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Aliases for PNPLA1 Gene

Aliases for PNPLA1 Gene

  • Patatin-Like Phospholipase Domain Containing 1 2 3
  • ARCI10 3 6
  • Patatin-Like Phospholipase Domain-Containing Protein 1 3
  • EC 3.1.1.- 4
  • DJ50J22.1 3

External Ids for PNPLA1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PNPLA1 Gene

  • GC06P036212
  • GC06P036257
  • GC06P036318
  • GC06P035930
  • GC06P036337
  • GC06P037304

Summaries for PNPLA1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PNPLA1 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the patatin-like phospholipase (PNPLA) family, which is characterized by the presence of a highly conserved patatin domain. PNPLA family members have diverse lipolytic and acyltransferase activities, and are key elements in lipid metabolism. While other members of this family have been well characterized, the function of this gene remained an enigma. However, recent studies show that this gene is expressed in the skin epidermal keratinocytes, and has a role in glycerophospholipid metabolism in the cutaneous barrier. Consistent with these observations, mutations in this gene are associated with ichthyosis in human (autosomal recessive congenital ichthyoses, ARCI) and dog. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]

GeneCards Summary for PNPLA1 Gene

PNPLA1 (Patatin-Like Phospholipase Domain Containing 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PNPLA1 include ichthyosis, congenital, autosomal recessive 10 and pnpla1-related autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis. GO annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PNPLA2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PNPLA1 Gene

  • Lipid hydrolase. Important in the formation of the epidermal lipid barrier. Plays a role in glycerophospholipid metabolism.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PNPLA1 Gene

Genomics for PNPLA1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PNPLA1 Gene

Genomic Location for PNPLA1 Gene

36,243,168 bp from pter
36,308,595 bp from pter
65,428 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for PNPLA1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for PNPLA1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PNPLA1 Gene

Proteins for PNPLA1 Gene

  • Protein details for PNPLA1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A3RMU3
    • J3JS20
    • Q2A6N1
    • Q3SY95
    • Q3SY96
    • Q5R3L2

    Protein attributes for PNPLA1 Gene

    532 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    57875 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=CAI21612.2; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for PNPLA1 Gene


neXtProt entry for PNPLA1 Gene

Proteomics data for PNPLA1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PNPLA1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PNPLA1 Gene

Antibody Products

  • Santa Cruz Biotechnology (SCBT) Antibodies for PNPLA1

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PNPLA1 Gene

Domains for PNPLA1 Gene

Gene Families for PNPLA1 Gene

  • PNPLA :Patatin-like phospholipase domain containing

Protein Domains for PNPLA1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PNPLA1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q8N8W4
  • Contains 1 patatin domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PNPLA1: view

Function for PNPLA1 Gene

Molecular function for PNPLA1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Lipid hydrolase. Important in the formation of the epidermal lipid barrier. Plays a role in glycerophospholipid metabolism.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PNPLA1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PNPLA1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PNPLA1: view

Phenotypes for PNPLA1 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for PNPLA1:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PNPLA1: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for PNPLA1

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for PNPLA1 Gene

Localization for PNPLA1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PNPLA1 Gene

Cytoplasm. Note=Clearly distributed in the cytoplasm of keratinocytes.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for PNPLA1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PNPLA1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 1
cytosol 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
golgi apparatus 1
mitochondrion 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PNPLA1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 22246504
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PNPLA1: view

Pathways for PNPLA1 Gene

SuperPathways for PNPLA1 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for PNPLA1 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 1 interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000378072 for PNPLA1 Gene via STRING

Symbol External ID(s) Details

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PNPLA1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006629 lipid metabolic process --
GO:0008152 metabolic process --
GO:0016042 lipid catabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PNPLA1: view

No data available for Pathways by source for PNPLA1 Gene

Transcripts for PNPLA1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PNPLA1 Gene

(4) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(12) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(6) Additional mRNA sequences :
(4) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for PNPLA1 Gene

Patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 1:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for PNPLA1

Primer Products

  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PNPLA1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PNPLA1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PNPLA1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PNPLA1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PNPLA1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (15.9), Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (15.6), and Whole Blood (11.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for PNPLA1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PNPLA1 Gene Hs.407002

