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Aliases for PLVAP Gene

Aliases for PLVAP Gene

  • Plasmalemma Vesicle Associated Protein 2 3 5
  • Fenestrated-Endothelial Linked Structure Protein; PV-1 Protein 2 3
  • Fenestrated Endothelial-Linked Structure Protein 3 4
  • Plasmalemma Vesicle Protein 1 3 4
  • FELS 3 4
  • PV-1 3 4
  • PV1 3 4
  • Plasmalemma Vesicle-Associated Protein 3
  • Gp68 3

External Ids for PLVAP Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLVAP Gene

  • GC19M017956
  • GC19M017855
  • GC19M017307
  • GC19M017323
  • GC19M017462
  • GC19M017028

Summaries for PLVAP Gene

GeneCards Summary for PLVAP Gene

PLVAP (Plasmalemma Vesicle Associated Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLVAP include Breast Benign Neoplasm and Thoracic Benign Neoplasm. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLVAP Gene

  • Involved in the formation of stomatal and fenestral diaphragms of caveolae. May function in microvascular permeability.

Gene Wiki entry for PLVAP Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PLVAP Gene

Genomics for PLVAP Gene

Regulatory Elements for PLVAP Gene

Enhancers for PLVAP Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH19F017336 0.6 ENCODE 34.3 +40.0 39995 2.5 CREB3L1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF548 ZNF263 SP3 NFYC TBX21 ENSG00000269578 MVB12A ENSG00000268743 C19orf44 PLVAP COLGALT1 MRPL34 ENSG00000268087 ABHD8 ENSG00000267904
GH19F017225 0.2 ENCODE 31.6 +150.5 150537 2.8 CREB3L1 ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 NFYC TBX21 OCEL1 ENSG00000269578 MVB12A PLVAP C19orf44 ENSG00000268087 COLGALT1 SMIM7 PGLS F2RL3
GH19F017561 1 Ensembl ENCODE 24.6 -184.3 -184251 0.8 CBX3 ARNT CREB3L1 ZNF76 KLF17 ZNF121 CBX5 ZNF143 CREM THAP11 PLVAP MVB12A FAM129C PGLS BST2 COLGALT1 GC19M017590
GH19F017302 0.6 ENCODE 24.2 +72.8 72844 5.0 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 MRPL34 PLVAP ABHD8 MVB12A SIN3B ENSG00000268743 ENSG00000269427 ANO8 ENSG00000269439 ENSG00000269044
GH19F017264 1.1 ENCODE 23.4 +110.7 110720 4.8 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF207 PLVAP ENSG00000269044 ENSG00000269578 ABHD8 BABAM1 F2RL3 SIN3B OCEL1 ENSG00000269815 ENSG00000268087
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around PLVAP on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for PLVAP Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for PLVAP Gene

17,351,448 bp from pter
17,377,350 bp from pter
25,903 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PLVAP Gene

Genes around PLVAP on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PLVAP Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PLVAP Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PLVAP Gene

Proteins for PLVAP Gene

  • Protein details for PLVAP Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Plasmalemma vesicle-associated protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q86VP0
    • Q8N8Y0
    • Q8ND68
    • Q8TER8
    • Q9BZD5

    Protein attributes for PLVAP Gene

    442 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    50594 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.

neXtProt entry for PLVAP Gene

Post-translational modifications for PLVAP Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 83, Asn 89, Asn 113, and Asn 151
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for PLVAP Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PLVAP Gene

Domains & Families for PLVAP Gene

Protein Domains for PLVAP Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PLVAP Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PLVAP: view

No data available for Gene Families and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLVAP Gene

Function for PLVAP Gene

Molecular function for PLVAP Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in the formation of stomatal and fenestral diaphragms of caveolae. May function in microvascular permeability.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
By phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) or VEGF in endothelial cell culture.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PLVAP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 19420356
GO:0042803 protein homodimerization activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PLVAP: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PLVAP: view

Animal Models for PLVAP Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PLVAP:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for PLVAP

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PLVAP Gene

Localization for PLVAP Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLVAP Gene

