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Aliases for PMCH Gene

Aliases for PMCH Gene

  • Pro-Melanin Concentrating Hormone 2 3 5
  • Pro-Melanin-Concentrating Hormone 2 3
  • MCH 3 4
  • Prepro-Melanin-Concentrating Hormone 3
  • Prepro-MCH 3
  • PpMCH 3

External Ids for PMCH Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PMCH Gene

  • GC12U990072
  • GC12M102523
  • GC12M101092
  • GC12M102590
  • GC12M099649

Summaries for PMCH Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PMCH Gene

  • This gene encodes a preproprotein that is proteolytically processed to generate multiple protein products. These products include melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH), neuropeptide-glutamic acid-isoleucine (NEI), and neuropeptide-glycine-glutamic acid (NGE). Melanin-concentrating hormone is a 19-amino acid neuropeptide that stimulates hunger and may additionally regulate energy homeostasis, reproductive function, and sleep. Pseudogenes of this gene have been identified on chromosome 5. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2015]

GeneCards Summary for PMCH Gene

PMCH (Pro-Melanin Concentrating Hormone) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PMCH include Obesity and Hypersomnia. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include melanin-concentrating hormone activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PMCH Gene

  • MCH may act as a neurotransmitter or neuromodulator in a broad array of neuronal functions directed toward the regulation of goal-directed behavior, such as food intake, and general arousal. May also have a role in spermatocyte differentiation.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PMCH Gene

Genomics for PMCH Gene

Regulatory Elements for PMCH Gene

Enhancers for PMCH Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around PMCH on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for PMCH Gene

102,196,459 bp from pter
102,197,845 bp from pter
1,387 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PMCH Gene

Genes around PMCH on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PMCH Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PMCH Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PMCH Gene

Proteins for PMCH Gene

  • Protein details for PMCH Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q16044
    • Q8WVG0

    Protein attributes for PMCH Gene

    165 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    18679 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for PMCH Gene

Proteomics data for PMCH Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PMCH Gene

  • Differentially processed in the brain and in peripheral organs producing two neuropeptides; NEI and MCH. A third peptide, NGE, may also be produced. Preferential processing in neurons by prohormone convertase 2 (PC2) generates NEI. MCH is generated in neurons of the lateral hypothalmic area by several prohormone convertases including PC1/3, PC2 and PC5/6.

Other Protein References for PMCH Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PMCH Gene

Domains & Families for PMCH Gene

Gene Families for PMCH Gene

Protein Domains for PMCH Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PMCH Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the melanin-concentrating hormone family.
  • Belongs to the melanin-concentrating hormone family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PMCH: view

Function for PMCH Gene

Molecular function for PMCH Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
pro-melanin concentrating hormone,also encoding glutamic acid-isoleucine (NEI) and glycine-glutamic acids (NGE) neuropeptides,expressed in lateral hypotalamus area (LHA) and neighboring zona incerta (ZI),may be involved in energy balance and in feeding behaviour,ligand of GPR24
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
MCH may act as a neurotransmitter or neuromodulator in a broad array of neuronal functions directed toward the regulation of goal-directed behavior, such as food intake, and general arousal. May also have a role in spermatocyte differentiation.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PMCH: view

Animal Models for PMCH Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PMCH:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PMCH Gene

Localization for PMCH Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PMCH Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for PMCH Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PMCH gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 2
cytoskeleton 1
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PMCH Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PMCH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PMCH: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for PMCH Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PMCH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007218 neuropeptide signaling pathway IEA --
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development IEA --
GO:0007283 spermatogenesis IEA --
GO:0007631 feeding behavior IEA,ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PMCH: view

Drugs & Compounds for PMCH Gene

(3) Drugs for PMCH Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PMCH: view

Transcripts for PMCH Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PMCH Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(2) Additional mRNA sequences :
(22) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for PMCH Gene

Pro-melanin-concentrating hormone:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PMCH Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PMCH Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PMCH Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PMCH Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PMCH Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Hypothalamus (x51.6).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PMCH Gene Hs.707990

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PMCH Gene

Tissue specificity: Predominantly expressed in lateral hypothalamus, also detected in pallidum, neocortex and cerebellum. Also found in thymus, brown adipose tissue, duodenum and testis (spermatogonia, early spermatocytes and Sertoli cells). No expression in peripheral blood. In brain exclusively mature MCH and NEI peptides are present. In peripheral tissues a large product, encompassing the NEI and MCH domains of the precursor, is found predominantly.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PMCH: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression and Protein tissue co-expression partners for PMCH Gene

Orthologs for PMCH Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for PMCH Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PMCH 35
  • 92.93 (n)
  • 91.52 (a)
  • 92 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PMCH 35
  • 93.54 (n)
  • 93.33 (a)
  • 93 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pmch 35
  • 88.69 (n)
  • 86.67 (a)
Pmch 16
Pmch 36
  • 87 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PMCH 35
  • 98.79 (n)
  • 97.58 (a)
  • 98 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pmch 35
  • 85.45 (n)
  • 81.82 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PMCH 36
  • 75 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PMCH 36
  • 75 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PMCH 35
  • 73.21 (n)
  • 60.76 (a)
  • 58 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PMCH 36
  • 58 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pmch 35
  • 65.24 (n)
  • 55.21 (a)
Species with no ortholog for PMCH:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for PMCH Gene

Gene Tree for PMCH (if available)
Gene Tree for PMCH (if available)

Paralogs for PMCH Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for PMCH Gene using alignment to 1 proteins: Pseudogenes for PMCH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PMCH: view

No data available for Paralogs for PMCH Gene

Variants for PMCH Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PMCH Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs34157523 -- 102,199,643(+) TTTCA(-/G)GAATT upstream-variant-2KB
rs35410559 -- 102,198,132(+) TATTG(G/T)TTCCT upstream-variant-2KB
rs112171915 -- 102,198,061(+) GAGTA(G/T)ATTAT upstream-variant-2KB
rs199534091 -- 102,199,108(+) TGTGT(-/TG)TTTTT upstream-variant-2KB
rs113162490 -- 102,198,880(+) TTTTT(C/T)CTTTT upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PMCH Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv899473 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv455702 CNV Loss 19166990

Variation tolerance for PMCH Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 63.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.26; 5.72% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for PMCH Gene

Disorders for PMCH Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for PMCH Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • obesity, association with
bronchial disease
  • bronchospasm
  • cotton mill fever
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PMCH in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for PMCH

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PMCH: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PMCH Gene

Publications for PMCH Gene

  1. Structure of the human melanin concentrating hormone mRNA. (PMID: 2149166) Presse F. … Vale W. (Mol. Endocrinol. 1990) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Anatomy, function and regulation of neuropeptide EI (NEI). (PMID: 18456371) Bittencourt J. … Celis M.E. (Peptides 2008) 3 23
  3. Effect of ppMCH derived peptides on PBMC proliferation and cytokine expression. (PMID: 17537530) Coumans B. … Lakaye B. (Regul. Pept. 2007) 3 23
  4. Possible association of the pro-melanin-concentrating hormone gene with a greater body mass index as a side effect of the antipsychotic olanzapine. (PMID: 17541984) Chagnon Y.C. … Maziade M. (Am. J. Med. Genet. B Neuropsychiatr. Genet. 2007) 3 23
  5. Human Th2 cells selectively express the orexigenic peptide, pro-melanin-concentrating hormone. (PMID: 17640905) Sandig H. … Cousins D.J. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2007) 3 23

Products for PMCH Gene

Sources for PMCH Gene