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PNPLA1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed in the digestive system. Expressed in the epidermis of skin keratinocytes. Strongly expressed in the granular layer. Expressed in the upper epidermis and eccrine sweat glands of the dermis and in the region of keratin filament bundles, which is more pronounced in upper epidermal layers and in the lower cornified layers.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with PNPLA1: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues and Expression partners for PNPLA1 Gene

Orthologs for PNPLA1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PNPLA1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PNPLA1 35
  • 84.78 (n)
  • 79.88 (a)
  • 80 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PNPLA1 35
  • 83.2 (n)
  • 79.73 (a)
  • 79 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pnpla1 35
  • 72.02 (n)
  • 68.45 (a)
Pnpla1 16
Pnpla1 36
  • 57 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PNPLA1 35
  • 99.19 (n)
  • 98.87 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pnpla1 35
  • 69.37 (n)
  • 65.66 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PNPLA1 36
  • 55 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PNPLA1 36
  • 55 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PNPLA1 35
  • 63.66 (n)
  • 55.69 (a)
-- 36
  • 38 (a)
-- 36
  • 54 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 45 (a)
-- 36
  • 43 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100497390 35
  • 55.56 (n)
  • 46.12 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii CABZ01030033.1 36
  • 16 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta bmm 36
  • 21 (a)
dob 36
  • 23 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C05D11.7 36
  • 16 (a)
Species with no ortholog for PNPLA1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PNPLA1 Gene

Gene Tree for PNPLA1 (if available)
Gene Tree for PNPLA1 (if available)

Paralogs for PNPLA1 Gene

Paralogs for PNPLA1 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for PNPLA1 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PNPLA1: view

Variants for PNPLA1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PNPLA1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs732393 -- 36,301,571(+) CACTG(C/G)CAATC intron-variant
rs732394 -- 36,301,307(+) CCTAA(A/C)AGTCA intron-variant
rs743851 -- 36,265,687(-) CTTTG(C/T)TTTTA intron-variant
rs933234 -- 36,304,926(+) tgggg(A/T)cactg intron-variant
rs933235 -- 36,304,929(+) ggaca(A/C)tgaaa intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PNPLA1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv33691 CNV Gain+Loss 17666407

Relevant External Links for PNPLA1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PNPLA1 Gene

Disorders for PNPLA1 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for PNPLA1 Gene (612121)


  • Ichthyosis, congenital, autosomal recessive 10 (ARCI10) [MIM:615024]: A form of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis, a disorder of keratinization with abnormal differentiation and desquamation of the epidermis, resulting in abnormal skin scaling over the whole body. The main skin phenotypes are lamellar ichthyosis (LI) and non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (NCIE), although phenotypic overlap within the same patient or among patients from the same family can occur. Lamellar ichthyosis is a condition often associated with an embedment in a collodion-like membrane at birth; skin scales later develop, covering the entire body surface. Non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma characterized by fine whitish scaling on an erythrodermal background; larger brownish scales are present on the buttocks, neck and legs. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22246504}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for PNPLA1 Gene

Relevant External Links for PNPLA1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PNPLA1: view

No data available for Novoseek inferred disease relationships and Genatlas for PNPLA1 Gene

Publications for PNPLA1 Gene

  1. Characterization of the human patatin-like phospholipase family. (PMID: 16799181) Wilson P.A. … Crowther D.J. (J. Lipid Res. 2006) 2 3 4
  2. Genetic variants associated with arsenic susceptibility: study of purine nucleoside phosphorylase, arsenic (+3) methyltransferase, and glutathione S-transferase omega genes. (PMID: 18414634) De Chaudhuri S. … Giri A.K. (Environ. Health Perspect. 2008) 3 48
  3. Mammalian patatin domain containing proteins: a family with diverse lipolytic activities involved in multiple biological functions. (PMID: 19029121) Kienesberger P.C. … Zechner R. (J. Lipid Res. 2009) 2 3
  4. Genetic variance in the adiponutrin gene family and childhood obesity. (PMID: 19390624) Johansson L.E. … RidderstrAYle M. (PLoS ONE 2009) 3 48
  5. PNPLA1 mutations cause autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis in golden retriever dogs and humans. (PMID: 22246504) Grall A. … Fischer J. (Nat. Genet. 2012) 3 4

Products for PNPLA1 Gene

Sources for PNPLA1 Gene

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