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Aliases for PLOD1 Gene

Aliases for PLOD1 Gene

  • Procollagen-Lysine, 2-Oxoglutarate 5-Dioxygenase 1 2 3
  • LLH 3 4 6
  • LH1 3 4 6
  • Lysyl Hydroxlase 1 2 3
  • EC 4 63
  • PLOD 3 4
  • EDS6 3 6
  • Procollagen-Lysine 1, 2-Oxoglutarate 5-Dioxygenase (Lysine Hydroxylase, Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Type VI) 2
  • Procollagen-Lysine 1, 2-Oxoglutarate 5-Dioxygenase 1 3
  • Procollagen-Lysine,2-Oxoglutarate 5-Dioxygenase 1 3
  • Lysyl Hydroxylase 1 4
  • Lysine Hydroxylase 3
  • LH 3

External Ids for PLOD1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for PLOD1 Gene

  • LLH
  • PLOD

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLOD1 Gene

  • GC01P011930
  • GC01P011994
  • GC01P011149

Summaries for PLOD1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PLOD1 Gene

  • Lysyl hydroxylase is a membrane-bound homodimeric protein localized to the cisternae of the endoplasmic reticulum. The enzyme (cofactors iron and ascorbate) catalyzes the hydroxylation of lysyl residues in collagen-like peptides. The resultant hydroxylysyl groups are attachment sites for carbohydrates in collagen and thus are critical for the stability of intermolecular crosslinks. Some patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VI have deficiencies in lysyl hydroxylase activity. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PLOD1 Gene

PLOD1 (Procollagen-Lysine, 2-Oxoglutarate 5-Dioxygenase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLOD1 include ehlers-danlos syndrome, type vi and ehlers-danlos syndrome, kyphoscoliotic form. Among its related pathways are Degradation of the extracellular matrix and Collagen biosynthesis and modifying enzymes. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and L-ascorbic acid binding. An important paralog of this gene is COLGALT1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLOD1 Gene

  • Forms hydroxylysine residues in -Xaa-Lys-Gly- sequences in collagens. These hydroxylysines serve as sites of attachment for carbohydrate units and are essential for the stability of the intermolecular collagen cross-links

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PLOD1 Gene

Genomics for PLOD1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PLOD1 Gene

Genomic Location for PLOD1 Gene

11,934,205 bp from pter
11,975,542 bp from pter
41,338 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for PLOD1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for PLOD1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PLOD1 Gene

Proteins for PLOD1 Gene

  • Protein details for PLOD1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Procollagen-lysine,2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DR87
    • Q96AV9
    • Q9H132

    Protein attributes for PLOD1 Gene

    727 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    83550 Da
    Name=Fe cation; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:24875;
    Name=L-ascorbate; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:38290;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer

    Alternative splice isoforms for PLOD1 Gene


neXtProt entry for PLOD1 Gene

Proteomics data for PLOD1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PLOD1 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn163, Asn197, Asn538, and Asn686
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for PLOD1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

Domains for PLOD1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PLOD1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q02809
  • Contains 1 Fe2OG dioxygenase domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PLOD1: view

No data available for Gene Families for PLOD1 Gene

Function for PLOD1 Gene

Molecular function for PLOD1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: L-lysine-[procollagen] + 2-oxoglutarate + O(2) = (2S,5R)-5-hydroxy-L-lysine-[procollagen] + succinate + CO(2)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Forms hydroxylysine residues in -Xaa-Lys-Gly- sequences in collagens. These hydroxylysines serve as sites of attachment for carbohydrate units and are essential for the stability of the intermolecular collagen cross-links

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PLOD1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PLOD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005506 iron ion binding IEA --
GO:0008475 procollagen-lysine 5-dioxygenase activity IEA --
GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity --
GO:0016705 oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen --
GO:0016706 oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen, 2-oxoglutarate as one donor, and incorporation of one atom each of oxygen into both donors --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PLOD1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PLOD1: view

Animal Models for PLOD1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PLOD1:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for PLOD1 Gene

Localization for PLOD1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLOD1 Gene

Rough endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Lumenal side.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for PLOD1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PLOD1 gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
extracellular 2
golgi apparatus 1
lysosome 1
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PLOD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane TAS --
GO:0030867 rough endoplasmic reticulum membrane IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PLOD1: view

Pathways for PLOD1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PLOD1: view

Pathways by source for PLOD1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PLOD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001666 response to hypoxia IEP 15174142
GO:0006464 cellular protein modification process NAS 1577494
GO:0008544 epidermis development TAS 1577494
GO:0030198 extracellular matrix organization TAS --
GO:0046947 hydroxylysine biosynthetic process TAS 1577494
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PLOD1: view

Compounds for PLOD1 Gene

(9) HMDB Compounds for PLOD1 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • (2S,5R)-2,6-diamino-5-hydroxyhexanoic acid
Ascorbic acid
  • (+)-ascorbate
Carbon dioxide
  • Carbon oxide
  • Armco iron
  • (+)-S-Lysine

