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Aliases for PPARG Gene

Aliases for PPARG Gene

  • Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor Gamma 2 3 5
  • Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma 2 3
  • Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1 Group C Member 3 3 4
  • PPAR-Gamma 3 4
  • NR1C3 3 4
  • Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Nuclear Receptor Gamma Variant 1 3
  • Peroxisome Proliferative Activated Receptor, Gamma 2
  • PPARgamma 3
  • PPARG1 3
  • PPARG2 3
  • CIMT1 3
  • GLM1 3

External Ids for PPARG Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PPARG Gene

  • GC03P012258
  • GC03P012304
  • GC03P012305
  • GC03P012263

Summaries for PPARG Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PPARG Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) subfamily of nuclear receptors. PPARs form heterodimers with retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and these heterodimers regulate transcription of various genes. Three subtypes of PPARs are known: PPAR-alpha, PPAR-delta, and PPAR-gamma. The protein encoded by this gene is PPAR-gamma and is a regulator of adipocyte differentiation. Additionally, PPAR-gamma has been implicated in the pathology of numerous diseases including obesity, diabetes, atherosclerosis and cancer. Alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PPARG Gene

PPARG (Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor Gamma) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PPARG include Lipodystrophy, Familial Partial, Type 3 and Carotid Intimal Medial Thickness 1. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and Development Ligand-independent activation of ESR1 and ESR2. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA binding transcription factor activity and chromatin binding. An important paralog of this gene is PPARA.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PPARG Gene

  • Nuclear receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Once activated by a ligand, the nuclear receptor binds to DNA specific PPAR response elements (PPRE) and modulates the transcription of its target genes, such as acyl-CoA oxidase. It therefore controls the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Key regulator of adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis. ARF6 acts as a key regulator of the tissue-specific adipocyte P2 (aP2) enhancer. Acts as a critical regulator of gut homeostasis by suppressing NF-kappa-B-mediated proinflammatory responses. Plays a role in the regulation of cardiovascular circadian rhythms by regulating the transcription of ARNTL/BMAL1 in the blood vessels (By similarity).

  • (Microbial infection) Upon treatment with M.tuberculosis or its lipoprotein LpqH, phosphorylation of MAPK p38 and IL-6 production are modulated, probably via this protein.

Tocris Summary for PPARG Gene

  • Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a member of the nuclear receptor family of ligand-activated transcription factors that heterodimerize with the retinoic X receptor (RXR) to regulate gene expression.

Gene Wiki entry for PPARG Gene

Additional gene information for PPARG Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PPARG Gene

Genomics for PPARG Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for PPARG Gene

Promoters and enhancers for PPARG Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH03I012286 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 550.8 +0.9 946 3 ZNF133 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 ZNF48 GLIS2 ZNF213 SP3 REST PPARG SYN2 ENSG00000225026
GH03I012349 Promoter/Enhancer 1.6 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 561.5 +63.2 63217 1.7 MXI1 TAF1 MAX RAD21 RFX5 YY1 POLR2A HNF4G RCOR1 NFE2L2 PPARG SYN2 TIMP4 GC03P012338 GC03P012458
GH03I012191 Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 22.6 -93.5 -93489 3.9 ATF1 IRF4 YY1 GTF3C2 ZNF766 ZNF143 ATF7 FOS RUNX3 DEK SYN2 PPARG TAMM41 TSEN2 TIMP4 VGLL4 ENSG00000271716 RAF1 PIR34150 GC03P012190
GH03I012307 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 30.3 +21.2 21208 2.6 ELF3 SOX13 FOXA2 SAP130 TEAD3 ATF7 FOSL2 FOS HOMEZ MIXL1 PPARG TSEN2 TIMP4 SYN2 ENSG00000225026
GH03I012353 Enhancer 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 20.6 +66.7 66738 1 MEIS2 PKNOX1 JUN MAX CEBPG RAD21 RFX5 POLR2A SMC3 RCOR1 PPARG SYN2 TIMP4 RAF1 GC03P012338 GC03P012458
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around PPARG on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PPARG gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for PPARG Gene

Genomic Locations for PPARG Gene
chr3:12,287,368-12,471,013
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
183,646 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand
chr3:12,328,867-12,475,855
(GRCh37/hg19)

Genomic View for PPARG Gene

Genes around PPARG on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PPARG Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PPARG Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PPARG Gene

