Aliases for PLPP2 Gene
External Ids for PLPP2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PLPP2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP) family. PAPs convert phosphatidic acid to diacylglycerol, and function in de novo synthesis of glycerolipids as well as in receptor-activated signal transduction mediated by phospholipase D. This protein is similar to phosphatidic acid phosphatase type 2A (PPAP2A) and type 2B (PPAP2B). All three proteins contain 6 transmembrane regions, and a consensus N-glycosylation site. This protein has been shown to possess membrane associated PAP activity. Three alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PLPP2 Gene
PLPP2 (Phospholipid Phosphatase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are triacylglycerol biosynthesis and Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis. An important paralog of this gene is PLPP1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLPP2 Gene
Catalyzes the conversion of phosphatidic acid (PA) to diacylglycerol (DG). In addition it hydrolyzes lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), ceramide-1-phosphate (C-1-P) and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S-1-P). The relative catalytic efficiency is PA > C-1-P > LPA > S-1-P.