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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

PIWIL3 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 49
GCID: GC22M025115

Piwi-Like RNA-Mediated Gene Silencing 3

(Previous name: piwi-like 3 (Drosophila))
  Search for PIWIL3
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
Piwi-Like RNA-Mediated Gene Silencing 31 2
Piwi-Like 3 (Drosophila)1
HIWI32
Piwi-Like 32
Piwi-Like Protein 32

External Ids:    HGNC: 184431   Entrez Gene: 4408222   Ensembl: ENSG000001845717   OMIM: 6103145   UniProtKB: Q7Z3Z33   

Export aliases for PIWIL3 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC00U991200 GC22M023442 GC22M008063


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

Entrez Gene summary for PIWIL3 Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the PIWI subfamily of Argonaute family proteins. This subfamily of proteins contains
a PAZ domain, found in proteins involved in RNA-mediated gene silencing, and a C-terminal Piwi domain. The
encoded protein is thought to function in maintenance of germline cells. Multiple transcript variants encoding
different isoforms have been found for this gene. (provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011)

GeneCards Summary for PIWIL3 Gene: 
PIWIL3 (piwi-like RNA-mediated gene silencing 3) is a protein-coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include RNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is PIWIL4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PIWL3_HUMAN, Q7Z3Z3
Function: May play a role during spermatogenesis by repressing transposable elements and prevent their
mobilization, which is essential for the germline integrity. Acts via the piRNA metabolic process, which mediates
the repression of transposable elements during meiosis by forming complexes composed of piRNAs and Piwi proteins
and govern the methylation and subsequent repression of transposons. Directly binds piRNAs, a class of 24 to 30
nucleotide RNAs that are generated by a Dicer-independent mechanism and are primarily derived from transposons
and other repeated sequence elements. Besides their function in transposable elements repression, piRNAs are
probably involved in other processes during meiosis such as translation regulation (By similarity)




(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000022.10  NT_011520.12  NC_018933.2  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the PIWIL3 gene promoter:
         COUP-TF1   TBP   Pbx1a   AML1a   NRSF form 1   COUP   NRSF form 2   HNF-4alpha1   COUP-TF   IRF-7A   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidPIWIL3 promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for PIWIL3

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat PIWIL3


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 22q11.23   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  22q11.23   HGNC cytogenetic band: 22q11.23

PIWIL3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
PIWIL3 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 22         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC22M025115:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
25,115,001 bp from pter      End:
25,170,687 bp from pter
Size:
55,687 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PIWL3_HUMAN, Q7Z3Z3 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Piwi-like protein 3  
Size: 882 amino acids; 101089 Da
Subcellular location: Cytoplasm. Note=Probable component of the meiotic nuage, also named P granule, a
germ-cell-specific organelle required to repress transposon during meiosis (By similarity)

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for PIWIL3: NX_Q7Z3Z3

Explore proteomics data for PIWIL3 at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_Q7Z3Z3

  • PIWIL3 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    PIWIL3 Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NP_001008496.2  NP_001242904.1  

    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000330031   ENSP00000431843   ENSP00000435718  

    Human Recombinant Protein Products for PIWIL3: 
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    Novus Biologicals PIWIL3 Protein
    Novus Biologicals PIWIL3 Lysate
    Browse Sino Biological Recombinant Proteins
    Browse Sino Biological Cell Lysates 
    Browse ProSpec Recombinant Proteins
    Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for PIWIL3 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 cellular component term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005737cytoplasm IEA--

    PIWIL3 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    HGNC Gene Families: 
    AGO: Argonaute/PIWI family

    3 InterPro protein domains:
     IPR003165 Piwi
     IPR003100 PAZ
     IPR012337 RNaseH-like_dom

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q7Z3Z3

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q7Z3Z3

    2 Blocks protein domains:
    IPB003100 Argonaute and Dicer protein
    IPB003165 Stem cell self-renewal protein Piwi


    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PIWL3_HUMAN, Q7Z3Z3
    Similarity: Belongs to the argonaute family. Piwi subfamily
    Similarity: Contains 1 PAZ domain
    Similarity: Contains 1 Piwi domain


