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Aliases for PMVK Gene

Aliases for PMVK Gene

  • Phosphomevalonate Kinase 2 3 5
  • PMKASE 3 4
  • Testis Tissue Sperm-Binding Protein Li 95mP 3
  • EC 4
  • POROK1 3
  • PMKA 3
  • PMKI 4
  • HPMK 4
  • PMK 3

External Ids for PMVK Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PMVK Gene

  • GC01P148261
  • GC01M150628
  • GC01M151672
  • GC01M152113
  • GC01M152093
  • GC01M151711
  • GC01M153163
  • GC01M154897
  • GC01M126259

Summaries for PMVK Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PMVK Gene

  • This gene encodes a peroxisomal enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of mevalonate 5-phosphate into mevalonate 5-diphosphate, the fifth reaction of the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. Studies in rat show that the message level and the enzyme activity of this protein is regulated by sterol, and that this regulation is coordinated with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, the rate-limiting enzyme of cholesterol biosynthesis. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

GeneCards Summary for PMVK Gene

PMVK (Phosphomevalonate Kinase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PMVK include Porokeratosis Of Mibelli and Porokeratosis. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Peroxisome. GO annotations related to this gene include phosphomevalonate kinase activity.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PMVK Gene

Genomics for PMVK Gene

Regulatory Elements for PMVK Gene

Enhancers for PMVK Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01F154940 1.4 FANTOM5 ENCODE 2.7 -5.7 -5708 6.0 HDGF MLX WRNIP1 ARID4B YBX1 DMAP1 ZNF143 ZNF207 SP5 JUNB KCNN3 EFNA3 MSTO2P RUSC1 ADAR PMVK CLK2 RUSC1-AS1 GC01M154946 ENSG00000270361
GH01F154931 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 0.4 +5.0 5007 2.2 ELF3 TBP DMAP1 RAD21 YY1 RARA RCOR1 FOS CREM THAP11 SHC1 RUSC1-AS1 LOC105371449 PMVK
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around PMVK on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for PMVK Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000545456 310 2001 CREB3L1 MLX ZFP64 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 NFYC

Genomic Location for PMVK Gene

154,924,732 bp from pter
154,937,310 bp from pter
12,579 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PMVK Gene

Genes around PMVK on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PMVK Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PMVK Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PMVK Gene

Proteins for PMVK Gene

  • Protein details for PMVK Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Phosphomevalonate kinase
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5TZW9

    Protein attributes for PMVK Gene

    192 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    21995 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Monomer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PMVK Gene

neXtProt entry for PMVK Gene

Post-translational modifications for PMVK Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PMVK Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PMVK Gene

Domains & Families for PMVK Gene

Gene Families for PMVK Gene

Protein Domains for PMVK Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PMVK Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PMVK: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PMVK Gene

Function for PMVK Gene

Molecular function for PMVK Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
phosphomevalonate kinase ATP dependent,peroxisomal,converting melanovate 5-P into M5-PP in the pathway for the synthesis of cholesterol,and pathway for the synthesis of isoprenoids and cholesterol,a structural component of membranes and precursor for bile acids and steroid hormones,regulated by sterols
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=25 uM for (R)-5-phosphomevalonate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16519518, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9392419}; KM=0.26 mM for ATP {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16519518, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9392419}; Vmax=46.4 umol/min/mg enzyme with (R)-5-phosphomevalonate as substrate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16519518, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9392419}; Vmax=52 umol/min/mg enzyme with ATP as substrate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16519518, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9392419};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + (R)-5-phosphomevalonate = ADP + (R)-5-diphosphomevalonate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
By sterol.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PMVK Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PMVK Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004631 phosphomevalonate kinase activity TAS --
GO:0005524 ATP binding IDA 16519518
GO:0016301 kinase activity IEA --
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PMVK: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PMVK: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for PMVK Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PMVK

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PMVK Gene

Localization for PMVK Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PMVK Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PMVK gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
peroxisome 5
cytosol 5
nucleus 2
plasma membrane 1
mitochondrion 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PMVK Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005777 peroxisome IEA,IDA 10191291
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane IDA 19946888
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PMVK: view

Pathways & Interactions for PMVK Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PMVK: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q15126-PMVK_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Isoprenoid biosynthesis; isopentenyl diphosphate biosynthesis via mevalonate pathway; isopentenyl diphosphate from (R)-mevalonate: step 2/3.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PMVK Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006629 lipid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006694 steroid biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0006695 cholesterol biosynthetic process TAS --
GO:0008202 steroid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0008203 cholesterol metabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PMVK: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PMVK Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PMVK Gene

(6) Drugs for PMVK Gene - From: DGIdb, IUPHAR, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Adenosine triphosphate Approved Nutra 0
(R)-5-diphosphomevalonate Pharma Competitive, Inhibitor 0

