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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

PPP1R16A Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 50
GCID: GC08P145703

Protein Phosphatase 1, Regulatory Subunit 16A

(Previous names: protein phosphatase 1, regulatory (inhibitor) subunit 16A)
  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
Protein Phosphatase 1, Regulatory Subunit 16A1 2
Protein Phosphatase 1, Regulatory (Inhibitor) Subunit 16A1 2
Myosin Phosphatase-Targeting Subunit 32 3
MYPT32 3
Likley Ortholog Of Mouse Myosin Phosphatase Targeting Subunit 32
Protein Phosphatase 1 Regulatory Subunit 16A2

External Ids:    HGNC: 149411   Entrez Gene: 849882   Ensembl: ENSG000001609727   OMIM: 6091725   UniProtKB: Q96I343   

Export aliases for PPP1R16A gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC08P143416 GC08P145753 GC08P145308 GC08P145726 GC08P145692 GC08P145686 GC08P140835


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

GeneCards Summary for PPP1R16A Gene: 
PPP1R16A (protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 16A) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with PPP1R16A include folliculitis, and papillary thyroid carcinoma, and among its related super-pathways are Activation of cAMP-Dependent PKA and Beta-Adrenergic Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is PPP1R13B.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PP16A_HUMAN, Q96I34
Function: Inhibits protein phosphatase 1 activity toward phosphorylase, myosin light chain and myosin substrates
(By similarity)




(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000008.10  NT_037704.5  NC_018919.2  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the PPP1R16A gene promoter:
         COUP-TF1   Sp1   p53   COUP   HNF-4alpha2   Nkx2-5   E47   COUP-TF   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidPPP1R16A promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for PPP1R16A

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat PPP1R16A


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 8q24.3   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  8q24.3   HGNC cytogenetic band: 8q24.3

PPP1R16A Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
PPP1R16A gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 8         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC08P145703:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
145,703,352 bp from pter      End:
145,727,504 bp from pter
Size:
24,153 bases      Orientation:
plus strand

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PP16A_HUMAN, Q96I34 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 16A precursor  
Size: 528 amino acids; 57811 Da
Subunit: Binds PP1
Subcellular location: Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor (By similarity)
Sequence caution: Sequence=BAC03452.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Cloning artifact;
Secondary accessions: D3DWM5

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for PPP1R16A: NX_Q96I34

Explore proteomics data for PPP1R16A at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_Q96I34

  • PPP1R16A Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    PPP1R16A Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins: NP_116291.1  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000292539   ENSP00000433267   ENSP00000434324   ENSP00000391126  

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    Browse ProSpec Recombinant Proteins
    Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for PPP1R16A 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 cellular component term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005886plasma membrane IDA--

    PPP1R16A for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    HGNC Gene Families: 
    ANKRD: Ankyrin repeat domain containing
    PPP1R: Serine/threonine phosphatases / Protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunits

    3 InterPro protein domains:
     IPR002110 Ankyrin_rpt
     IPR017417 Pase-1_reg_su_16AB_euk
     IPR020683 Ankyrin_rpt-contain_dom

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q96I34

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q96I34

    2 Blocks protein domains:
    IPB000408 Regulator of chromosome condensation
    IPB002110 Ankyrin repeat signature


    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PP16A_HUMAN, Q96I34
    Similarity: Contains 5 ANK repeats


    PPP1R16A for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: PP16A_HUMAN, Q96I34
    Function: Inhibits protein phosphatase 1 activity toward phosphorylase, myosin light chain and myosin substrates
    (By similarity)

         Gene Ontology (GO): 2 molecular function terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0003779actin binding ----
    GO:0005515protein binding IPI16169070
         
    PPP1R16A for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Phenotypes:
         1 GenomeRNAi human phenotype for PPP1R16A:
     Increased cell death HMECs cel 

    Animal Models:
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    Inhib. RNA
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    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section

    SuperPaths for PPP1R16A About   (see all 8)                                                                                              See pathways by source

    SuperPathContained pathways About
    1Activation of cAMP-Dependent PKA
    Activation of cAMP-Dependent PKA0.77
    Activation of PKA through GPCR0.71
    cAMP Pathway0.77
    PKA Signaling0.56
    2Erythropoietin Pathway
    Beta-Adrenergic Signaling0.37
    Insulin Receptor Pathway0.37
    Erythropoietin Pathway0.37
    CDK5 Pathway0.36
    3PEDF Induced Signaling
    IL-6 Pathway0.61
    4Rho Family GTPases
    ERK Signaling0.61
    5Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts
    eIF2 Pathway0.60

