Aliases for PLCB4 Gene
- Phospholipase C Beta 4 2 3 5
- Phosphoinositide Phospholipase C-Beta-4 3 4
- Phospholipase C, Beta 4 2 3
- EC 22.214.171.124 4 63
- PLC-Beta-4 3 4
- DJ1119D9.2 (Phopholipase C, Beta 4 (1-Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-Bisphosphate Phosphodiesterase Beta 4)) 3
- 1-Phosphatidyl-D-Myo-Inositol-4,5-Bisphosphate 3
- Monophosphatidylinositol Phosphodiesterase 3
External Ids for PLCB4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLCB4 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene catalyzes the formation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and diacylglycerol from phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. This reaction uses calcium as a cofactor and plays an important role in the intracellular transduction of many extracellular signals in the retina. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]
GeneCards Summary for PLCB4 Gene
PLCB4 (Phospholipase C Beta 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLCB4 include auriculocondylar syndrome 2 and auriculo-condylar syndrome. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and phosphoric diester hydrolase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PLCB3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLCB4 Gene
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. This form has a role in retina signal transduction.
Phospholipases are a group of enzymes that hydrolyze phospholipids into fatty acids and other lipophilic molecules. There are four major classes; phospholipase A, phospholipase B, phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C and phospholipase D.