    PIWIL3 for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: PIWL3_HUMAN, Q7Z3Z3
    Function: May play a role during spermatogenesis by repressing transposable elements and prevent their
    mobilization, which is essential for the germline integrity. Acts via the piRNA metabolic process, which mediates
    the repression of transposable elements during meiosis by forming complexes composed of piRNAs and Piwi proteins
    and govern the methylation and subsequent repression of transposons. Directly binds piRNAs, a class of 24 to 30
    nucleotide RNAs that are generated by a Dicer-independent mechanism and are primarily derived from transposons
    and other repeated sequence elements. Besides their function in transposable elements repression, piRNAs are
    probably involved in other processes during meiosis such as translation regulation (By similarity)

         Gene Ontology (GO): 3 molecular function terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0003676nucleic acid binding ----
    GO:0003723RNA binding IEA--
    GO:0005515protein binding ----
         
    PIWIL3 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Animal Models:
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated mouse model solutions for PIWIL3 
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    miRNA
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    3 QIAGEN miScript miRNA Assays for microRNAs that regulate PIWIL3:
    hsa-miR-223 hsa-miR-205* hsa-miR-488
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidPIWIL3 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
        
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    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section

    SuperPaths for PIWIL3 About                                                                                                See pathways by source

    SuperPathContained pathways About
    1Dorso-ventral axis formation
    Dorso-ventral axis formation

    Pathways by source                                                                                                                                                                 See SuperPaths
    Show all pathways



    1         Kegg Pathway  (Kegg details for PIWIL3):
        Dorso-ventral axis formation


    PIWIL3 for pathways           About GeneDecksing

    Interactions:

        Search SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Networks for PIWIL3

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 3 interactants - click image to see more details)

    3 Interacting proteins for PIWIL3 (Q7Z3Z33 ENSP000003300314) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    DICER1Q9UPY33, ENSP000003437454I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000343745
    MAELENSP000003568464STRING: ENSP00000356846
    SND1ENSP000003467624STRING: ENSP00000346762
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 5/6 biological process terms (GO ID links to tree view) (see all 6):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0006417regulation of translation IEA--
    GO:0007126meiosis IEA--
    GO:0007275multicellular organismal development IEA--
    GO:0007283spermatogenesis IEA--
    GO:0030154cell differentiation IEA--

    PIWIL3 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section
    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for PIWIL3 (PIWL3)

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about PIWIL3 / PIWL3

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for PIWIL3 gene (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NM_001008496.3  NM_001255975.1  

    Unigene Cluster for PIWIL3:

    Piwi-like RNA-mediated gene silencing 3
    Hs.448343  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: NR_045648
    4 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000332271(uc003abd.1 uc011ajx.1 uc010gut.1 uc011ajy.1)
    ENST00000533313 ENST00000527701 ENST00000532537
    miRNA
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    3 QIAGEN miScript miRNA Assays for microRNAs that regulate PIWIL3:
    hsa-miR-223 hsa-miR-205* hsa-miR-488
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidPIWIL3 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
         
    Browse for Gene Knock-down Tools from EMD Millipore
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      QIAGEN QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat PIWIL3
      QIAGEN QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat PIWIL3

    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AB079368.1 AK302409.1 AK315806.1 BC144693.1 BC144696.1 NR_045648.1 NR_045649.1 

    1 DOTS entry:

    DT.101966291 

    2 AceView cDNA sequences:

    H55093 AB079368 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    PIWIL3 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: TATTATAATT
    PIWIL3 Expression
    About this image


    See PIWIL3 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.448343

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: PIWL3_HUMAN, Q7Z3Z3
    Tissue specificity: Expressed in testis

        SABiosciences Custom PCR Arrays for PIWIL3
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    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for PIWIL3

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

    Orthologs for PIWIL3 gene from 4/7 species (see all 7)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    dog
    (Canis familiaris)
    Mammalia PIWIL31 piwi-like 3 (Drosophila) 72.26(n)
    59.16(a)
      486307  XM_543433.4  XP_543433.4 
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii piwil16
    piwi-like 1 (Drosophila)
    45(a)
    1 → many
    8(45837727-45912215)
    fruit fly
    (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Insecta AGO36
    aub6
    (see all 5)
    aubergine
    (see all 5)
    32(a)
    30(a)
    (see all 5)
    1 ↔ many
    possible ortholog
    (see all 5)
    3L(23547693-23682740)
    2L(10997819-11001489)
    worm
    (Caenorhabditis elegans)
    Secernentea prg-26
    prg-16
    (see all 26)
    Protein PRG-1
    (see all 26)
    31(a)
    31(a)
    (see all 26)
    possible ortholog
    possible ortholog
    (see all 26)
    IV(6526724-6529802)
    I(7585324-7588367)