    5/14 Downloadable PowerPoint Slides of QIAGEN Pathway Central Maps for PPP1R16A (see all 14)
        Activation of PKA through GPCR
    PKA Signaling
    eIF2 Pathway
    CDK5 Pathway
    Breast Cancer Regulation by Stathmin1


    Interactions:

        SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Network for PPP1R16A

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 6)

    5/29 Interacting proteins for PPP1R16A (Q96I341, 2, 3 ENSP000002925394) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D (see all 29)
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    PUF60Q9UHX11, 2, 3, ENSP000003220164EBI-710402,EBI-1053259 MINT-65190 I2D: score=5 STRING: ENSP00000322016
    IDO1P149022, 3MINT-65182 I2D: score=6 
    DDX27Q96GQ72, 3MINT-65186 I2D: score=5 
    FSD1Q9BTV52, 3MINT-65188 I2D: score=5 
    RGMAQ96B862, 3MINT-65185 I2D: score=5 
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 biological process term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0007010cytoskeleton organization ----

    PPP1R16A for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section
    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for PPP1R16A (PP16A)

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about PPP1R16A / PP16A

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for PPP1R16A gene: 
    NM_032902.5  

    Unigene Cluster for PPP1R16A:

    Protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 16A
    Hs.521937  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: AK090471
    11 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000526183 ENST00000529283 ENST00000526643 ENST00000533088 ENST00000292539(uc003zdd.3 uc003zdf.3)
    ENST00000529009 ENST00000533829 ENST00000532806 ENST00000526564 ENST00000528430
    ENST00000435887
    miRNA
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    1 QIAGEN miScript miRNA Assays for microRNA that regulate PPP1R16A:
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    Inhib. RNA
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    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AK090471.1 AK126743.1 BC007854.2 BC015896.1 BC049841.1 BC053506.1 BT006845.1 

    13 DOTS entries:

    DT.214151  DT.91748667  DT.100796229  DT.75166300  DT.95233869  DT.95233872  DT.100697743  DT.121491806 
    DT.121491835  DT.65286443  DT.100796228  DT.97813543  DT.97839681 

    24/300 AceView cDNA sequences (see all 300):

    NM_032902 BM749747 BM757566 BM758306 BM743309 BM758944 BM762557 BC007854 
    BM758602 BI818823 BQ575350 BM758564 BM758793 BM757654 CD172396 BM762702 
    BM757584 AW571861 BM757678 BQ923768 BM758347 BU631167 BQ447042 BM784844 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    PPP1R16A expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: CAGGGGCCCT
    PPP1R16A Expression
    About this image


    See PPP1R16A Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    Genevestigator expression for PPP1R16A

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.521937
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    In Situ
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    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

    Orthologs for PPP1R16A gene from 5/13 species (see all 13)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Ppp1r16a1 , 5 protein phosphatase 1, regulatory (inhibitor) subunit more1, 5 82.51(n)1
    83.02(a)1
      15 (36.25 cM)5
    730621  NM_033371.21  NP_203535.11 
     766716155 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia PPP1R16A6
    Uncharacterized protein
    68(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    AAWZ02036392(511-24244)
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii LOC7944941 protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 16A-like 58.27(n)
    59.3(a)
      794494  XM_001334437.1  XP_001334473.1 
    fruit fly
    (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Insecta CG68963
    MYPT-75D1
    CG6896-PA1 42(a)3
    53.94(n)1
    45.34(a)1
      75D53
    400321  NM_140792.11  NP_649049.11 
    worm
    (Caenorhabditis elegans)
    Secernentea gfi-21 , 3 ankyrin motifs3
    Protein GFI-21
    49(a)3
    47(n)1
    47.38(a)1
      I(9748738-9751517)3
    1728251  NM_060187.41  NP_492588.11 


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for PPP1R16A (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for PPP1R16A (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
    Paralogs for PPP1R16A gene
    PPP1R13B2  PPP1R16B2  PPP1R12B2  PPP1R12A2  TP53BP22  PPP1R12C2  PPP1R13L2  
    1 SIMAP similar gene for PPP1R16A using alignment to 3 protein entries:     PP16A_HUMAN (see all proteins):
    PPP1R16B

