Aliases for PMS2 Gene
External Ids for PMS2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PMS2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PMS2 Gene
This gene is one of the PMS2 gene family members found in clusters on chromosome 7. The product of this gene is involved in DNA mismatch repair. It forms a heterodimer with MLH1 and this complex interacts with other complexes bound to mismatched bases. Mutations in this gene are associated with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, Turcot syndrome, and are a cause of supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PMS2 Gene
PMS2 (PMS2 Postmeiotic Segregation Increased 2 (S. Cerevisiae)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PMS2 include mismatch repair cancer syndrome and colorectal cancer, hereditary nonpolyposis, type 4. Among its related pathways are Direct p53 effectors and Fanconi anemia pathway (KEGG). GO annotations related to this gene include ATPase activity and endonuclease activity. An important paralog of this gene is PMS1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PMS2 Gene
Component of the post-replicative DNA mismatch repair system (MMR). Heterodimerizes with MLH1 to form MutL alpha. DNA repair is initiated by MutS alpha (MSH2-MSH6) or MutS beta (MSH2-MSH6) binding to a dsDNA mismatch, then MutL alpha is recruited to the heteroduplex. Assembly of the MutL-MutS-heteroduplex ternary complex in presence of RFC and PCNA is sufficient to activate endonuclease activity of PMS2. It introduces single-strand breaks near the mismatch and thus generates new entry points for the exonuclease EXO1 to degrade the strand containing the mismatch. DNA methylation would prevent cleavage and therefore assure that only the newly mutated DNA strand is going to be corrected. MutL alpha (MLH1-PMS2) interacts physically with the clamp loader subunits of DNA polymerase III, suggesting that it may play a role to recruit the DNA polymerase III to the site of the MMR. Also implicated in DNA damage signaling, a process which induces cell cycle arrest and can lead to apoptosis in case of major DNA damages.