(2) Drugbank Compounds for PLOD1 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
Succinic acid
  • 1,2-Ethanedicarboxylic acid
110-15-6 target
Vitamin C
  • Ascorbate
50-81-7 target activator

(22) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for PLOD1 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
hydroxylysine 95.1 21
hydroxylysinonorleucine 86.9 1
dhlnl 86.8 2
minoxidil 79.1 22
deoxyhypusine 73.5 1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PLOD1: view

Transcripts for PLOD1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PLOD1 Gene

Procollagen-lysine, 2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 1:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for PLOD1

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PLOD1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PLOD1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PLOD1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PLOD1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for PLOD1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PLOD1 Gene Hs.75093

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with PLOD1: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PLOD1 Gene

Orthologs for PLOD1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PLOD1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PLOD1 35
  • 99.04 (n)
  • 99.04 (a)
PLOD1 36
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PLOD1 35
  • 90.72 (n)
  • 92.97 (a)
PLOD1 36
  • 88 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PLOD1 35
  • 90.53 (n)
  • 93.95 (a)
PLOD1 36
  • 94 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Plod1 35
  • 86.32 (n)
  • 91.96 (a)
Plod1 16
Plod1 36
  • 91 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PLOD1 36
  • 85 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 82 (a)
-- 36
  • 76 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Plod1 35
  • 86.46 (n)
  • 91.82 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PLOD1 35
  • 72.95 (n)
  • 77.9 (a)
PLOD1 36
  • 76 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PLOD1 36
  • 70 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia plod1 35
  • 66.52 (n)
  • 72.23 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.8691 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii plod1a 35
  • 66.71 (n)
  • 68.56 (a)
plod1a 36
  • 66 (a)
wufc29c10 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Plod 36
  • 44 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea let-268 36
  • 43 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.10744 36
  • 49 (a)
Species with no ortholog for PLOD1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PLOD1 Gene

Gene Tree for PLOD1 (if available)
Gene Tree for PLOD1 (if available)

Paralogs for PLOD1 Gene

Paralogs for PLOD1 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for PLOD1 Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PLOD1: view

Variants for PLOD1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PLOD1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs15431 -- 11,975,422(+) CCTGT(G/T)GGGAG utr-variant-3-prime
rs736302 -- 11,935,354(+) GGAAT(A/G)AGGGG intron-variant
rs744754 -- 11,948,146(-) GACGT(A/G)GTAGT intron-variant
rs760188 -- 11,935,352(+) TGGGA(A/G)TGAGG intron-variant
rs760189 -- 11,935,503(+) TTTTA(C/T)TTAAT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PLOD1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv142n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv870926 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv870723 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2674148 CNV Deletion 23128226
esv2743774 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv27905 CNV Gain 19812545

Relevant External Links for PLOD1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLOD1 Gene

Disorders for PLOD1 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for PLOD1 Gene (153454)


  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome 6 (EDS6) [MIM:225400]: A connective tissue disorder characterized by generalized joint hypermobility, hyperextensible skin, atrophic cutaneous scars due to tissue fragility, progressive kyphoscoliosis already present at birth, ocular manifestations, arterial rupture, easy bruising, severe neonatal muscle hypotonia and delayed motor development. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10686424, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15666309, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15854030, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15979919, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8163671, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9617436}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for PLOD1 Gene

(7) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for PLOD1 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
eds vi 98.1 41
ehlers-danlos syndrome 86.3 10
heritable connective tissue disorder 78.9 2
connective tissue diseases 72.2 5
osteoporosis 22.4 1

Relevant External Links for PLOD1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PLOD1: view

Publications for PLOD1 Gene

  1. Cloning of human lysyl hydroxylase: complete cDNA-derived amino acid sequence and assignment of the gene (PLOD) to chromosome 1p36.3- p36.2. (PMID: 1577494) Hautala T. … Myllylae R. (Genomics 1992) 2 3 4 23
  2. Structure and expression of the human lysyl hydroxylase gene (PLOD): introns 9 and 16 contain Alu sequences at the sites of recombination in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VI patients. (PMID: 7713497) Heikkinen J. … Myllylae R. (Genomics 1994) 3 4 23
  3. A patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VI is a compound heterozygote for mutations in the lysyl hydroxylase gene. (PMID: 8163671) Ha V.T. … Yeowell H.N. (J. Clin. Invest. 1994) 3 4 23
  4. Site-directed mutagenesis of human lysyl hydroxylase expressed in insect cells. Identification of histidine residues and an aspartic acid residue critical for catalytic activity. (PMID: 8621606) Pirskanen A. … Kivirikko K.I. (J. Biol. Chem. 1996) 3 4 23
  5. Deletion of cysteine 369 in lysyl hydroxylase 1 eliminates enzyme activity and causes Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VI. (PMID: 10686424) Yeowell H.N. … Thai S.F. (Matrix Biol. 2000) 3 4 23

Products for PLOD1 Gene

Sources for PLOD1 Gene

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