Aliases for PLD6 Gene
External Ids for PLD6 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLD6 Gene
GeneCards Summary for PLD6 Gene
PLD6 (Phospholipase D Family Member 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and phospholipases. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and cardiolipin hydrolase activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLD6 Gene
Endonuclease that plays a critical role in PIWI-interacting RNA (piRNA) biogenesis during spermatogenesis. piRNAs provide essential protection against the activity of mobile genetic elements (By similarity). piRNA-mediated transposon silencing is thus critical for maintaining genome stability, in particular in germline cells when transposons are mobilized as a consequence of wide-spread genomic demethylation (By similarity). Has been proposed to act as a cardiolipin hydrolase to generate phosphatidic acid at mitochondrial surface (By similarity). Although it cannot be excluded that it can act as a phospholipase in some circumstances, it should be noted that cardiolipin hydrolase activity is either undetectable in vitro, or very low (PubMed:21397848). In addition, cardiolipin is almost exclusively found on the inner mitochondrial membrane, while PLD6 localizes to the outer mitochondrial membrane, facing the cytosol (PubMed:21397848). Has been shown to be a backbone-non-specific, single strand-specific nuclease, cleaving either RNA or DNA substrates with similar affinity. Produces 5 phosphate and 3 hydroxyl termini, suggesting it could directly participate in the processing of primary piRNA transcripts (By similarity). Also acts as a regulator of mitochondrial shape through facilitating mitochondrial fusion (PubMed:17028579, PubMed:26711011).