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for PIWIL3 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for PIWIL3 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
    Paralogs for PIWIL3 gene
    PIWIL42  PIWIL22  AGO32  PIWIL12  AGO12  AGO42  AGO22  
    3 SIMAP similar genes for PIWIL3 using alignment to 2 protein entries:     PIWL3_HUMAN (see all proteins):
    PIWIL1    PIWIL4    PIWIL2

    PIWIL3 for paralogs           About GeneDecksing



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/1465 SNPs in PIWIL3 are shown (see all 1465)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 22 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1910942471,2
    --25114543(+) CTAATC/GAAATG 4 -- ds50010--------
    rs1476488191,2
    --25114702(+) CCTCAA/GCCTCC 4 -- ds50010--------
    rs1821024831,2
    --25114704(+) TCAGCC/TTCCCG 4 -- ds50010--------
    rs1422731291,2
    --25114732(+) GCACCC/TGCCAC 4 -- ds50010--------
    rs57606041,2
    C,A--25114827(+) GATCCG/ACTCAC 4 -- ds50015Minor allele frequency- A:0.24NA CSA WA EA 362
    rs1180359681,2
    F--25114985(+) TACAAA/TTATTA 4 -- ds50011Minor allele frequency- T:0.02EA 120
    rs1500989621,2
    --25114989(+) AATATC/TAAACA 4 -- ds50010--------
    rs1454673451,2
    --25115059(+) CAAAAA/GTAAAG 4 -- ut31 nc-transcript-variant0--------
    rs1435109851,2
    --25115090(+) GAGTTG/TACTTG 4 -- ut31 nc-transcript-variant0--------
    rs1854996021,2
    --25115129(+) TGCCCA/CATCTT 4 -- ut31 nc-transcript-variant0--------

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for PIWIL3 (25115001 - 25170687 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 5 variations for PIWIL3:    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    esv2611432CNV Deletion19546169
    nsv3579CNV Insertion18451855
    nsv914637CNV Loss21882294
    nsv522434CNV Gain19592680
    nsv7350OTHER Inversion18451855


    Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD): PIWIL3
    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
    SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing PIWIL3
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for PIWIL3

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section

    PIWIL3 for disorders           About MalaCards
    OMIM gene information: 610314    OMIM disorders: --


    PIWIL3 for disorders           About GeneDecksing

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): PIWIL3
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: PIWIL3 (1 document)

    Export disorders for PIWIL3 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for PIWIL3 gene integrated from 9 sources:
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with PIWIL3)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Identification of eight members of the Argonaute family in the human genome. (PubMed id 12906857)1, 2, 3 Sasaki T.... Shimizu N. (2003)
    2. Genetic variants in Piwi-interacting RNA pathway gene s confer susceptibility to spermatogenic failure in a Chinese population. (PubMed id 20940137)1, 4 Gu A....Wang X. (2010)
    3. [Preparation and distribution of polyclonal antibodie s against human PIWIL3 protein in tumor tissues] (PubMed id 18616918)1 Wang X.L....Huang Z.G. (2008)
    4. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PubMed id 12477932)1 Strausberg R.L....Marra M.A. (2002)
    5. The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22. (PubMed id 10591208)2 Dunham I....O'Brien K.P. (1999)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
    About This Section
     ANDOR
    Aliases
    Free Text  

      Query String
    PubMed
    OMIM
    NCBI Bookshelf
      (Note: In FireFox, select the above section and copy using Ctrl-C)

    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
    About This Section
    Entrez Gene: 440822 HGNC: 18443 AceView: LOC440822 Ensembl:ENSG00000184571 euGenes: HUgn440822
    ECgene: PIWIL3 Kegg: 440822 H-InvDB: PIWIL3

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for PIWIL3 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
    About This Section
    Patent Information for PIWIL3 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving PIWIL3

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



    (Antibodies, recombinant proteins, and assays from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, QIAGEN, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, SABiosciences, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, Enzo Life Sciences, Abcam, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Gene Editing from DNA2.0 and Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, SwitchGear Genomics, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Cell lines from GenScript, and LifeMap BioReagents, PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Drugs and/or compounds from EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, and/or Enzo Life Sciences, In Situ Hybridization Assays from
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    About This Section

     
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    GeneCards Homepage - Last full update: 23 Oct 2013 - Incrementals: 4 Nov 2013 , 7 Nov 2013 , 23 Jan 2014

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    (GIFtS: 73)
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