Proteins for PPARG Gene

  • Protein details for PPARG Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P37231-PPARG_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma
    Protein Accession:
    P37231
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K3G6
    • B5BUA1
    • O00684
    • O00710
    • O14515
    • Q0QJH8
    • Q15178
    • Q15179
    • Q15180
    • Q15832
    • Q86U60
    • Q96J12

    Protein attributes for PPARG Gene

    Size:
    505 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    57620 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with FOXO1 (acetylated form) (By similarity). Heterodimer with other nuclear receptors, such as RXRA. The heterodimer with the retinoic acid receptor RXRA is called adipocyte-specific transcription factor ARF6. Interacts with NCOA6 coactivator, leading to a strong increase in transcription of target genes. Interacts with coactivator PPARBP, leading to a mild increase in transcription of target genes. Interacts with NOCA7 in a ligand-inducible manner. Interacts with NCOA1 and NCOA2 LXXLL motifs. Interacts with ASXL1, ASXL2, DNTTIP2, FAM120B, MAP2K1/MEK1, NR0B2, PDPK1, PRDM16, PRMT2 and TGFB1I1. Interacts (when activated by agonist) with PPP5C. Interacts with HELZ2 and THRAP3; the interaction stimulates the transcriptional activity of PPARG. Interacts with PER2, the interaction is ligand dependent and blocks PPARG recruitment to target promoters. Interacts with NOCT. Interacts with ACTN4.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAN38992.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAA23354.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAF83270.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAA62153.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PPARG Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for PPARG Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for PPARG Gene

Post-translational modifications for PPARG Gene

  • O-GlcNAcylation at Thr-84 reduces transcriptional activity in adipocytes.
  • Phosphorylated in basal conditions and dephosphorylated when treated with the ligand. May be dephosphorylated by PPP5C. The phosphorylated form may be inactive and dephosphorylation at Ser-112 induces adipogenic activity (By similarity).
  • Glycosylation at isoforms=2, 384

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for PPARG (PPAR gamma/NR1C3)
  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for PPARG (PPAR-gamma)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PPARG Gene

Domains & Families for PPARG Gene

Gene Families for PPARG Gene

HGNC:
IUPHAR :
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Disease related genes
  • FDA approved drug targets
  • Nuclear receptors
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Transcription factors

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P37231

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PPARG_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor family. NR1 subfamily.
Family:
  • Belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor family. NR1 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PPARG: view

Function for PPARG Gene

Molecular function for PPARG Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor,steroid/thyroid hormone coactivator receptor superfamily,heterodimerizing with RXR*,coactivated by SRCO1,expressed (isoform 1) in the diploid trophoblast lineages and required for placental development,expressed at low levels in preadipocytes,induced by CEBPB and CEBPD,coexpressed with and coregulated by PPARG,jointly required for full adipocyte differentiation and fat deposition with variability influencing plasma leptin levels in obese humans,modulator of insulin sensitivity and control of glucose homostasis and blood pressure and activation of antidiabetic effect of thiazolidinediones,negative regulator of macrophage activation,inhibiting production of monocyte inflammatory cytokines,increasing PAI1 expression in endothelial cells.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
PDPK1 activates its transcriptional activity independently of its kinase activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Nuclear receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Once activated by a ligand, the nuclear receptor binds to DNA specific PPAR response elements (PPRE) and modulates the transcription of its target genes, such as acyl-CoA oxidase. It therefore controls the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Key regulator of adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis. ARF6 acts as a key regulator of the tissue-specific adipocyte P2 (aP2) enhancer. Acts as a critical regulator of gut homeostasis by suppressing NF-kappa-B-mediated proinflammatory responses. Plays a role in the regulation of cardiovascular circadian rhythms by regulating the transcription of ARNTL/BMAL1 in the blood vessels (By similarity).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
(Microbial infection) Upon treatment with M.tuberculosis or its lipoprotein LpqH, phosphorylation of MAPK p38 and IL-6 production are modulated, probably via this protein.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
(Microbial infection) Expression increases when incubated with M.tuberculosis or its lipoprotein LpqH; induction is TLR2-dependent (at protein level).

