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Aliases for PITX1 Gene

Aliases for PITX1 Gene

  • Paired-Like Homeodomain 1 2 3
  • Paired-Like Homeodomain Transcription Factor 1 2 3 4
  • PTX1 3 4 6
  • BFT 3 4 6
  • Hindlimb-Expressed Homeobox Protein Backfoot 3 4
  • Homeobox Protein PITX1 3 4
  • LBNBG 3 6
  • POTX 3 6
  • CCF 3 6
  • Hindlimb Expressed Homeobox Protein Backfoot 3
  • Pituitary Otx-Related Factor 3
  • Pituitary Homeo Box 1 3
  • Pituitary Homeobox 1 3

External Ids for PITX1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for PITX1 Gene

  • BFT

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PITX1 Gene

  • GC05M134015
  • GC05M134394
  • GC05M134439
  • GC05M134391
  • GC05M129551
  • GC05M134363

Summaries for PITX1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PITX1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the RIEG/PITX homeobox family, which is in the bicoid class of homeodomain proteins. Members of this family are involved in organ development and left-right asymmetry. This protein acts as a transcriptional regulator involved in basal and hormone-regulated activity of prolactin. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PITX1 Gene

PITX1 (Paired-Like Homeodomain 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PITX1 include clubfoot, congenital, with or without deficiency of long bones and/or mirror-image polydactyly and liebenberg syndrome. Among its related pathways are Ca-dependent events. GO annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity and protein binding transcription factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is PITX3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PITX1 Gene

  • May play a role in the development of anterior structures, and in particular, the brain and facies and in specifying the identity or structure of hindlimb

Gene Wiki entry for PITX1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PITX1 Gene

Genomics for PITX1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PITX1 Gene

Genomic Location for PITX1 Gene

Start:
135,027,734 bp from pter
End:
135,034,813 bp from pter
Size:
7,080 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for PITX1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for PITX1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PITX1 Gene

Proteins for PITX1 Gene

  • Protein details for PITX1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P78337-PITX1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Pituitary homeobox 1
    Protein Accession:
    P78337
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K3M0
    • D3DQB0
    • O14677
    • O60425
    • Q9BTI5

    Protein attributes for PITX1 Gene

    Size:
    314 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    34128 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for PITX1 Gene

Proteomics data for PITX1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PITX1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PITX1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PITX1 Gene

Domains for PITX1 Gene

Gene Families for PITX1 Gene

HGNC:
  • PRD :Homeoboxes / PRD class

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PITX1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P78337

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PITX1_HUMAN :
  • P78337
Domain:
  • Contains 1 homeobox DNA-binding domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the paired homeobox family. Bicoid subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PITX1: view

Function for PITX1 Gene

Molecular function for PITX1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: POU domain,class 1,transcription factor 3,mammalian homeo box backfoot,Drosophila bicoid related,mapping in TCOF1 region and possibly involved in the syndrome,expressed in Rathke pouch at an early stage of pituitary development in a subset of adult anterior pituitary cells that express POMC,and in craniofacial development
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: May play a role in the development of anterior structures, and in particular, the brain and facies and in specifying the identity or structure of hindlimb

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PITX1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000978 RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific DNA binding IEA --
GO:0001077 RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity involved in positive regulation of transcription IEA --
GO:0001190 RNA polymerase II transcription factor binding transcription factor activity involved in positive regulation of transcription IEA --
GO:0003677 DNA binding --
GO:0003700 sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PITX1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PITX1: view

Animal Models for PITX1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PITX1:

miRNA for PITX1 Gene

Targeting motifs for PITX1 Gene
HOMER Transcription Factor Regulatory Elements motif PITX1
  • Consensus sequence: TAATCCCN Submotif: canonical Cell Type: Chicken GeoId: GSE38910

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) and Transcription Factor Targeting for PITX1 Gene

Localization for PITX1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PITX1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for PITX1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PITX1 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytoskeleton 1
extracellular 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PITX1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 17984056
GO:0005667 transcription factor complex IEA --
GO:0005730 nucleolus IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PITX1: view

Pathways for PITX1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PITX1: view

Pathways by source for PITX1 Gene

1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for PITX1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PITX1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001501 skeletal system development TAS 9070926
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated --
GO:0009653 anatomical structure morphogenesis TAS 9070926
GO:0014707 branchiomeric skeletal muscle development IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PITX1: view

Compounds for PITX1 Gene

(3) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for PITX1 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
ptx1 97.1 63
enterotoxin 62.9 6
gnrh 23.4 5
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PITX1: view

Transcripts for PITX1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PITX1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PITX1 Gene

Paired-like homeodomain 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PITX1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PITX1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PITX1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PITX1

Expression for PITX1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PITX1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PITX1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus - Mucosa (23.8), Pituitary (6.5), Vagina (5.9), and Minor Salivary Gland (4.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for PITX1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PITX1 Gene Hs.84136