Cell membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein. Membrane, caveola; Single-pass type II membrane protein. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Note=Membrane-associated protein of caveolae. Found in fenestral and stomatal diaphragms in fenestrated endothelia and transendothelial channels. Also colocalized with CAV1 in perinuclear region. {ECO:0000250 UniProtKB:Q9WV78}.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for PLVAP Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PLVAP gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 5
cytosol 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
golgi apparatus 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PLVAP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IEA --
GO:0005901 colocalizes_with caveola IEA,IDA 19420356
GO:0009986 cell surface IDA 15155804
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PLVAP: view

Pathways & Interactions for PLVAP Gene

SuperPathways for PLVAP Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for PLVAP Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 1 interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000252590 Q9BX97-PLVAP_HUMAN for PLVAP Gene via STRING IID

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PLVAP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000165 MAPK cascade IDA 15155804
GO:0002693 positive regulation of cellular extravasation IMP 19420356
GO:0033209 tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway IDA 19420356
GO:0070528 NOT protein kinase C signaling IDA 15155804
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PLVAP: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for PLVAP Gene

Transcripts for PLVAP Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PLVAP Gene

Unigene Clusters for PLVAP Gene

Plasmalemma vesicle associated protein:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PLVAP Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7
SP3: -

Relevant External Links for PLVAP Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PLVAP Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for PLVAP Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PLVAP Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Thyroid (x5.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PLVAP Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pancreas (11.6), Stomach (6.7), Gallbladder (6.2), and Placenta (6.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for PLVAP Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PLVAP Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PLVAP Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PLVAP Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in lung, kidney, heart, aorta, placenta, muscle, pituitary gland, adrenals, mammary gland, bladder, lymph node, bone marrow, trachea, digestive tract, liver and tumor-associated endothelium.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PLVAP: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for PLVAP Gene

Orthologs for PLVAP Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for PLVAP Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PLVAP 34 35
  • 99.47 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PLVAP 34 35
  • 84.58 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PLVAP 34 35
  • 80.24 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Plvap 34
  • 71 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Plvap 34 16 35
  • 69.94 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 54 (a)
-- 35
  • 38 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PLVAP 35
  • 43 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PLVAP 35
  • 24 (a)
Species where no ortholog for PLVAP was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for PLVAP Gene

Gene Tree for PLVAP (if available)
Gene Tree for PLVAP (if available)

Paralogs for PLVAP Gene

No data available for Paralogs for PLVAP Gene

Variants for PLVAP Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PLVAP Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10401682 -- 17,355,407(+) accca(G/T)gttgg intron-variant
rs10403836 -- 17,378,519(+) AATGA(C/G)AAGTG downstream-variant-500B, upstream-variant-2KB
rs10404098 -- 17,355,450(+) cttga(A/C)ctcct intron-variant
rs10406697 -- 17,365,016(+) GATCC(A/G)CCCAC intron-variant
rs10408790 -- 17,362,206(+) CCTCT(A/G)CCCAG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PLVAP Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1109170 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv833768 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for PLVAP Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 22.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.44; 28.20% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PLVAP Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLVAP Gene

Disorders for PLVAP Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for PLVAP Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
breast benign neoplasm
thoracic benign neoplasm
  • benign neoplasm of thorax
protein-losing enteropathy
  • enteropathy, exudative
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PLVAP in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for PLVAP

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PLVAP: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PLVAP Gene

Publications for PLVAP Gene

  1. cDNA and protein sequence, genomic organization, and analysis of cis regulatory elements of mouse and human PLVAP genes. (PMID: 11401446) Stan R.-V. … Palade G.E. (Genomics 2001) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Plasmalemmal vesicle-associated protein (PLVAP) is expressed by tumour endothelium and is upregulated by vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF). (PMID: 15971170) Strickland L.A. … Koeppen H. (J. Pathol. 2005) 3 4 22 64
  3. PV1 is a key structural component for the formation of the stomatal and fenestral diaphragms. (PMID: 15155804) Stan R.-V. … Niesman I.R. (Mol. Biol. Cell 2004) 3 4 22 64
  4. The prototype endothelial marker PAL-E is a leukocyte trafficking molecule. (PMID: 19420356) Keuschnigg J. … Jalkanen S. (Blood 2009) 3 22 64
  5. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4 64

Products for PLVAP Gene

Sources for PLVAP Gene

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