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PPARG Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PPARG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001046 core promoter sequence-specific DNA binding ISS --
GO:0003677 DNA binding ISS --
GO:0003682 chromatin binding ISS --
GO:0003690 double-stranded DNA binding IMP 19043829
GO:0003700 DNA binding transcription factor activity ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PPARG: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PPARG: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for PPARG Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for PPARG Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PPARG:

Animal Model Products

Targeted motifs for PPARG Gene
HOMER Transcription Factor Regulatory Elements motif PPARG
  • Consensus sequence: TGACCTTTGCCCCA Submotif: DR1 Cell Type: 3T3L1 GEO ID: GSE13511

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PPARG

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) and Transcription Factor Targets for PPARG Gene

Localization for PPARG Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PPARG Gene

Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Note=Redistributed from the nucleus to the cytosol through a MAP2K1/MEK1-dependent manner. NOCT enhances its nuclear translocation.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PPARG gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
peroxisome 4
cytosol 4
extracellular 3
mitochondrion 3
plasma membrane 2
cytoskeleton 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
lysosome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Nucleus (4)
  • Vesicles (4)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PPARG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA,IDA 9568716
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol ISS --
GO:0043231 intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PPARG: view

Pathways & Interactions for PPARG Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PPARG: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for PPARG Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PPARG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II ISS --
GO:0001890 placenta development ISS --
GO:0002674 negative regulation of acute inflammatory response IEA --
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PPARG: view

Drugs & Compounds for PPARG Gene

(200) Drugs for PPARG Gene - From: DrugBank, PharmGKB, ApexBio, DGIdb, IUPHAR, HMDB, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Rosiglitazone Approved, Investigational Pharma Full agonist, Agonist, Target, agonist Potent PPARγ agonist, Potent and selective PPARgamma agonist; antidiabetic agent. 222
Pioglitazone Approved, Investigational Pharma Full agonist, Agonist, Target, agonist 446
Bezafibrate Approved, Investigational Pharma Agonist, Target, agonist 14
Indomethacin Approved, Investigational Pharma Partial agonist, Agonist, Target, activator, inhibitor Cox inhibitor 119
Balsalazide Approved, Investigational Pharma Target, agonist, inhibitor 7

(88) Additional Compounds for PPARG Gene - From: HMDB, Novoseek, and IUPHAR

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
15-deoxy-delta 12 14-prostaglandin J2
Full agonist, Agonist
CDDO
Partial agonist, Agonist
thiazolidinone
Partial agonist, Agonist
(2E)-Decenoyl-CoA
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate CoA
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-decenoic acid
  • 2-trans-Decenoyl-CoA
10018-95-8
(2E)-Dodecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Dodec-2-enoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Dodec-2-enoyl-Coenzyme A
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-CoA
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-Coenzyme A
1066-12-2

(5) Tocris Compounds for PPARG Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Ciglitazone Selective PPARgamma agonist 74772-77-3
GW 1929 hydrochloride Selective PPARgamma agonist. Orally active 1217466-21-1
nTZDpa Potent, selective PPARgamma partial agonist 118414-59-8
Rosiglitazone Potent and selective PPARgamma agonist; antidiabetic agent. 122320-73-4
Troglitazone Selective PPARgamma agonist; antidiabetic agent 97322-87-7

(30) ApexBio Compounds for PPARG Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
15-deoxy-Δ-12,14-Prostaglandin J2 87893-55-8
2-(4-((2-(4-(Trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-5-methylthiazol-4-yl)methylthio)-2- methylphenoxy)acetic acid 317318-70-0
Aleglitazar PPARα/PPARγagonist 475479-34-6
AUDA 479413-70-2
BADGE 1675-54-3
Balaglitazone PPAR-γ partial agonist 199113-98-9
Bezafibrate 41859-67-0
Ciglitazone 74772-77-3
Ciprofibrate 52214-84-3
CP 775146 702680-17-9
Fenofibrate 49562-28-9
Gemfibrozil 25812-30-0
GSK 0660 1014691-61-2
GW 7647 265129-71-3
GW1929 Potent PPARγ agonist 196808-24-9
GW9662 PPARγ antagonist 22978-25-2
Inolitazone PPARgamma agonist 223132-37-4
Inolitazone dihydrochloride PPARγ agonist,high-affinity and novel 223132-38-5
nTZDpa 118414-59-8
Pioglitazone 111025-46-8
Pioglitazone HCl PPARγ agonist 112529-15-4
Rosiglitazone Potent PPARγ agonist 122320-73-4
Rosiglitazone HCl 302543-62-0
Rosiglitazone maleate PPARγ agonist,high-affinity and selective,potent insulin sensitizer 155141-29-0
S26948 353280-43-0
SR 1664 1338259-05-4
SR 202 PPAR antagonist 76541-72-5
T0070907 Human PPARγ antagonist,potent and selective 313516-66-4
Tesaglitazar 251565-85-2
Troglitazone Selective PPARγ agonist 97322-87-7
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PPARG: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for PPARG Gene

