --
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006469 negative regulation of protein kinase activity IEA --
GO:0007165 signal transduction TAS 10604473
GO:0007621 negative regulation of female receptivity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PPP1R1B: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PPP1R1B Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PPP1R1B Gene

(14) Drugs for PPP1R1B Gene - From: DGIdb and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
ITI-007 Pharma 0

(2) Additional Compounds for PPP1R1B Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PPP1R1B: view

Transcripts for PPP1R1B Gene

Unigene Clusters for PPP1R1B Gene

Protein phosphatase 1, regulatory (inhibitor) subunit 1B:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PPP1R1B Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c · 2d ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10
SP1: - - -
SP2: -
SP3:
SP4:
SP5: - - -
SP6: - -

Relevant External Links for PPP1R1B Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PPP1R1B
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PPP1R1B

Expression for PPP1R1B Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for PPP1R1B Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PPP1R1B Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Putamen (basal ganglia) (x13.4), Brain - Caudate (basal ganglia) (x11.5), and Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (x9.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PPP1R1B Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin (24.0), Brain (15.5), and Pancreas (6.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for PPP1R1B Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for PPP1R1B Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PPP1R1B Gene:

PPP1R1B

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PPP1R1B Gene:

Hs.286192
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PPP1R1B: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PPP1R1B Gene

Orthologs for PPP1R1B Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for PPP1R1B Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PPP1R1B 34 35
  • 98.03 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PPP1R1B 34 35
  • 90.26 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PPP1R1B 34 35
  • 89.38 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ppp1r1b 34 16 35
  • 86.63 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ppp1r1b 34
  • 86.6 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PPP1R1B 35
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PPP1R1B 35
  • 48 (a)
OneToOne
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ppp1r1b 35
  • 34 (a)
OneToOne
Species where no ortholog for PPP1R1B was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for PPP1R1B Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PPP1R1B (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PPP1R1B (if available)

Paralogs for PPP1R1B Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for PPP1R1B Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PPP1R1B: view

No data available for Paralogs for PPP1R1B Gene

Variants for PPP1R1B Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PPP1R1B Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs367543178 untested 39,627,464(+) CGCCA(A/G)GTGGA upstream-variant-2KB, reference, synonymous-codon
rs367543179 untested 39,629,174(+) GATCC(A/G/T)GCGCA reference, missense, utr-variant-5-prime
rs367543180 untested 39,634,034(+) GAAGA(A/G)GAAGA reference, synonymous-codon
rs367543181 untested 39,635,654(+) GGGAG(A/C/T)GCCCA upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs10852934 -- 39,626,157(+) GAATC(C/T)ACAGT upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PPP1R1B Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv574991 CNV loss 21841781
nsv521294 CNV loss 19592680
nsv516757 CNV loss 19592680
nsv457738 CNV loss 19166990
nsv2047 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv1146669 OTHER inversion 26484159
dgv40n68 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for PPP1R1B Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 51.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.19; 52.03% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PPP1R1B Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
PPP1R1B

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PPP1R1B Gene

Disorders for PPP1R1B Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for PPP1R1B Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
schizophrenia
  • schizophrenia 12
attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder
  • attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for PPP1R1B

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
PPP1R1B
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
PPP1R1B
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
PPP1R1B
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PPP1R1B: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PPP1R1B Gene

Publications for PPP1R1B Gene

  1. Expression of mRNAs encoding ARPP-16/19, ARPP-21, and DARPP-32 in human brain tissue. (PMID: 8120638) Brene S. … Persson H. (J. Neurosci. 1994) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. The biological basis of anger: associations with the gene coding for DARPP-32 (PPP1R1B) and with amygdala volume. (PMID: 19463699) Reuter M. … Montag C. (Behav. Brain Res. 2009) 3 22 46 64
  3. Association analysis of the protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 1B (PPP1R1B) gene with nicotine dependence in European- and African-American smokers. (PMID: 17171661) Beuten J. … Li M.D. (Am. J. Med. Genet. B Neuropsychiatr. Genet. 2007) 3 22 46 64
  4. An association study between PPP1R1B gene and schizophrenia in the Chinese population. (PMID: 17618027) Hu J.X. … He L. (Prog. Neuropsychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry 2007) 3 22 46 64
  5. Mutation analysis of DARPP-32 as a candidate gene for schizophrenia. (PMID: 16750903) Li C.H. … Chen C.H. (Schizophr. Res. 2006) 3 22 46 64

Products for PPP1R1B Gene

Sources for PPP1R1B Gene

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