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with PITX1: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PITX1 Gene

Orthologs for PITX1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PITX1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PITX1 35
  • 99.79 (n)
  • 100 (a)
PITX1 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PITX1 35
  • 94.16 (n)
  • 98.41 (a)
PITX1 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PITX1 35
  • 95.53 (n)
  • 98.72 (a)
PITX1 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pitx1 35
  • 91.3 (n)
  • 96.5 (a)
Pitx1 16
Pitx1 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PITX1 36
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PITX1 36
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pitx1 35
  • 90.76 (n)
  • 95.86 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PITX1 35
  • 80.02 (n)
  • 84.11 (a)
PITX1 36
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PITX1 36
  • 64 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia pitx1 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pitx1 35
  • 77.81 (n)
  • 83.11 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.5257 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pitx1 35
  • 76.86 (n)
  • 77.7 (a)
pitx1 36
  • 76 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Ptx1 36
  • 20 (a)
OneToMany
Ptx1 37
  • 44 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea unc-30 36
  • 29 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 27 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for PITX1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PITX1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PITX1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PITX1 (if available)

Paralogs for PITX1 Gene

Paralogs for PITX1 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for PITX1 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PITX1: view

Variants for PITX1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PITX1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs31211 -- 135,027,455(+) CAGCC(A/G)CGGAG downstream-variant-500B
rs39599 -- 135,028,412(+) CTCGG(C/T)GCTCG utr-variant-3-prime
rs474853 -- 135,029,401(-) ACGGA(A/G)GGCTC intron-variant
rs479632 - 135,028,828(-) CGGCG(C/G)CCTGC missense, reference
rs591552 -- 135,029,225(+) CACTA(A/G)GCCGC reference, synonymous-codon

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PITX1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv882924 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv462458 CNV Loss 19166990
dgv969n67 CNV Gain 20364138
nsv823239 CNV Gain 20364138
nsv823240 CNV Gain 20364138
nsv830495 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv823243 CNV Gain 20364138

Relevant External Links for PITX1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
PITX1
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
PITX1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PITX1 Gene

Disorders for PITX1 Gene

(2) OMIM Diseases for PITX1 Gene (602149)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

PITX1_HUMAN
  • Clubfoot, congenital, with or without deficiency of long bones and/or mirror-image polydactyly (CCF) [MIM:119800]: A congenital limb deformity defined as fixation of the foot in cavus, adductus, varus, and equinus (i.e., inclined inwards, axially rotated outwards, and pointing downwards) with concomitant soft tissue abnormalities. Clubfoot may occur in isolation or as part of a syndrome. Some patients present tibial hemimelia, bilateral patellar hypoplasia, and preaxial mirror-image polydactyly. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18950742, ECO:0000269 PubMed:22258522}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Liebenberg syndrome (LBNBG) [MIM:186550]: An upper limb-malformation syndrome characterized by the combination of dysplastic elbow joints and the fusion of wrist bones with consequent radial deviation. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23022097}. Note=The gene represented in this entry is involved in disease pathogenesis. A chromosomal aberration involving the PITX1 locus results in LBNBG. Translocation t(5;18)(q31.1;q12.3). Additionally, two chromosome 5 deletions located 5of PITX1 have been found in LBNBG patients. These structural variations cause altered expression of PITX1 in the forelimb via the activation of ectopic enhancers (PubMed:23022097). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23022097}.

(3) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for PITX1 Gene

(3) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for PITX1 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
pituitary adenoma 26.5 5
adenoma 3.94 1
virus infection 0 1

Relevant External Links for PITX1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
PITX1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
PITX1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PITX1: view

Publications for PITX1 Gene

  1. Human and murine PTX1/Ptx1 gene maps to the region for Treacher Collins syndrome. (PMID: 9337397) Crawford M.J. … Drouin J. (Mamm. Genome 1997) 2 3 4 23
  2. Backfoot, a novel homeobox gene, maps to human chromosome 5 (BFT) and mouse chromosome 13 (Bft). (PMID: 9070926) Shang J. … Francke U. (Genomics 1997) 2 3 4
  3. Many sequence variants affecting diversity of adult human height. (PMID: 18391951) Gudbjartsson D.F. … Stefansson K. (Nat. Genet. 2008) 3 48
  4. Asymmetric lower-limb malformations in individuals with homeobox PITX1 gene mutation. (PMID: 18950742) Gurnett C.A. … Dobbs M.B. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2008) 3 4
  5. Genetic polymorphism of PITX1 in susceptibility to knee osteoarthritis in a Chinese Han population: a case-control study. (PMID: 20054692) Fan J. … Jiang Q. (Rheumatol. Int. 2011) 3 48

Products for PITX1 Gene

Sources for PITX1 Gene

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