Unigene Clusters for PPARG Gene

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PPARG

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PPARG Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9a · 9b · 9c ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13a · 13b · 13c
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - - - - - -
SP3:
SP4: - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP6: - -
SP7: -
SP8: - - - - - - -
SP9: - - - - -

Relevant External Links for PPARG Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PPARG
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PPARG

Expression for PPARG Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PPARG Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PPARG Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipose - Visceral (Omentum) (x9.0), Adipose - Subcutaneous (x8.6), and Breast - Mammary Tissue (x5.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PPARG Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Placenta (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for PPARG Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for PPARG Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PPARG Gene:

PPARG

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PPARG Gene:

Hs.162646

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PPARG Gene:

P37231-PPARG_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Highest expression in adipose tissue. Lower in skeletal muscle, spleen, heart and liver. Also detectable in placenta, lung and ovary.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PPARG Gene

  • Heart(4.6)
  • Bone marrow(4.5)
  • Liver(3.5)
  • Muscle(3.4)
  • Intestine(3.3)
  • Blood(3)
  • Kidney(3)
  • Lung(2.8)
  • Nervous system(2.8)
  • Thyroid gland(2.7)
  • Skin(2.6)
  • Spleen(2.5)
  • Stomach(2.5)
  • Bone(2.4)
  • Pancreas(2.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PPARG Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • endocrine
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • lymphatic
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Organs:
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • ear
  • eye
  • face
  • forehead
  • head
  • jaw
  • larynx
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • mouth
  • neck
  • pituitary gland
  • salivary gland
  • skull
  • thyroid
  • tooth
Thorax:
  • breast
  • chest wall
  • clavicle
  • diaphragm
  • esophagus
  • heart
  • heart valve
  • lung
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • scapula
  • sternum
Abdomen:
  • abdominal wall
  • duodenum
  • intestine
  • kidney
  • liver
  • pancreas
  • small intestine
  • spleen
  • stomach
Pelvis:
  • fallopian tube
  • ovary
  • pelvis
  • penis
  • placenta
  • prostate
  • testicle
  • uterus
  • vagina
  • vas deferens
  • vulva
Limb:
  • ankle
  • arm
  • digit
  • elbow
  • femur
  • fibula
  • finger
  • foot
  • forearm
  • hand
  • hip
  • humerus
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • nail
  • radius
  • shin
  • shoulder
  • thigh
  • tibia
  • toe
  • ulna
  • upper limb
  • wrist
General:
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • coagulation system
  • hair
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • red blood cell
  • skin
  • spinal column
  • sweat gland
  • vertebrae
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PPARG: view

Orthologs for PPARG Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PPARG Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PPARG 33 34
  • 99.54 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PPARG 34
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PPARG 33 34
  • 92.34 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PPARG 33 34
  • 91.02 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pparg 33 16 34
  • 90.1 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pparg 33
  • 89.83 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PPARG 34
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PPARG 33 34
  • 82.25 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PPARG 34
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.16633 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia PPARg 33
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pparg 33 34
  • 67.02 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Eip75B 35
  • 32 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea sex-1 35
  • 27 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 24 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.186 33
Species where no ortholog for PPARG was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PPARG Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PPARG (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PPARG (if available)

Paralogs for PPARG Gene

Variants for PPARG Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PPARG Gene

PPARG_HUMAN-P37231
Genetic variations in PPARG define the body mass index quantitative trait locus 1 (BMIQ1) [MIM:606641]. The body max index (BMI) reflects the amount of fat, lean mass, and body build.
PPARG_HUMAN-P37231
Genetic variations in PPARG influence the carotid intimal medial thickness (CIMT) [MIM:609338]. CIMT is a measure of atherosclerosis that is independently associated with traditional atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk factors and coronary atherosclerotic burden. 35 to 45% of the variability in multivariable-adjusted CIMT is explained by genetic factors.