(9) Additional Compounds for PMVK Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist 58-64-0
(R)-Mevalonic acid-5-pyrophosphate
  • (R)-5-Diphosphomevalonic acid
  • 1,1,3,7-Tetrahydroxy-7-methyl-2,4-Dioxa-1,3-diphosphanonan-9-oate
  • 1,1,3,7-Tetrahydroxy-7-methyl-2,4-Dioxa-1,3-diphosphanonan-9-oic acid
  • 1,1,3,7-Tetrahydroxy-7-methyl-2,4-Dioxa-1,3-diphosphanonan-9-oic acid 1,3-dioxide
  • 5-Pyrophosphomevalonate
(S)-5-Diphosphomevalonic acid
  • (S)-Mevalonic acid-5-pyrophosphate
  • 1,1,3,7-Tetrahydroxy-7-methyl-2,4-dioxa-1,3-diphosphanonan-9-oate
  • 1,1,3,7-Tetrahydroxy-7-methyl-2,4-dioxa-1,3-diphosphanonan-9-oic acid
  • 1,1,3,7-Tetrahydroxy-7-methyl-2,4-dioxa-1,3-diphosphanonan-9-oic acid ion(1-)1,3-dioxide
  • 5-Diphosphomevalonate
Mevalonic acid-5P
  • (R)-5-phosphomevalonate
  • (R)-5-phosphomevalonic acid
  • (R)-5-phosphomevaloonate
  • (R)-5-phosphomevaloonic acid
  • (R)-mevalonic acid 5-phosphate
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PMVK: view

Transcripts for PMVK Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PMVK Gene

Unigene Clusters for PMVK Gene

Phosphomevalonate kinase:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PMVK

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PMVK Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5
SP3: -

Relevant External Links for PMVK Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PMVK Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for PMVK Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PMVK Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (12.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for PMVK Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PMVK Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PMVK Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PMVK Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PMVK Gene:

Tissue specificity: Heart, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney, and pancreas. Lower level in brain, placenta and lung.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PMVK: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for PMVK Gene

Orthologs for PMVK Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PMVK Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PMVK 34 35
  • 97.74 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PMVK 34 35
  • 89.76 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PMVK 34 35
  • 89.06 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pmvk 34
  • 87.85 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pmvk 34 16 35
  • 86.63 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PMVK 35
  • 73 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PMVK 34 35
  • 66.21 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pmvk 34 35
  • 59.64 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.5364 34
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP000338 34
  • 56.59 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG10268 36 34 35
  • 53.9 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F32D8.13 34 35
  • 49.42 (n)
Species where no ortholog for PMVK was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PMVK Gene

Gene Tree for PMVK (if available)
Gene Tree for PMVK (if available)

Paralogs for PMVK Gene

No data available for Paralogs for PMVK Gene

Variants for PMVK Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PMVK Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs745983207 Pathogenic 154,926,384(+) CTGTC(A/G)GCTCT reference, stop-gained
rs879255607 Pathogenic 154,925,158(-) AGAAC(-/C)TGATA upstream-variant-2KB, reference, frameshift-variant
rs1046856 -- 154,924,931(-) ATGCT(C/T)TTCAG upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime
rs1046859 -- 154,924,809(-) ATGTT(C/T)TCAGC upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime
rs1046862 -- 154,924,795(-) TTGTT(C/T)TGGGC upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PMVK Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv547960 CNV loss 21841781
nsv509502 CNV insertion 20534489
nsv464073 CNV loss 19166990
nsv2977 CNV deletion 18451855

Variation tolerance for PMVK Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 76.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.60; 56.30% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PMVK Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PMVK Gene

Disorders for PMVK Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for PMVK Gene - From: ClinVar, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
porokeratosis of mibelli
  • disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis
linear porokeratosis
  • congenital facial linear porokeratosis
punctate porokeratosis
  • pppp
  • dacryocystitis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PMVK in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Porokeratosis 1, multiple types (POROK1) [MIM:175800]: A form of porokeratosis, a disorder of faulty keratinization characterized by one or more atrophic patches surrounded by a distinctive hyperkeratotic ridgelike border called the cornoid lamella. The keratotic lesions can progress to overt cutaneous neoplasms, typically squamous cell carcinomas. Multiple clinical variants of porokeratosis are recognized, including porokeratosis of Mibelli, linear porokeratosis, disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis, palmoplantar porokeratosis, and punctate porokeratosis. Different clinical presentations can be observed among members of the same family. Individuals expressing more than one variant have also been reported. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:26202976}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for PMVK

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PMVK: view

No data available for Genatlas for PMVK Gene

Publications for PMVK Gene

  1. Characterization of phosphomevalonate kinase: chromosomal localization, regulation, and subcellular targeting. (PMID: 10191291) Olivier L.M. … Krisans S.K. (J. Lipid Res. 1999) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Molecular cloning of human phosphomevalonate kinase and identification of a consensus peroxisomal targeting sequence. (PMID: 8663599) Chambliss K.L. … Gibson K.M. (J. Biol. Chem. 1996) 2 3 4 22 64
  3. Crystal structure of human phosphomevalonate kinase at 1.8 A resolution. (PMID: 18618710) Chang Q. … Liang D.-C. (Proteins 2008) 3 4 22 64
  4. Functional evaluation of conserved basic residues in human phosphomevalonate kinase. (PMID: 17902708) Herdendorf T.J. … Miziorko H.M. (Biochemistry 2007) 3 4 22 64
  5. Phosphomevalonate kinase: functional investigation of the recombinant human enzyme. (PMID: 16519518) Herdendorf T.J. … Miziorko H.M. (Biochemistry 2006) 3 4 22 64

Products for PMVK Gene

Sources for PMVK Gene

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