Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for PLEKHA4 Gene

Aliases for PLEKHA4 Gene

  • Pleckstrin Homology Domain Containing A4 2 3 5
  • Pleckstrin Homology Domain Containing, Family A (Phosphoinositide Binding Specific) Member 4 2 3
  • Phosphoinositol 3-Phosphate-Binding Protein 1 3 4
  • PH Domain-Containing Family A Member 4 3 4
  • PEPP-1 3 4
  • PEPP1 3 4
  • Pleckstrin Homology Domain-Containing, Family A (Phosphoinositide Binding Specific) Member 4 2
  • Phosphoinositol 3-Phosphate-Binding PH Domain Protein 1 3
  • Phosphoinositol 3-Phosphate Binding Protein-1 3

External Ids for PLEKHA4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLEKHA4 Gene

  • GC19M049998
  • GC19M049708
  • GC19M054016
  • GC19M054032
  • GC19M049340
  • GC19M045716

Summaries for PLEKHA4 Gene

GeneCards Summary for PLEKHA4 Gene

PLEKHA4 (Pleckstrin Homology Domain Containing A4) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include 1-phosphatidylinositol binding. An important paralog of this gene is PLEKHA5.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLEKHA4 Gene

  • Binds specifically to phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns3P), but not to other phosphoinositides.

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PLEKHA4 Gene

Genomics for PLEKHA4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PLEKHA4 Gene

Enhancers for PLEKHA4 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around PLEKHA4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for PLEKHA4 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around PLEKHA4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for PLEKHA4 Gene

48,837,092 bp from pter
48,868,632 bp from pter
31,541 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PLEKHA4 Gene

Genes around PLEKHA4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PLEKHA4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PLEKHA4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PLEKHA4 Gene

Proteins for PLEKHA4 Gene

  • Protein details for PLEKHA4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Pleckstrin homology domain-containing family A member 4
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8N4M8
    • Q8N658

    Protein attributes for PLEKHA4 Gene

    779 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    85401 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAH33832.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PLEKHA4 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for PLEKHA4 Gene


neXtProt entry for PLEKHA4 Gene

Proteomics data for PLEKHA4 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PLEKHA4 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PLEKHA4 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PLEKHA4 Gene

Domains & Families for PLEKHA4 Gene

Gene Families for PLEKHA4 Gene

Protein Domains for PLEKHA4 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PLEKHA4 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 PH domain.
  • Contains 1 PH domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PLEKHA4: view

Function for PLEKHA4 Gene

Molecular function for PLEKHA4 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Binds specifically to phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns3P), but not to other phosphoinositides.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PLEKHA4: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for PLEKHA4 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PLEKHA4

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PLEKHA4 Gene

Localization for PLEKHA4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLEKHA4 Gene

Cytoplasm. Membrane; Peripheral membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for PLEKHA4 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PLEKHA4 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 3
cytoskeleton 2
mitochondrion 2
plasma membrane 2
nucleus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PLEKHA4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PLEKHA4: view

Pathways & Interactions for PLEKHA4 Gene

SuperPathways for PLEKHA4 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for PLEKHA4 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 2 interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: Q9H4M7-PKHA4_HUMAN ENSP00000263265 for PLEKHA4 Gene via MINT STRING I2D

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PLEKHA4 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for PLEKHA4 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PLEKHA4 Gene

(1) Drugs for PLEKHA4 Gene - From: DrugBank

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate Experimental Pharma Target 0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PLEKHA4: view

Transcripts for PLEKHA4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PLEKHA4 Gene

Pleckstrin homology domain containing, family A (phosphoinositide binding specific) member 4:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PLEKHA4 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16a · 16b · 16c ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP3: - - -
SP4: -
SP5: - -

Relevant External Links for PLEKHA4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PLEKHA4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PLEKHA4 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PLEKHA4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Nerve - Tibial (x14.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PLEKHA4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Platelet (24.9), CD4 Tcells (22.1), and Liver, secretome (9.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for PLEKHA4 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PLEKHA4 Gene Hs.9469

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PLEKHA4 Gene

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in melanoma. Detected at low levels in heart, skeletal muscle, kidney, liver and small intestine.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PLEKHA4: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for PLEKHA4 Gene

Orthologs for PLEKHA4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PLEKHA4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PLEKHA4 35
  • 85.71 (n)
  • 87.16 (a)
  • 87 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PLEKHA4 35
  • 85.82 (n)
  • 87.02 (a)
  • 90 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Plekha4 35
  • 79.13 (n)
  • 81.11 (a)
Plekha4 16
Plekha4 36
  • 80 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Plekha4 35
  • 78.96 (n)
  • 80.98 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 9 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PLEKHA4 36
  • 99 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PLEKHA4 36
  • 57 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii PLEKHA4 36
  • 17 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG34383 36
  • 5 (a)
Species with no ortholog for PLEKHA4:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for PLEKHA4 Gene

Gene Tree for PLEKHA4 (if available)
Gene Tree for PLEKHA4 (if available)

Paralogs for PLEKHA4 Gene

Paralogs for PLEKHA4 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for PLEKHA4 Gene using alignment to 6 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PLEKHA4: view

Variants for PLEKHA4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PLEKHA4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs506425 - 48,865,586(-) ACAAG(A/G)TCCAC intron-variant, reference, missense, utr-variant-5-prime
rs12460394 - 48,841,264(+) GCATC(C/G/T)GCTCC intron-variant, reference, missense
VAR_056669 -
VAR_056670 -
rs837613 -- 48,870,167(-) GCTCA(A/G)TGCTT upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PLEKHA4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv9739 CNV Gain+Loss 18304495
nsv833855 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv912245 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv3969n71 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv833856 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv470148 CNV Gain 18288195

Variation tolerance for PLEKHA4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 97.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 12.39; 94.24% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for PLEKHA4 Gene

Disorders for PLEKHA4 Gene

Relevant External Links for PLEKHA4

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for PLEKHA4 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PLEKHA4 Gene

Publications for PLEKHA4 Gene

  1. Identification of pleckstrin-homology-domain-containing proteins with novel phosphoinositide-binding specificities. (PMID: 11001876) Dowler S.J. … Alessi D.R. (Biochem. J. 2000) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Toward an understanding of the protein interaction network of the human liver. (PMID: 21988832) Wang J. … Yang X. (Mol. Syst. Biol. 2011) 3
  3. Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. (PMID: 17016423) Imming P. … Meyer A. (Nat Rev Drug Discov 2006) 25
  4. How many drug targets are there? (PMID: 17139284) Overington J.P. … Hopkins A.L. (Nat Rev Drug Discov 2006) 25
  5. A human protein-protein interaction network: a resource for annotating the proteome. (PMID: 16169070) Stelzl U. … Wanker E.E. (Cell 2005) 3

Products for PLEKHA4 Gene

Sources for PLEKHA4 Gene