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PPARG Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs112174008 uncertain-significance, Familial partial lipodystrophy, Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, with Acanthosis Nigricans and Hypertension 12,379,861(+) C/T coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs121909242 pathogenic, Carcinoma of colon 12,416,825(+) A/C coding_sequence_variant, intron_variant, missense_variant
rs121909243 pathogenic, Carcinoma of colon 12,416,923(+) A/T coding_sequence_variant, intron_variant, stop_gained
rs121909244 pathogenic, uncertain-significance, likely-pathogenic, Familial partial lipodystrophy 3, Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, with Acanthosis Nigricans and Hypertension, Familial partial lipodystrophy, Obesity 12,434,111(+) C/A/T 3_prime_UTR_variant, coding_sequence_variant, intron_variant, missense_variant
rs121909245 pathogenic, Familial partial lipodystrophy 3 12,392,701(+) T/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PPARG Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv763e201 CNV deletion 23290073
dgv850e199 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2661678 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2669014 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2724933 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3561485 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3595320 CNV loss 21293372
esv3595321 CNV loss 21293372
esv3595322 CNV gain 21293372
esv3595323 CNV gain 21293372
esv4138 CNV loss 18987735
esv7808 CNV loss 19470904
nsv1000995 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1073206 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1112379 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1131682 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1147269 CNV deletion 26484159
nsv3702 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv589700 CNV loss 21841781
nsv7351 OTHER inversion 18451855
nsv979804 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for PPARG Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 15.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.88; 67.52% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PPARG Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
PPARG
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
PPARG

Disorders for PPARG Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(52) MalaCards diseases for PPARG Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PPARG in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

PPARG_HUMAN
  • Glioma 1 (GLM1) [MIM:137800]: Gliomas are benign or malignant central nervous system neoplasms derived from glial cells. They comprise astrocytomas and glioblastoma multiforme that are derived from astrocytes, oligodendrogliomas derived from oligodendrocytes and ependymomas derived from ependymocytes. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10851250}. Note=Disease susceptibility may be associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry. Polymorphic PPARG alleles have been found to be significantly over-represented among a cohort of American patients with sporadic glioblastoma multiforme suggesting a possible contribution to disease susceptibility.
  • Lipodystrophy, familial partial, 3 (FPLD3) [MIM:604367]: A form of lipodystrophy characterized by marked loss of subcutaneous fat from the extremities. Facial adipose tissue may be increased, decreased or normal. Affected individuals show an increased preponderance of insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11788685, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12453919}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Note=Defects in PPARG can lead to type 2 insulin-resistant diabetes and hyptertension. PPARG mutations may be associated with colon cancer. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10394368}.
  • Obesity (OBESITY) [MIM:601665]: A condition characterized by an increase of body weight beyond the limitation of skeletal and physical requirements, as the result of excessive accumulation of body fat. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:9753710}. Note=Disease susceptibility may be associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Genatlas disease for PPARG Gene

marked obesity with a high body-mass index and a defect in the regulation of adipocyte differentiation associated with type 2 diabetes

Additional Disease Information for PPARG

Genetic Association Database
(GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PPARG: view

Publications for PPARG Gene

  1. PPARgamma gene C161T substitution alters lipid profile in Chinese patients with coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. (PMID: 20334678) Wan J … Roy S (Cardiovascular diabetology 2010) 3 22 44 58
  2. Relationship of five type 2 diabetes candidate gene polymorphisms to the age at diagnosis of diabetes in the Slovakian population. (PMID: 20437825) Kozarova M … Tkac I (Bratislavske lekarske listy 2010) 3 22 44 58
  3. A selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma modulator, telmisartan, binds to the receptor in a different fashion from thiazolidinediones. (PMID: 19147680) Tagami T … Naruse M (Endocrinology 2009) 3 22 25 58
  4. [Effect of the Gly972Arg, SNP43 and Prol2Ala polymorphisms of the genes IRS1, CAPN10 and PPARG2 on secondary failure to sulphonylurea and metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes in Yucatán, México]. (PMID: 19418728) García-Escalante MG … Laviada-Molina H (Investigacion clinica 2009) 3 22 44 58
  5. Primary pioglitazone failure in Asian Indian diabetics is not related to common Pro12Ala polymorph of PPAR-gamma gene. (PMID: 20112822) Mathur SK … Mathur M (Indian journal of physiology and pharmacology 2009) 3 22 44 58

Products for PPARG Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for PPARG