    PPP1R16A for paralogs           About GeneDecksing



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/228 SNPs in PPP1R16A are shown (see all 228)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 8 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs775937761,2
    C,F--145720213(+) GAGGGA/CGGGCT 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- C:0.06EA 120
    rs38083711,2
    C--145720295(-) GGCAGG/AAGAGC 1 -- us2k13Minor allele frequency- A:0.02EA NA 1496
    rs1888887641,2
    --145720354(+) AGCCTA/GGGCAG 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1917872821,2
    --145720486(+) AGCCAC/GGTCAG 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs132768621,2
    C,F,H--145720682(+) GGGGCA/GTTCTA 1 -- us2k112Minor allele frequency- G:0.06NS NA 1084
    rs1125796941,2
    C--145720705(+) TAGAAGT/-GTCCA 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- -:0.50CSA 2
    rs1444611371,2
    --145720799(+) GAGCAC/TGGAGT 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs109027821,2
    C,A,H--145720870(+) CTGGAA/GTGCAG 1 -- us2k15Minor allele frequency- G:0.07NA 14
    rs1838681671,2
    --145720885(+) GTGATC/GTTGGC 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1450951101,2
    --145721007(+) GCAGAA/GATGGG 1 -- us2k10--------

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for PPP1R16A (145703352 - 145727504 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 10/27 variations for PPP1R16A (see all 27):    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    dgv907n27CNV Loss19166990
    dgv7966n71CNV Loss21882294
    dgv7977n71CNV Loss21882294
    dgv7976n71CNV Loss21882294
    dgv7978n71CNV Loss21882294
    dgv7983n71CNV Loss21882294
    dgv7982n71CNV Loss21882294
    nsv891911CNV Loss21882294
    nsv891846CNV Loss21882294
    nsv891817CNV Loss21882294

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    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section
    OMIM gene information: 609172    OMIM disorders: --

    4 diseases for PPP1R16A:    About MalaCards
    folliculitis    papillary thyroid carcinoma    thyroiditis    breast cancer


    PPP1R16A for disorders           About GeneDecksing


    Export disorders for PPP1R16A gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for PPP1R16A gene, integrated from 9 sources (see all 14):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with PPP1R16A)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)1, 2 Gerhard D.S....Malek J. (2004)
    2. Regulator-driven functional diversification of protein phosphatase-1 in eukaryotic evolution. (PubMed id 11948623)1, 3 Ceulemans H....Bollen M. (2002)
    3. Protein phosphatase 1g isoforms linked interactions in the brain. (PubMed id 23080069)1 Esteves S.L....da Cruz e Silva E.F. (2013)
    4. Protein phosphatase 1a interacting proteins in the hum an brain. (PubMed id 22321011)1 Esteves S.L....da Cruz e Silva E.F. (2012)
    5. Differential expression of a set of genes in follicul ar and classic variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma. (PubMed id 21509594)1 Igci Y.Z....Demiryurek A.T. (2011)
    6. Proteomic analysis reveals Hrs ubiquitin-interacting motif-mediated ubiquitin signaling in multiple cellular processes. (PubMed id 19019082)1 Pridgeon J.W....Chin L.S. (2009)
    7. An empirical framework for binary interactome mapping . (PubMed id 19060904)1 Venkatesan K....Vidal M. (2009)
    8. Toward a confocal subcellular atlas of the human proteome. (PubMed id 18029348)1 Barbe L....Andersson-Svahn H. (2008)
    9. Phosphorylation of myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 3 (MYPT3) and regulation of protein phosphatase 1 by protein kinase A. (PubMed id 16920702)1 Yong J....Leung T. (2006)
    10. A human protein-protein interaction network: a resource for annotating the proteome. (PubMed id 16169070)1 Stelzl U.... Wanker E.E. (2005)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
    About This Section
     ANDOR
    Aliases
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      (Note: In FireFox, select the above section and copy using Ctrl-C)

    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
    About This Section
    Entrez Gene: 84988 HGNC: 14941 AceView: PPP1R16A Ensembl:ENSG00000160972 euGenes: HUgn84988
    ECgene: PPP1R16A H-InvDB: PPP1R16A

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for PPP1R16A Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
    About This Section
    Patent Information for PPP1R16A gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving PPP1R16A

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



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    GeneCards Homepage - Last full update: 23 Oct 2013 - Incrementals: 4 Nov 2013 , 7 Nov 2013 , 23 Jan 2014

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